Jim Kendall, born Sydney, Nova Scotia in 1889; offered a professional ice hockey cadetship in Montreal before migrating to Australia. Captain of NSW for many years. Trained Ken Kennedy and Jim Brown. Chief Mechanical Engineer of BHP; co-founder and Managing Director of Bradford Kendall Ltd, now known as Bradken.

Squaw Valley, February 1960. Some of the Australian men's ice hockey team. Full image below. (Ice Hockey Australia).

Ken Kennedy's team for three seasons, 1934-37; the Birmingham Maple Leaf Ice Hockey Club which won the English League Championship during the years he played.

'Ted' E J Molony, 1928, captain of the Victorian Ice Hockey Team between 1924 and 1936, except two seasons, and later operator of the Melbourne Glaciarium, the first rinks in Tasmania, Saint Moritz Ice Skating Palais after Harry Kleiner, Sydney's Prince Alfred Park and St Moritz, Adelaide.

(Image from the team photo courtesy Basil Hanson and Ice Hockey Victoria)

Wembley Monarchs Programme Covers 1936, successor of Grosvenor House Candians who Jimmy Brown played for 5 years earlier in 1931. Ottawa-born Frank Chase, an experienced Canadian who was rink coach for St.Moritz, Melbourne, in the 1950s also played for Wembley Canadiens in 1935-6, the other Monarchs predecessor. Also see the 1937-8 Wembley Lions-Monarchs Programme cover below right, on which his signature appears.
Top: Thursday 5th November 1936 - Wembley Monarchs v Wembley Lions. The same Wembley cover design was used for both the Lions and Monarchs during the 1936-37 & 1937-38 seasons. Bottom: Thursday 31st December 1936. Image source: Martin Harris.

Wembley Candians Programme Covers 1934-5, successor of Grosvenor House Candians. The Club with which Jimmy Brown and Frank Chase both played in its various incarnations.

Top: Thursday 25th October 1934 - Wembley Lions v Wembley Canadians. This was the first ever ice hockey match at the Empire Pool & Sports Arena, Wembley.

Bottom: Saturday 8th December 1934 - Wembley Canadians v Berlin

Images source: Mark Harris.

Streatham, England Programme Cover 1948-49. William Oliver "Bud" McEachern (1920 - 1997), coach of the 1st Australian Olympic Ice Hockey Team and 1st and 2nd World Championship teams, played for Streatham IHC, England (which Dunbar Poole had earlier managed) against Canada on 20th March 1948.

Canada were represented by their 1948 Olympic Gold Medal winning team - RCAF Flyers. McEachern is pictured in the 1949-50 Sreatham IHC team photo below and the 1960 Olympic team photo, below right. He joined Earls Court Rangers IHC, England, early in the 1949-50 season. He died in 1997 and his cremated remains were interred at Springvale Botanical Cemetery, Clayton, Victoria, marked by a wall memorial plaque. (Image courtesy of Phil Stamp, A to Z of Hockey).

Bud McEachern [Top] in 1940 at age 19 with Nova Scotia's Maritime Champions the Sydney Millionaires.
Image source: From a Team Photo, Lloyd McDonald, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada.

[Bottom] at age 28 in Streatham colours, 1949, just prior to joining Earl's Court Rangers. Image source: From Team Photo of Streatham Ice Hockey Club (Redskins)

Earls Court Rangers Programme Covers 1951-52 season when Bud Eachern played for them. Top: Monday 12th November 1951 - Autumn Cup Match - Earls Court Rangers v Canada. Last of six Earls Court Rangers home games that were held at the Richmond Sportsdrome because the Empress Hall was staging an ice show. Bottom: Saturday 29th March 1952 - Challenge Match - Earls Court Rangers v Harringay Racers. Image source: Martin Harris

Charlie Grandy in 1963 at age 24 with St George IHC, NSW Premiers, the year before he moved to Melbourne to play for Blackhawks IHC, 1964-66 & 1971-81. Image source: From Team Photo courtesy IHNSW.

Tony Martyr at the 2004 De Fries Championships. Player on the 2nd Olympic Qualification Team, 1963-64 and the 2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1961-62, when Australia won their first international game in history.

1 S T   I C E   H O C K E Y  C H A M P I O N S 

1st NISA Skating Gold Medallist (Jim Brown), c1930
1st Australian Winter Olympian (Ken Kennedy), 1936

1st Australian Olympic and World Championship Ice Hockey Teams, Squaw Valley, California, US, 1960
2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Ice Hockey Team, Colorado, US, 1961-2
Olympic Qualification Ice Hockey Team, 1963-4

1st International Ice Hockey Medal, Perth, Australia, 1987.
Ice hockey World Championship Division II Gold, promotion to Division I, Newcastle, Australia, 2008, centenary year of Australian ice hockey .

Melbourne, 1924. First season following the federation of Australian ice hockey leagues.

James Archibald "Jimmy" BROWN (1908 – 1959) and Family

Jim Brown and rink manager, Leo Molloy, Melbourne Glaciarium, 1931.
Click for full image

St George Ice Hockey Club, Sydney, Australia, c.1928.
Captain Jim Brown is second from right.

JIMMY BROWN WAS BORN March 31st, 1908, at Falkirk, in the Scottish midlands [29] to parents Jessie Naesmith and Francis Cowan "Buster" Brown (1872–1936). [27] His father, Frank, was born in Glasgow city to parents John Thomas Brown and Charlotte Augusta Cowan who had married on June 29th, 1863 at Milton, Glasgow. [28] Jimmy emigrated to Australia with his family when he was about 8 years-old. Frank became an executive of Metter's Ltd, which Frederick Metters had established in Sydney in 1902. Frank was also the donor of the first of three Australian ice hockey trophies bearing his family name (notes below). Jimmy's mother, Jessie, and brother John Thomas Brown (bef 1907–1953), were both keen skaters. John, the elder, was a figure skater of note, New South Wales ice dancing champion, National dance champion in 1939 with N Conner representing New South Wales, and later president of the New South Wales and National Ice Skating Associations (now Ice Skating Australia).

Brown joined the NSW Eastern Suburbs IHC at age twelve, home club of Jim Kendall by whom he was coached, and graduated to A-grade hockey two years later. He was a foundation member of the St George IHC in 1928, eventually becoming captain. St George was one of the most successful New South Wales clubs in Australian hockey history (images below), winning the State Premiership seven times during its first decade. St George also played the highly controversial match against the pro Canadian Bears at Sydney Ice Palais in 1938. The aftermath of this game and subsequent press coverage led to a break-away group being formed by the Ice Palais management, posing the first threat to Australian controlling bodies (see Tom Coulter). In 1949, St George presented the New South Wales ice hockey association with the Les 'Snowy' Reid Memorial Trophy for interteam speed skating, when Brown was still a manager and coach (see Leslie Reid).

Although some official records say Brown commenced Interstate competition from the mid-1930s, he played his first Goodall Cup series on record in 1927 at the age of 21, and became a regular member of Interstate ice hockey teams representing New South Wales, probably until 1946. He won the New South Wales speed skating championships on many occasions. He was five times Australian quarter- and half-mile champion, and on his way to establishing new speed records. He visited Great Britain in 1930 where he won the British quarter- and half-mile speed skating championships and represented Britain in the international games at Davos, Switzerland (probably the 1929 European Championships). The Argus newspaper in Melbourne reported:

"... British Champion's Return. The ice-skating one-mile championship of Great Britain was won recently by James Brown of Sydney, who covered the distance in 3min 26 1-5sec. Subsequently, in a speed test, he broke the British record, skating a mile in 3min 6sec. He is returning to Australian on R M S Orsova and will give an exhibition at the Glaciarium on Monday evening, when he will attempt to break his own ice skating record for one mile'. [229] Brown won by one-fifth of a second, as reported by the Canberra Times, "... J Brown, the Australian ice-skating champion, won the mile indoor skating championship of Britain by defeating the holder, W Broomhall, by one-fifth of a second in 3 minutes 26 1-5 seconds." [229]

Brown also held the distinction of being one of few skaters of his era to pass the National Ice Skating Association (NISA) Gold Medal Test; the most demanding benchmark of ice skating proficiency at the time. These Bronze, Silver and Gold level tests were first set up in 1880, the year after the NISA was first established, when it also broadened its scope to include figures as well as speed skating. The tests were developed by H E Vandervell, "The Father of British Skating", and co-author of the 1869 treatise, A System of Figure Skating. Spectators and officials alike were astonished that a skater from a non-skating country possessed such proficiency, and Brown was often referred to as "Flying Jim Brown, the Meteor".

While in England, Brown also played hockey for the newly formed Grosvenor House Canadians (1930–1 season) at London's Park Lane ice rink; one of the few non-Canadians on the team. This was the very beginning of the pro era in Britain and this team was the first British ice hockey team known to be paid. The Canadians were founded a year earlier in 1929 by F L 'Freddie' Summerhayes and played in the English League 1931-4, changing to Wembley Canadians for the 1934-5 season, and its successor Wembley Monarchs in 1936. Their home ice was Park Lane Rink at Mayfair, London, which opened in 1927 in the basement of Grosvenor House Hotel, then at Empire Pool, London from 1934, now known as Wembley Arena. The Canadians were the English League Champions in 1933-4. Brown also played several challenge games for Great Britain, representing England, Scotland and Great Britain against Canada, France, Germany and Switzerland.

Brown returned to Australia in July 1931 and continued with St George in various roles until 1950. During his playing career, there were few in the Victorian ice hockey team who could match his speed. The year he returned from England, The Argus newspaper in Melbourne reported, "... [Victorian, Ellis] Kelly, who recently won the quarter and half mile championships, will be a strong opponent for Brown, the New South Wales champion, who has also won titles in England and Switzerland." [229] Brown skated faster than Ellis Kelly and then went on to break his own speed record that same year. This pair were among the first and fastest skaters to emerge from the combined federation of ice hockey and speed skating in 1923, when Australian ice hockey entered its demon decade (see Ted Molony). In 1936 at Sydney, Jimmy Brown married Gwendoline Myrtle Fraser, daughter of James and Isaline Alma Fraser. [27] He enlisted in the RAAF at Sydney in 1940, where he served as a Sergeant with the 11th Squadron during World War II at RAAF Base Richmond, north-west of Sydney. [27a] His squadron deployed to Port Moresby in New Guinea where it monitored Japanese shipping movements in the region, flew patrol missions across the South West Pacific area, and carried out offensive mine-laying operations until the end of the war. Brown's brother, John, may have served as a squadron leader in the RAAF during the war.

