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Global Statistics

This table includes the most recent available figures on IDPs displaced by conflict. Please note that most of the figures are estimates.

More statistics and analyses of available figures can be found in the Internal Displacement Profiles in the IDP database which are linked from the country IDP figures in this table. An overview of global IDP estimates from 1990 to 2009 is available here. A table of country numbers from 2001 to 2009 is available here.

For an analysis of current internal displacement trends, see the Global Overview. (6.5 Mb)

Countries Number of IDPs
Govt. figures UN figures Other figures Comments
Afghanistan At least 240,000 At least 240,000 At least 240,000

Algeria Undetermined 1,000,000 (EU, 2002) No recent figure available

Angola Undetermined 19,566 (UNTCU, Nov. 2005) The figure refers to the number of IDPs in the Cabinda region. No recent figure is available

Armenia 8,400 8,399 (NRC, 2005) No more recent figure available

Azerbaijan 586,000 586,013 (December 2009) Includes only those displaced from Nagorno Karabakh and the 7 occupied territories.

Bangladesh 60,000-500,000 500,000 (2000) 60,000 (Amnesty International, 2000)

Bosnia and Herzegovina 113,642 113,642 (December 2009) 113,642 (December 2009

Burundi 100,000 100,000 (OCHA, November 2006)

Central African Republic 162,284 162,284 (OCHA, November 2009)

Chad 170,000 168,467 (OCHA, 4 June 2010)

Colombia 3,303,979 to 4,915,579 3,303,979 (31 December 2009) 4,915,579 (CODHES, January 2010) CODHES figure cumulative since 1985. The government figure is cumulative since 2000 and does not include intra-urban displacement and people displaced by crop fumigations.

Congo Up to 7,800 7,800 7,800 (OCHA, November 2006)

Côte d'Ivoire Undetermined Approx 40,000 in western Côte d'Ivoire (UN, September 2009) There are no comprehensive statistics on return movements and therefore no clear number of people still internally displaced in Cote d'Ivoire. The only statistics available concern the populations displaced in the West but no data is available on the some 300,000 to 440,000 who had been displaced into Abidjan.

Croatia 2,285 (January 2010) 2,285 (December 2009) 2,402 (UNHCR, June 2009)

Cyprus Up to 200,500 200,457 (Republic of Cyprus, March 2009) 210,000 (May 2003, UNFICYP) 0 ("Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus," October 2007) Over 200,000 Greek and Turkish Cypriots were displaced in 1974.

Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.9 million 1.9 million (OCHA, January 2010) Fighting between militia and Congolese armed forces supported by the UN, as well as direct attacks and violence against the population, caused the displacement of some one million people in eastern DRC during 2009. As a result, an estimated 2.1 million people were displaced in the Kivus and Orientale Province as of September 2009, and 1.9 million were still considered displaced at the end of 2009.

Eritrea 10,000 Government claim all returned or resettled No UN inter-agency assessment since 2006 It is has not been possible to get precise number of IDPs on Eritrea in 2008, despite claims by sources that there exists IDPs who are living in host communities. According to a UN source, there has not been a UN inter-agency assessment since 2006. The Government of Eritrea claim that all IDPs have either returned to home areas or resettled.

Ethiopia 300,000 - 350,000 Not known 200,000 - 300,000 (UN agencies, June 2008)

FYR Macedonia 644 644 (December 2009)

Georgia 247,000-249,000 (January 2010) From 1990s: 233,453 (2009) From 2008: 15,912 (2009) From 1990s: 233,453 (2010) From 2008 (status pending): 3,472 (2010) In South Ossetia: 10,000 (2010) Some IDPs displaced in 2008 have not yet been registered. According to national law, returned and relocated IDPs retain their IDP status.

Guatemala Undetermined Undetermined (National Reparation Programme, October 2007) 242,000 (UNFPA, May 1997) At the end of 2007 the government had not agreed on criteria to include IDPs in a national reparation programme and it is unclear how many people can still be considered as displaced, if any.

India At least 500,000 At least 500,000 (IDMC, December 2009) Compiled from various figures available

Indonesia 70,000-120,000 70,000-120,000 (IDMC, March 2009)

Iraq 2,764,111 2,764,111 (UNHCR, November 2009) The figure is cumulative and based on a UN Habitat survey published in 2001. Of this figure, more than 1,500,000 people were displaced by rise in intercommunal violence since February 2006, according to the UN, NGOs and government (as of March 2008)

Israel Undetermined 150,000 (Cohen, July 2001); 420,000 (BADIL, May 2006) The higher figure includes displaced Bedouin, and was calculated on the basis of an estimated average annual growth rate of 4.2% in 1950-2001, and 3% for the later years.

