Carbaryl Insecticide Hazard Data

and Less Toxic or Non-Toxic Alternatives

Carbaryl is classified as moderately to very toxic, and is classified as a likely human carcinogen (cancer-causing substance) by the Environmental Protection Agency. 2, 10

Human Health Hazards

Aquatic Health Hazards

Health Hazards to Dogs, Other Pets and Mammals

Health Hazards to Non-Target Beneficial Insects

Specific Human Health Hazards: Firefighters and Manufacturers

Bird Health Hazards

Adverse Effects to Forests and Other Plants

Pollution from Carbaryl Drift, Even When Applied Correctly

Worldwide Carbaryl Bans and Petitions

Water Source Contamination

Less Toxic, Natural Controls

The Safety of Carbaryl

Conclusions and Summary

Data References

1. Entomology and Pathology, Carbaryl Federal Report

2. Extoxnet Research1996. Extoxnet is a database maintained cooperatively by the

University of California-Davis, Oregon State University, Michigan State University, Cornell University and the University of Idaho

3. Grand County Public Health Nursing Service administrator

Hot Sulphur Springs, CO, August 7, 2007

4. Granby, Colorado, comments at public meeting

5. Rachel Carson Council, Inc

6. November 2000 report by the Natural Resources Defense Council.

7. Pete Harrison, Forestry and Public Lands Program Associate, Eureka, California.

8. UC IPM University of California, Integrative Pest Management.

9. Wayne Sinclair, M.D. Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (Immunology Board Certified), and Richard W. Pressinger, M.Ed., Tampa, Florida.

10. Environmental Protection Agency 2004. EPA Reg No. 34704-447

11. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Interim Re-registration Eligibility Decision (IRED), Carbaryl IRED facts 10/22/2004

12. Currier, et al. 1982

13. Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC 2004)

14. Gay and Ehrich Study 1990

15. Parafita Report 1984

16. Morgan Study of Carbaryl Effects 1989

17. PIC Circular X, Appendix V: Synopsis of Notifications of Control Actions United Nations Environment Programme,December, 1999, with an update to the PIC listin September 2004, updated March of 2005.

18. PAN Pesticide Database- Pesticide Registration Status, 2005.

19. Environmental Fate and Effects Division, EPA

20. Cranmer Study, 1986

21. Street Report, 1981

22. Pesticide Appearing in Watershed by Hal Berton, the Seattle Times, May 12, 2005

23. Environmental Protection Agency: Carbaryl IRED, 2003

24. Kidd and James Study 1991.

25. Relyea and Mills Report 2001.

26. US Fish and Wildlife Service studies, 1989, 2005

27. NRDC Natural Resources Defense Council submission to EPA

28. Californians for Alternatives to Toxins

29. Abdou and Abel-Wahab Report on Carbaryl?s Effects 1985

30. Lloyd and Krieg Study 1987

31. Abdel-Reheem et al 1991

32. Adhikary Research on Carbaryl 1989

33. Kale et al 1989

34. Rajagopal et al 1984

35. Environmental Protection Agency Report 1992

36. Howard Carbaryl Report 1991

37. United States Geological Survey (USGS)

38. National Ambient Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) database

39. Environmental Protection Agency Report 2003a

40. Toxic Blue-Green Algae/ Cyanobacteria Toxins /Microcystin Toxins report

GRAND COUNTY PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING SERVICE

150 Moffat Street, PO Box 264, Hot Sulphur Springs, Colorado 80451-0264, 970-725-3288, FAX: 970-725-3438

41. Material Safety Data Sheet for Carbaryl 4L, formulated for Loveland Products, Inc.42. ArborJet Plant Injection System 1-866-272-6758.

43. BOONE Michelle D; SEMLITSCH Raymond D. Abstract, Interactions of

Insecticides . . . 105 Tucker Hall, Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211-7400, United States

44. National Academy of Science's Guidelines; U.S. Geological Survey.

45. King County, Washington, Hazardous Waste Program Manager, David Galvin

46. Environmental Protection Agency, 2005

47. Chemical Encyclopedia, Healthy Child Healthy World Organization

48. IPCS INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMME ON CHEMICAL SAFETY Health and Safety Guide No. 78

49. Heart Defects in Fish from Low Levels of Malathion and Carbaryl SOURCE: Teratology, 19:51-62, 1979

50. MacCollum et al 1986

51. PCO Directory: Safety Source for Pest Management

52. Eskanazi, B, A Bradman, and R Castorina. 1999. Exposures of children to pesticides and their potential adverse health effects. Environmental Health Perspectives 107(Suppl 3): 409-419.

53. Leikauf, GD. 2002. Hazardous air pollutants and asthma. Environmental Health Perspectives 110 (Suppl 4): 505-526.13

54. MYCODEX ALL-IN-ONE SPRAY Material Safety Data Sheet Product Code: 37425-44