Volume 17, No. 2 Winter 1997

Words From the Chair

Well, after some effort and the help of several others, the CSG now has an updated web page. Last spring, the CSG sent out a notice to see if anyone was interested in taking over the job and, after consulting with some of our departmental staff, I decided to give it a try. An undergraduate student, David Deis, initially designed the graphics and the web pages and then our staff cartographer, Robert Provin, made some color adjustments and set up a few new features such as a button to suppress the graphics. Fortunately, we were able to retrieve all the contents from the old web site at Hunter College and Ann Goulette has provided digital versions of our more recent newsletters. The new web site address is: http:// www.csun.edu/~hfgeg003/csg/

Establishing an organization for a site is always a challenge, but we decided to keep it simple for our sake and for those who have problems with animated icons on their web browsing software. There are four main choices: Activities, Newsletters, Membership, and Cartographic Links. The latter option, a list of URLs for cartographic resources, were primarily compiled and contributed by Dennis Fitzsimons and a few of his students at Southwest Texas State University.

A dilemma with this option was that one could provide a very extensive list of URLs or just point to a few existing map directories. I reasoned that since the CSG site is a focus of cartographic activity, we should list more sites. Generally, I avoided commercial sites and those that were decidedly of a GIS nature. However, a few of these sites do provide interesting examples of animated and interactive mapping on the web, so they were included.

Two areas I would like to expand in the CSG site are the listings of academic cartography sites and on-line cartography courses. If you have or know of cartography programs/courses that are on the net, please send me an email so that I can add this information.

In October, some email was being generated by the Association of American State Geologists expressing concern and dismay about changes in the revision of the USGS 1:24,000-scale series of topographic maps. Unfortunately due to budget cuts and in an attempt to respond to user demands for faster production, the USGS has been modifying the content of that series. Basically, the USGS now offers two options for the 7.5' map updates, the "standard update" and field check of all layers and a "limited update." The limited update does not include the generation of a stereo model or a field check, and so contours are not revised and buildings such as churches or schools are shown only as a building. Transportation and hydrography, which are identifiable on non-stereo photos and change relatively frequently, would be revised. Where changes in the contours were known to have occurred, a dashed symbol would be used. Occasional symbol conflicts with the contours, such as when a reservoir is constructed, might also occur.

The USGS indicates that most of its federal and mapping partners are opting for limited updates since many more maps can be revised with a limited amount of funds. They report these revisions seem to meet with the priorities indicated by 2245 federal, state, local, and academic respondents (including geologists) in a recent survey. For a discussion on this issue, you can check the USGS web site: http: //www-nmd.usgs.gov/misc /evolution.html

As a final note, 1996 saw the passing of three noted academic cartographers, John Sherman of the University of Washington in late October, and Richard E. Dahlberg of Northern Illinois University and George F. Jenks of the University of Kansas in December. Sherman was deeply concerned about the design and function of maps and was one of the first to investigate map design for the blind and partially sighted. Dahlberg served the ACSM as President in 1993, served several offices in its Cartography Division and was editor of CAGIS and The American Cartographer. Jenks was one of the most prolific researchers on map use and design and was the mentor of many current academic cartographers. During the past three decades, all three professors were noted contributors to cartography and had very active academic programs. All will be sincerely and deeply missed.

Eugene Turner, CSG Chair


The deadline for the National Geographic Society Cartography Award entries has been extended to February, 24, 1997.

So then, where could we go from here? I believe the site could become increasingly useful if various cartographic reference materials were made available through it. For example, we might list or review cartography texts, list cartography course syllabi, or create a bibliography. In any case, I would appreciate receiving any helpful suggestions or volunteers for assistance.

Noted Cartographer George Jenks Dies

Memorial services for George Frederick Jenks, 80, were held on Thursday, January 2, 1997 at the Plymouth Congregational Church, Lawrence, Kansas. Professor Jenks died peacefully Sunday evening, December 29, 1996 at the Eudora Nursing Center.

Professor Jenks was born on July 9, 1916 in Oneonta, New York. He received his B.S. in Education at the State Teachers College, Albany, New York, his M.A. and Ph.D. in Geography from Syracuse University. He had been a Professor of Geography at the University of Kansas from 1949 until his retirement with Emeritus status in 1986.

Professor Jenks received an University Fellowship at Syracuse University and a Faculty Fellowship for the Fund for the Advancement of Education at the University of Kansas. He received a Citation for Meritorious Contributions in the Field of Geography from the Association of American Geographers and a research grant from the Office of Naval Research in Three Dimensional Maps. He received the Distinguished Teaching Award in 1980 from the University of Kansas and the Chancellor's Club Career Teaching Award. He also received the Honors Award from the American Cartographic Association for Outstanding Achievement and was named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. In addition, he belonged to numerous professional organizations.

He married Madelyn Ronnie on December 4, 1943. He is also survived by three daughters, Diane Jenks, Orange, California, Kathy Kryway, Las Cruces, New Mexico, Debora Jenks, Overland Park, Kansas; two sisters, Dorothy Lansing, Oneonta, New York, and Kay Lynch, Walnut Grove, California. A sister, Marion Jenks, preceded him in death.

