Grant aid to Western Hemisphere Regional through International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement

Grant aid to Western Hemisphere Regional through International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement
YearItem Recipient UnitAmount
1996Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$1,300,000
1996Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$1,805,000
1996Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$353,000
1996South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$250,000
1996Subtotal for 1996$3,708,000
1997Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$2,935,000
1997Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$1,168,000
1997Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$637,000
1997South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$360,000
1997Subtotal for 1997$5,100,000
1998Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$2,000,000
1998Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$1,100,000
1998Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$600,000
1998South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$300,000
1998Subtotal for 1998$4,000,000
1999Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$4,860,000
1999Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$4,875,000
1999Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$675,000
1999South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$590,000
1999Western Hemisphere Drug Elmination Act (a vessel for international maritime training)(Unspecified)$13,500,000
1999Subtotal for 1999$24,500,000
2000Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$1,740,000
2000Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$2,600,000
2000Plan Colombia - cooperative air interdicton efforts (Unspecified)$7,000,000
2000Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$3,119,000
2000South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$347,000
2000Subtotal for 2000$14,806,000
2001Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$2,200,000
2001Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$2,635,000
2001Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$1,500,000
2001South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$750,000
2001Subtotal for 2001$7,085,000
2002Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$3,940,000
2002Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$2,590,000
2002Emergency Supplemental Funds(Unspecified)$4,000,000
2002International Law Enforcement Academy(Unspecified)$2,090,000
2002Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$1,660,000
2002South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$710,000
2002Subtotal for 2002$14,990,000
2003Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$1,600,000
2003Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$750,000
2003International Law Enforcement Academy(Unspecified)$2,896,000
2003Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$1,700,000
2003South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$755,000
2003Subtotal for 2003$7,701,000
2004Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$1,076,000
2004Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$1,076,000
2004International Law Enforcement Academy(Unspecified)$1,195,000
2004Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$810,000
2004South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$567,000
2004Subtotal for 2004$4,724,000
2005Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$600,000
2005Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$600,000
2005International Law Enforcement Academy(Unspecified)$475,000
2005Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$500,000
2005South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$300,000
2005Subtotal for 2005$2,475,000
2006Caribbean - Country assistance, e.g., computers and support for JICCs and FIUs, investigative and other equipment, aviation spare parts, fuel and oper(Unspecified)$550,000
2006Central America - Country assistance, e.g., operational support, equipment, border control, regional initiatives, herbicide, telecommunications and ot(Unspecified)$550,000
2006International Law Enforcement Academy(Unspecified)$1,900,000
2006Regional - Caribbean Support Tender and RSS C-26 Support; NAS Miami, telecom advisor, JICCs, seminars, vehicles, computer equipment, CST spare parts(Unspecified)$175,000
2006South America / Southern Cone - Non-Andean country assistance, vehicles, radios and other equipment, operational support(Unspecified)$200,000
2006Subtotal for 2006$3,375,000
2008Counternarcotics (Center for Drug Crime Intelligence)(Unspecified)$1,000,000
2008Counternarcotics (Vetted Units)(Unspecified)$4,000,000
2008Law Enforcement Security (CAF(Unspecified)$1,500,000
2008Law Enforcement Security (Regional Equipment for Law Enforcement)(Unspecified)$7,148,000
2008Law Enforcement Security (Regional Police Training - ILEA)(Unspecified)$1,500,000
2008Rule of Law & Human Rights (Prison Management)(Unspecified)$3,000,000
2008Subtotal for 2008$18,148,000
2009Counternarcotics (D.A.R.E. Prevention Program)(Unspecified)$100,000
2009Counternarcotics (OAS/CICAD Prevention Program)(Unspecified)$1,000,000
2009Counternarcotics (Vetted Units)(Unspecified)$6,000,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (Border and Ports)(Unspecified)$3,700,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (CAF(Unspecified)$1,500,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (Firearms Interdiction Training)(Unspecified)$500,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (OAS Stockpile Management & Destruction)(Unspecified)$500,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (OAS/CICTE Ports-Airport Security)(Unspecified)$500,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (Regional Equipment for Law Enforcement)(Unspecified)$11,480,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (Regional Firearms Advisor)(Unspecified)$750,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (Regional Police Training - ILEA)(Unspecified)$5,200,000
2009Law Enforcement Security (Sec. Coms. INTERPOL)(Unspecified)$2,500,000
2009Rule of Law & Human Rights (Improved Police Academies & Training)(Unspecified)$3,100,000
2009Rule of Law & Human Rights (Prison Management)(Unspecified)$3,000,000
2009Subtotal for 2009$39,830,000
2010Counternarcotics (Caribbean Training and Logistical Team Support)(Unspecified)$715,000
2010Counternarcotics (Center for Drug Crime Intelligence)(Unspecified)$100,000
2010Counternarcotics (OAS/CICAD Prevention Program)(Unspecified)$750,000
2010Counternarcotics (Vetted Units)(Unspecified)$6,000,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (Border and Ports)(Unspecified)$3,700,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (CAF(Unspecified)$1,500,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (Firearms Interdiction Training)(Unspecified)$400,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (OAS Stockpile Management & Destruction)(Unspecified)$500,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (Regional Equipment for Law Enforcement)(Unspecified)$11,750,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (Regional Firearms Advisor)(Unspecified)$750,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (Regional Maritime Interdiction)(Unspecified)$7,000,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (Regional Police Training - ILEA)(Unspecified)$2,000,000
2010Law Enforcement Security (Sec. Coms. INTERPOL)(Unspecified)$2,500,000
2010Rule of Law & Human Rights (Improved Police Academies & Training)(Unspecified)$3,000,000
2010Rule of Law & Human Rights (Prison Management)(Unspecified)$3,000,000
2010Subtotal for 2010$43,665,000
TOTAL$194,107,000

