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Skunks

Shortage Shouters, Scofflaws, and Shills

 

American Association for the Advancement of Science, warned that a shortage of several thousand new PhDs in science and Engineering would hit the united states late in the decade" [1990s]. Of course that shortage never happened but it hasn't stopped pro H-1B lobby groups from repeating the same story. [1]

American Association of Community Colleges spends a lot of their time promoting the idea that there is a huge demand for IT workers so that they can fill their classes. They even paid for the ITAA, the H-1B shills, to do a bogus study [52] that is being used to justify more H-1Bs being brought into the U.S.

American Association of Engineering Societies (AAES) claims that they want balanced reforms to expedite the permanent immigration of skilled foreign-born engineers and scientists while safeguarding the rights of U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents and  they want to ensure that the expedited admission of foreign born professionals does not adversely affect educational and employment opportunities for similarly qualified U.S. citizens. [3] The AAES is repeating the same old tiresome rhetoric that H-1B and Instant Green cards can be used to import labor and yet at the same time American workers can be protected. These two goals are mutually exclusive and judging by the weak protections we now have, there is no reason to expect these goals to ever be met.

The AAES says that they believe that guest worker programs should be truly temporary in nature, reduced in duration and numbers to reflect the specific needs of educational and research institutions and other short term employment demands. That sounds real good in theory. In practice H-1B is a temporary program that has increased every year since 1990. Companies will never want this "temporary" source of cheap labor to dry up.

The American Association of State Colleges and Universities represents more than 430 public colleges, universities and systems of public higher education. Higher education is one of the loudest cheerleaders for H-1B [44] so it's no surprise that this organization advocates unlimited H-1Bs for educational institutions. One of the most shameless acts that AASCU did was to successfully lobby for legislation that exempted higher education from the H-1B visa cap on foreign faculty conducting research or teaching in the U. S. [45] This loophole opened the door for universities and schools to hire unlimited numbers of H-1Bs.

AAU

Members of the Association of American Universities includes 80 percent of the research universities in the United States. They lobby for legislation that favors these interests.

The H-1B fiasco began in the 70's when Universities, hungry for cheap labor, used the AAU to insert a clause into Title 8 of the U.S. Code. This clause had the effect of removing the universities from the uniform labor certification requirements and placing them within the 'Special Handling' regulation reserved for immigrant Basque shepherds. Universities were granted unique privileges to reclassify American researchers (for purposes of labor certification) as 'unavailable for work' in the event that a university succeeds in portraying a foreign applicant as even marginally more qualified. To this day, educational institutions are exempted from the H-1B quota. 

 

It is a little known fact that in 1952 and 1954, congress declared a shortage of Basque Sheepherders in the western United States. Since that time, an employers association of ranchers known as the 'Western Range Association' has enjoyed anomalous immigration privileges in recognition of the hardship posed by the alleged shortage conditions. More recently the Western Range Association obtains shepherds from Peru, Mexico and China; most are paid $700 to750 a month plus a trailer and food. The standard WRA contract provides two weeks' paid vacation each year, group health and worker's compensation insurance. [56]

After gutting protections for American researchers, the AAU cynically claims that labor certification meaningfully protects them from unfair university hiring practices. If protections are in place then it's odd that former AAU president John Osvald patted Joshua Eilberg (author of the infamous Eilberg Amendment that declared Universities as having perpetual labor shortages) on the back when he said "...you have circumvented the primary rationale for denial of labor certification: that an unlimited supply of American manpower exists whose employment prospects are being usurped by alien labor. [55]

The AAU starting beating the drum for the first H-1B law in 1990. According to the president of the Association of American Universities Robert Rosenzweig and his Co-author John Vaughn (also of AAU), Unless prompt action is taken, a sharply increased demand for Ph.D.s in the United States will outstrip a comparatively level supply before the turn of the century. 1990 [4]

Steven B. Sample, President, University of Southern California in 1993, said that bringing in foreign students to create labor gluts and lower labor costs was a good thing: "[The preponderance of foreign students in S&E programs] means that scientist and engineer gluts, and consequent gripes against universities, can be expected to continue. But why should we take this as a problem? As these Ph.D.s eventually take jobs downstream, their expertise becomes available to institutions and firms that can benefit from superior talent and education at unexpectedly affordable prices. ... This should be a matter for satisfaction, not lament." [57].  Another AAU president. Conelius Pings, was even more blunt about how foreign labor reduces labor costs: "when buying academic talent in such a buyer's market, augmented by sweetheart immigration legislation, don't have to offer the foreign scientist a lower wage than that of the American. They just offer the same low wage to all. That is either good or bad, depending on which side of the ox's horns you reside." [1]

American Business for Legal Immigration, is a Washington, D.C.-based lobbying group that represents a number of big money employers who love H-1B. Check out their Petition of 418 American Companies that want to raise the H-1B limit.

Immigration attorney Austin Fragomen, who has lobbied Congress in favor of liberal H-1B visa policies, wrote in Workforce Magazine, March 1996, " when the Senate was considering scaling back the H-1B program in that year, "...The business community mobilized, forming American Business for Legal Immigration (ABLI), a Washington, D.C.-based lobbying group that represents a number of associations and employers, and commissions academic studies to support its position."

ACE

The American Council on Education members include accredited, degree-granting colleges and universities and education-related organizations. Stanley Ikenberry, President of ACE, lobbied for unlimited H-1B visas for educational institutions and said, "This legislation is crucial to higher education and non-profit research organizations because it separates temporary foreign workers in academia from the yearly cap on H-1B visas. H.R. 3983 would reserve 10,000 H-1B visas each year for the next three years for academia. No other legislation in the House provides such relief for higher education. The loss of foreign academic talent at colleges and universities directly affects U.S. students and scholars by undermining U.S. education and research efforts."[68]

The H-1B law of 2000 gave Ikenberry what he wanted, unlimited visas. This is a dangerous and under-reported escalation in the H-1B program because these H-1Bs are not counted in the yearly quota limit of H-1B visas issued every year. Universities, colleges, and schools are one of the largest employers of H-1Bs, and now this flood of cheap labor is uncontrolled.

The American Council on International Personnel  is a Washington D.C. association that lobbies for large corporations that want favorable immigration legislation such as H-1B. Infamous immigration lawyer, lobbyist, and tireless H-1B shill, Austin T. Fragomen, has been chairman of ACIP. Fragomen's presence means that this organization is very smelly. In a rare fit of candor, Fragomen said that "H-1B visas were not just used by high-tech companies, but also within large retail companies, financial service firms, and by professional services organizations". [69]

The ACIP. has expressed concern that a provision stipulating that employers pay H-1B workers during periods of downtime could lead employers to treat H-1B workers more favorably than U.S. workers, who ordinarily wouldn't get paid during such periods. [69]  They warned that American workers may lose their jobs before H-1Bs if this provision is passed. Their concern for American workers is probably secondary to their concern for not wanting to pay H-1Bs when they are benched without work.

Austin Fragomen, chairman of the ACIP, told Congress that the H-1B fraud issue is "overstated, there is no evidence that companies are violating the H–1B wage and working condition requirements."  If what they claim is true then they should have nothing to fear if the INS investigates these allegations of fraud. Instead the told Congress to back off and not investigate fraud. They told Congress that they "oppose increasing scrutiny of all employers or restricting the availability of H–1B visas as these will have little impact on fraud. " [97] 

Fragomen's experience as an immigration attorney didn't help his testimony in Congress when he said "there is an enormous skills gap in this country, we would assert that U.S. companies are taking steps to meet this challenge." Seconds later he said that "education and training will have little impact in the near term therefore we should not too closely link the H–1B program with opportunities for U.S. workers." So he is saying that Americans aren't educated enough therefore H-1Bs are needed, but then he said that even if Americans get that education, H-1Bs will still be needed. Isn't this a damned if you do, damned if you don't scenario?

Fragomen even admitted to Congress that H-1Bs are not used primarily to fill vacant positions. They are used by employees that already work at the company on other visas such as J-1.  He said, "most H–1Bs are for specific employees who actually already work for the employer."

Lynn Shotwell, director of government relations at ACIP made the remarkable statement  that she has not heard any serious discussions about raising the temporary-visa cap again. She said that many corporations want instant Green Cards like the proposal made by the IEEE-USA  that gives immigrant workers permanent green-card visas instead of temporary visas that have many restrictions, including the ability to switch jobs. This is one of many reasons the IEEE is on this Skunk page.