Jim Brown presented the F C Brown Memorial Shield, the second of the three Brown trophies, for the second Interstate series in 1938, in memory of his father. He represented New South Wales in the Goodall Cup until 1946, often as captain, then became a manager and coach with the New South Wales Ice Hockey Association. Although he retired as a player at the age of 39, he continued in the sport as a selector and coach for New South Wales. He was also a keen surfer and former member of the Cronulla Surf Life Saving Club, founded in 1907. Brown was the first Australian ice hockey player and speed skater to compete overseas, preceding Ken Kennedy by five years. He was made an Honoured Life Member of Ice Hockey NSW in 1951, and died at age 51 at Sydney in 1959. His wife Gwen died twenty-one years later in 1972, at St Leonards on Sydney's North Shore. [27] In 1964, Harry Curtis, president of the NSW Ice Hockey Association, donated the Jim Brown Shield to perpetuate the memory of an Australian ice hockey and speed skating legend. Today, the Jim Brown Shield is presented annually as the Brown Trophy to winners of the IHA under-20 national ice hockey championship.

Jimmy Brown's St George and Western Suburbs, Sydney Glaciarium, 1937
[photo by Sam Hood, (1872-1953), State Library of NSW]

Historical notes:
[1] There have been three trophies bearing this family's name in the history of Australian ice. The first was presented by Francis Cowan "Buster" Brown in 1932 for interstate relay speed skating between members of the Goodall Cup Interstate ice hockey teams. Each competitor skated two laps. Cast in the USA and very valuable, it became known as Gloria because of its statuesque design. The Trophy was the only perpetual trophy for Speed Skating until 1951 when it was discontinued. Its whereabouts is unknown.

[2] The second, the F C Brown Memorial Shield, was presented by Jim Brown in memory of his father for the second Interstate series in 1938. His father, son of John Thomas Brown and Charlotte Augusta Cowan of Milton, Glasgow, Scotland, died two years earlier in 1936 at Petersham, NSW.
[27, 28] This Brown tournament was always referred to as the return Interstate Ice Hockey series, played yearly in either Victoria or NSW — wherever the Goodall Cup tournament was not. It was not a Junior Competition; rather it gave players on the fringe of Goodall selection an opportunity to demonstrate their ability, although Goodall Cup players formed the nucleus of the tournament's teams. Its whereabouts is also unknown.

[3] The third, the Jim Brown Shield, was donated in 1964 for Interstate junior ice hockey by Harry Curtis, president of the NSW Ice Hockey Association. It was intended to perpetuate the memory of an Australian ice hockey and speed skating legend. Curtis was an executive with Lever Bros (now Unilever) and played for Glebe IHC (later known as Glebe Winfield Lions that merged to Canterbury United IHC and became Canterbury Eagles IHC in 1986). He had competed against Jim Brown on many occasions. Today, the Jim Brown Shield is presented as the Brown Trophy to winners of the Australian Under 20 ice hockey championship, but in earlier years it had been presented to the Senior B Australian Championship winner (Reserve Goodall). Prior to that, it was presented to the winners of the 'return' Interstate series — either Victoria or NSW — whichever was not hosting the Goodall tournament, and always in a different month to it.

Sydney Robert CROLL (1912 – aft 1977)

SPORTS BIOGRAPHY IN FIGURES CHAMPIONS. SYDNEY CROLL WAS BORN on February 12th, 1912 in Sydney. He was a hockey player and speed skater in his youth, but his major influence was in the world of figure skating, and he went on to become a World and Olympic judge with the International Skating Union. Croll owned Australian Ice Sports Limited which leased Prince Alfred Park ice rink in Sydney between 1968–70.

Kenneth George "Ken" KENNEDY (1913 – 1985)

Ken Kennedy [right] with M. Jackson, Melbourne, 1932
"Ice Hockey Players Arrive. M. Jackson, Captain of NSW Ice Hockey Team [left] and K. Kennedy, a member of the team which will meet Victoria in a series of matches at the Glaciarium, arrived by Sydney express yesterday. They are seen leaving Spencer Street station." [The Argus, Sat July 30th, 1932, p. 19.]

KEN KENNEDY WAS BORN September 6th, 1913 at Sydney, New South Wales; son of John (Jack) 'Pop' Kennedy (bef 1895–aft 1949), vice-president of the NSW Ice Hockey Association. Jack Kennedy was a surgical bootmaker who, like Ted Molony in Melbourne, made figure skating boots at his premises at 520 Kent Street, Sydney. He lodged an application in Canberra for registration of an ice hockey boot design in 1930. [62] Kennedy was a speed skater and ice hockey player with one of the highest profiles ever in Australian winter sports. He was a 13 year-old schoolboy and bootmaker when he became a trainee cadet with the Australian Military Forces on July 18th, 1927. His lived with his father at Edwin Street in Tempe, a suburb in the inner west of Sydney, and later at 71 Liverpool Street in Sydney. [62]

Kennedy started his active ice hockey career in 1928 with Sydney's Eastern Suburbs IHC, which Canadian expat Jim Kendall founded and captained. Coached by Kendall, he debuted as a 17 year-old just three seasons later in the 1931 Goodall Cup. He represented New South Wales in the interstate series held in Melbourne the following year, with captain M. Jackson, Canadian Percy Wendt (1912–1995) and Widdy Johnston. [1] This 1932 series resulted in a tie, NSW 6–0, 1–1, 0–2; the first Goodall Cup draw after nine successive championship wins by New South Wales (see Ted Molony). Kennedy was the Australian quarter-mile and one-mile champion speed skater from 1931 through to 1934. His personal bests were 500m: 47.4 (1936); 1,500: 2:31.8 (1936); 5,000: 9:48.9 (1936) (see Racing Champions for full Olympic results). He was National Senior Dance Champion with Sydney Croll in 1933, 1935 and 1936 representing New South Wales. [12]

Kennedy travelled overseas for more specialised training and competition, leaving Australia in December 1934 for England. He first raced in the British Indoor Speed Skating Championships in which Jimmy Brown had earlier competed, winning the quarter- and half-mile titles and establishing new record times in 1935 and 1936. That success culminated in his selection at age 22 as the first Australian Winter Olympian and the sole member of the first Australian Winter Olympic team in 1936, competing in the 500m, 1,500m and 5,000m long track events in the twin Bavarian towns of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. At that time, International speed skating was contested under Long Track rules which required a very different technique to the Short Track Kennedy was used to. All Olympic skating sports at the time were contested on outdoor, naturally-frozen ice with much lower air temperatures, and surfaces that were less smooth, than the indoor rinks on which Kennedy had trained. There were 52 competitors at the 1936 Games, and his best results were 29th in the 500 metres, 33rd in the 1,500 metres, and 33rd in the 5,000 metres. [37]

Although Kennedy was the only member of the Australian team, his entry received official backing from the then Australian Olympic Federation, who said: For the first time in Olympic history Australia will be represented at the Winter section of the Olympic Games. The Executive Committee has carefully considered and endorsed the entry of Kenneth G. Kennedy to represent in the Ice Speed Skating events. The NSW Olympic Council reported: Kennedy ... has the honour of being the first representative chosen for the winter section of the Olympic Games ... [He] amply justified his nomination. Kennedy himself said of the games in Nazi Germany: They were magnificent, well staged and closely policed by the army. Wherever you went there were guards ... the army. They did not interfere but you knew they were there to keep order and to make doubly sure nothing went wrong for the Fuhrer. [22]

A few years after Jimmy Brown played for England's Wembley Canadians, Kennedy played for Birmingham Maple Leafs IHC (picture left) for three seasons, 1934–37, during which time it was part of the biggest amateur league in the world and won the English League Championship (1935-6 season). Great Britain had competed in international ice hockey since 1910, including the victorious 1936 Olympic Games campaign where it captured the Triple Crown of World, Olympic and European ice hockey titles. Kennedy represented Australia in speed skating at the same Olympics, while he was living in England and playing hockey for Birmingham Maple Leafs. He turned professional after the Olympics, earning £75 per week at a time in England when "the basic wage was 50 bob" (about £2.5). He featured in ice shows and did barrel jumping and, although it does not figure in official histories, he won the British Amateur indoor mile ice skating championship again on Harringay Rink, on March 10th, 1937, thus retaining the title which he had held since 1935. [171] He served in the Royal Air Force throughout the war and, on his return to Australia in 1946, he married Joyce Elizabeth Rae at North Sydney.

Back home, Kennedy renewed his involvement with speed skating and ice hockey. He won further speed titles and represented New South Wales in ice hockey from 1947, until his retirement in 1953 at the age of forty. In 1950, the Victorian Ice Hockey Association was admitted to the Olympic Federation and long-range plans were discussed regarding the possibility of a touring Australian team (see Harold Luxton). The Ice Hockey and Speed Skating Council of Australia (IHSSCA), formed in 1923 with John Goodall as founding president, was renamed the Australian Ice Hockey Federation (AIHF) in 1952, with Kennedy as president until 1964. Kennedy was also the AIHF delegate to the Australian Olympic Federation, where he argued that overseas trips would be needed for Australia to reach world standard. He was succeeded by John Purcell, from 1976 until 1980, defenseman for Australia in the 1962 ice hockey World Championships and IHV Life Member; Phillip Raleigh Ginsberg OAM (1923–98) from 1981 until his death in 1998; and now Don Rurak.

Kennedy's post-Olympic contribution to speed skating and ice hockey was life-long. In the 1980s, he still skated and owned an ice skating equipment shop near the former Glaciarium and Central Railway Station. He ran this family business into his seventies, serving the personal skate requirements of many Australian skaters. During Kennedy's term of office as president of both the New South Wales and National ice hockey associations, Australia sent its first ice hockey team to the 1960 Winter Olympics, and to the World Ice Hockey Championships in 1962. Kennedy was made a life Member of the NSW Ice Hockey Association in 1954 and the National Association in 1964. He died at age 72 on August 20th, 1985. He was the first inductee to the Australian Ice Racing (AIR) Roll of Honour and inducted as an athlete to the Sport Australia Hall of Fame on December 9th, 1986 for speed skating. To date, no ice hockey athletes have been inducted.

Historical notes:
[1] In 1978, ISU arranged their first short-track championships and it is no longer necessary to spend months and fortunes to compete in championships on the other side of the globe. Yet this also signalled the demise of Australian long track speed skating. Australians have not competed in long track championships since 1994. The only "long track" in existence in Australia was a highland lake near Mt Buffalo, Victoria, which had been used by skaters for training since the 1940s when conditions permitted. But skating on it was prohibited when Eddie Spicer drowned there in 1997.

[2] Australia's Winter Olympic success has occurred in recent times. The first Winter Olympic medal was won at the Lillehammer 1994 Winter Olympic Games with a Bronze medal in the 5000m Relay (Richard Nizelski, Kieran Hansen, Andrew Murtha and Steven Bradbury). Australia's first Winter Olympic Gold medal was won at the Salt Lake 2002 Winter Olympic Games by speed skater, Steven Bradbury. As a result, Australian speed skating is now well-supported by government and sends teams to ISU World Cup events each season. Ice sports produced the first two Australian Olympic winter sports medals, and four others have since been won by freestyle and alpine skiers.