Kenya Undetermined 43,777 (Daily Nation, 03 June 2008) 350,000 (UNOCHA, June 2008) 77,880 [Kenya Red Cross Society] This figure takes into account the Kenya Government return programme in which the Government claims that some 172,000 people during the post-election violence of December 2007 have returned home in May 2008. By its own admission, the Government confessed in early June 2008 that it has no acurate figures of IDPs. . However, it is assumed that most of IDPs are still to return and are either living in host communities or in the so called 'transit camps' that the government set up closer to where people were displaced from.

Kosovo 19,700

Lao People's Democratic Republic Undetermined

Lebanon 90,000 - 390,000 27,000 Palestinians refugees secondary displaced (June 2008); 40,000 Lebanese displaced since July 2006 (December 2007); 16,750 prior to July 2006 (as of July 2006) 70,000 since July 2006 (UNHCR, December 2007) in addition 27,000 newly displaced Palestinians (UNRWA, September 2007) 50,000 - 600,000 prior to July 2006 (USCR, 2004; USDOS, 2006) Fighting between Lebanese forces and Fatah al Islam in May-August 2007 caused displacement of 27,000 Palestinian refugees living in Nahr el-Bared camp. In addition, as of end 2007, 40,000-70,000 Lebanese were still displaced by the July-August 2006 conflict. Prior to July 2006, it was estimated that some 50,000 to 600,000 Lebanese were displaced as a result of the 1975-1990 civil war and Israeli invasions.

Liberia Undetermined Undetermined (UNHCR, 24 July 2007) Approximately 23,000 individuals are believed to remain in former IDP camps. Of these some 16,000 received a return package but either did not use it or went back to the camps while some 7,000 claim to have been wrongly denied assistance. According to the government all IDPs have achieved durable solutions.

Mexico 5,000 - 8,000 10,000 (ICRC, June 2003); 12,000 (Center for Human Rights Fray Bartolomé de la Casas, June 2003)

Myanmar At least 470,000 At least 470,000 (Thailand Burma Border Consortium (TBBC), Oct. 2009) Estimate relates to the rural areas of eastern Myanmar and does not include IDPs in the rest of the country

Nepal 50,000-70,000 OCHA, July 2009

Niger Around 6500 IDPs 11,000 (IRIN, 10 December 2007) This figure is based on the estimated return of approx 4,500 IDPs to the town of Iferouane.

Nigeria Undetermined 1,210,000 (National Commission for Refugees, September 2007) No reliable statistics exist on IDPs in Nigeria nor a general agreement on their actual numbers in the absence of any comprehensive survey. Last UN estimate was 200,000 in Nov. 2004, but also based on guesswork. NCR figure does not clearly differentiate between people still displaced and those who have returned. During periodic outbreaks of violence most IDPs stay with host families; no camps currently exist.

Occupied Palestinian Territory At least 160,000 24,547 (OCHA, Oct. 2004) 129,000 (NGO BADIL, September 2009) Palestinian NGO, BADIL, estimates that 129,000 have been displaced since 1967 excluding Gaza offensive (BADIL, September 2009).   UN estimates that more than 20,000 remain displaced over 9 months since the Gaza offensive in December-January 2009 (OCHA, November 2009). There has been no comprehensive registration of IDPs in OPT to date.

Pakistan 1.23 million 1.23 million (UN, January 2010) Conflict-induced displacement has taken place in the North West Frontier Province, Balochistan and Waziristan, but no estimates are available due to lack of access

Peru 150,000 150,000 (Ministry of Women and Social Development, May 2007)

Philippines 60,000 - 160,000 (May 2010) 95,500 (DSWD, 26 April 2010) 60,000 (ICRC, 7 May 2010) ; 160,000 (IOM, 4 May 2010)

Russian Federation 80,000 18,402 (Government, 2009) 79,950 (UNHCR, 2009) The government figure includes IDPs from Chechnya and North Ossetia with forced migrant status in and outsdie the North Caucasus, as well as IDPs in North Ossetia registered by the government. The UNHCR figure includes IDPs in the North Caucasus. Figures do not always include those living in the private sector.

Rwanda Undetermined

Senegal 10,000 - 40,000 10,000 (US DoS, March 2010) 24,000 (OCHA/UNICEF, February 2010) 40,000 (ICRC, March 2010) Compiled from various figures available.