Shotwell also said that 45% of claims H-1B visa fraud "couldn't be verified in India because the claims were part of a group singled out precisely because they seemed suspicious." [70] She didn't explain how else you would investigate fraud. 

More recently, Lynn Shotwell hasn't changed her spin for more H-1Bs. You would think that she might change her attitude since tens of thousands of people are losing their jobs, but she remains an adamant shill for more H-1B importation. At the end of October, 2001 she said "Even so, despite the current economic turndown, "I think the arguments are just as strong [for H-1B]."[115]

ACIP advocacy of H-1B is mostly for their own self serving interest in cheap labor. The Wall Street Journal said that many of the top 20 users are ACIP members. [97] 

ACM

The Association for Computing Machinery claims to represent 80,000 computer professionals. Since H-1B hits these workers harder than any other profession, you would expect them to oppose H-1B. Instead they try to dodge the issue and say very little about it - at least until recently.

Barbara Simons, recent president of the  said that "the IEEE-USA was absolutely wrong to oppose the H-1B bill, which is catering to xenophobia."[5] This statement almost makes me want to remove the IEEE from the Skunks.org page. Simons doesn't understand that the IEEE has been very hypocritical on the H-1B issue or she probably wouldn't have made that statement. IEEE is on her side. 

ACM members Lawrence A. West and Walter A. Bogumil wrote a paper that really exposes what ACM is, another corporate shill that could care less about their US members that are being replaced by H-1Bs.  

They said that the economies of countries that don't have H-1B programs will not be able to compete with those that do. He wrote, "Instead of competing with armies and navies, though, nations in this modern contest for economic prosperity are competing with visa quotas". He seems to be saying that the United States must raise visa quotas to win the war.

Their views are very globalist because they want programmers to become a nomadic band of laborers that go wherever on Earth they can make a living. Their vision of the world is a dream come true to all companies hoping to squeeze workers for lower salaries. They wrote, "Meanwhile, the ability of the U.S. to attract foreign workers reflects an unprecedented mobility in the worldwide IT labor force giving rise to "labor liquidity" in which individual workers can seek out demand and demand can seek out available workers. ... The result of this situation is a worldwide market for IT professionals in which government policies reinforce or hinder the competitiveness of a country's firms and economy." Notice how they warn the government not to impede this international labor trade. 

One of the most suspicious claims they made is when they wrote, "The tight IT labor market is not unique to the U.S. A recent Microsoft study found that Western Europe has a current shortage of 850,000 IT sector jobs". The reason that's a dubious claim is because the META Group used that exact shortage number for the U.S. in the year 2000. They could of at least changed the number to be less obvious.

They further insult programmers by reducing them to an "input". They wrote that Prosperity depends on creating a business environment, along with supporting institutions, that enable the nation to productively use and upgrade its inputs." What ever happened to calling workers "units of labor"? Surely that's better than being a mere "input". [77]

If all of this wasn't bad enough, the ACM hires H-1Bs for their operations. Talk about getting caught with their hand in the cookie jar! [2]

AeA

The American Electronics Association  (AeA) masquerades as an electronics professional organization. They claim that AeA has been the accepted voice of the U.S. technology community. That's odd since most engineers don't even know who they are. They would be more correct to brag that they are a corporate funded lobby group that shills for liberal H-1B policies.  

Dont't confuse the AeA with the American Engineering Association (AEA), an organization of and by career engineers.

The AeA likes to honor politicians who have been bought off to support H-1B. They inducted Jim Moran (D-VA) into their "High-Tech Legislator Hall of Fame." in March 2000 for his undying support for higher H-1B visa limits. [86]

They continue to lobby for higher H-1B visas. Marc Brailov, the public communications director for AeA said, "Increasing the number of H-1B visas is "essential to our industry." [87]

Thom Stohler, director of workforce policy, is one of the AeA's champion shortage shouters and H-1B lobbyists. He said that `when you talk to the HR people in Silicon Valley, they say it's very hard finding skilled people.'' [98] Stohler is quick to parrot the views of HR people. He should talk to unemployed programmers and engineers in Silicon Valley that can't find jobs because of his hard work to replace them with H-1Bs..

Stohler implies that companies don't have the time or money to invest in American workers since they can import H-1Bs. He stated that, "it would take a massive restructuring in the education system and a tremendous investment in training. We don't have the people to fill those jobs."[101]

Even worse, the AeA doesn't seem to find anything wrong with the practice of H-1B banking. Banking is a term used when companies apply for H-1B visas even before they need them. This is technically illegal and yet Thom Stohler, director of workforce policy, said that companies have learned to get their visa applications in early. "If you don't get your visas in by New Year's, you won't get processed," he said, pointing out that the unemployment rate for engineers is only 1.6 percent". [88] His low unemployment figures are a fantasy that nobody in the industry takes seriously.

Thom Stohler also is pushing for ever higher visa limits. Even after the 2000 visa bill was passed he said "We need at least 200,000 visas given current demand." Stohler says he would be surprised if H-1B use goes down in 2001 because companies still need them. Despite the massive unemployment of engineers in April of 2003 Stohler said that the AeA hasn't ruled out lobbying to increase the visa cap so that more H-1Bs can be imported. [143]

Stohler also whines that the $1000 visa fee is too high. He thinks it should be lowered back to $500 to allow companies to hire H-1Bs for less money. According to Stohler it's still too difficult and expensive for companies to hire H-1Bs. [89] 

AeA members, according to Stohl, such as Intel, Motorola, Sun Microsystems, and Hewlett-Packard are, "very selective and only use the program to bring in advanced-degree recipients who have graduated from U.S. schools." [143] Stohler ignores the fact that many AeA members such as Intel, Motorola, Sun Microsystems, and Hewlett-Packard are the most notorious abusers of H-1B. Sun even admits they hire H-1Bs that don't have college degrees! If these companies are selective it's only when it comes to hiring compliant workers at low wages, which is of course why rich corporations  are members of the AeA. 

Stohler claims that Peter Schrag’s article on H-1B visas "High-tech workers’ visa – A bad idea gets worse" is misguided and not based on good data.  He goes on to say that "There is also no proof that the hiring of H-1B visa holders lowered wages in the high-tech industry." [116]  Stohler's denial of reality may be good public relations propaganda for the corporations he lobbies for but it won't fool anyone that understands the basic laws of supply and demand. It's just not possible to dump that many foreign workers into the US labor market without affecting wages.

The AeA should be held accountable everytime one of their American members loses a job because they were replaced with an H-1B. Members should ask why they have somebody like Stohler asking for ever more H-1Bs to replace them even when he acknowledges that American workers will lose their jobs before H-1Bs do. He admitted that administrative employees and contractors are among the first to go when companies slash their staffs and he said that skilled workers who entered the country under the H-1B visa program aren't likely to be among early layoffs. Stohler went on to say that, "The companies aren't laying off the folks they're hiring with H-1B visas unless they're shutting their doors."[100]

Stohler's statements on behalf of the AeA sometimes need translation into real English:

 

Stohler: "Members of all parties and political persuasions now get the
H-1B visa problem." 

Translation: We bribed all parties that matter (Democrats and Republicans) and now they are under our thumb.

Stohler: But the new economy has heated up considerably since then. "It's just been interesting watching both sides on the Hill more or less say, 'We want to help you, high-tech industry. What can we do?' " [99] 

Translation: Our companies are enjoying better profits since they started importing cheap labor. All of Congress has their hands out to us and as long as we grease their palms, they do what we want. 

William Archey, president of the American Electronics Association, goes even further to say that the high tech industry "has largely been propelling the national economy". He then goes on to imply that our economy just can't do that without H-1Bs. [90] Perhaps he should convince the American workers that have been replaced by H-1Bs that it is good for their economies.

AEC

The American Engineering Campaign is a propaganda blitz sponsored by the NSPE. They are trying to perpetuate the myth that there a shortage of engineers in the United States. They claim that "Demand for Professional Engineers High, Enrollment Low" [31]. This is the kind of misinformation that is typically used by corporate lobbyists such as ITAA to demand higher limits for H-1B visas. 

The NSPE must know that an organization that represents engineers would never put the interests of the corporate H-1B shills  ahead of their engineers. If a shortage really did exist, it would benefit engineers by forcing salaries up. That is not happening because of the glut of H-1Bs that are replacing American engineers. Perhaps the membership totals of NSPE have been dropping because engineers don't want to pay $200 a year to an organization that panders to big money corporations.

