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Dictionary of Islamic Architecture
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Ka'ba
Most sacred building of Islam located in the centre of the Holy Mosque in Mecca.
Definition
In its present form the Ka'ba consists of a tall, rectangular, box-like structure 15 m high with sides measuring 10.5 m by 12 m. The building is oriented 30 degrees off the north-south axis so that the corners face the cardinal points. The flat roof has a gentle slope towards the north-west where there is a water spout (mizab al-rahman, or spout of mercy). The Black Stone (possibly derived from a meteorite) is built into the eastern comer of the structure. Also at the east corner is another stone known... [more]
See also
Mecca
Further Reading
H. A. A. Ba Salama, Tarinkh al-kab'a al mu'azzama, 2nd printing, Jeddah 1982.
R. A. Jairazbhoy, The architecture of the Holy Shrine in Makkah', in Hajj in Focus, ed. Z. I. Khan and Y. Zaki, London 1986.
V. Strika, A Ka'bah picture in the Iraq Museum', Sumer 32: 195-201, 1976
A. J. Wensinck and J. Jomier, 'Ka'ba', in Encyclopedia of Islam, new edn. 4; 317-22, 1978.
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