Private inurnment at Oak Hill Cemetery preceded the memorial service. The family suggests that memorial contributions be made to the George Jenks Scholarship Fund in care of the K.U. Endowment Association and may be made in care of the Warren-McElwain Mortuary, 120 West Thirteenth Street, Lawrence, KS 66044

(Information from the Lawrence Journal World newspaper via Dennis Fitzsimons)

Industry Update - Rand McNally

For travelers of all kinds, Rand McNally conjures up images of the trusted, tattered, and ever-present Road Atlas that has become a permanent fixture in the back seat pocket of every car. Recently, however, the 140-year old company has rapidly expanded both its digital cartography and its international business presence, where its products are poised to become fixtures not only in North America, but around the world as well.

In 1995, Rand McNally and Italy's Istituto Geografico De Agostini -- one of the world's largest international publishers -- entered into a joint venture to market world geographic information and cartographic services. Like Rand McNally, De Agostini is a privately held, family owned company with family members currently active in day-to-day operations. The company is headquartered in Novara, Italy. The joint venture company, De Agostini-Rand McNally (DARM), is separate from its two parent companies and is headquartered in London.

DARM combines the cartographic technology, digital databases and techniques of Rand McNally with De Agostini's cartographic knowledge, extensive photo library, and world marketing expertise. De Agostini has a sales presence in 34 countries across Europe, the Far East, and South America. With DARM in place, the parent companies will continue to handle sales in their home areas (North America for Rand McNally and Italy for De Agostini). Rand McNally and De Agostini cooperate at the editorial level to share resources and create materials that can be used by DARM as well as by either parent company.

DARM also paves the way for increased licensing and customization opportunities. It operates as the international arm of Cartographic Information Services (CIS), a new division within Rand McNally that focuses on licensing the company's geographic and cartographic content to a variety of media. For example, an Italian newspaper will feature Road Atlas map content in a spring travel piece on the United States. Creators of Internet sites worldwide are also looking to license digital map files for use on their Web sites.

CIS is able to license materials and data because of the adaptability of the Rand McNally databases. Currently, Rand McNally has three digital databases: one for the United States and two that cover the entire world. The U.S. database contains the files that are used every year to produce the Road Atlas, the Motor Carrier's Road Atlas, folded maps of individual states, and custom products. Of the two world databases, one exists in a Macintosh environment, and is used most often to create maps at scales smaller than 1:10 million. The second base, the new World Digital DataBase (WDDB), covers the world's land mass at a variety of scales, with the largest being 1:1 million.

Features and capabilities of the WDDB include automated name placement, multiple foreign language translation facilities, and digitally created shaded relief. With automated name placement, a set of rules for placement of text for cartographic features is developed by cartographers. The software then extracts the appropriate names from the database and places them into the graphics files for final map composition. Language translations are especially useful when either Rand McNally or DARM require a product for a non-English speaking audience. The WDDB can translate names into Spanish, French, German, Portuguese, and Italian with all associated diacritics, and it is expected that more languages will eventually be added to the database. To build digital shaded relief, cartographers use elevation data (contours) to create a terrain model, which is then rendered into the final shaded relief. Image-processing software allows the cartographer to manipulate gray scales and contracts, so that the customer can decide how much contrast he or she wants in a custom product. Digital shaded relief, once built, can be merged into the WDDB with the digital map files to create an accurate, attractive format.

With the increasing popularity of travel and geography in general, maps and geographic data are an extremely hot commodity. The need to "make geography accessible to all" has taken on a new meaning for all of us at Rand McNally. We look forward to working with our joint venture partner to create accurate, innovative, and attractive products that satisfy the growing need for geographic and travel information.

The author, Ann T. Natunewicz, is one of the editors of Rand McNally's World atlas. She may be reached at: anatunewicz @randmcnally.com. Visit Rand McNally's web site at: http://www.randmcnally.com.

Nominations for 1997 CSG Officers

This year, elections will be held for the CSG offices of Vice Chair, Academic Director, Student Director and Non-Academic Director. The position descriptions and terms are provided below, along with brief biographical sketches of the nominees. An election ballot is inserted in this newsletter to cast your vote.

Ballots must be received by the Chair of the Nominations Committee (Keith Clarke, Department of Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4060) by March 15, 1997. E-mail submission of ballots is also permissible (kclarke@geog.ucsb. edu).

VICE CHAIR (1997-1998)

Nominee: David J. Smith

The Vice Chair is in charge of the CSG Program Committee for the Annual Meeting of the AAG. After serving for one year, the Vice Chair assumes the position of Chair of the CSG for the following year.

David J. Smith is a classroom teacher with over 25 years experience teaching Middle and High School English, geography, and Social Studies. He achieved national recognition for his unique method of teaching seventh graders to draw maps of the entire world from memory, now published as a highly successful curriculum, Mapping The World By Heart. In 1992, he won the U.S. Department of Education's "A+ For Breaking The Mold" Award for this work. Since 1992, he has been a full-time consultant, providing lectures and workshops on geography and global issues to teachers, parents, student groups, and others in the United States, Europe, Africa, and Asia. Time Magazine, NBC's Today Show, the L.A. Times, and the Associated Press, among others, have the success of his curriculum. Also, he has written articles for the New York Times Education Life section, for The International Educator, for The World Paper, NESA Notes , and Independent School Bulletin. He has also written three books -- Abigail's Atlas, a student atlas, The Geography Lover's Book of Lists, an adult trade book, and Village, a children's picture book. All three titles are scheduled for publication this year.


Nominees: Jeremy Crampton and Charles Rader

In the first year of office, the Academic Director acts as the liaison to ACA, NACIS and the IMTA. In the second year, the Academic Director chairs the Awards Committee.