Shortage shouters like James F. Shackelford, Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of California, Davis and Sam Grossman, President of the California Society of Professional Engineers, warn that the dire shortage of engineers will lead to crisis such as more rolling blackouts in California. Even worse nobody will be around to design fuel efficient cars and appliances without more engineers. They espouse the AEC as a way to fool more students into entering this glutted field of unemployed professionals. [114]

The American Federation of Labor opposed H-1B until the year 2000. To learn more about the history of the AFL-CIO and H-1B and why they changed their position  click here.

AGC

The Associated General Contractors are comprised of over 33,000 members of big money construction companies. AGC supports efforts to reform the H-2B nonimmigrant visa category to make the category more usable for employers with short-term needs. Translated that means they want to make it easier to import cheap labor.

They said their goal is to train foreign workers who will export the latest industry trends and techniques when they return to their home country. [46] Now how stupid is that? They will replace American workers with H-2Bs and then train them so that they can go back home and take our knowledge with them.

American Hotel & Lodging Association claims to be the largest national trade association for the U.S. hotel and lodging industry. They are also one of the largest importers of foreign labor and they have an insatiable appetite for cheap labor. They hired high priced lobbyist John Gay (see EWIC) to shill for more foreign workers to change our bed pans.  Gay says that "There are places in this country where we wouldn't survive without immigrants. The trend is to push our own children into college to be rocket scientists or computer programmers. But who is going to do these hard jobs that we have? Who is going to change bedpans in a nursing home? Or change beds in hotels?" [96]

Of course Gay also thinks that Americans don't want to do computer programming either. He never explains what jobs will be left for Americans after all of his open border policies are in place. 

The American Immigration Lawyers Association represents a group of lawyers that will do anything to maximize profit for the H-1B body trade. They give advice to immigration lawyers on how to use and abuse all the loopholes that H-1B provides. [6]  AILA consists of 400 direct and 26,000 affiliate corporate members throughout the U.S., and a global network of 41 countries' IT associations.

One of their skunkiest lawyers, Joel Stewart, says that "When employers feel the need to legalize aliens, it may be due to a shortage of suitable U.S. workers, but even in a depressed economy, Employers who favor aliens have an arsenal of legal means to reject all U.S. workers who apply. "[7]

They are opposed to importing H-1B lawyers because they claim that foreigners don't have the "proper" qualifications. Of course everybody else is fair game because that is how these lawyers become obscenely rich.  For this I nominate them as the greatest hypocrite of all the skunks.

ShameH1B acquired tapes from the AILA 1999 Conference. These scandalous tapes reveal how immigration lawyers exploit H-1B for profit. Too bad the AILA has barred me from letting you listen in on the action.

The American Immigration Law Center instructs lawyers in all facets of how to abuse the loopholes in immigration laws. They advertise "Coming Soon!  Form a Company in any state in the United States and begin setting yourself up for Residence in the United States." [8]

American Immigration Law Foundation is an immigration advocacy group that has an obvious self interest. These lawyers constantly file lawsuits with the INS to allow more skilled immigrants (H-1Bs etc.) to enter the United States. 

Andrew Prazuch Deputy Director of the AILF wrote a letter [9] blasting Dr. Norman Matloff saying "Matloff purports that there have been no conclusive studies that prove there is in fact a labor shortage in the IT Industry. The only "evidence" he provides to support his claim is the high volume of resumes companies receive for any given position and their low hiring percentages of those applicants." I'm not sure what additional evidence Prazuch needs but he obviously hasn't visited Matloff's website or he wouldn't have made such a stupid statement.

I had to laugh that these rich lawyers are asking for donations through their website. I guess they want to file a lot more lawsuits.

Stuart Anderson who used to be the Executive Associate Commissioner for Policy and Planning and Counselor to the Commissioner at the Immigration and Naturalization Service from August 2001 to January 2003. Apparently Anderson quit working for the government in favor of being a highly paid shill for the American Immigration Law Foundation (AILF) because in 2003 he came out with a biased study for the AILF titled "The Global Battle for Talent and People".  His study is potentially very harmful because he has the BCIS credentials that reporters love to see.

This report is obviously biased but that won't stop the proponents of H-1B from using this study in news articles, and reporters will rarely seek to find out who paid for this piece of trash. Expect to see the Anderson and Zavodny reports to be used often in the near future.  Anderson may become the darling of the Indian press as ZDNetIndia declared that Anderson's report "a shot in the arm for Indian IT professionals." [151]

For the record, let's call this report what it really is: A kick in the groin of the American Middle class!

Stuart Anderson's paper  is an unscientific manifesto that hypes the so-called virtues of H-1B.  Anderson thinks that immigrant workers will have to be imported for all jobs in the U.S. - from highly skilled technical jobs to the lower skilled factory workers. Anderson thinks  that immigrant workers should be imported  regardless of the economy and believes that the U.S. cannot be competitive without the issuance of large numbers of H-1B visas.

AIP

The American Institute of Physics  have shouted about shortages of physicists since the 1970s.  AIP predicted that the number of physicists now in training (1970) will fall 20,000 short of the jobs available for them in 1970 - this despite the fact that median salaries for graduate physicists in industry rose from an average of $6,100 a year in 1951 to $11,000 in 1962. Such shortages can probably be offset in the future only by an increased pooling of international scientific resources. [10] In other words they support H-1B physicists coming into the U.S. to take jobs.

Association of International Practical Training is a body broker that specializes in bringing immigrants over on the 18 month J-1 visa long enough for them to get H-1Bs. [11] They claim that they help American businesses looking to expand their workforce with foreigners. 

The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists claims that their mission is to advance and support the professional practice of pharmacists. They sound like they are more interested in making sure pharmacies get enough cheap labor and they use much of the same rhetoric as the ITAA.

The ASHP polled 350 pharmacy directors in health systems throughout the United States and of course found out that there is a desperate shortage of pharmacists. This sounds very familiar to the way the ITAA polled high tech companies and came to a similar conclusion that there is a desperate shortage of computer programmers.

John Santell, MS, director of the ASHP Center on Pharmacy Practice Management, and master shortage shouter, claims that there are large numbers of unfilled positions for pharmacists. Like the ITAA, they never did a poll of unemployed pharmacists, so the conclusions of the surveys are obviously self serving and highly suspect. [109]

The ASHP was very happy when Clinton signed S. 2045 to increase the H-1B limits to 195,000. They said it will make it easier to bring more H-1B pharmacists in from abroad to ease the current workforce shortage. Of course they use the standard claim that H-1Bs will be used on a short-term basis until they can churn more pharmacists out of US schools.

They claim that the foreign pharmacists will be technicians that are supervised by an experienced pharmacist, so therefore we don't have to worry about getting the wrong drug. [110]

The Arizona Software & Internet Association - Ed Denison, the president, says that "The industry is dying for workers, and the national statistics are real grim." He is right about one thing, things are looking very grim for the American worker. 

The American Society for Engineering Education mission statement says that they are committed to furthering education in engineering and engineering technology. The ASEE does some very useful things to promote quality technical education. Their mission does have a conflict of interest because they need to prove that engineers will be entering a field that has massive shortages. 

The ASEE claims that there is "sobering news that the number of recipients of Bachelor's degrees in Engineering peaked several years ago and has declined some 15% or more. The decline has come in part because the economy is generally doing well and since engineering and science are demanding courses of study, some students may perceive that a good job awaits them even without a degree in science or engineering (though probably not with a signing bonus!)". [12] Perhaps he is right that students shun engineering because they want a long term career that is not cut short by gluts and mass layoffs.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers is another spineless engineering association that won't take a position on H-1B. Any engineering organization that doesn't take a position against H-1B, supports it. Mary James Legatski, Government Relations Representative, said that because the Society has many members who feel strongly on both sides of the issue, ASME has not taken a position on the H-1B visa issue. [13] Read her full statement on the Feedback page.

The Association of Staff Physician Recruiters gives detailed instructions and advice for importing foreign medical workers on a variety of visas. This is an organization says that shortages of doctors and nurses can be cured through immigration. They said that the H-1B nonimmigrant visa is the only visa that permits a foreign medical graduate to work in the United States in a position that primarily involves direct patient care. They say that the H-1B visa is an option that should always be considered when attempting to relocate a foreign medical graduate. [42]

BRT

The Business Round Table consists of CEOS of some major US companies such as TRW, Sprint, and State Farm. They praised President Clinton when he signed the increase in the H-1B yearly limit.

