Washington, George, 1732-1799. The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources: Volume 4
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To MAJOR GENERAL PHILIP SCHUYLER Cambridge, December 18, 1775.

    Dear Sir: Your Favours, the first of the 28th. Ulto. and the two last of the 9th. Inst., with their Inclosures, I received. I am happy to hear of your being better and heartily wish that you may soon be perfectly recovered from your Indisposition. 74

[Note:These letters are in the Washington Papers. Schuyler's of November 18 describes General Carleton's escape: "The Evening before General Montgomery landed on the Island of Montreal, Mr. Carleton embarked his Garrison on Board of some Vessels and small Craft, and made two Attempts to pass our Batteries near the Mouth of Sorel, but was driven back by Colo. Easton, who has behaved with Bravery and much Alertness: On the 19th Mr. Carleton, disguised as En Canadien, and accompanied by six Pea ants, found Means to make his Escape, Brigadier-General Prescott surrendered next Day by Capitulation." ]



Resolve of Congress, December 7, 1775, Limiting Washington's Authority
to Call Out the New England Militia

Page 175

    I should have been very glad, if Mr. Carleton had not made his Escape. I trust e'er long he will be in our Hands, as I think we shall get Possession of Quebec, from whence he will not easily get away.

    I am much concerned for Mr. Allen, and that he should be treated with such Severity. I beg that you will have the Matter and Manner of his Treatment strictly inquired into, and transmit me an Account of the same, and whether General Prescot was active and instrumental in occasioning it. From your Letter, and General Montgomery's to you, I am led to think he was. If so, he is deserving of our particular Notice, and should experience some Marks of our Resentment for his Cruelty to this Gentleman, and his Violation of the Rights of Humanity.

    As some of the Prisoners have attempted to escape, I doubt not of your giving necessary Orders, that they may be prevented. It is a Matter that should be attended to.

    In a Letter from the Reverend Doctor Wheelock of Dartmouth College, of the 2nd. Instt., I had the following Intelligence. "That the Day before, two Soldiers returning from Montreal, informed him, that our Officers were assured by a Frenchman, (a Captain of the Artillery whom they had taken Captive) that Major Rogers 75 was second in Command under General Carl ton, and that he had been in an Indian Habit through our Encampment at St. John's; had given a Plan to them to the Generals, and supposed that he made his Escape with the Indians that were at St. John's." You will be pleased to have this Report examined into, and acquaint me as to the Authenticity or Probity of the Truth of it. If any Circumstances can be discovered to induce a Belief that he was there, he should be apprehended. He is now in this Government.

[Note:Maj. Robert Rogers, of Rogers Rangers, the famous frontier corps of the British Army in the French and Indian War. By the time of the American Revolution he was advanced in years, and though he sided with the British he accomplished nothing in an active way. ]

Page 176

    The Congress have sent me several Accounts against the Rifle Companies, one of which is against Captain Morgan, which I inclose you, and desire it may be transmitted to Colo. Arnold, who will have proper Steps taken for the Payment of it, as Captain Morgan is with him.

    I flatter myself that your next Favour will give me an Account of General Montgomery's joining Colo. Arnold and that Quebec is or soon will be reduced to our Possession. Should our Arms be crowned with such Success, to me it appears, that Administration will be much embarrrassed and stand in a very disagreeable Predicament. I am, &c.