Sport Profiles, Shooting


Sport Summary:
Shooting is a test of accuracy and control, in which competitors use pistols or rifles to fire a series of shots at a stationary target. Competitions at the Paralympic Games are open to all athletes with a physical disability. There are two classes of competition, wheelchair and standing. Athletes compete in Rifle and Pistol events from distances of 10, 25 and 50m, in men's, women's and mixed competitions.  

Paralympic Events (in Beijing 2008):
  • Rifle – Air Rifle Standing (10m), Air Rifle Prone (10m), Free Rifle, Sport Rifle.
  • Pistol – Air Pistol (10m), Sport Pistol (25m), Free Pistol (50m).

Rules & Equipment:
Rifles and pistols: Athletes use .22 calibre rifles and air guns (pneumatic, CO2 gas or spring). Upon trigger activation, the CO2 liquid changes to gas and activates the projectile toward the target. The pneumatic rifle uses a multiple pump system to store air pressure in a reservoir and trigger compression activates the projectile toward the target.  

Bullets: For 10m events held with an Air Rifle or Air Pistol, bullets with a diameter of 4.5mm are use. For 25m Pistol events, and 50m Pistol and Rifle events, 5.6mm bullets are used. 

Target: The standard target is a cardboard square with concentric white and black rings around a black centre ring (or bull's-eye). For the Paralympic Games, five different targets are used depending on the type of gun. These targets are electronic for increased accuracy. 

Classification:
Shooting utilises a functional classification system, which enables athletes from different disability classes with the same abilities to compete together, either individually or in teams. Depending on the existing limitations (degree of body trunk functionality, balance while seating, muscle strength, mobility of both upper and lower limbs), and on the skills that are necessary in Shooting, athletes are divided into three classes: SH1, SH2 and SH3 (Paralympic Competition includes only classes SH1 And SH2).  

SH1: Pistol and Rifle competitors that do not require a shooting stand. 

SH2: Rifle competitors who have no ability to support the weight of the firearm with their arms and therefore require a shooting stand. 

SH3: Rifle competitors with visual impairment. 

Click here for a more detailed explanation of Shooting classification. 

Documents:
<Currently unavailable on the APC site> 

Links:

History:

  Gold
Silver
Bronze
Total
1976
1
0
0
1
1980 2
3
1
6
1984
9
0
0
9
1988
3
1
0
4
1996
0
1
0
1
2000
0
1
0
1
2004 0
1
1
2
  15
7
2
24