The BRT funded a TV ad to help Heather Wilson, the pro H-1B congresswoman from New Mexico. The ad shows a bunch of 6 month old babies of different races go across the television screen with a voice over that says children are our future. They deserve excellent health care, an outstanding education, and meaningful work. It claims that Heather has been doing all of these things for our future. Then it ends with "Call Congresswoman Wilson and THANK her for work." Wilson's agenda is to import cheap foreign laborers and their families here to supply cheap labor for the CEOs that run the BRT. The family values campaign worked for Wilson and the voters were fooled, thanks to the huge advertising budget of the BRT.

BSA

The Business Software Alliance counts virtually every top software company among its members including Steve Ballmer from Microsoft Corp., Andrew Grove from Intel Corp., and Al Zollar of Lotus Development Corp. 

This lobby group is not afraid to lavish money on those politicians that will support their H-1B ambitions. In 1998 they spent over 1 million dollars for lobbying campaigns. [53]  The BSA praised the Senate's Passage of H-1B Legislation. President and CEO Robert Holleyman publicly thanked Senators Orrin Hatch (UT), Senator Spencer Abraham (MI) and Senator Dianne Feinstein (CA), for their devotion to the BSA cause of raising H-1B limits. [82] Sen Spencer Abraham may be public enemy #1 for his role in boosting the H-1B program but not as far as the BSA is he is a hero. That is why they awarded him the Cyber Champion Award for 1999. [83] 

They have quite a voice with president Bush also. White House spokesman Jimmy Orr assured the BSA that Bush understands "the need for expanding H-1B visas." [84] 

The BSA has decided that they don't need and don't want the current generation of American  workers. Holleyman says that H-1B is temporary but then says "BSA are willing to do their part to make sure the next generation of Americans are given high tech opportunities." Wouldn't it be better if they were more committed to give the current generation of Americans opportunities instead of replacing them with H-1Bs?

In 1995 Brian Fitzgerald, counsel to the BSA, said that many of the leading U.S. high-tech companies have come to rely heavily on imported foreign professionals for key tasks performed on U.S. soil. "The numbers are small, but these guys are crictical - they bring in technology expertise that can be difficult for us to get in the U.S, especially when it comes to adapting products for global markets." [85] He was wrong in 1995 that  the numbers of H-1Bs working in the U.S. was small and the numbers have increased every year since then.

The Indian CEO High Tech Council, (C2MM), claims that they can connect people to over 2700 "power brokers". C2MM works very closely with USINPAC.

Virginia's Governor Mark Warner said that C2MM is "...the singularly most successful association that's taken place in the last decade."

Sandeep Sahai, managing partner of Techspan explained to a C2MM council meeting that Indians need to organize for funds and power. Sahai said that Indians need to learn from the experience of groups like the Jews.  [155]

CapNet was started by George Vradenburg of America Online Inc. and Chuck Manatt, former chairman of the Democratic National Committee and currently ambassador to the Dominican Republic. [117] CapNet is a Political Action Committee (PAC) that lobbies for big money high tech companies before Congress and function as a committee of the Greater Washington Board of Trade. CapNet shouts about high-tech worker shortages whenever they get the chance to be heard by Congress and of course they promote H-1B as the solution to companies problems.

Money buys power in Washington so CapNet rewards what they consider to be "tech-friendly politicians" with campaign cash. CapNet lavished campaign money on Sen. Chuck Robb who not surprisingly is a big time supporter of H-1B. [118] Tim Hugo, the director of CapNet, likes to beat his chest with bravado when he talks about the victories they have had on H-1B. Hugo said "We took an aggressive stance. We had two women CEOs in their 30s up on the Hill saying, `Washington is inhibiting our companies.' If we had stood up before a Senate committee a year earlier, they would have said `Who are you?'"

Even more ominous is that CapNet strongly supports all efforts to establish the Trade Promotion Authority. [119] For more information on that see the H-1B History page.

The Cato Institute is a lobby group of free market libertarians that believes companies should be able to hire whomever they want without government intervention. Their Center for Trade Policy Studies does most of the H-1B boosterism.

CED

Committee for Economic Development is an organization of business leaders and university presidents. They are promoting the idea of instant green cards to ease the alleged massive shortages of skilled workers in the US. A CED report for 2001 singles out the Mexican immigrants as "undesirable" and a factor indicating "need" for Designer Immigration. [14]

Center for Labor Market Studies at Northeastern University conducts studies that seem to favor big business over the long term interests of their students. Paul Harrington, associate director of the CLMS said,  "meanwhile, there is no relief in sight for employers who are having trouble finding qualified workers. The labor shortage will be a permanent part of the economic landscape." "In response, small businesses should focus on education and immigration policies", says Harrington, who headed the study's labor force panel. Temporary programs like H-1B visas, which are granted to foreign professionals for a limited time, will not be sufficient to meet business' work-force needs, Harrington says. [39]

The H-1B Hall of Shame recognizes Harrington's statement about permanent labor shortages as an all time classic. 

Northeastern University did a study in 2000 called "Threats to Sustained Economic Growth: Science, Engineering and Information Technology Labor Shortages in the Massachusetts Economy".  They concluded that the only solution to this economic threat is to hire more H-1Bs. [137]

Their 2002 study on immigration comes to similar conclusions. Susan Traiman claims that without immigrant labor the American economy would have stumbled. She didn't explain why our economy is now in a recession even though, according to them, eight of 10 new male workers in the decade were immigrants. [136]

In March of 2001 it was reported that the Cleveland Municipal School District went on an H-1B shopping spree in India because they claimed they can't hire enough teachers. The bodyshop contingent included Kevin Brown, recruitment manager for the Cleveland Unified School District, Carol Hauser, human resources director, and Michelle Rzucidlo-Rupright, kindergarten teacher. They went to India and spent 12 days interviewing some 500 candidates in Bombay, Hyderabad, New Delhi and Madras. They signed contracts with numerous Indians to work as Cleveland teachers. [103]

When the first wave of 50 H-1B teachers arrived in Cleveland, the newspaper Plain Dealer said they were greeted with roses and television cameras. [102] 

The Catalyst-Cleveland, who claims to be an award winning newsmagazine that covers school reform in Chicago, reported that the schools will have to use substitute teachers until the H-1Bs from India are able to speak English and teach. [105] The "teachers" will have to be oriented to how things are done in US schools.

The roses and euphoria that the Plain Dealer reported didn't last long. Barbara Byrd-Bennett, Chief executive officer of CMSD, wrote a scathing letter that criticized the Catalyst of below standard journalistic reporting. She claimed that all of these Indians are veteran teachers that are ready to enter the classroom. [104] With a spin worthy of her CEO title,  Byrd-Bennet said, "Yes, they will be new to American classrooms and cultural adjustments will have to be made." Jemima Todika, who moved from Andhratradesh, India, was more specific when she said that "orientation is essential for foreign teachers."  Perhaps Byrd-Bennet needs to go back to the executive training school for CEOs because her attempts at damage control  ring hollow.

CompeteAmerica used to be called the ABLI. They are a lobbyist coalition that has dedicated themselves to pushing for unlimited numbers of guest-worker visas for companies that are hungry for cheap labor CompeteAmerica is funded by more than 200 trade organizations, universities and companies such as Motorola Inc., Intel Corp. and Texas Instruments Inc. In addition to lobbying, they are involved with propaganda campaigns that include planting editorials in newspapers.

Sandra Boyd is their current B

Computing Technology Industry Association is an organization of comprised of shortage shouter lobbyists. CompTIA surveyed 878 CIOs and other IT executives last year. Not surprisingly the group found that almost 10% of IT jobs are currently unfilled. Manager of government relations, Grant Mydland, describes this massive shortage of workers by saying "What was once seen as a problem for Silicon Valley, Boston and Austin is now a problem for the entire country." [15]

The Chinese Professionals and Entrepreneurs Association , consists mainly of H-1Bs from China and say they are committed to assist alien professionals in their U.S. immigration and naturalization matters. [16] It's no surprise that they support H-1B. 