All amounts in U.S. dollars. Totals on this page may not correspond to the totals on this country's or program's summary table. All too frequently, official sources yield different figures when the level of detail changes.

Official Descriptions of Aid from International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement to Western Hemisphere Regional

U.S. Department of State, 2010

Document: Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Program and Budget Guide, Fiscal Year 2010

Country: Western Hemisphere Regional

Program Objectives and Performance Indicators � Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI)

  • Strengthen criminal enterprise legislation that allows each member of a criminal organization to be charged with criminal acts committed by any one member of the organization.


  • Facilitate regional and national security and law enforcement cooperation.


Program Objectives and Performance Indicators � Merida Central America

The Merida Initiative seeks to strengthen the capacities of the Governments of Central America to confront and bring under control criminal organizations operating within their territories.

United States Government assistance falls into the broad areas of (1) counternarcotics, counterterrorism, and border security; (2) public security and law enforcement; and (3) institution-building and rule of law. We recognize the immediate need to combat the criminal organizations and associated violence; the medium-term requirement to augment the capabilities of civilian law enforcement and security entities; and the long-term necessity of strengthening judicial and other state institutions to resist corruption and improve the administration of justice.

The USG has established four strategic goals listed below and a series of indicators to evaluate the success of the Merida Initiative.

Break the power and impunity of criminal organizations. Assist the Governments of Central America in strengthening border, air, and maritime controls. Improve the capacity of justice systems in the region. Curtail gang activity in Central America and diminish the demand for drugs in the region.

Program Justification

Roughly 90 percent of all the cocaine consumed in the United States transits Central America and Mexico, and the region is also challenged by declining public security. Central American officials have identified gangs, drug trafficking, and trafficking of arms as the most pressing security concerns in that region. Vulnerabilities created by the increasingly violent nature of the security situation in Central America, if left unchecked, could open the way for more dangerous threats to emerge. An example of this threat is the increasing activity of the Zetas (the security arm of the Mexican Gulf Cartel) in Guatemala that has targeted civilians, law enforcement and courts and prosecutors. Our partners in Central America have already made some progress in their own efforts to fight transnational organized criminal networks, and are demonstrating unprecedented will to work with us and each other to address these issues. FY 2010 Merida funding will continue the support the U.S. has given to this unprecedented regional effort. To increase sustainability, the largest component of that assistance is to strengthen security forces of the region, followed by training and technical assistance to strengthen justice sector institutions under Rule of Law and Good Governance.