Jeremy Crampton is an Assistant Professor at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, where he has been on the faculty since 1993. Prior to his current appointment, he was a Lecturer in Cartography at Portsmouth University (UK). A native of Great Britain, he received his MS and PhD from the Pennsylvania State University. Portions of this work have appeared in print in Cartographica (both Masters and PhD articles), and other articles have appeared there as well as CAGIS, The Cartography Journal, Cartographic Perspectives, and GeoJournal. He has also written numerous reviews, and acted as manuscript reviewer for Prentice Hall, The International Journal of GIS, Cartographica, Geographical Systems, and others. Last year, he was a judge for the Washington Map Society W.W. Ristow History of Cartography Prize. He has been a member of the CSG since he joined the AAG over ten years ago. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of NACIS. At the AAG, he has organized, chaired, and participated in many sessions sponsored by the CSG, including a session on maps and power at San Francisco, one on cartographic theory at Miami, and one in tribute to Brian Harley at Atlanta. His paper last year (Charlotte) was on maps and the world wide web. His applied research interests include integrating interactive and digital cartographic data representations (e.g., animated mapping) in applied physical and human geographic contexts. He also has a great interest and involvement in the web, having conceived and co-written the Bosnian Virtual Fieldtrip, and writes and maintains the popular "Cartography Resources" web pages. His current web project involves a large set of tutorials and resources on the continent of Africa, which should be available by the 1997 AAG Meeting. He is also on the Editorial Board of EarthWorks, an on-line geography journal, and has participated extensively with the Geography Virtual Department, a web-based geography curriculum resource.

Charles Rader is an Assistant Professor of Geography at the University of Wisconsin - River Falls. He received degrees in geography from Clark University (B.A.-1983), the University of Washington (M.A.-1989), and Michigan State University (Ph.D.-1995). He has taught map production and design at MSU, served as a research assistant at MSU's Center for Remote Sensing, where he was involved in a variety of mapping and GIS projects, and he served as the staff cartographer at Arizona State University from 1985-1987. He was the CSG Student Director in 1993 and is a member of the editorial board for Cartographic Perspectives. Currently, he teaches courses in cartography, geographic information systems (GIS), human geography, and the geography of the developing world. His research experiences have spanned topics that deal with map design, representation, analytical cartography, and the impact of technological change on mapping. His current work involves an examination of both the cartographic representation and GIS modeling of groundwater vulnerability; this research investigates the question of how decision makers react when presented with conflicting results in the maps produced by different models using the same data set. He is also working with several students in developing a mapping and GIS data base to support the conservation efforts of the Kinnickinnic River Land Trust. He finds it an exciting time to be a cartographer with the current rate of change in the discipline and how this challenges teaching strategies. He sees the future of mapping to be a particularly bright one. As academic director, he would work toward helping more students become active in the CSG and toward promoting productive and stimulating relationships with other specialty groups and organizations.


Nominees: Jeannette Candau and Alberto Giordano

The Student Director is a member of the Awards Committee.

Jeannette Candau is currently an undergraduate in the Geography Department of the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her studies have focused on techniques of spatial analysis and visualization using Analog and Computer Cartography, Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing. She has held a position as an intern in the University's Cartography Lab. Since October of this year, she has been a research assistant to Professor Keith Clarke on the Gigalopolis Project developing methods of modeling urban growth using cellular automata. She plans to graduate in June of this year with honors and continue her research with Professor Clarke as a graduate student in the fall.

Alberto Giordano is a PhD student in Geography at Syracuse University, working under the supervision of Mark Monmonier. He received a B.A. in Geography from the University of Padua (Italy), and an M.A. in Geography from the University of California at Santa Barbara. He expects to complete his PhD in Syracuse in June, 1998. He worked as a cartographic editor for the National Atlas of Italy (1987-9), and as a GIS consultant in Venice between 1991 and 1995. He has worked with the University of Venice, the City and Province of Venice, and with various private companies. He has also worked for specific projects with the European Union, the European Committee for Normalisation (the standardization agency of the EU), and the Italian central government. His areas of interest include GIS, cartography, hazards geography, nuclear risk, and data quality.


Nominee: Anna Williams

The Non-Academic Director administers the Master's Thesis Research Grant program.

Anna Williams is a System Consultant in the Federal Systems Division of Intergraph Corporation. She provides on-site support to government agencies that are using GIS and automated mapping systems. Her assignments have provided her with experience in the planning, development, and implementation of these systems. Her duties have included defining system requirements, developing system documentation, testing system functionality and training users. She also provides users with support in the areas of quality control of geographic datasets, workflow refinement and documentation, and data dictionary refinement. Prior to joining Intergraph, she held progressively responsible positions with American Automobile Association, where she gained experience in cartographic production, quality control of cartographic data and data conversion. She earned a B.S. from the University of Maryland, College Park. She has 13 years working experience. Her areas of interest include map symbolization and nautical charting issues.

Invitation for Manuscripts

Since 1973, Cartography and Geographic Information Systems (CaGIS) (formerly The American Cartographer) has become widely recognized as one of the more important and influential journals in cartography and GIS. The journal is the research outlet for the Cartography and Geographic Information Society of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping (ACSM). The objectives of this organization are to foster improvement in the art, science, and technology of cartography together with the study of maps as scientific documents and works of art and to advance the proper utilization of procedures for collecting, storing, analyzing and displaying geographic information. It is the role of CaGIS to carry out these objectives through the dissemination of research results in these areas of interest.