[3] Kurt De Fris AM (bef. 1947–1983) was the first recipient of an Australian Honour for ice sports, and the first Life Member of Ice Hockey Victoria. The son of Gisela and Sigmund De Fris (bef. 1865–1946), his father immigrated to Melbourne on John Elder in 1883. He was made a Member of the Order of Australia on June 7th, 1976, when he lived in the Melbourne suburb of Balaclava. Kurt died on March 28th, 1983 and was buried at Springvale Botanical Cemetery, Clayton, Victoria, with Lorraine De Fris (1947–1990) (SBC Jewish Memorial Lawn Grave 2 P 39). The IHA Kurt De Fris Memorial Trophy is named in his honour and presented annually to the National Junior Under-15 Champions. Phillip Raleigh Ginsberg OAM (1923–98), IHA Life Member, was the second recipient of an Australian Honour for ice sports. Born October 2nd, 1923 at Wellington, New Zealand, [60] his Medal of the Order of Australia was conferred on June 10th, 1985 at Mosman, NSW 'for service to the sport of ice hockey'. The IHA Ginsberg Memorial Trophy is named in his honour and presented annually to the National Junior Under 13 Champions.

[4] Don Rurak was awarded the Australian Sports Medal in 2000, the year nominations were first called, 'for your many years service to Australian ice hockey'. Some other ice hockey recipients in the short history of the Australian Sports Medal are: John McCrae-Williamson (1916– ) who was born at Carnegie, Victoria
[29, 60] for "AIHF life member" in 2000. The IHA McCrae-Williamson Trophy is named in his honour and presented annually to the National Junior Under 11 Champions. Sydney Edward Tange (1917–2005) "AIHF life member NSWIHA life member and past AIHF president". The IHA Tange Trophy is named in his honour and presented annually to the National Junior Under 18 Champions. Charles Grandy "AIHF life member and past AIHF vice-president and treasurer". [56] Alan Frank Robinson whose citation reads: 'Has competed in NSW, Australian and International competitions dedicated to Ice Hockey'. Szabolcs Majsay "NSWIHA life member AIHF treasurer - 26 years". Norm McLeod, IHA Life Member and Secretary, 'for your long standing service to Australian Ice Hockey'. McLeod played with Sydney's Prague Bombers in 1959, first as a defenceman and then as a goaltender. He was a member of the NSW Brown Trophy Team in 1963 and 1972. He has officiated since 1964 and he was a player-coach in 1964 and 1974. Selected for Australia's National Team for the World Championships in Grenoble, France, but withdrew due to family reasons.

[5] Birmingham Maple Leafs' 1935-38 home ice was Birmingham Ice Skating Rink, Summerhill Rd, Birmingham, England. It opened in 1931 and was purchased by Silver Blades (part of the Mecca organisation) in the early 1960s and known as the Mecca Ice Rink. It had a seating capacity of 1,500 people and the ice pad was 190 feet by 80 feet, and closed in 1964. Mecca also owned Streatham Ice Rink, London, among others. The Birmingham Mohawks Ice Racing Club was formed on December 1st, 1935, the year after Kennedy arrived. It was affiliated to the National Skating Association of Great Britain.

Thomas Henry "Tom" COULTER (1911 – )

Tom Coulter (right) with brother Art during a NHL Black Hawks training session.

BORN APRIL 21ST, 1911 at Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, youngest of three boys. Victorian-born Tommy Dunderdale and his family lived in Winnipeg during most of Coulter's sporting career, a star player with Charles Uksila in Portland Rosebuds, the forerunner of the NHL Blackhawks in which the Coulter brothers later played. Although a "one-gamer", Coulter was the first NHL player (1933–38) to play in Australia and an accredited referee. Brother of Arthur Edmond "Art" Coulter (1909–2002), NHL defenseman, 1925–43, who played minor hockey in Winnipeg with the senior Pilgrim club, in the Manitoba Junior Hockey League, and left the city in 1927 after one season as a junior. As a boy, Tom skated on any frozen surface he could find in Winnipeg, and first played organized hockey in high school, winning the Senior School Series Hockey Championship with St Johns College in 1927. Oldest brother, David, won titles in amateur boxing and wrestling and was runner-up in the 1928 Olympic heavyweight boxing. David moved to Pittsburgh and soon convinced his father to move the family automotive and hardware business there. Art turned pro in 1929, gaining two and a half years experience with Philadelphia Arrows in the Can-Am League, then entered the NHL with Chicago Blackhawks in 1931–32. Tom completed high-school at Pittsburgh and then attended Carnegie Tech. He played halfback for the football team and was captain of the track and field team. He set several records and had the 29th best time in the world in 1931. He returned to Manitoba in 1932 to compete in the Canadian Championships, where he won the 440m hurdle event, and a spot on the 1932 Canadian Olympic Team that competed in Los Angeles. He was automatically disqualified after he knocked down four hurdles.

Coulter completed a degree in engineering and a mentor suggested the University of Chicago's business program. But he was faced with the problem of paying for his tuition during the Great Depression, with little prospect of finding a job that would both pay well and permit time for studies. His brother Art was about to begin his third season (1933–4) with the Blackhawks, and he suggested Tom pay his way by also playing for them. He had not played organized hockey since Winnipeg almost ten years earlier, apart from some pickup hockey at Carnegie Tech. A tryout was arranged and he was offered and signed a $2,500 contract. He played one game with the Blackhawks in the 1933-4 season before the coach decided a year in the minors would fine-tune his abilities, making him a shoe-in the following season. He played the rest of the 1933–4 season with the AHA Oklahoma City Warriors, appearing in 47 games and managing two goals, one assist and thirty penalty minutes. He returned to the Blackhawks at a training camp, where he played along side his brother in defense. He had been injured and sidelined for at least six weeks when the Hawks traded him to the IHL Cleveland Falcons. He decided to hang up his skates after a lackluster six games dealing with a leg that just wasn't what it used to be, but he had also met Mary Alice on campus. She later became his wife and lifelong partner. He completed his MBA then accepted a job with a large US company named Armco, developing and manufacturing Zonolite insulation.

Coulter lived overseas for several years overseeing construction of manufacturing plants in Australia, Burma (now Myanmar) and India. While in Australia, he decided to strap on the blades once again for NSW St George IHC. However, it is unlikely Coulter's appearance in Australian amateur hockey was incidental. He was probably connected through Tommy Dunderdale to Jimmy Bendrodt in Sydney, preceded by earlier arrangements in which Bendrodt was involved, such as the Uksilas season in Melbourne in 1923 with Robert Jackson (also see Tommy Dunderdale). It was apparently common in those days for Canadians living abroad who played organized hockey to skate circles around the locals and intimidate opponents with physical play, and Coulter didn't disappoint. He was 6 foot 2 inches tall (188 cm) weighing 210 pounds (95.3 kg) and his rough play caused a fuss between opposing teams. The much awaited clash between the Bears and St George was held on September 14th, 1938. The Sun newspaper said the following day:

"For 40 minutes last nights hockey giants flashed and skidded in the fastest and most thrilling game for years. Play was rough but never out of control of referee Norm Turner whose quick decisions and refusal to tolerate infringements kept the players in check. Tom Coulter was penalized five times. 'Spike' Robinson (note 1) was knocked out three times but recovered to score the winning goal. The aftermath of this game and subsequent press coverage led to a break-away group being formed by the Ice Palais management posing the first threat to Australian controlling bodies. Perhaps the whole episode would have petered out but for a letter sent sent by the Ice Palais management to the captain of St George, Jim Brown. It inferred that Tom Coulter of St George was a 'dirty' player. Tom Coulter was on a business trip to Australia. His brother Art Coulter played for the Chicago Black Hawks and was considered one of the best defensemen in the NHL. Tom Coulter had also played with the Black Hawks and was also an accredited referee. Today, he would still be considered the best hockey player in Australia." [The Sun, Sydney, 15 Sep 1938]

The referee, Norm Turner, was probably N L Turner who had represented New South Wales in the Goodall Cup during the Kendall-Reid-Pike era and later. Dunbar Poole was manager of the Ice Palais when this match took place (note 2 below). Coulter played for other teams while in Australia, before finishing his work there and moving to Rangoon, Burma, to oversee another construction in 1939. He later settled in Chicago where he and Mary raised their four children. He worked with the Chicago Chamber of Commerce for more than twenty-five years, once again traveling locally and abroad to promote Chicago. He is now in his 90s and still lives in Illinois. [1, 43]

[1] Spike Robinson was Don "Spike" Robertson who played for the Kenora Thistles from 1935 (also see notes for Russell Carson entry).

[2] Sometime after 2002, a copy of the Sun newspaper report of the Bears vs St George clash (above) was published at hockey.com, a not-for-profit research project. It was probably the source for part of the Society for International Research (SIHR) entry on Australian hockey. The SIHR paraphrased half the original newspaper article, but in a reversal of fact: "The captain of St. George Club, Jim Brown (Ex-Grosvenor House Canadians) sent a letter in the name of the Ice Palais management and inferred that player Tom Coulter of St. George was a 'dirty' player." The original clearly states the Ice Palais management wrote to Brown, captain of St George, "inferring" his player Coulter was "dirty". On face value, this looks to be deliberate manipulation. Alternatively, it is another innocent mistake by the SIHR and its contributors, casting more doubt over their credibility. Either way, this letter served to escalate this 1938 contoversy and its subsequent press coverage. Jimmy Bendrodt, owner of the Ice Palais, had brought the Bears pro team from Canada for the express purpose of promoting the sport and his newly opened rink. He also brought Dunbar Poole back from retirement to manage the rink in his sixties. Within months, Poole was central to events which led to the first direct confrontation with the Australian controlling authorities, and the formation of a break-away group. It had all stemmed from the controlling authorities decision to prohbit the professional Canadian Bears team from competing in the amateur Australian leagues (see Russ Carson). It found new impetus when St George played a former NHL one-gamer in this off-season match. Yet, it was also more than this. Poole had a history of opposing authority different to his own, as Bendrodt was well aware. Poole had opposed the National Ice Skating Association of Australia based in Melbourne since its foundation in 1911 (see Mireylees Reid), and he was given little or no involvement during the foundation years of the first New South Wales controlling body for ice hockey and speed skating (see Leslie Reid and Norm Joseph). However, this particular controvery, at the tail end of an odd career, attracted significant press coverage. This was no surprise to Bendrodt. He was a shrewd man. Moreover, it all occurred in the months following Australia's affliation with the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF). Australia joined the IIHF on February 11th, 1938, shortly after Poole had retired from Sydney Glaciarium, and before he returned as manager of the newly opened Ice Palais.

