Brunswick, Maine and The Civil War

Brunswick,Maine & The Civil War

The American Civil War was fought on battlefields located hundreds of miles from Maine, yet few states have such a rich historical connection to the war. Brunswick, Maine, located approximately thirty miles up the coast from Portland, has a particularly interesting connection to the Civil War. It was in Brunswick where Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, the book many credit with igniting anti-slavery sentiment in the North. Brunswick was an important stop for runaway slaves on the Underground Railroad. The town is also the home of Bowdoin College, which sent a higher percentage  of its students and faculty to fight in the war than any college in America. Among these were Major General Oliver Otis Howard and Brevet Major General Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain. Chamberlain is best known for his defense of Little Round Top at Gettysburg and his acceptance of the Confederate surrender at Appomattox.

Brunswick’s role and contributions to the Civil War were the focus of the 5th Grade Social Studies Club at Longfellow Elementary School during the 2001-02 academic year. The site – which contains student essays and art work, photographs, and links to other Civil War sites – focuses on six distinct subjects: Harriet Beecher Stowe, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Oliver Otis Howard, the Underground Railroad, Children in the Civil War, and Bowdoin College. 

A learning resource for 5th Graders
Created by the 5th Grade Social Studies Club at Longfellow Elementary School, Brunswick, Maine
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