As the new editor of CaGIS, I would like to solicit original quality papers dealing with all aspects of cartography including cartographic design, analytical cartography, cartographic generalization (including data classification and symbolization), projections and transformations, the history of cartography, the role of map libraries in a digital age, and cartographic education among other topics. I would also like to solicit original papers dealing with all aspects of geographic information science especially those in the interface between cartography and GIS. This would include the representation, storage, and visualization of spatial data, the system design of GIS including user interfaces, the integration of geo-spatial models and analysis, meta data standards, and the role of GIS in society among other topics. In all cases, the focus should be on basic research in cartography and GIS. Applied work should be submitted only if in the process of conducting the research, conceptual problems in the existing body of knowledge were encountered that this research had overcome.

I hope that CaGIS will continue to receive the support from researchers in submitting their work this journal and in return the review process will be as expeditious as possible to ensure the timely publication of the latest advances. To initiate the review process, please send four paper copies of your manuscript to:

Robert G. Cromley Editor, CaGIS Department of Geography, U-148 354 Mansfield Rd. University of Connecticut Storrs, Ct 06269-2148

Full instructions to contributors can be found in CaGIS or on the ACSM home page.

Fort Worth Program Preview

Tuesday, April 1

7:00 AM to 5:00 PM Workshop: Introduction to the Worldwide Web and Virtual Geography Department Project (Sponsored by CartographySpecialty Group and AAG Commission on College Geography II)

Organizers and Leaders: Kenneth E. Foote, University of Texas-Austin, Miguel F. Acevedo, University of North Texas

7:30 AM to 9:20 AM Cognitive Mapping, Spatial Abilities, and Disabilities (Sponsored by Environmental Perception and Behavioral Geography and Cartography Specialty Groups)

Organizers: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast

Chair: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth

7:40 Gary L. Allen, University of South Carolina, Cognitive Abilities and Human Wayfinding: Cognitive Mapping and (Perhaps) Beyond

8:00 Kristin Lovelace, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, Daniel Montello, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, Spatial Cognition: Are There Sex-Related Differences, and What Do They Mean?

8:20 Mark Blades, University of Sheffield, Simon Ungar, University of Sheffield, Chris Spenser, University of Sheffield, Do Tactile Maps Contribute to Blind People's Cognitive\Maps?

8:40 Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast, Mark Blades, University of Sheffield, Reginald Golledge, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, Understanding the Geographic World Without the Use of Vision

9:00 Peter Vujakovic, University of Kent, Hugh Matthews, Nene College of Higher Education, Cognitive Mapping, Disability, and the Politics of Barrier Free Environments

8:00 AM to 12:00 noon Workshop: Bringing the Internet into Cartography (Sponsored by Cartography Specialty Group)

Organizers and Leaders: Eugene Turner, California State Univ-Northridge, Dennis Fitzsimons, Southwest Texas State University

9:40 AM to 12:00 noon Cognitive Mapping, Development, and Representation (Sponsored by Environmental Perception and Behavioral Geography and Cartography Specialty Groups)

Organizers: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast

Chair: David Stea, US International University

9:40 K.C. Kirasic, University of South Carolina, Predictors of Spatial Performance and Spatial Behavior in Young and Elderly Adults

10:00 Lynn S. Liben, Pennsylvania State University, Richard A. Carlson, Pennsylvania State University, Cognition and Earth Iamges

10:20 David Uttal, Northwestern University, Seeing the Big Picture: Children's Mental Representation of Spatial Information Acquired from Maps

10:40 Benjamin Kuipers, University of Texas-Austin, The Spatial Semantic Hierarchy for Human and Robot Cognitive Maps

11:00 Barbara Tversky, Stanford University, Three Zones of Spatial Cognition

11:20 James M. Blaut, University of Illinois-Chicago, Wide Open and Other Spaces

11:40 Juval Portugali, Tel Aviv University, IRN (Inter-Representation Networks) Concepts and Cognitive Mapping

12:20 PM to 2:00 PM Cognitive Mapping, Image, and Narrative Learning (Sponsored by Environmental Perception and Behavioral Geography and Cartography Specialty Groups)

Organizer: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast Chair: Cynthia A. Brewer, Pennsylvania State University

12:20 Robert Lloyd, University of South Carolina, Encoding Information from Maps

12:40 Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Theodore Bienapfl, University of Minnesota-Duluth, David Swanson, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Buildings as Buildings: Determining Routes and Locating Places on 2-D and 3-D Campus Maps

1:00 David Stea, US International University, A Diachronic Perspective on Universal Mapping

1:20 Anne D. Arici, Indiana University, James Schreiber, Arizona State University, Janet T. Johnson, Grand Canyon University, Michael P. Verdi, Texas Tech University, Raymond W. Kulhavy, Arizona State University, Maps and the Recall of Associated Text

1:40 James Schreiber, Arizona State University, Janet T. Johnson, Grand Canyon University, Michael P. Verdi, Texas Tech University, Anne D. Arici, Indiana University, Raymond W. Kulhavy, Arizona State University, Maps as Organized Spatial Displays and Textual Information

3:20 PM to 5:00 PM Cognitive Mapping, Route Learning, and Wayfinding (Sponsored by Environmental Perception and Behavioral Geography and Cartography Specialty Groups)

Organizer: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast

Chair: Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast

3:20 Carol Lawton, Indiana Univ-Purdue Univ, Ft Wayne, Gender Differences in Wayfinding Strategy and Orientation

3:40 Edward H. Cornell, University of Alberta, C. Donald Heth, University of Alberta, Further On Up the Road: The Role of Expectancies in Way Finding

4:00 Paul Jackson, University of London, What Effect Will Listening to Route Guidance Information Have Upon Driver's Cognitive Maps?