Frank CHASE (abt 1912 – 1975)

PROBABLY BORN IN OTTAWA, Ontario, Canada. St Moritz ice rink owner-manager, Harry Kleiner, hired Chase from England to be his rink coach about 1950. Chase is said to have been an experienced Canadian, although he may have been born at Hendon, London, England. He played Left Wing in the BNL between 1930-9 [40] and for Wembley Canadians in 1935-6, four years after Jimmy Brown played for their predecessor, Grosvenor House Canadians. Chase probably also played for the Canadians' successor, Wembley Monarchs. A 1937-8 Wembley Arena programme cover (below) appears to carry his signature. He became the second Senior Coach of Demons IHC after Russell Jones for three years, between 1950-2. Francis Thomas Chase died in Melbourne about August 1st, 1975. [51]

Russell William "Doc" CARSON (1915 – 1996)

DOC CARSON WAS BORN January 30th, 1915 in Kenora, Ontario, Canada. [45, 47] He was a goaltender whose playing career spanned from 1938 to 1947, and possibly included Kenora Thistles. He played for Sydney Bears 1938–9 and St Moritz Bombers, Victoria, 1939–40. Manager of 1st and 2nd Australian World Championship Ice Hockey Teams, 1959–63. The 2nd World Championship team recorded Australia's historic first ever International win in 1961-2. Coach and Manager of the 2nd Olympic Qualification Ice Hockey Team, 1963–64. Carson arrived in Sydney, Australia in 1938 at age 23 when Jimmy Bendrodt (1891–1973), who had earlier managed the Sydney Glaciarium, brought an ice hockey team from Kenora, Ontario for the opening of his Ice Skating Palais (note 1 and historic photo below). Bendrodt, a shrewd promoter, had converted the former Palais Royale theatre for the ice rink and he valued the publicity potential of the rugged incidents that often arose with Canadian ice hockey imports. The team is referred to in literature as 'Canadian Bears' and it was presented by its promoter as an Amateur team. However, the NSW Administration thought otherwise, and the team was prohibited from playing for a time, until its potential for promoting local hockey was eventually recognised. The Canadians finally played an Australian team at the end of the 1938 season, although they were all suspended by an irrate Association. However, their suspensions were in weeks not matches, and they expired long before the next winter, when St Moritz ice rink in Melbourne also opened, and the focus of Australian hockey shifted there. The Bears opponents were considered the Australian National team at the time, and the Victorian representatives were Ellis Kelly, Johnny White, "Spot" Lloyd and Colin Mitchell. [1]

A professional team named Sydney Bears was also formed at the Sydney Ice Palais in 1938. It was comprised of four of the visiting Canadians from Kenora; [1] two other Canadians who played for a Sydney team (George Barlok and Ken Tory); and four local players. One source says Barlok was one of the visitors. [1] The Sydney Bears won 10 of their 11 games and tied the other, each of which attracted large crowds and were all sold out. However, Sydney Bears were disqualified because they had not informed the NSW Association of their Canadian acquisitions. Their four Kenora-born players were Russell W Carson (goalie), Stewart Fielder, Frank "Pinky" Clifton and Donald Robertson. History has it that Fiedler, Clifton and Robertson were all members of the 1935–6 Kenora Thistles team (note 2 below). [46] Robertson was named "Spike Robinson" in The Sun newspaper account of the game (see Tom Coulter entry). But his name was Donald "Spike" Robertson on Kenora Thistles rosters and also in some other Australian sources. He played for the Thistles each season from 1935-6 until 1937–8, but went missing from their rosters from 1938–9 until 1949 (note 3 below). So too did Clifton and Fielder on and off, but Fielder never returned. [46] All four had visited Australia in the off-season, where they may have remained for quite some time. Carson remained for the rest of his long life, and since he was a player on the visiting Kenora team in 1938, it is at least possible that he also played for the Kenora Thistles. However, he is not listed in their available historic records.

Carson joined the Bombers IHC in 1939. Their home ice was the newly opened St Moritz, St Kilda and Melbourne Glaciarium Rangers IHC soon became their main rivals, although the Bombers were virtually unbeaten for their first two seasons. [1] The sport was interrupted by the war between 1940–5, and Carson enlisted in the Australian Army at age 27 on August 25th, 1942 at Caulfield, Victoria. He served as a Captain in the 3rd Advance Ordnance Depot, Wallangarra, Queensland, until his discharge on May 17th 1946. [47] He played his last game for Victoria in 1947 at age 32, winning back the Goodall Cup after a quarter of a century in the wilderness. The team was coached by Ellis Kelly and managed by IHV Life Member, Sid Hoirt. The other players were Australia's first top-line European, Egon "Frosty" Winter ( –1963); [1, 49] Al Sengotta (1921–2006) in his first season; [1, 48] IHV Life Member Ray Sullivan; Colin Mitchell in his last season, Russell A Jones (1926– ); Warwick Harrison; Johnny Whyte; and Jack "Chook" Tuckerman. [1] Carson contributed 8 years to the sport in Victoria as a player. [1] He continued as Coach and General Manager of World Championship teams in the early 1960s, then as Secretary and Treasurer of the National Association and delegate to the State Olympic Council until 1969. He contributed a total of 30 years to Australian ice hockey, but he also held a long association with water polo. He served as vice-president of both the Victorian Amateur Water Polo Association and Melbourne Collegians Water Polo Club, which was based at the St Kilda Sea Baths until it closed. His Olympic ice hockey colleagues Peter Parrott and John Nicholas were also members of Melbourne Collegians.

Doc Carson died at age 81 on October 14th, 1996 at Melbourne. A service was held at Springvale Botanical Cemetery, Clayton, Victoria. [45] He was Secretary and Treasurer of Ice Hockey Australia, 1960–9, when Ken Kennedy was president. VIHA (IHV) Delegate to Victorian Olympic Council, 1968–9. Vice-president Melbourne Collegians Water Polo Club (MCWPC), 1957–76. MCWPC Victorian Delegate to Australian Olympic Federation, 1960–69. Vice-president Victorian Amateur Water Polo Association, 1958–61. Manager of Victorian Amateur Water Polo Association 1959 State Team. [44] Life Member of Ice Hockey Victoria.

Historical notes:
[1] Kenora, Northern Ontario is on the western border near Manitoba. IHAs "History of the Goodall Cup" [1], states "...Meanwhile the Canadian Bears had arrived in Sydney. They were actually four boys from Kenora, Ontario, all top class hockey players, especially Russell (Doc) Carson." There is no known record of a Canadian Bears team in mainstream Ontario ice hockey records, although that does not mean they did not exist. Another source says the Kenora players were from the Clayton Flyers (Northern Ontario), which similarly has no known record. [40] From the early years (late-1800s), Kenora played in the Manitoba amateur Western leagues, then later Northern Ontario Hockey Association (NOHA) in the Eastern leagues. The Alberta University Golden Bears have played hockey since 1908–9, but in the Western leagues, some distance from Kenora. Interestingly, an ice hockey team named Thistles formed in 1922 at Melbourne (later renamed Essendon) and another named Golden Bears formed there in 1949. [1]

[2] 1935-36 Kenora Thistles Team: John Beda, Pinky Clifton, Martin Allin, Louis McKay, Silverson, Stew Smith, Pearson, Spike Robertson, Stinback, Galloway, Don Roach, Fielder, “Sandy” Sanderson (coach), Jim Devine (trainer). Frank 'Pinky' Clifton played hockey between 1934-48. Stewart Fielder, played Forward 1936-40.
[40] Kenora Thistles won the Stanley Cup in 1907 when Kenora had a population of just 4,000. It is the smallest town to have won a major North American sports title and the team featured such Hall of Famers as Billy McGimsie, Tommy Phillips, Roxy Beaudro, and Art Ross, for whom the NHLs Art Ross Trophy is named. The 1940 Kenora Thistles were inducted into the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame in the team category; the Northwestern Ontario Sports Hall of Fame; the Midwestern Canadian Professional Men's Winter Sports Hall of Fame, and Kenora's local Hall of Fame.

[3] Donald "Spike" Robertson was born at Kenora, Ontario. He was 5' 11" and weighed 172 kg. He had left Australia before the 1946-7 season when he played Wing for Hibbing Saints in the Northern Hockey League (NorHL, New York State), returning to Kenora Thistles in 1949.

[4] Australian ice hockey teams also visited Canada. For example, Thomas Hindley of the Royal Air Force recalled "....Hence I arrived in Manitoba, Canada mid 1943 to train as a Navigator at Portage La Prairie.... We reported to Halifax depot to await transport to UK on the 'new' Mauretania, arriving at Liverpool just before Christmas 1943.... My memories of Canada remain clear ...No standing up in bars - young Canadian ladies in uniform (particularly at Lake of the Woods). Ice hockey game vs Australia on skates! (neither team could afford a goalee who could stand up on skates!)." [55] Kenora is located on Lake of the Woods. The Kenora Thistles hockey team played exhibition games in Japan in 1954.

Sydney Ice Palais | 1938 | Pirates vs Hakoah, St Moritz | late-1960s |

Benjamin Maxwell "Ben" ACTON (1927 – )

BEN ACTON WAS BORN DECEMBER 2nd, 1927 at Footscray, Victoria. His father, Benjamin Acton (1875–1936), was probably the son of Robert Acton and Jane William, who had married in Victoria in 1864. [88] Robert immigrated from Britain to Port Phillip on Abdalla in 1853 with Thomas Acton, age 22. [89] Benjamin Sr lived at 81 Droop Street, Footscray, in 1916 and died at Fitzroy in Victoria in 1936. [88] Benjamin Jr was an ice and field hockey Forward and Captain of Australia at age 32 in the 1st Australian Olympic Ice Hockey Team, Squaw Valley USA, and the 1st and 2nd World Championship teams. He trained in the Victorian Football Association (VFL) as a young man with the Footscray Football Club (now AFL Western Bulldogs). Acton played field hockey for Footscray Hockey Club, established 1934, and he was Club Champion for ten consecutive years, 1947–56. [8] He was selected to represent Australia in field hockey in 1950 at age 22, and he played in the Australian Senior Men's field hockey championship teams, 1948–51 and 1953–56. [15, 22] "Acton Reserve" in the Footscray Gardens is named in his honour. Ben was made a Life Member of Ice Hockey Australia in 2000, along with all members of the 1960 Olympic Ice Hockey Team.

∆  Ben Acton, 23, Victorian Senior State Field Hockey Team, 1951
Featured in the photo are: Camberwell legend Keith Thornton; former Australian Coach Cahrley Morley; former AHA president Frank Yeend;
Altona legend Ron Ford; Ron Kirner, husband of former Premier of Victoria Joan Kirner; and Alan Hardham.

Back Row: B. Acton, K. Christian, K. Thornton, R. Whitelaw, A. Wadey, R. Kirner.
Middle Row: M. Tait, F. Yeend, R. Ford, A. Hardham, M. Radford, D. Stewart.
Front Row: K. Brooke, C. Morley (Capt) S. Embling, R. Westrup, J. Watt. Sitting: K. Clarke, E. O’Connell
Image source: VHA Official Newsletter, Hock-E-News, Issue 13, Spring 2003. From the photo album of Alan Hardham donated to Hockey Victoria.

Historical note (field hockey):
[1] The South Australian Hockey Association was formed in 1903, the year Reid's syndicate began work on the Adelaide Glaciarium Ice Palace. Victoria and NSW formed their own associations in 1906, the year that Reid's Glaciarium Inc. ice skating academy opened in Melbourne, and the first recorded ice hockey match was played in Australia. The Sydney Glaciarium opened the year after, in 1907. Field hockey clubs sprang up in Melbourne and Sydney and the sport rapidly became established. The Australian Men's field hockey team played their first international game on record in 1922 against New Zealand. The "Big V" State jersey designs of both the first field and ice hockey leagues were very similar to the Victorian 'State of Origin' jersey in Australian Rules Football, which has a related history. Today, the Australia national field hockey team (Kookaburras) is one of the nation's most successful top level sporting teams. They are the only Australian team in any sport to receive medals at the last four Summer Olympic Games (1992–2004), and have placed in the top four in every Olympics since 1980.

