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The issue of time has long been at the forefront of the Eurofound's work. Some 25 years of analysis and research in this area confirm that how time is used is critical, and can contribute to better employment, equal opportunities and social inclusion.

Previous Eurofound work has focused on working time developments and their implications for working conditions; it has also explored the links between different time uses, in particular, between working and personal time, and their impact on quality of life. New processes of negotiation and new actors involved in the re-organisation of time use in society is another area of interest. The project a new organisation of time over working life has contributed to the emerging debate in Europe on employment and social protection over the life course.

The European Company Survey 2009, first carried out as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance in 2005, has a strong focus on working time issues.


  • European company surveys
    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four years. The first was carried out in 2005 and the second was completed in 2009
  • European working conditions surveys
    Regular pan-European surveys on working conditions: the first survey was carried out in 1990 and the fifth is being carried out in 2010
  • European quality of life surveys
    Regular surveys that monitor and analyses quality of life and living conditions across Europe
  • Employment options of the future
    The issue of working time played a central role in this representative survey of future employment preferences in the 15 EU Member States and in Norway (1998).
Page last updated: 28 June, 2010