4:20 Holly Taylor, Tufts University, Susan Naylor, Tufts University, Factors Influencing the Representation of Spatial Perspective: Learning Goal and Information Availability

4:40 Tommy Garling, Goeteborg University, The Relationship Between Cognitive Maps and Spatial Choice

5:20 PM to 7:00 PM Cognitive Mapping, Environmental Learning, and Virtual Worlds (Sponsored by Environmental Perception and Behavioral Geography and Cartography Specialty Groups)

Organizer: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast

Chair: Daniel Montello, Univ of California-Santa Barbara

5:20 William S. Albert, Boston University, Jack Beusmans, Cambridge Basic Research, Ronald Rensink, Cambridge Basic Research, The Effects of Spatio-Temporal Disorder on the Acquisition of Relative Location Knowledge

5:40 Anders Book, Umea University, Locomotion Guidance Based on a Landmark Mechanism

6:00 Stephen C. Hirtle, University of Pittsburgh, Guoray Cai, University of Pittsburgh, Molly Sorrows, University of Pittsburgh, Linda Roberts, University of Pittsburgh, Navigation in Real and Virtual Spaces

6:20 Patrick Peruch, Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences Cognitives, Spatial Cognition and Virtual Environments

6:40 Anthony E. Richardson, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, Daniel Montello, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, Spatial Knowledge Acquired from Maps and from Navigation in Real and Virtual Environments

7:20 PM to 9:00 PM The Current State of Play and the Future in Cognitive Mapping Research (Sponsored by Environmental Perception,and Behavioral Geography and Cartography Specialty Groups)

Organizer: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Rob Kitchin, Queen's University of Belfast

Chair: David Mark, University at Buffalo

Panelists: Reginald Golledge, Univ of California-Santa Barbara, Tommy Garling, Goeteborg University, Barbara Tversky, Stanford University, Stephen C. Hirtle, University of Pittsburgh, Benjamin Knipers, University of Texas-Austin, Daniel Montello, Univ of California-Santa Barbara

Wednesday, April 2

7:00 AM to 5:00 PM Workshop: Map Design and Production with CorelDraw (Sponsored by Cartography and Microcomputer Specialty Groups)

Organizers and Leaders: Gregory Chu, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, James E. Young, Appalachian State University

3:45 PM to 5:25 PM The Use of Advanced Technologies in Hazards Research (Sponsored by Cartography Specialty Group)

Organizer: Alberto Giordano, Syracuse University

Chair: Alberto Giordano, Syracuse University

3:45 Ute J. Dymon, Kent State University, Spatial Distributions and Costs of Disasters

4:05 Mark Monmonier, Syracuse University, Alberto Giordano, Syracuse University, GIS in New York State County Emergency Offices: User Assessment

4:25 Michael E. Hodgson, University of South Carolina, Planning for Image Acquisition After a Hurricane: A Rapid Response Context

Thursday, April 3

8:00 AM to 9:40 AM Vizualization I (Sponsored by Cartography and GIS Specialty Group)

Organizers: David L. Howard, Pennsylvania State University, Aileen M. Buckley, Oregon State University

Chair: Aileen M. Buckley, Oregon State University 8:00 Charles P. Rader, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, James Janke, University of Wisconsin-Extension, The Problem of Conflicting Visual Information: Representing Groundwater Vulnerability

8:20 David L. Howard, Pennsylvania State University, Use of Geographic Visualization in an Integrated Assessment

8:40 Keith Rokoske, University of Colorado-Boulder, Determining the Most Effective Visual Variables to Symbolize Data Quality on Isarithmic Maps

9:00 Charles R. Ehlschlaeger, University of Cincinnati, Exploring Temporal Effects of Animations Depicting Uncertainty in GIS Applications

9:20 Carol Gersmehl, Macalester College, Philip J. Gersmehl, University of Minnesota, Palette Optimization for Multimedia Cartography

10:00 AM to 11:40 AM Visualization II (Sponsored by Cartography and GIS Specialty Groups)

Organizers: David L. Howard, Pennsylvania State University, Aileen M. Buckley, Oregon State University

Chair: David L. Howard, Pennsylvania State University

10:00 Aileen M. Buckley, Oregon State University, A. Jon Kimerling, Oregon State University, Integration of Fundamental Visualization Variables for Cartographic Symbolization

10:20 Michael Leitner, University at Buffalo, Cartographic Guidelines for Visualizing Attribute Accuracy 10:40 W. Scott White, University of Utah, Merrill K. Ridd, University of Utah, Visualization of the 1993 Midwest Floods Using Remote Sensing

11:00 Matthew McGranaghan, University of Hawaii, VRML for Geographic Applications

11:20 William A. English, Innovative Emergency Management Inc, A Predictive GIS Plume Model with Complex, Dynamic Urban Windfields

3:45 PM to 5:25 PM Tenth Annual Student Honors Paper Competition (Sponsored by Cartography Specialty Group)

Organizers: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth, Mark Kumler, University of Colorado-Boulder

Chair: Scott M. Freundschuh, University of Minnesota-Duluth

3:45 Francis P. Boscoe, Pennsylvania State University, Mapping Historical Change in School-District Space

4:05 Sinclair Adams Sheers, George Mason University, Christian Mappaemundi and Jain Religious Maps: Comparative Created Worlds

4:25 Jonathan H. Smith, University of Georgia, Cartographic Presentation of Indigenous Land Tenure and Management