William Oliver "Bud" McEACHERN (1921 – 1997)

BUD McEACHERN (pronounced Mick-care-en) was born February 19th, 1921, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada (map below) [14] and died April 11th, 1997 at Melbourne, Victoria, whe he was 77 years-old. [11] One source gives his birthplace nearby at Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. He played Right Wing in the Maritime Senior Hockey League of Canada, and in the Britsh National League for twenty years, 1936-1956. [40] He became coach at age 39 of the 1st Australian Olympic Ice Hockey Team and the 1st and 2nd World Championship teams. The 2nd World Championship team recorded Australia's historic first ever International win in 1961–2. McEachern played in Nova Scotia's Maritime Senior Hockey League (MSHL), and for Sydney Millionaires in the Cape Breton Senior Hockey League (CBSHL), when they became Maritime Champions in 1940 and Allan Cup Runners-up to Regina Rangers in 1941. [19] The 1913 Millionaires team of locals was the only Maritime team ever to play for the Stanley Cup, and although they lost to the Quebec Champions, they did go on to greatness in hockey arenas throughout Canada.

∆  Bud McEachern, 19, 1940 Maritime Champions Sydney Millionaires, Nova Scotia, Canada
Image source: Lloyd McDonald, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada.

The Sydney Millionaires 1941 Allan Cup finalists were one of the strongest teams to come out of Cape Breton (note 1 below). It, and the Halifax Navy team of NHL players, are considered the two finest teams ever from the Atlantic Provinces. To many, the Millionaires are considered the greatest amateur hockey team in Nova Scotia's history; the most famous hockey name anywhere in Eastern Canada; and one of the most-respected clubs in Canada. Sydney defeated Hull Volants in three straight games to advance to the Eastern final against the Montreal Royals. The Royals, with future NHLer Bill Durnan in goal, tied Sydney 3–3, won the second game 3-1, before dropping the next three games to the Millionaires. Sydney then travelled to Regina to meet the Regina Rangers, the Western champions. The Millionaires won the first two games 8-6 and 8-3, and the third tied at 1–1. Regina then completed the comeback with tree straight victories, 5–4, 3–2 and 3–0 to claim the title. The 1941 Millionaires team were Keith Langille, Mel Snowden, Ray Powell, Bud McEachern, Jack Fritz, Grant Hall, Steve Latoski, Jack Atchison, Remi Van Daele, Judd Snell, Bobby Walton, Johnny McCready, Dick Kowcinak, Bill Dickie, Art Bennett (Trainer), Bill Gill (Coach), Ed Tucker (Trainer). [19] Coach Bill Gill played for Moncton Hawks in New Brunswick, Canada, including both their Allan Cup wins (1933–4; notes 1 and 2 below).

Moncton Hawks with Bill Gill | 1933 | 1934 |

∆  Bud McEachern, 20, 1941 Allan Cup Runners-up Sydney Millionaires, Nova Scotia, Canada
Front Row: Ed Tucker (Trainer), Bobby Walton, Jud Snell, Jack Atchison, Remi Van Daele, John McCready, Dick Kowcinak, Art Bennett (Trainer)
Back Row: Keith Langille, Ray Powell, Mel Snowden, Bud McEachern, Jack Fritz, Grant Hall, Steve Latoski, Bill Dickie (Goal)
Image source: Lloyd McDonald, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada.

McEachern then played semi-pro at age 25 for Truro Bearcats IHC (1946–7), still in the MSHL (1946–50). He moved to England in 1947, the year after Ken Kennedy returned to Australia and, like Kennedy, joined Clubs that were part of the biggest amateur league in the world at the time. Many recruited their players direct from North America with newspaper advertisements. He played three seasons 1947–9 in the English National League for Streatham IHC, which had earlier been managed by Dunbar Poole, and against his native Canada on 20th March, 1948. Canada were represented by their 1948 Olympic Gold Medal team — RCAF Flyers. [13] The Streatham club, originally founded in 1932, played as Streatham Royals during this period, later changing their name to Streatham Redskins (1974). In the 1947–8 ENL season, McEachern scored 56 goals to become 4th-ranked league goal-scorer and 10th overall on 80 points. In the 1948-9 season, Streatham Royals were Runners-up to Harringay Greyhounds. In the Autumn Cup that year, McEachern scored six hat tricks, but that was four fewer than Winnipeg-born Victor 'Chick' Zamick (1926–2007) of Nottingham Panthers who was top point scorer on 40 points. Zamick also finished top point scorer in the International Tournament with 41. He was inducted into the British Ice Hockey Hall of Fame in 1951, as well as the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame. McEachern was his closest rival in the late-1940s. Another Hall-of-Famer, Art Hodgins, played for Streatham while McEachern was there. Hodgins was arguably the best defenceman to play in Britain in the post-war era, and many believe he could have made the NHL.

McEachern left Streatham IHC for the ENL's Earls Court Rangers IHC early in the 1949-50 season. Coached by Keith "Duke" Campbell (1909– ), the first inductee to the British Ice Hockey Hall of Fame, with a record at the time of 359 consecutive league and cup appearances in the ENL. McEachern moved to the Rangers in the same season as British Hall of Famer, Les Anning, who was voted to the All-star team twice in his 3 seasons at the club. McEachern played the 1950–1 season for Harringray Racers IHC returning to the Rangers in 1951–2 for his last BNL season at age 30. Earls Court Rangers IHC played their home games at Earls Court Arena in West London, England, and disbanded in 1953.

McEachern emigrated from England to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, shortly after 1956. Like many other British League pros of the time, he became a coach in foreign lands. He was appointed coach of the 1st Australian World Championship and Olympic Ice Hockey Team in 1960, at the age of 39, with Doc Carson as Team Manager. Two years later, he was again coach of Australia, with Carson managing, in the 1962 B-Pool World Championship, contested at Colorado, US. Bud McEachern had played with and was coached by some of the hockey legends of his era, and he brought to Australia a wealth of hockey experience from Canada and Britain. He lived in Melbourne for more than half his life and died there on April 11th, 1997, at age 77. He was made a Life Member of Ice Hockey Australia in 2000. Memorial location: Springvale BC Clayton, Victoria, Fuchsia Wall O 120. [11] In 1981, R McEachern won the John Nicholas Memorial Trophy, which was awarded to the Goodall Cup Most Valuable Player.

Truro Bearcats | 1925 | 1930 |

∆  Bud McEachern, 28, 1949-50 Streatham Team, England
Standing left to right: Ken Campbell, Paddy Ryan, George Edwards Bob 'Doc' Brodrick, Elwood Small, George Baillie, Dave Miller, Art Hodgins,
Buddy McEachern (who left for Earls Court early in the season), Red Stapleford (coach).
Seated left to right: Mike Yaschuk, Johnny Sergnese, Harold Smith, Keith Woodall, Zip Thompson, Jim Campbell.
Image source: Streatham Ice Hockey Club (Royals): Gunnar Persson, Martin Harris and to Kris and Richard Hodgins (son of Art) helped with identification.

Season Team Lge GP G A Pts PIM
< 1940-2 Sydney Millionaires MSHL
1946-7 Truro Bearcats MSHL 40 29 69 0
1947-8 Streatham ENL 48 56 24 80 60
1948-9 Streatham ENL 55 51 25 76 68
1949-50 Streatham (Champions) ENL 26 16 12 28 16
1949-50 Earl's Court Rangers ENL 20 5 6 11 10
1950-1 Harringay Racers ENL 24 11 9 20 28
1951-2 Earl's Court Rangers ENL 4 0 4 4 4
Player statistics source: Internet Hockey DB

Eastern Nova Scotia - Prince Edward Island | Map |

Historical notes:
[1] The Allan Cup is the trophy awarded to the national senior (21 and over) amateur men's hockey champions of Canada. It was donated in 1908, a year before Australia's Goodall Cup, by Sir H Montagu Allan as a trophy for amateur teams. It replaced the Stanley Cup, which by then had become a professional competition. These three trophies, the Stanley, Allan and Goodall are the oldest National ice hockey prizes still contested in the world. The Allan trophy was originally presented to the Victoria Hockey Club of Montreal to award to the champion of their league, who could then be challenged by champions of other leagues. The first winners of the Cup were the Ottawa Cliffsides, and the first successful challengers were the Queen’s University club of Kingston, Ontario. In the early years of the Cup, its trustees quickly came to appreciate the difficulties of organizing a national competition in so large a country. In 1914, at the suggestion of one of the trustees, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (CAHA) was formed as a national governing body for the sport. The next year, it replaced the challenge system with a series of national playoffs and turned over responsibility for the Cup to the CAHA in 1928. Allan Cup Champions also represented Canada at the World Championships until 1964.

[2] The 1933 Moncton Hawks played their series at Vancouver and defeated the Saskatoon Quakers 2 games to zero. In 1934, the Moncton Hawks were again Amateur Champions of Canada and Winners of the Allan Cup. This time they faced the Fort William Blues at Maple Leaf Gardens. The Hawks won the series 2 games to 1. Postcards at the links above are from the estate of Aubrey Webster who played both years.

[3] R McEachern of Victoria won the Australian Most Valuable Player Award for ice hockey in 1981. Ronald Neil McEachern, born 24 Mar 1946 died in Melbourne on 13 Apr 2005 at age 59, and was interred at the same cemetery as Bud McEachern. [76] Anne Kathleen McEachern, daughter of Clancy William and Elizabeth McEachern, died in 1985 at Melbourne. [77]

Egon "Frosty" MILLER (WINTER) (abt 1912 – 1963)

FROSTY MILLER WAS BORN in Austria to parents George and Elsa. Some sources refer to him as Frosty Winter. He was the first top-line European to play ice hockey in Australia and he had represented Austria in either Olympic or International competition in the 1930s, or both. [1, 40] Coach of Melbourne Blackhawks IHC in the 1940s. Key player in the 1947 Victorian team that won back the Goodall Cup after 25 years. Winter had considerable influence on Victorian hockey; generally, and as coach of the Blackhawks who were undefeated in 1947. Winter and Jack "Chook" Tuckerman, a student of ice hockey, were responsible for much of the early development of players such as Noel Derrick, Ron Amess and Dave Cunningham. [1] Winter married Edith Zinmerisan at Paddington in 1950. He died at Sydney in 1963. [49]

[1] The only Austrian named Winter on the International ice hockey record was A Winter who played on the Austrian Olympic Ice Hockey team in 1928 in St Moritz, Switzerland, finishing 9th. These were the second ever Winter Games, and Norwegian Sonja Henie caused a sensation by winning the women's figure skating event at the age of 15. Her record as the youngest winner of an individual event stood for 74 years. Winter's surname was uncommon in Austria at that time. His Olympic record does not contain a birthdate, but this athlete was probably Egon Winter. 'Egon' is Germanic in origin and very rare as a first name.