CRA

The Computing Research Association is a club of computer science academic departments. It's no surprise that they are shortage shouters since they can increase enrollment with this kind of propaganda. The CRA stated that colleges and universities face a shortage of applicants for faculty positions in computer science and IT because too few students are graduating with doctoral degrees in those fields. [34] Dr. Norman Matloff says that at his UC Davis department they have ALWAYS gotten several HUNDRED applicants for 3 or 4 openings. So just what shortage is the CRA talking about? [35]

The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) was established in 1986 to provide independent advice to the federal government on technical and public policy issues. The problem is that the CSTB isn't even close to being independent. Its current sponsors include Cisco Systems, Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, Intel, Microsoft, Texas Instruments, and Time-Warner Cable. With the exception of Time-Warner, all of these firms have been in the forefront of lobbying for expansion of the H-1B program. They oversaw the NRC report to congress (see NRC, NAS) that whitewashed the entire H-1B problem. [17]

The  Center for Trade Policy Studies is a front organization for the Cato Institute. This rich boys club of media moguls includes Rupert Murdoch who joined the board of directors. Murdoch is one of Cato's cheerleaders for a "free trade" economy where corporations can do whatever they wish without all those cumbersome government regulations. [49] It's not a major surprise that they consider labor a commodity that should be traded across borders.

Suzette Brooks, an attorney and member of the board of directors,  calls the quota limits on H-1B a straightjacket that should be completely eliminated. She says that U.S. companies should be allowed to hire any worker they want to and that any limit on the number of H-1Bs imported into the US is wrong and could hurt corporate profits. [50]

Daniel Griswold, associate director of the Cato Institute's CTPS, complains that the "low" H-1B cap is nothing more than a form of centralized industrial policy. He views American workers as a resource and doesn't believe that our government has a right to tell companies how to use their human capital. [120]

Griswold rails that American companies can't wait indefinitely for the "public school monopoly" to improve its teaching of math and science. He also doesn't believe that American corporations should have to wait to exploit foreign workers who supposedly are better educated. Griswold repeats the Cato Institute mantra that the H-1B cap should be eliminated so that America's high-technology companies can continue to make enormous profits. He complains that our government sets artificially low numerical quotas. [51]

In 1996 director Stuart Anderson wrote a paper that claims he has clear evidence that H-1Bs are not bidding down wage rates by being willing to work for less than the native-born. He then goes on deny the laws of supply and demand by claiming they are paid more. [121]

The College and University Personnel Association is a Washington D.C. lobby group that represents more than 6,500 human resource administrators at nearly 1,700 colleges. Since colleges and universities are one of the largest advocates for H-1B workers it's no surprise that they lobby congress for sweetheart deals. Michael Aitken, a CUPA lobbyist was asking for unlimited H-1B visas for educational institutions and got a little loose with the facts when when he said, "The high-tech jobs are going through the roof. Because of the way the economy is going, we couldn't get enough visas if you put the cap at 300,000." [67] 

The European-American Business Council (EABC) is a lobby group comprised of over 70 EU and US companies. They are unabashed supporters of globalist labor policies and the WTO.

EABC lobbied Clinton and our Congress for increased H-1Bs. Willard Berry, president of EABC, warned Clinton that if H-1B quotas aren't increased the result will be "lost sales, delayed projects and other setbacks that will threaten the technological preeminence of US industry."[128] Translated into English that means that European companies will have lower profits if they are forced to pay American workers a fair salary.

EJC

The Engineers' Joint Council, Inc. (EJC) says they want to minimize America's qualified and skilled high-tech workforce shortfall. They use this propaganda to try to seduce naive high school students into the engineering colleges by telling them there is a massive shortage.

The early engineering shortage propaganda prognosticator was the Engineering Manpower Commission (EMC) in the 1970s. The Engineering Manpower Commission (EMC) of the 1970's was part of the Engineers Joint Council (EJC). EMC is now part of AAES. [21]

EPF

Employment Policy Foundation  is a fancy title for just another group of worker shortage shouters. The EPF wants higher H-1B limits as they signal the alarm that "even that program [H-1B] falls short of being able to fulfill the demand for workers who will emerge in the coming years as labor force aging combines with growing demand for education and skills to tighten the American labor market." The EPF accuses critics of the H-1B program as "stuck  1930s style thinking" and he scoffs at people that claim that the H-1B visa is a threat to job security. [65]

Ron Bird, chief economist for the EPF cast a blind eye to the replacement of American workers when he said, "I see no basis for the theory that there's a displacement of American workers for folks coming in under the H-1B program.[106]

In January of 2003 President Ed Potter said that we are about to have the biggest labor shortage in history. His solution to this impending crisis was to to "build in immigration." Potter went on to say "There are certain things that one knows about the economy."[142] Statements like that illustrate just how little he knows about the economy.

The National Engineers Week is a sister organization of NSPE. They claim engineering shortages have caused an urgency to encourage girls to excel in math and science as early as elementary school -- and continue to excel -- so they'll be ready for formal engineering courses in college. They want more engineers to ease the so called shortage. Why would women by dumb enough to believe them?

The Essential Worker Immigration Coalition is a coalition of businesses from across the industry spectrum that includes hospitals, hotels, drug stores, and other businesses. They advocate H-1B as their salvation. They claim there is simply not enough workers in the U.S. to meet the demand of our strong economy, and therefore we must import more grunts to work cheap for them.

The EWIC wrote Harry Reid, Minority Whip, U.S. Senate, and said that the unemployment rate is reaching zero! They didn't stop with that ridiculous claim, they went on to say that "businesses are now finding themselves with no applicants of any kind for numerous job openings. H-1B was designed so trained professionals could work for a limited time in the United States. It has become widely popular, especially in an age such as this, when Microsoft, IBM and other high-tech companies decided they needed people to fill jobs that were simply not being filled."

The EWIC wants illegal aliens to be given citizenship to solve this labor shortage emergency. "This would allow undocumented immigrants who have lived and worked in the U.S. for many years to remain here permanently."

The EWIC is addicted to cheap labor and asked Heid to grant citizenship for illegals from Central America, Haiti, Caribbean countries, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti and Honduras. to get citizenship. [63]

John Gay, co-chair of the EWIC, is a champion shortage shouter. He claims that there are "Severe shortages of lesser-skilled and unskilled workers."  Gay is lobbying both Republicans and Democrats to increase to the 66,000 non-agricultural workers that are imported into the US. Gay also wants Congress to fashion a bill that's "modeled after the existing H-1B program" in order to bring in even more workers.

Gay doesn't stop at just these proposals. He wants to "allow undocumented aliens to earn green cards." [95] The EWIC will never stop until companies are able to bring in cheap labor without restrictions. Perhaps they should be called the Open Border Immigration Coalition (OBIC).

The EWIC recently started to lobby for restaurateurs, hoteliers, nursing home operators, landscapers and construction executives. They want foreigners working in those fields to be granted visas allowing them to remain in the United States on a long-term basis.

FFF

The Future of Freedom Foundation is a Libertarian think tank of "free-trade" ideologues who that believe open and uncontrolled borders are a matter of morality. They believe that all labor costs should be reduced so that companies can be more profitable and efficient, and that companies should have the freedom to exploit the cheapest labor possible in order to maintain those profits. To the FFF, corporations should have the freedom to do whatever they want without government regulations. 

Steve McPherson, an FFF policy advisor,  has a passionate hostility for American computer programmers because they want to save their jobs. He  said that programmers that used to make $60 an hour are demanding a "Divine Right of Stagnation" [148] when they complain that L-1 visas are used to import workers at 1/6th the cost. He goes on to say that programmers should realize the "benefits of rigorous competition and the morality of economic liberty" and therefore shouldn't complain when they lose their jobs to cheaper foreign labor. His moral passion to destroy the careers of programmers by importing cheap labor is hypocritical since he wants to use government programs to force the issue.

McPherson callously disregards the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution when he stated that the L-1 loopholes are one of the few "remaining freedoms" for the corporatists who seek to subvert middle class America by exploiting cheap labor. His hypocrisy becomes very transparent when he says that "jobs aren’t theirs to be protected or defended by government" while at the same time he said that he wants to use a government visa program to destroy those workers. McPherson ignorance of the Constitution if obvious because it's very clear that the government is responsible for protecting the jobs of its citizens. The 14th Ammendment says that:

"no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law."

Perhaps in McPherson's misguided ideological zeal he thinks that the "L" visa only allows L-ibertarians to enter the country.