4:45 Nancy Winter, Clark University, Spatial Data Flow for Mapping in Hurricane Andrew Disaster Management

5:45 PM to 7:00 PM Cartography Specialty Group Business Meeting

Chair: Eugene Turner, California State Univ-Northridge

Friday, April 4

10:00 AM to 11:40 AM History of Cartography: North America (Sponsored by Cartography Specialty Group)

Organizer: Judith Tyner, California State Univ-Long Beach

Chair: Judith Tyner, California State Univ-Long Beach

10:00 Dennis Reinhartz, University of Texas-Arlington, North America Revealed in the THEATRVM ORBIS TERRARVM by Abraham Ortelius

10:20 Karen S. Cook, University of Kansas, The Snake That Would Not Die

10:40 Paula Rebert, DeKalb, IL, Islands in the Rio Bravo: Boundary Maps and Surveys

11:00 Judith Tyner, California State Univ-Long Beach, Millie The Mapper and Beyond: Women in Cartography Since World War II

1:45 PM to 3:25 PM MicroCAM Applications and Development (Sponsored by Microcomputer and Cartography Specialty Groups)

Organizer: Paul S. Anderson, Illinois State University

Chair: Paul S. Anderson, Illinois State University

1:45 Julio C. Riveria, Jr., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Cartography, Computers, and Children: Is It As Easy As It Looks?

2:10 Mirian Helen Hill, Independent Geographer, Paul S. Anderson, Illinois State University, Charlie Lapham, Kentucky Native Plant Society, Ron L. Jones, Eastern Kentucky University, Model for Creating a Digital Atlas of Flora with MicroCAM

2:35 Paul S. Anderson, Illinois State University, Further Developments and Applications of MicroCAM for Geography and Cartography

Saturday, April 5

10:00 AM to 11:40 AM Public Participation GIS: Inquiries Into New Paradigms in Geographic Information Systems Technology, Methods, Institutions (Sponsored by GIS and Cartography Specialty Groups and NCGIA)

Organizer: Daniel Karnes, Dartmouth College

Chair: Daniel Karnes, Dartmouth College

10:00 Timothy Nyerges, University of Washington, Michael Barndt, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Kerry Brooks, Clemson University, Nancy Obermeyer, Indiana State University, Public Participation Geographic Information Systems

10:20 Nancy Obermeyer, Indiana State University, GIS for Community Empowerment: HUD's Community Connections

10:40 John B. Krygier, University at Buffalo, Community Networks, the Internet, and the WWW in "Marginal" Places

Discussants: Michael Curry, Univ of California-Los Angeles, Ken Hillis, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Stan Brunn, University of Kentucky

Fort Worth Workshops

The following list includes descriptions of Cartography/GIS-related workshops at the Fort Worth meeting:

Bringing the Internet into Cartography (Sponsored by the Cartography Specialty Group), Tuesday, 1 April, 8:00 AM - 12:00 noon, Worthington Hotel, $20

The Internet provides a number of resources for those who make and use maps. Through discussion and simple exercises this workshop will explore the data sources, map archives, and interactive mapping resources on the Internet. Participants will critically evaluate these and learn how to incorporate material from the Internet into their own projects. Due to hardware limitations there will not be an opportunity for individual Internet access.

Introduction to the Worldwide Web and the Virtual Geography Department Project (Sponsored by the Cartography Specialty Group), Tuesday, 1 April, 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM, University of North Texas, $24

This hands-on workshop will cover the basics of using the Worldwide Web in education. An overview of Web concepts will be provided in the morning as well as time for participants to search and explore on-line materials. The afternoon's discussion will focus on the Virtual Geography Department Project. The basics of Web publishing will be covered as well as information about contributing to the project. Transportation included in cost. Participants are free for lunch on their own.

Teaching GIS Using Maptitude, Tuesday, 1 April, 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM, University of North Texas, $43

Maptitude is an inexpensive, full featured Geographic Information System that includes a wealth of data on CD-ROM (complete TIGER coverage for the United States and 1990 census data down to the census tract). The data alone make it a valuable resource. The primary focus of the workshop is on how the software can be used to teach GIS skills at the undergraduate level. Areas covered include geographic and data files, symbolization, database management, buffer creation spatial overlay techniques, spatial merges, and address matching. The cartographic presentation capabilities of the software will also be covered. Transportation included in cost. Participants are free for lunch on their own.

Introduction to Digital Image Processing of Remotely Sensed Data (Sponsored by the Remote Sensing Specialty Group), Tuesday, 1 April, 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM, Worthington Hotel, $20

This workshop will introduce students to basic concepts of digital image processing of remotely sensed data. A lecture on basic principles of remote sensing (the electromagnetic spectrum, reflectance, transmission, emittance, and spectral signatures), image processing techniques (filtering, radiometric enhancements, supervised and unsupervised classification), will be combined with laboratory exercises on PC clones and Macintoshes. Students will be processing Landsat Thematic Mapper data of the Fort Worth region. MultiSpec image processing software provided through the courtesy of LARS/Purdue University. Imagery provided through the courtesy of the EROS Data Center. Lunch is not included.