Russell A JONES (1926 – present)

RUSS JONES WAS BORN September 1st, 1926, in Canada. Forward, Captain of Australia at age 38 in the 1964 Olympic Qualification Team. Played ice hockey for Pirates IHC, Melbourne. Played 143 games for Demons IHC, Melbourne, 1946–9 and 1954–64. Demons IHC is the oldest surviving club in Victoria, established 1943, after a name-change from St Moritz Eastern IHC which had formed sometime after 1939 (note 1 below). Jones was the first Demons IHC Senior A-grade coach continuing for a total of 14 years, 1946–9, 1954–7, 1959–64. Vice Captain for Australia in the 1960 Olympics, Squaw Valley, US at age 33, and 2nd-top point scorer. Played in the 1st and 2nd Australian Teams in the Ice Hockey World Championships. The second recorded Australia's historic first ever International win. Captain of 2nd Olympic qualification team, 1963–4. Played in IHV Pacemakers 45 team in 2008. Awarded Life Membership of the Demons IHC in 1964 and Club Legend in 2007. Awarded Life Membership of Ice Hockey Victoria in recognition of his contribution to the sport of ice hockey in Victoria. Life Member IHA, 2000. Patron, Ice Hockey Victoria. The Russell Jones Premiership Cup is awarded annually in his honour to the IHV Premier A League Champions. It was first won by Blackhawks IHC in 2008.

∆  Demons IHC A-grade Team, 1970, Melbourne.
First Demons team to win the premiership and Demons Reserve was runner up the same year.
Oldest surviving Ice Hockey Club in Victoria, established 1943.
In 2008, Bill Buck (pictured) was awarded the inaugural IHV "Otto Wolf Memorial Trophy" — For Outstanding Services to Ice Hockey Victoria.

Standing: Andy Myer, ?, Mario Doric, ? Paul Watson, Peter Devit, Jimmy Brett, ?, Kevin Brett, Gary Hood,
Jimmy Christie (coach) Brian Bratten, Greg Charmers, Bruce Charmers.
Kerry Timmins, Richard Sprague, Bill Buck, Graham Bowes (capt), ? , Peter Pincent, Carl Fevola.
Image source: Demons IHC.

Historical notes:
[1] Three other St Moritz clubs also changed their names: Monarchs from Southern, Tigers from Western, Red Arrows from Northern. St Moritz Bombers retained theirs; the Pirates were formed in 1948 from the St Kilda 14-foot sailing club, surviving until the late-1980s; and two new clubs, Wild Cats and Blackhawks, were formed at Melbourne Glaciarium in addition to the Glaciarium Rangers. In 2008, IHV adopted two former St Moritz club names for its new Junior league teams, Bombers and Pirates; along with Flyers, presumably after the 1970s Ringwood Juniors team of the same name; and Bears, presumably after the Golden Bears IHC formed in 1949 by goalkeeper Clarrie King and coached by Al Sengotta at Melbourne Glaciarium, which also became home ice to Blackhawks and Widcats that year. From 1949, both Melbourne's ice arenas hosted ice hockey and the new VIHA league prospered, probably due to the competitiveness of two centrally-located rinks. Melbourne Glaciarium also assisted clubs to attract players with a weekly allowance from which sticks, jerseys and equipment were bought. Some of the best club hockey Victoria has ever seen was played in 1949. Interstate Junior (under 16) hockey in Australia was born at St Moritz in 1951, due largely to the efforts of Sid Tange, then Secretary of IHNSW, and Alwyn Smart, manager of St Moritz and president of Pirates IHC. NSW played Victoria at St Moritz during the Goodall Cup series on July 27th, 1951. The VIHA was at its strongest in 1951, but in 1953 it decided to limit the number of teams at each rink to four. The next season, Red Arrows folded and Bears followed sometime later.

[2] The Tigers also formed in the IHV Premier A League in 2008, with players from the Saints-Monarchs and Sharks. The original Tigers IHC (formerly Western Suburbs) won back-to-back Victorian premierships in 1949-50, and earlier in 1946 as Western. In the 1950s, Harry Kleiner (note 3 below) brought Ottawa-born Frank Chase, to St Moritz to coach. Chase is said to have been an experienced Canadian who played Left Wing in the BNL between 1930-9
[40] and for Wembley Canadians in 1935-6, four years after Jimmy Brown played for their predecessor (Grosvenor House Canadians). Chase probably also played for their successor, Wembley Monarchs. The 1937-8 programme cover below appears to carry his signature.

[3] Henry Hans Kleiner (1922 - 1959) was born in Melbourne to parents Gottleib Ferdi Kleiner and Johann Wendelberg. He died in Melbourne at age 37 and was interred privately at the Renowden Chapel of Springvale Botanical Cemetery on January 21st, 1959 with Nellie Kleiner who was interred on February 2nd, 1975 (Columbarian Niche Rm 4, B 15). [17, 18] He owned St Moritz Ice Arena until two years before his death. It was taken over by Molony and Gordon from 1957, when Melbourne Glaciarium closed.

Allan GANTER (1938 – )

ALLAN GANTER WAS BORN ON June 18th, 1938. Ganter (pictured in 1952 at the Melbourne Glaciarium below), was an ice hockey player and four times National figure skating champion 1952-5 representing NSW. He competed in mens individual figure skating at the 1955 British Championships (5th/7); the 1956 World Championships at Garmish (11th/16); and the 1956 Olympics at Cortina D' Ampezzo (13th/16). He was 17 years old in the 1956 games; Australia's youngest participant.

Charles 'Charlie' GRANDY (1939 – )

Wembley Lions & Wembley Monarchs. Programme Cover, Opening Game 1937-38 season. St Moritz Rink Coach, Frank Chase, played for the Monarchs predecessor, Wembley Canadians, in 1935-6. His signature appears on the cover of this Season, 3rd from top left, near the Lion head. Image source: Mark Harris.

Squaw Valley February 1960. Australian men's ice hockey team except Peter Parrott. Click for larger image. (Ice Hockey Australia).

Rob Dewhurst in 2008 with his 1960 Olympic jersey and stick.
(Image source: Illawarra Mercury P12\P12985)

Melbourne Glaciarium, c.1952. Allan Ganter, Jim McLaughlan, Reg Andrews (jump), and Rob Dewhurst. Ganter was a figure skating competitor in the 1956 Olympics in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy. (Image courtesy of IHNSW)

Western Suburbs vs St George at Sydney Glaciarium, 1937. Sydney Glaciarium Ice Rink, 849 George Street West, Sydney. Click for larger image. Photo: Sam Hood, (1872–1953). State Library of NSW, Frame order no: 15150 and 15152

Western Suburbs vs St George at Glaciarium, 1937. Sydney Glaciarium Ice Rink, 849 George Street West, Sydney. Click for larger image. Photo: Sam Hood, (1872-1953). State Library of NSW, Frame order no: 15151

1963 NSW Premiers, St George. From left to right: Ray Parsons, Elgin Luke, Roddy Bruce, Phill Hall, Charlie Grandy, Rob Dewhurst (C), Bruce Thomas, David Mansted. Grandy was born in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. Arrived in Australia in 1963 and played for St George, moved to Melbourne in 1964 where he played for Blackhawks IHC, 1964-66 & 1971-81. (Image courtesy IHNSW)

CHARLIE GRANDY WAS BORN in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada to parents John and Helen of Brooklin, Ontario. (Pictured left and below, 1963) Defenseman, Blackhawks IHC. Member of 2nd Olympic qualification team, 1963-4. Captain of Australia in 1974 and 1979 Olympic Qualification Tournaments. He was 39 years old in the 1979 contest. Captain of Victoria on numerous occasions between 1972-81. Arrived in Australia in 1963 and played ice hockey for St George IHC, NSW, 1963-64. Moved to Melbourne in 1964 where he played for Blackhawks IHC, 1964-6 and 1971-81. Returned to Canada in 1966 before returning to Australia in 1971. Played for Australia in the 1963 Olympic Qualification Tournament and the 1974 and 1979 (Pool C) World Championships. Represented Victoria in the Goodall Cup 1972-81.

Father of Glenn Alan Neal Grandy (1967- present), left-wing, Blackhawks IHC and Melbourne Ice who played for Australia in the 1990, 1996 and 1997 (Pool D) and 1992 and 1995 (Pool C) World Championships; won World Championship Pool D silver in 1990 and Pool C bronze in 1992.

Awarded Life Membership of Ice Hockey Victoria in recognition of his contribution to the sport of ice hockey in Victoria. Awarded Life Membership of Ice Hockey Australia in 1998 for distinguished service and assisting the advancement of ice hockey in Australia. Recipient of the Australian Sports Medal in 2000 for 'AIHF life member and past AIHF vice-president and treasurer'. [56] The Charles Grandy Championship Trophy is awarded annually in his honour to the IHV Junior Elite League Champions. It was first won by IHV Bears in 2008.

Sándor MIKLOS (1915 – 1981)

BORN MARCH 5TH, 1915 IN Budapest, Hungary. Forward, Pirates IHC and later Blackhawks IHC. Played for Budapesti Korcsolyázó Egylet, first OB I Champions who dominated the top line of the Hungarian Ice Hockey Championships for a decade, 1936-46. One of Europe's best pre WW II players who had represented Hungary in seven World Championships and in the 1936 Olympics at Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Widely regarded as one of the best Hungarian players of all time. Emigrated to Australia after WWII and was joined a short while later by fellow Hungarian, Tommy Endrei. Hungary's Most Skillful Player of the Year Award established in 1990 is named in his honour.

John PURCELL (abt 1928 – living)

BORN ABOUT 1928, PURCELL was a Defenseman who became involved in hockey in 1946. He was a regular Goodall Cup representative for Victoria and played in the 1962 World Championship team that recorded Australia's historic first ever International win. Member of the 1964 Olympic qualifying team in Japan. Second president of the Australian Ice Hockey Federation (now Ice Hockey Australia) between 1976 and 1980, successor to Ken Kennedy. Joined the Oldtimers league, but retired from playing on medical advice. Managed Nite Owls teams touring overseas and at tournaments. In 1989, Melbourne Nite Owls toured the USA and Canada as Aussie Nite Owls. In 1991, they were invited to play at the Snoopy Senior Tournament in Santa Rosa, California, hosted by Charles Shultz. The John Purcell Valuable Participant Award was established in the Oldtimers league in 2005. It is awarded to the tournament player and Melbourne Nightowl player for the "best Oldtimer spirit on and off the ice".