This radical organization,  proposed on the editorial pages of the Wall Street Journal, the creation of a single labor market in the NAFTA area. [149] That is, any person legally in Canada, Mexico or the United States could work in any of the three countries. This open-border concept would force labor costs down since corporations could transport cheap labor across international borders. James Bovard, another policy advisor for FFF advocated this open border policy in the Wall Street Journal when he wrote: "The time has come to deregulate our national borders — to end the medieval pursuit of a "just price" for imports — and to cease allowing government officials to have economic life-and-death power over American businesses. It should not be a federal crime to charge low prices to American consumers." [150]

GI

The Garner Institute tries to perpetuate the shortage myth because they are hoping to cash in on some of the training money that H-1B visa fees are supposed to generate. Barbara Gomolski, research director, says that the government realizes that the technical skills shortage is an "inhibiting factor to growth" for many companies. [22]

HI

The Hudson Institute web site claims that they don't advocate an expressed ideology or political position and they question conventional wisdom. If any of their words were true they would question the self serving propaganda about worker shortages.

Politicians like John McCain love to quote bogus shortage studies by the Hudson Institute because they constantly sound the alarm that a massive high tech worker shortage will cause an economic catastrophe. [58] 

Ben Wattenberg of the Hudson Institute pleaded with congress to impose the Immigration Act of 1990 by saying "[Let us] look for people with particular criteria, particular merit, higher education. I mean, this is a buyer's market, American immigration. We can pick from tens of millions of people around the world to get the brightest best educated people --educated on somebody else's nickel, by the way-- that the world has." [1] Marcus Wiehn, a researcher at the Hudson Institute in Indianapolis added to the cacophony when he said "Without immigrants, the nation as a whole and probably Indiana would be in a recession. [61]

Dr. Richard Judy of the Hudson Institute implied that we need a permanent H-1B law when she said that the United States would face an absolute decline in our workforce in the next 20 years without immigration. [59] If that wasn't bad enough, Betsy M. Ross, senior fellow at the Hudson Institute and former lieutenant governor of New York, actually had the gall to say that the GOP must pass further increases in the H-1B quota to "keep the good times rolling". [60] Apparently she only cares about the good times companies are having while they replace American workers with cheap indentured workers.

Fortunately not all at the Hudson Institute are so easily swayed by corporate spin doctors.  Alan Reynolds, director of economic research at the Hudson Institute said, "Instead of providing key industries with large numbers of highly educated immigrants, U.S. immigration policy serves primarily to increase the number of U.S. residents who lack even a high-school degree,...America must stop recruiting workers for jobs that do not exist or exist only at the lowest wages." [62]

IC

According to outgoing co-chairman Jim Greenwood, "the India Caucus has become one of the most effective caucuses on Capitol Hill." [144]. The India Caucus is a group of about 140 Congressional politicians that formed a political action committee to lobby the U.S. government for the interests of Indian multi-national corporations. Their web page explains that they are a "not-for-profit lobbying organization registered with the U.S. Federal Government" to "serve as a watch dog for inaccuracies and bias in media coverage about India or Indians in the United States."  In other words, our politicians are lobbying themselves to destroy U.S. jobs - go figure that!

In April of 2003, five members of the India Caucus went on a junket in Mumbai organized by the CII and NASSCOM. Politicians that  were wined and dined in India included Joseph Crowley (D-NY), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Chris Bell (D-TX), and Kendrick Meek (D-FL). [145]

India Seminar Highlights

Sheila Jackson explained to a seminar during the junket that less H-1Bs are coming into the United States because of a slow economy, but assured everyone that as soon as the economy picks up, the cap will be raised. 

Sheila's act was a very tough one follow, but Crowley tried to at least equal it. Crowley assured the Indian software industry that the New Jersey anti-outsourcing bill [note] will not catch on in other states. Crowley ranted against "unhealthy" legislation to protect American jobs and said it's a "win-win situation" when jobs are sent to Mumbai. [2003] He deserves an Oscar for explaining how New York lost over a quarter of a million jobs but will get jobs back once those "un-healthy" anti-outsourcing laws are stopped. [146]

NOTE: S1349/A2425 was introduced in New Jersey by State Senator Shirley Turner)

ICC

The Indo-American Chamber of Commerce is a Washington D.C. lobby group that exists to further the interests of rich Indian businessmen. It's no surprise that they constantly tell our government to raise the H-1B limits. R. Veeramani, national Vice-President of the ICC, said that "There is a need to increase the quota of H1B visas". His reason was that more Indian H-1Bs should be working in the US because in his opinion "it was in the interest of Washington that more H1B visas were issued to Indians". He said it is "wrong to equate them [h-1B visa holders] with unskilled laborers" even though the fact is that many are working in blue collar jobs like chicken processing. [72]

This ruthless gang of H-1B shills will stoop as low as necessary in order to defend H-1B. This became painfully obvious when Manjul Batra, president of the ICC of Northern California rushed to defend Lakireddy Bali Reddy, the 62-year-old Berkeley landlord who used H-1B as a ruse to bring young Indian girls into the United States to be used as sex slaves. Batra said she'd known Reddy for 25 years and suggested that if Reddy had sex with any girls [12 to 14 year old], it would have been consensual. ``He's a bachelor,'' Batra said. ``If they want to have fun, and he wants to have fun, no one in the world can stop that.''  [73] 

 It's amazing that Batra would even admit to knowing Lakireddy. This gross misunderstanding of mainstream American culture, statutory rape laws, and the flaunting of immigration laws shows that the ICC thinks that nothing is as important as defending every facet of H-1B.

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is split into factions; some support H-1B and others don't. Unfortunately most of this organization is ruled by industry insiders that care more about corporate bottom lines than the engineers they are supposed to represent. Most of them are cowards who are afraid of being labeled politically incorrect. If the stereotype of the "wimpy, groveling engineer" was ever true, IEEE has plenty of them. 

In 2000 they embraced a new policy called "Green Cards, Not Guest Workers". This boneheaded policy was drafted to allow immigrant engineers to get instant Green Cards instead of H-1B visas. They wanted to remind Congress and the media that guest workers are not immigrants and hoped to insulate themselves from charges of xenophobia by taking the "pro-immigration high-ground". Only a small minority at IEEE thought that representing American engineers was a moral high-ground.

Quarrels broke out between different sections of the organization over the H-1B issue. IEEE International said that IEEE-USA's lobbying against the H-1B increase in 1998 might be perceived as xenophobic. Pressure also was applied by corporate and academic members who actively employed H-1Bs and didn't want IEEE to oppose their cheap labor program. IEEE-USA gave into the pressure and since then the issue has been soft pedaled by the entire organization. 

In 2000 IEEE hired Washington D.C. lobbyist and insider Paul Donnelly because of his instant green card ideologies. IEEE's connections with  Donnelly's lobbying efforts added to the suspicion that IEEE could no longer be a voice for displaced engineers. The front page of Donnelley's Immigration Reform Website IRC.org  said 

"all efforts are funded and supported directly by the members of the coalition.  IEEE-USA provides administrative support." 

During Donnelley's reign IEEE-USA took a number of steps that seemed to tone down the shortage issues and H-1B. It removed its "Misfortune 500" web page, a compendium of 500 engineers, mainly older, who were having trouble finding engineering work in spite of the alleged high-tech boom. IEEE also removed from the site its report on a 1998 Harris Poll (commissioned by IEEE-USA) which had shown that 82% of Americans opposed the H-1B increase. [23]

Donnelly left IEEE after a rather short period of time. There were rumors that IEEE didn't like the way he was making immigration issues more visible within the organization. They preferred to hide from the H-1B issue and Donnelly was making that difficult for them to do. Donnelly took down the IRC website and as of May 2002 the domain was up for sale. For more on Donnelly see IRC

Since the Donnelly era the IEEE has gone back to echoing the NSF's theme that the way to  discourage more H-1Bs from entering the country is by encouraging more students to graduate with engineering degrees. That's because they still think employers hire H-1Bs because there is a shortage of engineers. IEEE has a vested interest in getting more engineers to graduate because they hope to enlist more members to bolster their declining number of paying members in order to collect more fees. 

