autonomous republic located in northwestern Georgia. Bordering the eastern shores of the Black Sea, Abkhazia consists of a narrow coastal lowland broken by mountain spurs, followed by a hilly foreland zone of eroded marine and river terraces that merge into the steep slopes of the Caucasus Mountains located to the north. Area 3,343 square miles (8,660 square km). Pop. (2002) 215,972; (2007 est.) 180,000.... (68 of 824 words)
Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.
autonomous republic in n.w. region of country, until 1991 Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, between Black Sea and Caucasus Mountains; 3,300 sq mi (8,600 sq km); cap. Sokhumi; independent kingdom Abkhazia formed 8th century; annexed by Russia 1864; proclaimed autonomous region 1919, republic 1921; tobacco, tea, silk, fruits; timber production, coal mining; population concentrated in coastal lowland mostly Georgian and Russian, in addition to Abkhaz and Armenians; coastal resorts and Lake Ritsa popular leisure spots; pop. 538,000.
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