Historical Background / Periodical Development
The Minimum needs Program (MNP) was introduced in the country in the
first year of the Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-78). The objective of
the programme is to provide certain basic minimum needs and thereby
improve the living standards of the people.
It is the expression of the commitment of the government for the social
and economic development of the community particularly the underprivileged
and underserved population.
The programme includes the following components:
a. Rural Health
b. Rural Water Supply
c. Rural Electrification
d. Adult Education
f. Environmental improvement of Urban
g. Houses for landless labourers
There are two basic principales which are to be observed in the
implementation of MNP :
(a) the facilities under MNP are to be first provided to those areas
which are at present underserved so as to remove disparities between
(b) the facilities under MNP should be provided as a package to
an area through intersectoral area projects, to have a greater impact.
In the field of rural health, the objective is to establish : one
PHC for 30000 population in plains and 20000 population in tribal
and hilly area; one subcentre for a population 5000 people in the
plains and for 3000 in tribal and hilly areas, and one community
health centre (Rural Hospital) for a population of one lakh or 1
per 5 Primary health Centres. The establishment of PHCs, subcentres,
upgradation of PHCs, and construction of buildings thereof are all
included in the State Sector of the Minimum Need Programme.