In 2005 the president of the IEEE, Gerard A. Alphonse, reaffirmed the IEEE's commitment to promoting instant Green Cards. This former Haitian national who entered the U.S. with a Green Card saw no conflict of interest with his support for Green Cards, and even wrote: "IEEE-USA supports immigration policies that bring the best and brightest individuals from abroad and encourages them to stay. " [157]

Membership fees to IEEE are quite high and yet the career of their engineers do not seem to be as important as appearing friendly to the corporations that are replacing American engineers with H-1Bs. Instead we get an organization of corporate ideologues that don't care about their constituency. They hire H-1Bs directly into their organization so they have a major conflict of interest on H-1B (they have several entries in the LCA Database). There is little hope that this organization will ever change their views. They may feign resistance to H-1B while they continue to hire them onto their staff.

IRC

The Immigration Reform Coalition  was another Washington D.C. group founded by Paul Donnelly. The IRC proposed to replace H-1B visas with instant green cards, and sought to redress some inequities in family-based immigration, such as long waits for green cards by immigrant spouses. There was lots of talk about family value stuff here but this organization was a wolf sheathed in lamb's clothing. The IRC said that they wanted a kinder, gentler immigration policy. They actually wanted to make it easier for immigrants to take away our jobs by giving them instant citizenship.

Donnelly's concept was opposed by almost everyone but H-1Bs that wanted Green Cards. Industry opposed him because they like the indentured servitude aspects of H-1B. American workers opposed him because they didn't want the labor market flooded with even more foreign workers. He did a short stint at IEEE but left over disagreements with his instant green card idea.  His organization imploded. Donnelly took down the IRC website and as of May 2002 the domain was up for sale.

Donnelly has been in the visa business for quite awhile. In 1990 he was a congressional aide who played a role in writing the 1990 H-1B legislation. A Baltimore Sunspot article said that on March 15, 1991, Morrison's press secretary, Paul Donnelly, set up a company in Hyattsville called Investment Immigration Consulting Co. Its purpose, according to Maryland records, was to provide consulting and other services related to the investor visa program. 

ISA

Immigration Services Associates (ISA) is another Harris Miller organization. They lobby congress and the key departments and agencies of the federal government to increase H-1B and worker immigration quotas. Infamous immigration attorney and tireless H-1B shill Arthur Fragomen said that the ISA is particularly instrumental in representing the interests of the business community with Congress and the key departments and agencies of the federal government. [71]

They have lawyers that defend clients at immigration interviews and hearings and in proceedings before administrative law judges and for appellate review. [18] They are a powerful H-1B lobby that influences Congress and the key departments and agencies of the federal government.

ISN

The Immigrants Support Network is a militant organization set up to lobby for foreign workers in the US. [19] They claim to be a non-profit organization made up of over 17,000 current H-1B visa holders in the United States.  ISN lobbied in 1998 for an increase in the H-1B quota, and in 1999 were lobbying for removing the per-country limits for employer-sponsored green cards. ISN wants open borders so that any immigrant can work in the U.S. whenever they feel like moving here.

Many ISN members have said they are entitled to US benefits and believe they have been a "gift" to the U.S. Their gift to us includes the announcement on April 4, 2001 that "The Godfather of the Indian Mafia", Kanwal Rekhi, would help the ISN to pressure Congress for more handouts to H-1Bs. The ISN said that Rekhi is a prominent Angel investor most famous for his investment in Exodus Communications. [79]  He promised to use his clout to bend the ears of politicians about the plight of H-1B visa holders. [78]  

H-1Bs are not American citizens but that is not stopping ISN from lobbying Congress. They claim they are transforming their organization into a political action group and that they are ready to fight for legislation. The scary thing is that Congress is listening to them. The ISN met with Rep. Anna Eshoo's (D-CA) office on June 1, 2000 for a full hour. [80]

ISN's high powered lobbyists include the lawyer Rick Swartz. The San Francisco Chronicle said that Swartz was working pro bono [80] but an ISN newsletter of October 21, 2000 revealed that Swartz usually charges $350/hr for corporate clients and $250 per hour for non-profit organizations. He was charging them a fee of $100,000. It's obvious that the ISN is getting some big lobby dollars to play with. 

ISN member contributions probably did not cover that sum, as ISN said only 762 members had actually contributed money for the lobbying efforts. Dr. Norman Matloff was on a TV panel with ISN board member Murali Devarakonda in the year 2000. Matloff said that Devarakonda bragged that ISN would get huge funding from a prominent Indo-American entrepeneur. [81] Perhaps the Godfather of India is funding them with extra cash?

In 1997 and 1998 it was the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA) and a Silicon Valley employer group that carried the ball for a significant expansion of guest worker quotas The ITAA did it with a "masterful PR campaign based on job vacancies" that they characterized as shortages and proven by a glossy survey report.

Harris Miller, the president of ITAA, worked as a lobbyist/consultant for California agribusiness in the late 1980s. Miller's first big client was the National Council of Agricultural Employers, a group of large growers who use migrant and illegal alien workers. [20]

His firm helped farmers to bring in "temporary" agricultural workers from Mexico. These farmers wanted to undercut gains that Cesar Chavez and UFW had made. This boosted the profits of Miller's agribusiness clients. Harris painted such pictures as "fields full of crops, just lying there, rotting in the sun because of the 'crisis' of a 'shortage' of farm workers." This was a prelude to using the same strategies for an organization that Harris founded in the late 1980s, the ITAA, which is a lobbying organization that represents "high tech" firms. He merely substituted the category of scientist and engineer that was in highest demand for the agricultural worker. He has become very wealthy from the new "high-tech bracero" program.

A spokesman for the Farmworker Justice Fund, Inc. said "he [Harris Miller] was a lobbyist/consultant to the growers and was very active for years on the agricultural guest worker legislation. "

Miller said that critics who deny there's a high tech labor shortage probably also think that the world is flat.[26] We can be thankful that this scofflaw didn't accuse us of believing in the Tooth Fairy.

Harris Miller will be infamous in future history books as the man who helped bring down the great American empire. He is the ultimate skunk!!! Go here to see Miller's smug face while standing in his plush Washington D.C. office.

Harris N. Miller, president of the Information Technology Association of America
Age: 49
Education: Undergraduate degree University of Pittsburgh; graduate
degree Yale University

Family: married, two children
Send love letters to: hmiller@itaa.org

Jeff Lande, a vice president of ITAA, was the lead lobbyist to raise the H-1B visa cap. In 2001 he made this outlandish statement: "We have a shortage of skilled IT workers that is well over 800,000 in the U.S. right now, and that figure is expected to grow". [133]

RHETT DAWSON is president of the Information Technology Industry Council, which lobbies in Washington D.C. for huge IT companies such as Intel, Unisys and Hewlett-Packard. He calls us extremist groups masquerading under names such as the Coalition for the Future American Worker and the Federation for American Immigration Reform. He is pouting about the TV ads that are running that showing the damage done by H-1B. He whines that we are unfairly attacking Sen. Spencer Abraham and R-Auburn Hills  for accepting the corporate bribe money to import indentured slaves. He warns that extremist groups are targeting those who support the high-tech industry's efforts to pass what is known as H1-B visa legislation.[27] I think what he is saying is that we should declare war over all workers that want a fair wage.

The Information Technology Training Association is composed of companies involved in the IT Training Industry. During the recent National High Technology Summit on Capitol Hill, almost every speaker (from Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan to Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates) begged congress to increase the H-1B limit. "Everyone realizes we have a critical shortage of IT skilled workers. There is no business, organization or government office that is immune to this shortage," said Peter Squier, ITTA President and TTTCC Co-chair. "We all depend on employees or contractors with the IT skills required to maintain, upgrade, and repair our computer systems."[24] Squier knows very well that not everybody believes the shortage myth that he is promoting. He also knows that politicians listen to big money and Bill Gates. 

JointVenture is a special interest group funded by big money high tech companies in Silicon Valley. JointVenture's financial page has a huge list of H-1B employers and then thanks them for their "generous support".

JointVenture did a "1999 Workforce Gap Study"[122]  that warned that the lack of plentiful cheap labor is costing Silicon Valley companies $3-4 billion. The shortage shouting in this study uses the same bogus methods that the ITAA uses - they gather opinions and do surveys from companies that have a direct financial interest in propagating these shortage theories. JointVenture calls their methods a "hypothesis-driven approach" but when talking to the press they talk like their study is scientific fact. 

