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National Minimum Needs Programme

Historical Background / Periodical Development

The Minimum needs Program (MNP) was introduced in the country in the first year of the Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-78). The objective of the programme is to provide certain basic minimum needs and thereby improve the living standards of the people.
It is the expression of the commitment of the government for the social and economic development of the community particularly the underprivileged and underserved population.
The programme includes the following components:

a. Rural Health
b. Rural Water Supply
c. Rural Electrification
d. Adult Education
e. Nutrition
f. Environmental improvement of Urban Slums
g. Houses for landless labourers

There are two basic principales which are to be observed in the implementation of MNP :
(a) the facilities under MNP are to be first provided to those areas which are at present underserved so as to remove disparities between different areas;

(b) the facilities under MNP should be provided as a package to an area through intersectoral area projects, to have a greater impact.

In the field of rural health, the objective is to establish : one PHC for 30000 population in plains and 20000 population in tribal and hilly area; one subcentre for a population 5000 people in the plains and for 3000 in tribal and hilly areas, and one community health centre (Rural Hospital) for a population of one lakh or 1 per 5 Primary health Centres. The establishment of PHCs, subcentres, upgradation of PHCs, and construction of buildings thereof are all included in the State Sector of the Minimum Need Programme.

 

 

 



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