Overview of Radar Remote Sensing (Sponsored by Remote Sensing Specialty Group, Tuesday, 1 April, 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM, Worthington Hotel, $51

The newest addition to remote sensing technology is routine, space borne, synthetic aperture radar imagery (e.g. ERS-1 & -2 or JERS-1). This workshop covers the basics of microwave electromagnetic radiation (MEMR) and its interactions with the atmosphere. The main focus is an in-depth treatment, supported by an extensive handout, of the biophysical controls of radar backscatter from vegetation canopies, soils, and water (liquid, snow, and ice). Image interpretation exercises will reinforce some of these concepts. This workshop will be of interest to both students and professionals. It will also benefit those who teach remote sensing by providing course-ready handout materials. Lunch is not included.

Moving Geography Back Into the Field: Using GPS/GIS Technology in Teaching and Research (Sponsored by GeoResearch, Inc.), Tuesday, 1 April, 9:00 AM - 4:30 PM, Worthington Hotel, $58 GPS/GIS technology has the potential to reclaim the field tradition in Geography. GPS/GIS mapping tools are ideally suited for geography field trips and field techniques courses, enabling geography students and researchers to easily map the real world rather than just a paper substitute. This workshop will cover a broad range of interrelated topics including: principals of GPS; design of GPS/GIS data collection systems; rapid and accurate GPS/GIS data collection techniques; using digitized maps and aerial photography; editing and integration of GPS data with GIS and CAD systems. Examples from many geographic specialties will be utilized. Bring a laptop if possible. Lunch is not included.

Desktop GIS Using ArcView (Sponsored by the GIS Specialty Group), Wednesday, 2 April 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM, University of North Texas, $71

This workshop covers the basic operations of ESRI's desktop GIS package ArcView. Participants will learn the ArcView user interface, how to produce presentation-quality maps, and explore the analytical capabilities of GIS in the Windows/desktop environment. No prior experience with ArcView or Arc/Info is necessary. All participants will receive copies of the tutorials and datasets used during the workshop. Transportation included in cost. Participants are free for lunch on their own.

Map Design and Production with CorelDraw (Sponsored by the Cartography and Microcomputer Specialty Groups), Wednesday, 2 April, 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM, University of North Texas, $75

This workshop is aimed at teaching geographers how to design and produce high quality maps for publication on an IBM-compatible computer. Participants will learn major features of CorelDraw with emphasis on map design and production techniques pertaining to major types of thematic maps. Some public domain boundary files will be provided to each participant with workshop registration. Transportation included in cost. Participants are free for lunch on their own.

National Imagery and Mapping Agency Established

On October 1, the Defense Mapping Agency, one of the largest employers of cartographers in the world, joined with several other organizations in the U.S. Department of Defense to form the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA). Established by an Act of Congress in 1996, NIMA has a global mission and unique responsibilities to manage and provide imagery and geospatial information to national policy makers and military forces. In recognition of its unique responsibilities and global mission, NIMA is also established as a part of the U. S. Intelligence Community.

NIMA brings together in a single organization the imagery tasking, exploitation, production and dissemination responsibilities, and the mapping, charting, and geodetic functions of eighth separate organizations of the Defense and Intelligence communities. By providing comprehensive management of U. S. imaging and geospatial capabilities, NIMA will improve support to national and military customers alike.

NIMA's mission is to provide timely, relevant, and accurate imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial information in support of national security objectives. The agency's vision is to guarantee the information edge--ready access to the world's imagery intelligence, and geospatial information.

NIMA incorporates the Defense Mapping Agency, the Central Imagery Office, and the Defense Dissemination Program Office in their entirety; and the mission and functions of CIA's National Photographic Interpretation Center. These organizations were disestablished effective 1 October 1996. Also included in NIMA are the imagery exploitation, dissemination, and processing elements of the Defense Intelligence Agency, National Reconnaissance Office, and the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office.

Navy Rear Admiral J. J. Dantone, Jr., formerly the director of the Defense Mapping Agency and the director of the NIMA Implementation Team, has been named acting director for the new agency. Named as deputy directors are Leo Hazelwood (Operations), Dr. Annette Krygiel (Systems and Technology), and W. Douglas Smith (Corporate Affairs).

First among NIMA's core values is commitment to the customer. NIMA consolidates activities and functions that will permit employees to work with some of the latest technological developments in computers, communications, digital imagery, and geospatial information. A major early thrust of the agency will be to promote the use of commercial solutions within NIMA while maintaining continued high levels of support to our military forces and national policy maker.

Headquartered in Fairfax, Virginia, NIMA will operate major facilities in the Northern Virginia, Washington, D.C., Bethesda, Maryland, and St. Louis, Missouri, areas with support and liaison offices worldwide.

This article was reprinted with permission from the ACSM Bulletin.

British Cartographic Society - Call for Papers

The 34th Annual Technical Symposium and Map Curators' Group Workshop will be held at the University of Leicester from the 11th to 14th September, 1997. The hosting organization will be the Department of Geography.

The Programme Committee of the British Cartographic Society welcomes proposals to present papers at the Symposium under any of the following broad themes:

Cartographic visualization Map-making using space imagery The history of cartography in the Midlands Publishing in historical cartography Quality control in cartographic production Using computer-assisted cartography for teaching (school and tertiary-level) purposes Developments in marine cartography 250 years of British military mapping Environmental mapping

Papers on any other cartographic topics will also be welcome.

The intention of the committee is to construct a varied program, with contributors from commercial, governmental and academic organizations. Presentations will form a series of parallel sessions in addition to a dedicated poster session. The organizing committee will endeavor to ensure a high level of technical support to presentations, where appropriate. All presentations will be published in the widely disseminated volume of Proceedings.

