Washington, George, 1732-1799. The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources: Volume 4
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To THE PRESIDENT OF CONGRESS Cambridge, December 11, 1775.

    Sir: Captain Manly of the Lee Armed Schooner has taken and sent into Beverly two prizes since I wrote you last, which was the 7th. instant; one of them is the Ship Jenny Capt: Foster who left London late in October, he has very unfortunately thrown all his papers overboard, is not yet arrived at Camp; If he does, before I close this, I will let you know what Information I get from him, his Vessel is loaded with Coal and porter, of the Latter he has about 100 Butts. The other is a Brigantine from Antigua, called the Little Hannah, Robert Adams Master, her Cargoe consists of 139 Hogsheads of Rum, 100 Cases of Geneva and some other trifling Articles, both Cargoes were for the Army and Navy at Boston. I have great pleasure in Congratulating you on this Success. The Numbers Inlisted last Week are Men; If they go on at this Slow rate, It will be a long time before this Army is complete. I have Wrote to the Governors of Connecticut and Rhode Island, also to the Convention of New Hampshire on this Subject, a Copy of my Letter I have the Honor to inclose herewith. A Letter to the same purport I sent to the Legislature of this Province.

    The Militia are coming fast, I am much pleased with the Alacrity which the good People of this province as well, as those of New Hampshire, have shewn upon this occasion; I expect the whole will be in this day and to Morrow, when what


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remains of the Connecticut Gentry, who have not Inlisted will have liberty to go to their Firesides.

    The Commissary General is still by his Indisposition detained from Camp, he committed an error when making out the Ration list, for he was then serving out and has continued to do, six Ounces pr man pr Week of Butter tho' it is not included in the List approved of by Congress. I do not think It would be expedient to put a stop thereto, as every thing that would have a tendency to give the Soldiery room for Complaints must be avoided.

    The Information I received that the Enemy intended spreading the small Pox amongst us, I could not suppose them capable of; I now must give some credit to it, as it has made its appearance on several of those who last came out of Boston, every necessary precaution has been taken to prevent its being communicated to this Army, and the General Court will take care that it does not spread through the Country.

    I have not heard that any more Troops are arrived at Boston, which is a luckly circumstance, as the Connecticut Troops I now find are for the most part gone of. The Houses in Boston are lessening every day, they are pulled down either for firewood, or to prevent the effects of fire, should we attempt a Bombardment, or an Attack upon the Town. 46 Cobble Hill is strongly fortifyed without any Interruption from the Enemy. Col: Enos has been tryed and acquited, upon what Principles you will see by the process of his Trial, which I now send you. As the time of Col: Enos's engagement was near expired, a doubt arose whether he could then be tryed by a Court Martial, this it was which occasioned his Trial to come on before Col:

[Note:General Howe's orderly book (December 5) shows the following: "The frequent depredations committed by the soldiers in pulling down houses and fences, in defiance of repeated orders, have induced the Commander in Chief to direct the Provost to go his rounds attended by the executioners, with orders to hang up upon the spot, the first man he shall detect in the act, without waiting for further proof by trial." ]

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Arnolds Evidence could be had. 47 This is what at present occur from Sir, your &ca.

[Note:The proceedings of the court-martial are given in Force's American Archives, Fourth Series, vol. 3, 1709. ]

    P. S. The Weekly returns of Inlistments not being yet received for more than 10 Regiments amounting to 275 Men, I can not fill up the Blank in this Letter, but this added to the former makes in the whole 5253. 48

[Note:The letter sent is in the writing of Stephen Moylan; the postscript is in that of Washington. ]