The Springfield Symphony Orchestra Today

The established mission of the SSO is to maintain and develop a professional symphony orchestra that produces musical performances of high artistic quality; to entertain and educate our audiences; to expand and develop our audiences; and to sponsor related programs and concerts that enhance the musical life of the region we serve.
Today, after 65 years of great performances, the Springfield Symphony Orchestra is the largest professional orchestra in Massachusetts outside of Boston. It is comprised of approximately 80 musicians from the Pioneer Valley, Boston, and New York areas. The S.S.O.’s artistic programming has earned national recognition for its innovativeness, appeal, and breadth of scope.

The SSO's main season offers six classical concerts, four pops concerts and an array of community and educational outreach programs. The orchestra also performs as the resident orchestra for the Berkshire Choral Festival in Sheffield, MA each summer. In a typical season, the SSO presents--as a full orchestra or in ensemble format--120+ performances. Through the broadcast of its classical concerts on WFCR (the region's public radio station), the SSO reaches a potential audience of 900,000+ annually.

The SSO offers several outstanding youth education programs to introduce children to classical music. The award-winning Music Matters offers public school students in grades 3-6 access to the orchestra through in-school visits by SSO ensembles and fall and spring Youth Concerts at Symphony Hall. Written resource materials are provided for students and teachers. In 1995/96, the SSO implemented a program for students in grades K-2, the Musical Petting Zoo, which travels to schools and community sites around the region to offer young children hands-on experience with ten orchestral instruments.

The SSO also sponsors two youth orchestras, the Springfield Youth Sinfonia and the Springfield Youth Orchestra. Over 130 area young musicians are given the opportunity to learn and perform works of the standard orchestral repertoire under the instruction of professional conductors. The S.S.O. also sponsors the 120 voice volunteer Springfield Symphony Chorus.

Chamber ensembles from the SSO perform several concerts at the Loomis Community residencies and at a number of corporate events.

The Symphony staff consists of eight full time administrators and nine part time administrators. The staff works under the direction of an active 41 person Board of Trustees; Judy Collins isChairman, Tom Creed is President.

Our History
Birth of the Springfield Symphony Orchestra

The present-day Springfield Symphony Orchestra grew out of a strong interest in the community and the vision of Alexander Leslie, the Symphony’s first conductor. In the early 1940’s, Leslie was the conductor of the Pioneer Valley Symphony, an amateur orchestra located in Greenfield. After several favorable reviews, especially an article that appeared in the New York Times in February 1943, Leslie decided that he might be ready to assume the leadership of a professional orchestra, and Springfield, without an orchestra, seemed an obvious place to start. AB a result of discussions with Willard Clark, music critic of the Springfield Daily Union (and the man known at that time as the Prime Minister of Musical Culture in Springfield) and members of the Tuesday Morning Music Club, the cultural leadership of the City added its support to the project.

With favorable and enthusiastic community support, Leslie went to work assembling a first-class ensemble. After almost a year of preparation, the SSO gave its first concert on March 5, 1944 in the Municipal Auditorium to the standing ovation of a capacity audience of 3,400. The Office of War Information recorded the program for re-broadcast overseas. Critical reviews in the local press were very favorable and the orchestra was off to a brilliant start.

Leslie, along with others instrumental in establishing the orchestra, realized that the community needed much more than just a symphony. They knew that the City also needed music education beyond what was offered in the schools. That realization led Leslie to establish the Young People’s Symphony in 1944 in collaboration with the Springfield Public Schools, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Western Massachusetts, and the Springfield City Library. For fifty years, the Young People’s Symphony has provided meaningful musical education for thousands of aspiring music students.