Please submit an abstract (250 to 400 words) of your intended presentation before 14 February, 1997, to:

David Fairbairn BCS Programme Committee Chairman Department of Geomatics University of Newcastle, NEWCASTLE NE1 7RU ENGLAND



February 14-15. International Map Trade Association Fourth Annual European Conference and Trade Show, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Contact: Sue Crainidge, IMTA European Division, 5 Spinacre, Becton Lane, Barton on Sea, Hants BH25 7DF England. (44) 1425-620532.

March 15. CSG Master's Thesis Grant deadline (see this issue for details). March 23-26. AM/FM International 20th Conference, Nashville, Tennessee. Contact: AM/FM International (303) 337-0513.

April 1-5. AAG Annual Meeting, Fort Worth, Texas. Contact: AAG, 1710 Sixteenth St., NW, Washington, DC 20009. (202) 234-1450.

April 7-10. ASCM-ASPRS Annual Convention and Exhibition and Auto-Carto 13, Seattle, Washington. Contact: ACSM, 5410 Grosvenor Lane, Suite 100, Bethesda, MD 20814. (301) 493-0200.

June 15. CSG Master's Thesis Grant deadline (see this issue for details).

June 23-27. 18th International Cartographic Conference, Stockholm, Sweden. Contact: Jean-Phillippe Grelot, International Cartographic Association, 136 bis Rue de Grenelle, 75700 Paris, 07 SP-France. Fax: +33-1-43-98-8-00.

September 21-24. International Map Trade Association 17th Conference and Trade Show, Washington, DC. Contact: IMTA, (815) 939-4627.

October 28-30. GIS/LIS '97, Cincinnati, Ohio. Contact: GIS/LIS Registrar, ACSM, (301) 493-0200.


Sponsored by the AAG Cartography Specialty Group

Announcement of 1996-97 Award Applications

The Cartography Specialty Group of the Association of American Geographers is pleased to announce the 1996-97 Master's Thesis Research Grants. These grants are available to masters students working on cartographic research and who are enrolled in a geography degree program. Grants are available up to a maximum of $400 and may be used for items necessary and relevant to research such as travel, materials, equipment, and human subject fees. Deadlines for applications are November 1st, March 15th, and June 15th.

Fundable Research Fundable research must be cartographic in nature. Cartography must be the central focus of the research, and not merely a tool used in support of some other research.

Review of Proposals Research proposals will be judged based upon (1) their originality, (2) their research design or plan of work, and (3) their budget and its justification. Proposals are reviewed in a non-blind process by a committee of three people selected by the Non-Academic Director in consultation with the CSG Chair.

Date of Awards Awards will be made two months after the review date for which the proposal was submitted.

Materials Required for Submission

Application Form Fill out the application form completely. (Application forms may be obtained from the Non-Academic Director.) Note that the applicant and the advisor are jointly responsible for the accuracy and validity of all information on the application. Be sure to complete the budget and justification on the back of the application form. List the requested items from highest to lowest priority and include price quotations for these items. Below, provide a brief justification of why the items you are requesting are necessary to your thesis. Finally, state whether you will accept partial funding should the entire amount requested not be granted.

Description of the Research Plan A description of your research plan is also required. Place your name and the title of your thesis at the top of the first page. State the research objectives and the specific aims of the research. Describe concisely the methods for achieving these goals. The research plan should not exceed three pages. Please note that human subject clearance must be obtained before grant money can be awarded, if the research involves human subjects.

All applications must be typewritten or completed on a word processor. Incomplete applications will not be considered. Applications must be received by the deadline in order to be considered for funding.

Submit the original signed application form and research plan along with two copies to:

David Miller National Geographic Society Cartographic Division 1145 17th Street, NW Washington, DC 20036-4688 Phone: (202) 775-7841 Fax: (202) 775-6141

Newsletter Deadline

Please submit articles for the Spring, 1997 issue of the Cartography Specialty Group newsletter by April 15, 1997 to:

Ann Goulette 5605 N. 24th St. Arlington, VA 22205 (amgoule202@aol.com)

The CSG receives its mailing labels from AAG Headquart-ers. Changes or corrections to the mailing list should be sent to:

AAG 1710 Sixteenth Street, NW Washington, DC 20009-3198

1996-1997 Officers

Chair (1996-1997)

Dr. Eugene Turner Department of Geography California State University Northridge, CA 91330 (818) 677-3532 eugene.turner@csun.edu

Vice Chair (1996-1997)

Dr. Ute J. Dymon Department of Geography Kent State University Kent, OH 44242-0001 (330) 672-3226 dymon@humboldt.kent.edu

Secretary/Treasurer (1996-1998)

Ann Goulette 5605 N. 24th St. Arlington, VA 22205 (301) 669-5533 amgoule202@aol.com Academic Director (1995-1997)

Dr. Mark Kumler Department of Geography University of Colorado-Boulder Boulder, CO 80309 (303) 492-5887 mark.kumler@colorado.edu

Academic Director (1996-1998)

Dr. Scott Freundschuh Department of Geography University of Minnesota Duluth, MN 55812 (218) 726-6226 sfreunds@d.umn.edu

Non-Academic Director (1995-1997)

David Miller National Geographic Society Cartographic Division 1145 17th St., NW Washington, DC 20036-4688 (202) 775-7841 dmiller@ngs.org

Student Director (1996-1997)

Julio Rivera Department of Geography University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Milwaukee, WI 53201 (414) 229-4866 julio@csd.uwm.edu

Past Chair (1996-1997)

Dr. Keith Clarke Department of Geography University of California Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4060 Phone: (805) 893-8207 kclarke@geog.ucsb.edu