A Caribbean-specific initiative announced at the Fifth Summit of the Americas laid the groundwork for increased cooperation on social justice, economic development, and citizen safety with Caribbean and partner countries. This announcement was made by the President as an acknowledgement of increasing crime and violence affecting the safety of citizens through the Caribbean and in recognition of Caribbean nations' lack of capacity to address threats aimed at the United States.

Developing this initiative became a priority as the Merida Initiative began yielding positive results in Mexico and Central America, making the Caribbean an increasingly attractive transit zone for transnational organized criminals, terrorists and illicit traffickers. FY 2010 is an investment in anticipation of a five-year citizen safety partnership relying on multiple foreign assistance monies to strengthen Caribbean countries' capacities to develop, coordinate, and execute, in cooperation with the United States, other partner countries, and international organizations, a regional security plan to provide increased citizen safety in a region witnessing increasing spillover effects in the form of crime, drug use, and declining foreign investment.

Program Accomplishments

Merida implementation has just begun in Central America, but the governments of the region have developed a strategic plan to combat security threats through SICA, the Central American Integration System. All countries have signed Letters of Agreement. Assessments of needs for border security and police equipment are underway or completed and procurement of police equipment has begun.


FY 2010 Program

Law Enforcement Security

FY 2010 assistance will help police receive and share information about crime and criminals that cross borders, the program will fund extension of the Central American Fingerprint System to additional mobile stations within each country and add additional real-time links to the Interpol ""24/7"" network.

The International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA) will extend specialized training to law enforcement and justice sector personnel by adding additional courses and enabling additional students to attend. Examples of courses include investigating organized crime, combating criminal youth gangs and prevention, officer safety, and legal aspects of using tools such as wiretaps and controlled deliveries. A Regional Firearms Advisor, firearms interdiction training, and the OAS Stockpile Management and Destruction program will help participating countries combat arms trafficking.

The program will continue to provide equipment and related training for enhanced ports and border inspection operations at the multiple crossings between the countries of the region. Maritime interdiction funding will help maintain and repair interdiction craft and provide spare parts and will refurbish seized boats that police can use against traffickers.

Counternarcotics

FY 2010 funds will provide equipment, training and operational support for counternarcotics vetted units, including those under DEA, Customs and Border Patrol, as well as national police units historically supported by INL. Project support will also extend the training for the DEA's Center for Drug Intelligence, an online information exchange network, and for an OAS drug prevention program.

Caribbean Training and Logistical Support Teams will provide a platform for leading U.S. engagement and support for maritime interdiction in the Caribbean. Teams will deploy to the region to provide training, logistical and maintenance support. The primary goal for these teams is to provide onsite support until a U.S. vessel, with an international crew, can be deployed to provide those services. That vessel will foster international cooperation by offering the opportunity for a diverse, international and joint/interagency crew to work together and support all of the cooperating countries in the Caribbean. The Caribbean support vessel will deliver a total support package including a mobile professional training program and maintenance team with potential for shops, tools, technicians, and limited onboard classroom/berthing/messing for students. Additionally, it may provide a centralized supply source for standard spare parts, turn-in items, etc., and will have the capability to deliver cargo.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

... In addition, the project will provide technical assistance to improve prison management, juvenile justice systems and post-prison rehabilitation to ensure that the corrections system protects society from criminals while also guiding and rehabilitating young offenders. The program will also continue technical support to police academies of the region to develop and implement curricula that will train police forces in modern law enforcement techniques and to work effectively with communities while respecting human rights....

Department of State, 2008

Document: International Narcotics Control Strategy Report

Country: Western Hemisphere Regional

The mission of the regional ILEAs has been to support emerging democracies, help protect U.S. interests through international cooperation, and promote social, political and economic stability by combating crime. To achieve these goals, the ILEA program has provided high-quality training and technical assistance, supported institution building and enforcement capability, and fostered relationships of American law enforcement agencies with their counterparts in each region. ILEAs have also encouraged strong partnerships among regional countries, to address common problems associated with criminal activity.