Leslie knew that choral music was an important part of any advanced musical community. In recognition of that fact, the Springfield Symphony Chorus was organized when he invited 150 voices to join the Symphony in a performance of Brahms’ “Schicksalslied” on April 22, 1945, Since then, the chorus has performed with the orchestra on a regular basis and has allowed the symphony to present a wider range of offerings to its audience. The tradition established by the Springfield Symphony Chorus continues the City’s legacy of quality presentations that began with the Handel and Hayden Society in the early nineteenth century.
The founders of the S.S.O. realized from the outset that if they were to survive longer than previous orchestras in the City’s history, the organization would need strong and sustained support. Toward that end, Mrs. Douglas Wallace, a member of the Board of Directors, organized the Women’s Symphony League in 1948. Mrs. Wallace served as the League’s first President.

After the untimely death of Alexander Leslie, Richard Burgin, Concertmaster of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, finished the remainder of the 1954-1955 season. That summer the Board of Directors appointed Robert L. Staffanson as Director.
Staffanson began his formal musical training in San Francisco where he studied violin and conducting. He furthered his education at Montana State University School of Music, where he received a Bachelor’s of Music and a Master’s of Music. After completing his formal education, he served as conductor of the Billings Symphony Orchestra, while there he developed a youth program and a Symphony Chorus.
Under Staffanson’s baton, the Symphony continued the tradition of excellence established by Alexander Leslie. Many important, internationally recognized soloists performed with the SSO, including one of the great American “pianists of the day, Gary Graffman. Through Staffanson’s effort the SSO broadcast a series of concerts on WFUV-FM in New York City.

Continuing the SSO devotion to education, Staffanson initiated a series of discussions prior to each concert in 1956. The following year he organized the S.S.O. Woodwind Quintet, which performed at Carnegie Hall in 1959. By his 14th and final season he had expanded the school outreach program to 80 concerts.

With the 1970-1971 season, Robert Gutter assumed the podium of the SSO. Upon graduation from New York’s High School of Music and Art, Gutter was appointed Principal Trombonist of the National Symphony, a position he held for five years. While in Washington he also launched his conducting career, gaining critical recognition from Paul Hume, Music Critic of the Washington Post.

Prior to his appointment in Springfield, Gutter served as Conductor of the Washington Collegium, the Des Moines Symphony, and the Springfield, Ohio Symphony. After his first appearance here, Paul Conway of the Springfield Daily News commented that, “Robert Gutter showed himself to be an exceptionally fine musician with a sure knowledge of what he wants from his orchestra.”

In later years Gutter received praise from Musical America, which stated that “Gutter has built the Springfield Symphony Orchestra into a major ensemble ...” During his tenure Gutter was recognized for his innovative programs, which led to the commissioning of several works by major American composers, including: Ned Rorem, Michael Colgrass, and Gunthur Schuller.

In 1983, Robert Gutter resigned from the orchestra and was followed by the gifted young African American conductor, Raymond Harvey.  Under Harvey’s leadership, the orchestra performed a wide range of repertoire that it had not played; his unusual and interesting programming helped to bring the SSO to new heights musically. 

In the early 1990’s, as the nation’s economy and that of Massachusetts went into recession, the SSO struggled for its own financial and musical future.  The orchestra re-structured itself from top to bottom, with a shorter season, a smaller staff and a revitalized board; the orchestra also undertook its first endowment campaign. 

Following Maestro Harvey’s move to the Fresno Philharmonic in 1993,?? the SSO undertook a search for a new Music Director, the fifth in the history of the SSO.  Mark Russell Smith, the unanimous choice of the search process, led the SSO from 1995 through 2000.  The orchestra continued to grow as a brilliant musical ensemble under Smith’s charismatic leadership, as did attendance and support. 

As one of the bright lights among young upcoming American conductors, Maestro Smith moved on to a larger regional orchestra, the Richmond Symphony Orchestra, in 2000.  Following the search process – the SSO received nearly 175 applications for the Music Director’s job! – Kevin Rhodes was engaged as the sixth Music Director of the SSO.  Under his inspired and dedicated leadership, the SSO has become a superb leader of the cultural life in western Massaschusetts.



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