Anthony "Tony" MARTYR Sr (abt 1930 – present)

BORN ABOUT 1930, MARTYR was a Defenseman on the 2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1961-62, when Australia won their first international game in history. Player on the 2nd Olympic Qualification Team, 1963-64. President of Ice Hockey Queensland between 1997 to 2000. Tony and wife Annette are AIHL Brisbane Blue Tongues Club 500 sponsors. Their son, Tony Martyr Jr, was former Director of Playing Operations for Ice Hockey Queensland. Living at Coomera, Queensland, and still active on IHQ Committees in 2007. Recipient of the Australian Sports Medal in 2000 for 'AIHF life member QIHA life member'. [56]

Edward MUSTAR (abt 1930 – )

PLAYER ON THE 2ND Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1961-62, when Australia won their first international game in history. Player on the 2nd Olympic Qualification Team, 1963-64. Only son of Capt. Ernest Andrew Mustar (1893 – 1971), soldier and aviator, who was born at Oakleigh, Victoria, and married Margot Sara Munro on April 19th, 1929 at Scots Church, Melbourne. She had persuaded him to change his name from Mustard to Mustar, the only local occurence. Ernest was awarded the Order of the Nile in WWI and the Distinguished Flying Cross in both World Wars [56]; served as a Squadron leader in World War II; and became Managing Director of Australian Transcontinental Airways. [54]

Elgin LUKE (abt. 1935 – )

BORN ABOUT 1935 IN CANADA, Luke arrived in Australia from Canada in 1962 and was a NSW Defenseman for 1963 NSW Premiers St George IHC (pictured right). He represented NSW the same year when they won the Goodall Cup. He was selected to represent Australia in the the 2nd Olympic Qualification Team; the Winter Olympic Elimination Series against Japan. Luke moved to Melbourne, Victoria, in 1964 to join the Blackhawks with whom he played for for six years. He also coached the Hawks in his sixth year, prior to transferring to the Monarchs as a player-coach, winning three Kleiner Cups (Victorian Premierships). He coached Victorian State teams, winning the Goodall Cup five times in succession, 1972-76. He was appointed Coach of Australia in the World Championships in Grenoble, France in 1974, with Manager Robert Blackburn and Captain Charles Grandy, and again when when they hosted the West German Olympic Team.

Luke initiated the first Coaching Development Council in Victoria in 1979, and he was then appointed National Coaching Director in 1981, a position he still held in 2008. He continued coaching over the next ten years, after which he was appointed Head Coach for Australia's National Youth Team in the Asian-Oceania tournament in Japan in 1992. He moved to Queensland in 1996, where he coached their State teams in IHA National Championships. A long standing member and participant in Australian ice hockey for over 40 years, Elgin Luke was made a Life Member of Ice Hockey Australia in Sydney on October 18th, 2008.

IHA Life Member | 2008 |

Philip HALL (abt. 1930 – )

BORN ABOUT 1930 IN Canada. A Forward who played for 1963 NSW Premiers St George IHC (pictured right). Manager of Prince Alfred Park ice rink in Sydney between 1965-6 for the lessee, Sydney Ice Hockey and Sports Club. Other managers were John Caruana, husband of Rona Thaell, Ted Molony and John Kendall-Baker, husband of Jackie Mason. Player on the 2nd Olympic Qualification Team, 1963-64.

Roderick 'Roddy' BRUCE (abt. 1935 – )

BORN ABOUT 1930, BRUCE was a NSW Goaltender who played for 1963 NSW Premiers St George IHC (pictured right). Netminder on the 2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1961-62, when Australia won their first international game in history.

Victor David MANSTED (abt. 1932 – )

BORN ABOUT 1932, MANSTED was a NSW Forward who played for 1963 NSW Premiers St George IHC (pictured right), and a player on the 2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1961-62, when Australia won their first international game in history.

William RENTON (abt. 1929 – 2007)

BORN ABOUT 1929, RENTON was a Forward for the 2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1961-62, when Australia won their first international game in history. Possibly died at age 78 on August 24th, 2007 in Melbourne. Memorial location: Police Memorial - Position in Rose Garden Bed 1 Position 7. [51]

Barry BOURKE (abt. 1943 – present)

Played for Australia in 1962 at the World Championships in Colorado Springs, USA. Team Manager of the AIHLs Gold Coast Blue Tongues since 2003.

Tim SPENCER (1943 – )

TIM SPENCER WAS BORN June 3rd, 1943. He was twice Men's National champion representing Victoria in 1957-8; Australian Men's Singles representative at age 16 in the 1960 Olympics in Squaw Valley placed 17th, and the 1960 World Championships placed 16th. Played Forward in the 2nd Olympic Ice Hockey Qualification Team in 1963 at Tokyo, Japan.

1st Olympic Ice Hockey Team, 1959 – 60

CONTESTED AT SQUAW VALLEY, California, US, 1960: Ben Acton (C), Ron Amess, David Cunningham, Noel Edward Derrick, Rob Dewhurst, Vic Ekberg, Basil I Hansen, Clive A M Hitch, Russell Jones, Noel P McLoughlin, John Allen Nicholas, Peter G Parrott, Ken J Pawsey, Robert W Reid, John Lawrence Thomas, [10] Steve (Zdenek) Tikal, Ivo Vesely, Victor John "Vic" Ekberg, Ken Wellman, and coach William "Bud" McEachern. [11] Most were Victorian players.

Perhaps Australia's participation in C-Group of these games was made possible due to fewer participating countries than usual. Some Group A teams such as Switzerland, Norway, German Democratic Republic and Poland did not compete. Australia's first entry in the Winter Olympics, while consisting of a single person, was officially sanctioned with the then Australian Olympic Federation evaluating Kenneth Kennedy's entry. However, supervision and support were relatively minimal. Colin Hickey has said that he never got clothing from the Australian Olympic Federation, except for a black armband and tie for the 1952 Olympics, to mark the death of King George VI. He also said that Australian officials had "no control over me ... all they'd do was tell me what times I had to do". [22] Nonetheless, this was the first international showdown for Australian hockey.

The Australian team played six games and lost all of them; one against the Czechs was 1 – 18. The stars were 32-year old Canadian David Cunningham who had 6 points (4 + 2) in 6 games and another Canadian, 33-year old Russell Jones who scored 5 points (2 + 3) in 6 games. Other important players was Canadian-born Victor Ekberg and Czech, Ivo Vesely. The team finished 9th and last, scoring 9 goals and conceding 83 from their 6 games. Australia was unfortunate to open against Czechoslovakia and also played the home team (US). The US defeated CSSR 7-5 the day before. The end result: CSSR 18, Australia 1 (7:1, 3:0, 8:0). Reid in net for Australia played the entire 60 minutes making 64 total saves (17 in the 1st, 21 in the 2nd and 26 saves in 3rd), while the CSSR goalies Vladimir Nadrchal and Vladimir Dvoracek combined for 14 total saves. Cunningham scored 4 – 2; Jones 2 – 3; Derrick 2 – 1; Ekberg 0 – 2; Thomas 1 – 0, from 6 games each and Hansen scored 1-0 from 4 games. This was the only Olympic ice hockey team Australia has qualified since the sport first became an Olympic event at the Antwerp Summer Games in 1920. The team didn't return in the 1961 world championships where they might have entered the new B-pool.

After the 1960 Winter Olympics, in which Australia's only ever ice hockey team was soundly defeated, there was debate about the trade-off between selection standards and participation. Ken Kennedy was president of both the NSW and Australian Ice Hockey Federations at the time of the 1960 Winter Games. At a 1963 meeting, he argued that the ice hockey team was not given trips because they were not world class, but could never become competitive unless they had overseas matches.

Alfred Robin "Rob" DEWHURST
(1933 – present )

BORN ABOUT 1933 IN New South Wales. The only non-Victorian player on the 1st Olmpic ice hockey team. Captain of St George IHC, NSW in 1963 (images above). Player and Assistant Coach. Represented NSW many times at Goodall Cup level. Also played on the 1961–2 World Championship team that recorded Australia's historic first ever International win. Member of the World Olympians Association since 2002. Actively fostered the Australian Oldtimers League in Sydney, and traveled to many national and international Oldtimers Tournaments. Lives at East Corrimal on the NSW Central Coast and still plays hockey in his seventies. The Oldtimers League Dewhurst Fair Play Trophy is named in his honour. Recipient of the Australian Sports Medal in 2000, "Represented Australia in 1960 Winter Olympics". [56] Life Member of Ice Hockey Australia in 2000.

Newsprint: Opening De Fries Tournament | 2004 |
The Senior | 2008 | Illawarra Mercury P12\P12964 | 2008 |

Ivo Bohumil VESELY (1926 – 2002)

BORN APRIL 1ST, 1926 in Prague, Czech Republic. [1, 25, 376] Husband of Beryl Black (née Lamb). Took Hakoah IHC team of Melbourne to New Zealand in 1963. In 1966, he lived briefly in Switzerland and coached the Czech ice hockey team from 9th to 2nd position in one season. Life Member IHA, 2000. Died December 4th, 2002. [376] In 1949, Melbourne Glaciarium offered fellow Czech, Jaroslav Drobny (1921–2001), a position on the staff, through an Australian friend, saying, "... his experience would be invaluable to members of the Glaciarium team." [170] Drobny had defected that month, and a few years later he was invited to become an Egyptian citizen. He had played International ice hockey for Czechoslavakia for ten years, and he was also a world class tennis player who had begun Wimbledon competition prior to World War II. Some hailed him as Josef Malecek's successor as the greatest Czech hockey star. The NHLs Boston Bruins put him on their reserve list and offered him $20,000 to cross the Atlantic. Drobny refused, preferring amateur hockey over the pro game, and unwilling to give up his chance to travel the world and play international tennis.

Clive A M HITCH (1931 – )

BORN MAY 17TH, 1931. Forward, Blackhawks IHC, Melbourne. Life Member of Ice Hockey Australia in 2000

Victor John "Vic" EKBERG (1932 – )

BORN JUNE 16TH 1932 IN Canada. Defenseman, played for Harringay Hornets in the 1950s in the Southern Intermediate League, London, England (1951 - 55) and Pirates IHC, Melbourne. Awarded Life Membership of Ice Hockey Victoria in recognition of his contribution to the sport of ice hockey in Victoria. Life Member IHA, 2000.

Basil I HANSEN (1926 – present)

BORN JULY 10TH, 1926. Life Member IHA, 2000. Long time organizer of Oldtimers league in Melbourne. Played in the very first IHV Oldtimers game in 1974 for Melbourne Nite Owls. Member of the 1960 Olympian team and many other National and Interstate teams. Played in Pacemakers 45 team in 2008 in his mid-70s. The Hansen Cup is awarded to the Winning Team 35+ Group I in the Oldtimers league. The Basil Hansen Championship Trophy is awarded to the IHV Premier Reserve League Champions. It was first won by the Sharks IHC in 2008. Life Member IHA, 2000.
Ronald William "Ron" AMESS (1927 – )

BORN AUGUST 9TH, 1927, son of Alexander Amess and brother of speed skater, Betty Amess. Forward who played for Australia in the 1960 Olympics, Squaw Valley, US and the 1st and 2nd Australian Teams in the Ice Hockey World Championships. Played Defense in 1961–2 World Championship team which recorded Australia's historic first ever International win. Amess is still active in the sport and presents trophys at Australian ice hockey championships. He was made a Life Member of the National Association in 2000.