The ILEA concept and philosophy is a united effort by all the participants�government agencies and ministries, trainers, managers, and students alike�to achieve the common foreign policy goal of international law enforcement. The goal is to train professionals that will craft the future for the rule of law, human dignity, personal safety and global security.

The ILEAs are a progressive concept in the area of international assistance programs. The regional ILEAs offer three different types of programs. The Core program, a series of specialized training courses and regional seminars tailored to region-specific needs and emerging global threats, typically includes 50 participants, normally from three or more countries. The Specialized courses, comprised of about 30 participants, are normally one or two weeks long and often run simultaneously with the Core program. Lastly, topics of the Regional Seminars include transnational crimes, financial crimes, and counterterrorism.

The ILEAs help develop an extensive network of alumni that exchange information with their U.S. counterparts and assist in transnational investigations. These graduates are also expected to become the leaders and decision-makers in their respective societies. The Department of State works with the Departments of Justice (DOJ), Homeland Security (DHS) and Treasury, and with foreign governments to implement the ILEA programs. To date, the combined ILEAs have trained over 18,000 officials from over 75 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America. The ILEA budget averages approximately $16-18 million annually.

Global. ILEA Roswell (New Mexico) opened in September 2001. This ILEA offers a curriculum comprised of courses similar to those provided at a typical Criminal Justice university/college. These three-week courses have been designed and are taught by academicians for foreign law enforcement officials. This Academy is unique in its format and composition with a strictly academic focus and a worldwide student body. The participants are mid-to-senior level law enforcement and criminal justice officials from Eastern Europe; Russia; the Newly Independent States (NIS); Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries; and the People�s Republic of China (including the Special Autonomous Regions of Hong Kong and Macau); and member countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) plus other East and West African countries; the Caribbean, Central and South American countries. The students are drawn from pools of ILEA graduates from the Academies in Bangkok, Budapest, Gaborone and San Salvador. ILEA Roswell trains approximately 450 students annually.

Latin America. ILEA San Salvador was established in 2005. The training program for the newest ILEA is similar to the ILEAs in Bangkok, Budapest and Gaborone and will offer a six-week Law Enforcement Management Development Program (LEMDP) for law enforcement and criminal justice officials as well as specialized courses for police, prosecutors, and judicial officials. In 2007, ILEA San Salvador will deliver three LEMDP sessions and about 10 Specialized courses that will concentrate on attacking international terrorism, illegal trafficking in drugs, alien smuggling, terrorist financing, financial crimes, culture of lawfulness and accountability in government.

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Sources:

  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 1996; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Fiscal Year 1998 Congressional Budget Presentation. March 1998, p. 62.
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 1997; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Fiscal Year 1999 Congressional Budget Presentation. March 1998, p. 69.
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 1998; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2000 Congressional Budget Presentation (Washington: Department of State: March 1999): 59.
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 1999; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2001 Congressional Budget Presentation (Washington: Department of State: March 2000): 66 (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2000; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2002 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State: May 2001) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2001; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2003 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State: May 2002) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2002; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2004 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State: May 2003) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2002; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2004 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State, June 2003) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2003; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2005 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State: April 2004) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2003; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2005 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State, April 2004) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2004; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2006 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State: April 2005) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2004; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2006 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State, April 2005) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2005; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2007 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State: April 2006) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2005; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2007 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State, April 2006) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2006; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, Fiscal Year 2007 Congressional Budget Justification (Washington: Department of State: April 2006) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2006; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs, FY 2008 Program and Budget Guide (Washington: U.S. Department of State, September 2007) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2008; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide 2010 (Washington: Department of State) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2009; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide 2010 (Washington: Department of State) (Link to source).
  • Western Hemisphere Regional International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement 2010; - United States, Department of State, Bureau of International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs, Program and Budget Guide 2010 (Washington: Department of State). ( var gaJsHost = (('https:' == document.location.protocol) ? 'https://ssl.' : 'http://www.'); document.write(unescape('%3Cscript src=\'' + gaJsHost + 'google-analytics.com/ga.js\' type=\'text/javascript\'%3E%3C/script%3E'));