Serbia 225,200 (Serbia) 9,700 (Kosovo) 210,000 (Government of Serbia, July 2009) 205,211 (UNHCR, December 2009) Estimate includes some 205,000 registered IDPs in Serbia plus an estimated 20,000 unregistered Roma displaced in Serbia and 20,000 IDPs in Kosovo.

Somalia 1.6 million (estimate) 1,500,000 (UNHCR/UNOCHA, January 2010)

Sri Lanka About 360,000 (May 2010) 64,093 Vanni IDPs in temporary camps; 92,791 with host families in districts of origin; 1,192 in transit camps in districts of origin (UN RC/HC, 29 April 2010); 197,925 IDPs from before 2006 (UN, August 2009) 6,000 IDPs in east due to HSZ (CPA, September 2009)

Sudan At least 4.9 million GoS (9 April 2010): 623,667 IDPs in Greater Khartoum and 1.5 million locally integrated IDPs (of whom 59 per cent or around 920,000 people from areas covered by CPA and the Three Areas; the rest include economic migrants and people from other parts of Sudan). 4.1 million (UNHCR, January 2010) At least 4.9 million (IDMC, January 2010) The figure of 4.9 million IDPs for all of Sudan includes at least 2.7 million IDPs in Darfur, 1.7 million IDPs in the Greater Khartoum area, 450,000 IDPs in Southern Sudan, 60,000 IDPs in Southern Kordofan, and 20,000 IDPs in Abyei. No figures are available for the Eastern States and Blue Nile.

Syria 433,000 433,000 in Syria (September 2007) The situation of Syrians displaced from the Golan Heights forty years ago is still not resolved. The Syrian Government estimates that 433,000 people remain displaced today which includes descendents of those displaced in 1967. It is estimated that 18,000 to 23,000 Syrians remain under occupation in the Golan Heights of which several hundred families may be identified as displaced within the occupied territory.

Timor-Leste At least 250 IDPs (March 2010) 50 households (UNMIT, March 2010)

Togo Undetermined 1,500 (OCHA, Nov. 2006)

Turkey 954,000 - 1,201,000 953,680 - 1,201,200 (Hacettepe University, December 2006) Over 1 million (NGOs, Aug. 2005) Hacettepe University survey commissioned by the government

Turkmenistan Undetermined No estimates available

Uganda At least 295,000 295,000 (UNHCR, June 2010) The UNHCR figure does not include IDPs in urban areas, or IDPs in Uganda's Karamoja region. In addition, many of the hundreds of thousands of former IDPs who have now returned to their home areas are still in the process of finding a durable solution to their plight.

Uzbekistan 3,400 3,400 (IOM, May 2005) No recent figure available

Yemen More than 270,000 (UNHCR, March 2010) 250,000 (UNHCR, January 2010) UN agencies report an estimated 250,000 IDPs as of January 2010. In July 2009 prior to the 6th round of fighting an UN agencies estimated an operational figure of 100,000 IDPs. Initial numbers reported by IDMC in Global Overview 2008 referred to figures resulting from UNHCR profiling exercise which was halted due to difficulties in access.

Zimbabwe 570,000 - 1,000,000 570,000 (victims of Operation Murambatsvina: UN, July 2005); 1 million (former farm workers and their families: UNDP, September 2008); 36,000 (people displaced by political violence in 2008). 880,000 - 960,000 (Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZimVAC), June 2007). This estimate is based on the fact that about 8% of the population surveyed by the ZimVAC stated that they had been "asked to move" in the past five years. The UN Special Envoy for Human Settlements Issues in Zimbabwe estimated in July 2005 that 570,000 people had been made homeless by Operation Murambatsvina. A UNDP report of September 2008 estimated that over 200,000 farm workers plus their families (an estimated total of one million people) had lost their homes and livelihoods as a result of the fast-track land reform programme. No comprehensive surveys of IDPs have been done in Zimbabwe, and estimating the total number of IDPs in the country is made more difficult by the fact that a significant number of IDPs in Zimbabwe have been displaced more than once. The estimates above do not include mine workers who were made homeless by Operation Chikorokoza Chapera in late 2006 - early 2007; and people who originally benefited from land distribution under the fast-track land reform programme but who have since been evicted again from the land on which they were resettlled. Note also that while the UN uses an estimate of 36,000 for the total number of people displaced by the 2008 political violence, the number was estimated by the MDC to be as high as 200,000.

Global Total 27,100,000 IDMC ( December 2009) Estimate based on the analysis of available country figures and additional information on displacement and return trends.