John Allen NICHOLAS (1936 – )

BORN MAY 2ND, 1936. Defenseman, Blackhawks IHC, Melbourne. Member of 2nd Olympic qualification team, 1963-4. Member of Melbourne Collegians Water Polo Club with Peter Parrott and Russell Carson. [44] Life Member IHA, 2000. The John Nicholas Memorial Trophy is named in his honour and was awarded to the Most Valuable Player in the Goodall Cup competition between 1966 and 2000. In 2002, the Cup became the prize awarded to the winners of the Australian Ice Hockey League (AIHL), which now has a corporate-sponsored Most Valuable Player award.

Noel P McLOUGHLIN (1929 – )

BORN SEPTEMBER 15TH, 1929. Netminder, Demons IHC, Melbourne, for 107 games 1955–64, 1st Australian Olympic Ice Hockey Team, and World Championships, Japan 1963. First ever player awarded two VIHA Senior A President's Medals, 1959 and 1961. Awarded Demons IHC Inc Life Membership, 1964. Life Member IHA, 2000. The Reid - McLoughlin Trophy is awarded to the Best Goalie in the IHV Premier A League. It was first awarded in 2008 to Dahlen Phillips (Goaltender, Blackhawks IHC).
Robert W REID (1932 – )

BORN DECEMBER 21ST, 1932. Netminder, Blackhawks IHC, Melbourne and the 1st Australian Olympic Ice Hockey Team. In the opening game, Reid in net for Australia played the entire 60 minutes making 64 total saves (17 in the 1st, 21 in the 2nd and 26 saves in 3rd), while the CSSR goalies Vladimir Nadrchal and Vladimir Dvoracek combined for 14 total saves. Life Member IHA, 2000. The Reid - McLoughlin Trophy is awarded in his honour to the Best Goalie in the IHV Premier A League. It was first awarded in 2008 to Dahlen Phillips (Goaltender, Blackhawks IHC).

Kenneth J "Ken" PAWSEY (1940 – )

BORN DECEMBER 13TH, 1940. Forward, Blackhawks IHC, Melbourne. Name spelt "Pawley" in some sources. Guided development of the Junior hockey program in Melbourne from the early 1950s. Also a member of 2nd Olympic qualification team, 1963–4. Life Member IHA, 2000.
Steve (Zdneck) TIKAL (1933 – 1991)

BORN JULY 18TH, 1933 at Vcelna, Czech Republic. Forward, played ice hockey for Hakoah IHC, Melbourne. Twin brother of Czech international defenseman, Frantisek Tikal (1933 – 2008), who scored 80 goals in over 360 games in the Czechoslovak league and 17 goals in 59 games for his country. Frantisek won two medals in two Olympics (Bronze at Innsbruck, 1964) and was inducted into the IIHF Hall of Fame in 2004. He died August 10th, 2008 in Prague, Praha, Czech Republic. Despite what some say about the twins competing against each other in the 1960 Olympics, Steve Tikal was not played by Australia, although he was a team member. Died November 20th, 1991 age 62, at Melbourne. Interred publicly at Springvale Botanical Cemetery with Frantisek ( – 1961) and Frieda Tikal (1931–1998). [41] Life Member IHA, 2000. Memorial site: Springvale Botanical Cemetery RC Mon Comp I - 1 - 1.

John Lawrence THOMAS (1936 – 1995)

BORN MARCH 11TH, 1936. Also played Wing in 1961–2 World Championship team which recorded Australia's historic first ever International win. Member of 2nd Olympic qualification team, 1963–4. Represented Victoria many times at Goodall Cup level. He was active in club administration and a key foundation member of the Oldtimer movement in the 1980s. Founding organizer of the original Oldtimer Bendigo Tournament with Don Reddish. Died at Melbourne on February 7th, 1995 at age 58. Interred publicly at Springvale Botanical Cemetery. [41] Life Member IHA, 2000.
Kenneth Austin "Ken" WELLMAN (1930 – present)

BORN JUNE 2ND, 1930. Defenseman, Captain of Australia at age 32 in the 1962 World Championships. Played ice hockey for Monarchs IHC, Melbourne. Vice Captain for Australia in the 1960 Olympics at age 29, and played in the 1st Australian Team in the Ice Hockey World Championships. Captain of the 2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team (1961–2, Denmark), which recorded Australia's historic first ever International win. Player in the 1964 Olympic Qualification Team. Life Member IHA, 2000. The Ken Wellman Trophy is named in his honour and awarded annually by Ice Hockey Victoria to the Most Valuable Player in the Junior Elite League. It was first awarded to Brendon McDowell of IHV Bears in 2008, by Ken Wellman himself.

Peter Gordon PARROTT (1936 – )

BORN MAY 27TH, 1936, in Great Britain, to parents Peter Marcus Parrott and Llian May Parrott. Brother of Anthony Marcus Parrott. His father was born in Wellington Banks, Dublin, Ireland on September 9th, 1904. On August 12th, 1947, the family applied for permission to remain in Australia soon after Peter's father was discharged from the RAF. [61] Forward; played Centre in 1961–2 World Championship team that recorded Australia's historic first ever International win. Member of 2nd Olympic qualification team, 1963-4. Member of Melbourne Collegians Water Polo Club with John Nicholas and Russell Carson. [44] Life Member IHA, 2000.
Dave CUNNINGHAM (1927 - )

BORN OCTOBER 26TH, 1927 in Canada. Forward. Top Point Scorer of the 1960 Australian Olympic Ice Hockey Team. Life Member IHA, 2000. The Dave Cunningham Trophy is awarded annually to the Top Point Scorer in the IHV Premier A League. It was first awarded to Andrew Belic (Forward, Braves IHC) in 2008.
Noel Edward DERRICK (1926 - )

BORN JULY 26TH, 1926. Forward, Blackhawks IHC, Melbourne. Also a member of 2nd Olympic qualification team, 1963–4. Life Member IHA, 2000. The Noel Derrick Trophy is awarded annually to the Most Valuable Player in the IHV Premier A League. It was first awarded to Alain Giaugue (Goaltender, Demons IHC) in 2008.

1st Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1959-60

ALSO CONTESTED AT SQUAW VALLEY, California, 1959–60, combined with the Olympics. Japan won gold, Austria won silver and France won Bronze. Head Coach was Bud McEachern, and the General Manager was Russell W Carson.

Goalies: Robert Reid, Noel McLoughlin
Defence: Victor Ekberg, Basil Hansen, John Nicholas, Ken Wellman
Forwards: David Cunningham, Ken Pawsey, Ben Acton (C), John Thomas, Ron Amess, Ivo Vesely, Russell Jones, Noel Derrick, Clive Hitch, Peter Parrott, Steve Tikal

2nd Australian Ice Hockey World Championship Team, 1961-62

TWO YEARS LATER, THE AUSTRALIAN team played the 1962 B-Pool World Championship, contested at Colorado, US. They avoided the last place in the six-team group by beating Denmark 6–2. It was Australia's first international win ever. They also made a heroic effort in a 4–6 loss to the Netherlands. Head Coach was Bud McEachern, the General Manager was Russell W Carson, and the core of the team was the same as the 1960 line-up.

Arrived in Denver on March 6th, played the first game on March 8th against Netherlands, losing 6:4 (4:1, 1:1, 1:2). Played March 10th in Colorado Springs, losing to Austria 17:0 (4:0, 8:0, 5:0). On March 12th in Denver, lost to Japan 13:2 (3:1, 7:1, 3:0). On March 13th in Colorado Springs, lost to France 13:1 (6:0, 5:0, 2:1). This game was rather chippy, featuring 30 penalties called. In their final game on March 15th in Denver, Australia won their first international game in history, defeating Denmark 6:2 (2:2, 4:0, 0:0). Harris, Thomas, Mustar and Parrott all scored 2 goals each, while Wellman, Mansted and Jones scored one goal each. It was 12 years before Australia played a World Championship tournament again. The historic 1962 roster:

Goalies: Peter Cavanagh, Roderick Bruce.
Defence: Russell Jones, Anthony Martyr, Ken Wellman (C), John Purcell.
Forwards: Barry Bourke, Rob Dewhurst, Kevin Harris, Victor Mansted, John Thomas, Ron Amess, Edward Mustar, William Renton, Peter Parrott, Gary Beyko, Gary Owen.

AUSTRALIA vs DENMARK, at Denver Coliseum, March 15, 1962, 3:30 pm

Peter Cavanagh GK Hans Andreasen
Russell Jones DEF Nield Petersen
Anthony Martyr DEF Bjarne Mielo
Peter Parrott CE Bjarne Carlsen
Kevin Harris WING Carl Hoybye
John Thomas WING Keld Jacobsen

AUSTRALIA SPARES: John Purcell, Ken Wellman, Rob Dewhurst, Victor Mansted, William Renton, Barry Bourke.
DENMARK SPARES: Uno Hasselbalch, Niels Grauballe, Michael Gautier, Keld Bjerrum, Torsten Hviid, Ole Hamann, Knud Lebech, Svend Christensen.

2nd Olympic Qualification Team, 1963-64

Contested at Tokyo, Japan. Results: Japan 17 vs Australia 0; Japan 14 vs Australia 6.

Head Coach and General Manager: Russell W Carson.
Goalies: Peter Cavanagh, John Stuart.
Defence: John Nicholas, Charles Grandy, Elgin Luke, Ken Wellman, John Purcell.
Forwards: Harry Coles, Phil Hall, Anthony Martyr, John Thomas, John Miller, Edward Mustar, Russell Jones, Ken Pawsey, Tim Spencer, Noel Derrick.

Historical note:
Between 1920 and 1968, the Olympic hockey tournament was also considered the Ice Hockey World Championships for that year.
The Olympic ice hockey competition was initially dominated by teams from Canada, who won six of the first seven tournaments. Canada's medal count suffered in the decades to follow, which saw more and more top players drawn into professional hockey, excluding them from Olympic eligibility. The team withdrew entirely during the 1970s, and did not send a team to the 1972 or 1976 games. The team's fortunes improved by the 1998 Nagano games, when the National Hockey League began shutting down to allow its players to participate. Professionals had been permitted since 1988, but NHLers were otherwise committed. This also led to the improvement of teams such as Sweden and the USA, which also had large numbers of professional players. The era without professional players (ending by 1988) was dominated by the Soviet Union, who used full-time hockey players who were given military titles to maintain a guise of amateurism. When the Soviet Union first participated in the Winter Olympics in 1956, they were immediately successful, and would win seven gold medals in the nine appearances of the nation. Including the successor teams of the Unified Team in 1992 and Russia since 1994, Soviet or ex-Soviet hockey teams have won twelve medals (eight gold) in forteen4 total appearances.

Remembrance Day, 2007. For Jack and hockey's once and future champions.
2007 Ross Carpenter B Arch (RMIT) M Des (Urban Design) ARAIA. All Rights Reserved. Original Research Nov 07 - Feb 09.
Reproduction prohibited without prior written permission of the author except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review.