Description of Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgery deals with the repair, reconstruction, or replacement of
physical defects of form or function involving the skin, musculoskeletal
system, craniomaxillofacial structures, hand, extremities, breast and trunk,
external genitalia or cosmetic enhancement of these areas of the body. Cosmetic
surgery is an essential component of plastic surgery. The plastic surgeon uses
cosmetic surgical principles both to improve overall appearance and to optimize
the outcome of reconstructive procedures.
Special knowledge and skill in the design and surgery of grafts, flaps, free
tissue transfer and replantation is necessary. Competence in the management of
complex wounds, the use of implantable materials, and in tumor surgery is
required. Plastic surgeons have been prominent in the development of innovative
techniques such as microvascular and craniomaxillofacial surgery, liposuction,
and tissue transfer. Anatomy, physiology, pathology, and other basic sciences
are fundamental to the specialty.
Competency in plastic surgery implies an amalgam of basic medical and surgical
knowledge, operative judgment, technical expertise, ethical behavior, and
interpersonal skills to achieve problem resolution and patient satisfaction.