Washington, George, 1732-1799. The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources: Volume 4
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GENERAL ORDERS Head Quarters, Cambridge, March 21, 1776.

    Parole New York. Countersign Hallifax.

    Learnards and Cary's 52 Regiments, are to march this Afternoon and relieve the Troops upon Dorchester Heights, where

[Note:Col. Ebenezer Learned's Third Continental Infantry, and Col. Simeon Cary's Massachusetts Militia regiment. ]

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those Regiments are to remain in Garrison, until further orders. -- The Dep. Qr. Mr. Genl. will provide Carriages from Roxbury, and provisions are order'd by the Commissary General to be stored upon the heights.

    The Details for the Roxbury, and Cambridge Departments, will be deliver'd to the Majors of brigade, with this days orders.

    PROCLAMATION 53

[Note:Ford, in his Writings of Washington, prints from a facsimile taken from Winsor's History of Boston, vol. 2, p. 181. Sparks also prints the text. The capitalization being that of Benjamin Eries, of Waltertown. N. Y., who published the broadside, it has not been here followed. ]

    Whereas the ministerial army has abandoned the town of Boston, and the forces of the United Colonies under my command are in possession of the same; I have therefore thought it necessary for the preservation of peace, good order, and discipline, to publish the following orders, that no person offending therein may plead ignorance as an excuse for their misconduct.

    All officers and soldiers are hereby ordered to live in the strictest peace and amity with the inhabitants; and no inhabitant, or other person, employed in his lawful business in the town is to be molested in his person or property, on any pretence whatever.

    If any officer or soldier shall presume to strike, imprison, or otherwise ill-treat any of the inhabitants, he may depend on being punished with the utmost severity; and if any officer or soldier shall receive any insult from any of the inhabitants, he is to seek redress in a legal way, and no other.

    Any non-commissioned officer or soldier, or others under my command, who shall be guilty of robbing or plundering in the town, are to be immediately confined, and will be most rigidly punished. All officers are therefore ordered to be very


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vigilant in the discovery of such offenders, and report their names and crime to the commanding officer in the town, as soon as may be.

    The inhabitants and others are called upon to make known to the Quartermaster-general, or any of his deputies, all stores belonging to the ministerial army, that may be remaining or secreted in the town; any person or persons whatsoever, that shall be known to conceal any of the said stores, or appropriate them to his or their own use, will be considered as an enemy to America, and treated accordingly.

    The selectmen and other magistrates of the town are desired to return to the Commander-in-chief the names of all or any person or persons, they may suspect of being employed as spies upon the Continental army, that they may be dealt with accordingly.

    All officers of the Continental army are enjoined to assist the civil magistrates in the execution of their duty, and to promote peace and good order. They are to prevent, as much as possible, the soldiers from frequenting tippling-houses, and strolling from their posts. Particular notice will be taken of such officers as are inattentive and remiss in their duty; and, on the contrary, such only as are active and vigilant will be entitled to future favor and promotion.

    Given under my hand etc.