Data Sets
" "  

 
Publications

Print this page Print | E-mail this page E-mail | Bookmark & ShareBookmark/share | Translate Translate | Text only Text only | resize text smallresize text mediumresize text large

Energy Use in the U.S. Food System

Cover Image

By Patrick Canning, Ainsley Charles, Sonya Huang, Karen R. Polenske, and Arnold Waters

Economic Research Report No. (ERR-94) 39 pp, March 2010

Energy is an important input in growing, processing, packaging, distributing, storing, preparing, serving, and disposing of food. Analysis using the two most recent U.S. benchmark input-output accounts and a national energy data system shows that in the United States, use of energy along the food chain for food purchases by or for U.S. households increased between 1997 and 2002 at more than six times the rate of increase in total domestic energy use. This increase in food-related energy flows is over 80 percent of energy flow increases nationwide over the period. The use of more energy-intensive technologies throughout the U.S. food system accounted for half of this increase, with the remainder attributed to population growth and higher real (inflation-adjusted) per capita food expenditures. A projection of food-related energy use based on 2007 total U.S. energy consumption and food expenditure data and the benchmark 2002 input-output accounts suggests that food-related energy use as a share of the national energy budget grew from 14.4 percent in 2002 to an estimated 15.7 percent in 2007.

Keywords: Energy use, energy technologies, food expenditures, input-output analysis, population change, structural decomposition analysis, supply chain analysis, ERS, USDA

In this report ...

Chapters are in Adobe Acrobat PDF format.

Charts and graphs (in .png format) from this report are available in the .zip file listed below. The .zip file also contains a document (readme.txt) that lists the name and title of each chart or graph file.

Order this report (stock #ERR-94)

Updated date: March 10, 2010

For more information, contact: webadmin@ers.usda.gov

Web administration: webadmin@ers.usda.gov