The Volcano © Tara Pelembe Overlooking Plymouth © Tara Pelembe Antillean euphonia © Geoff Hilton Forest Thursh © Geoff Hilton Montserrat Galliwasp © Carol McCauley Centre Hills © Geoff Hilton Bird Monitoring © Geoff Hilton Natural Spring water © Stephen Mendes
Image slideshow

International Year of Biodiversity Projects

In 2010, for the International Year of Biodiversity, the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), has funded a series of invasive species projects across the UK Overseas Territories. This has been coordinated by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Project activities on Montserrat will be:

Fire ant control

  • A project management strategy
  • An assessment of the scale and distribution of infestation
  •  A long-term management strategy  and action plan
  •  Reduced incidence of Red Fire Ants
  • A Communication Strategy to raise public awareness

Montserrat Facts and Figures



One of the Leeward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean, lying 43 km southwest of Antigua and 64 km northwest of Guadeloupe.



The island is 18 km long and 11 km wide, with a total area of 101 sq km.


Climate and Climate Change

Tropical climate.JNCC has prepared a series of outreach materials which give a general background to climate change and includes territory specific information on climate change impacts.



Entirely volcanic and very mountainous. The coastline is rugged and offers no all-weather harbour, although there are several anchorages in the lee of the island sheltered from the prevailing trade winds. In 1995, the Soufriere Hills volcano in the south of the island became active for the first time in 350 years.  The volcano has remained active since then with pyroclastic flows, a collapse of the dome in 2003 and renewed dome growth.  Since April 2007, growth of the current volcanic dome has slowed and the latest scientific advice is that the volcano is in a state of ‘pause’, but with the danger of a large hot dome remaining.  



Despite its small size, Montserrat supports at least 795 native plant species, 12 restricted range species of birds and 1,241 invertebrates, which include 718 beetles. Endemic to Montserrat are the Montserrat Oriole (Icteris oberis) and galliwasp (Diploglossus montisserrati). The endangered and edible 'mountain chicken' (Leptodactylus fallax)  (a frog) is found only on Montserrat and Dominica. Several other species are restricted to Montserrat and some nearby islands.


Main economic activities 

The limited economic activity on the island includes mining and quarrying, construction, financial and professional services and tourism


Other information 

Population - 4,655 (2006 estimate).
| JNCC - Adviser to Government on Nature Conservation | Site Map | Search | Legal | Feedback | List Access Keys |