You would think that the massive job losses and economic downturn in Silicon Valley would discourage JointVenture from further shortage shouting but they haven't slowed down. They made the absurd claim that in 2001, in the midst of the economic downturn and mass job terminations, that the workforce gap equaled 25 percent of the labor market demand. [123]

Ruben Barrales, who was Joint Venture's President and CEO at the time of the earlier study, and often talked to the press in support of the industry lobbyists' claims of a big labor shortage, bootstrapped that position into a high-level job in the Bush administration. He is now Deputy Assistant to the President of the U.S., directing domestic intergovernmental affairs for the White House.[124]

LPA

Anti-labor pressure lobby Labor Policy Association is an organization that represents human resource executives of 200 corporations. These fat cat HR execs oppose all unions and praised the Senate when they passed the increase of H-1B in 2000. LPA wants unlimited H-1Bs with no restrictions or regulations on how they are used or paid. 

The LPA successfully defeated union attempts to select a top level web domain name of ".union". They said that .union domains would create confusion but their real agenda was to keep high-tech workers from joining unions.

Massachusetts Software & Internet Council (MSIC and formely MSC) claim that they have been working closely with Senator Edward Kennedy and his Judiciary Committee staff over the past three years (1998-2001) to address the workforce shortage through education and training programs and through other improvements in the H1B Visa program, including an increase in the number of visas granted. According to them, access to H-1Bs should not be curtailed but instead increased. [132]

MSIC claims they train technical people to have new skills but they don't actually do technical training. The only "training" MSC provides on its own is to teach their clients "culture," i.e. what kind of "atmosphere" to expect in software firms. The main thing they do for their clients is to act in the capacity of "introducer." MSC sets up a client with an employer, and it is the *employer* who provides the technical training. The lucky trainees get low paying jobs such as manning help desks. [131]

In the year 2000 MSIC signed the ABLI Petition along with 417 other organizations and corporations to raise the H-1B visa cap.

The Meta Group is an industry funded research company that is paid big money to issue worker shortage propaganda. They spin their press releases to sound like they are objective and independent, but they are actually corporate shills in disguise. Politicians and US companies love to quote the META Group whenever they are trying to justify
H-1B. One of the worst skunks of them all, the ITAA, loves to use META's over inflated shortage numbers. What's worse is the way they insult American workers in an effort to justify the importation of H-1Bs. 

META Group and the #1 Skunk of them all, the ITAA, are close bosom buddies. As an illustration, according to Dr. Howard Rubin's online biography, he headed the IT Quality and Productivity Task Force at ITAA's 1998 National Workforce Convocation. [113] Doubtless there are other connections as well. There have been many ITAA press releases that include META Group commentary.

Peter Burris, an analyst at Meta Group Inc. in Stamford, Conn said that H-1B visa holders have the deep technical skills vendors want, as well as a desire learn how high-tech businesses work. He went on to say that "the more bright folks that the IT universe can get access to, the better". Why doesn't he think Americans are bright enough to learn how businesses work? [74]

In the year 2000 the Meta Group Meta Group Inc. said that there will be 850,000 vacant IT jobs in the U.S. by year's end. They were wrong on that prediction but that hasn't stopped them from shortage shouting. In June of 2001 they said that despite massive corporate layoffs, there will be a shortfall of 600,000 technology workers. So far this highly paid research group has been about as accurate as a New York stockbroker. [75] And speaking of stock, the META group has plunged from a high of $38 in January 2000 to $.077 on April 4, 2001. Perhaps corporations no longer feel it's necessary to pay for expensive shortage shouting and H-1B shilling.

Could it be that American workers are just too lazy? The META Group seems to think that's the case. According to Howard Rubin, Americans are protected by a tight labor market so they don't have to work as hard. He said IT professionals have become too "fat and happy". Rubin said that these American workers have grown complacent and they aren't productive. His insults didn't stop there. Rubin said U.S. programmers are often paid more, educated less and trained less than their foreign counterparts.  [76]

Meta Group Analyst Maria Schafer commenting on the salaries of IT professionals in April of 2001 said that "there are still too few people, and they still cost too much."[111]  Her comment, more than anything else Meta Group could say, explains why they want to bring in H-1Bs to flood the labor market. On April 5, the day before this article was published, META Group announced that it would slash its headcount by 15%. [112] This mass termination, with a particular focus on their metagroup.com subsidiary, illustrates the fraudulent nature of this organization. 

Massachusetts Technology Collaborative conducts research on worker shortages that they claim is objective. This organization has representatives from big money industries, academia and government - but nobody from labor. It's no surprise that their scientific surveys are biased to confirm that there is a vast shortage of technical workers. In one study they claimed that 1 in 12 job vacancies in Massachusetts for skilled workers is not being filled. They concluded that foreign immigration is credited with assisting the state's ability to generate economic growth during the past decade. [38]

National Association of Computer Consultant Businesses say they use the synergy of Information Technology partnerships. Their webpage says that they are a trade association for IT services firms and not an organization for workers. As of the end of 2002 they claim to represent almost 400 companies that have over $15 billion in combined annual revenue.

One of their board members, Alan Strong does not oppose "increasing the talent pool" by admitting more foreign workers to the United States, he also sees wage scale abuse as a widespread problem that needs to be rectified. 

He also states that until foreign workers have complete access to the job market "qualified American IT professionals will continue to be displaced." Strong's angst over the plight of programmers seems suspicious since he would benefit from labor rates dropping. [32]

Ignoring the increasing unemployment of computer professionals, the NACCB came out with a statement in December of 2002 that said, "despite the recent economic downturn, the future demand for highly-skilled IT professionals is projected to continue to outstrip the supply of qualified U.S. workers." They are advocating a new H-1B cap that would subvert the free market by indexing the number of visas issued by demand. Since they are vague about who will determine the index it must be assumed that their multi-billion dollar corporate friends will supply the numbers. [141]

The National Association of Chain Drug Stores - According to the National Association of Chain Drug Stores, four out of every five patients who visit a doctor in the U.S. leave with a prescription. They go on to claim that there are not enough pharmacists to write these prescriptions and warn, "Analysts say if the shortage is not resolved soon -- perhaps by granting U.S. visas to foreign pharmacists -- there could be a rise in the misuse of drugs." [64] Are they saying that because they don't have enough H-1Bs that they are writing the wrong prescriptions, or are they saying that people will use illegal drugs if 
H-1B pharmacists aren't hired to protect dumb Americans?

Mike de Angelis, a spokesman for CVS Corp., the No. 2 U.S. drug retail chain said that "The pharmacist shortage is primarily a result of increased training mandated by schools and accreditation authorities." This statement is scary because he apparently doesn't want to wait for properly trained Americans when he can get H-1Bs that have quick and easy paper mill diplomas. 

NACDS  is a member of the shortage shouter group Essential Worker Immigration Coalition (EWIC)

It seems that one of the main things The National Association of Colleges and Employers (formerly the College Placement Council) does is to produce glossy surveys that are used to show that the high tech job market is full of worker shortages and everyone is getting dramatically rising salaries.

NACE signed a letter that "urged" Congress to vote for H.R. 3983, the Helping to Improve Technology Education and Achievement Act, sponsored by Representatives David Dreier and Zoe Lofgren.[68] This bill exempted colleges and universities from the yearly H-1B quota so that they could hire unlimited numbers of them. More than 390,000 Labor Condition Applications were received in 2002 and many of those will never be counted towards the quota thanks to NACE.

See ACE for more information on HR3983.

National Association of Foreign Student Advisers is an advocacy group dedicated to bringing foreign students into the U.S. The think they deserve special treatment and out government agrees with them. Their web site says, "The higher education labor market is fundamentally different from the private sector labor market; accordingly, it deserves separate consideration. Regardless of which specific bills or provisions are considered, the goal of higher education is to ensure that colleges and universities have full access to H-1B professionals throughout the year. " NAFSA constantly asks for higher H-1B limits and in 2000 they helped to get educational institutions exempted from the limit, in other words, they can import as many H-1Bs as they want.

NAFTSA constantly whines that the weak protections in H-1B are too much trouble. Helene Robertson, Director of Scholar Services at Georgetown University’s International Office says universities need more freedom from complicated, burdensome, and time consuming immigration regulations. [66]

David Auston, Provost at Rice University in Houston, said on behalf of NAFSA, "We do recognize your concerns that foreign scientists are employed in research positions that might otherwise be available to American scientists. However, we believe that the market impact is comparatively modest and is more than offset by the loss of talent that would result. Thus, we believe  that rigid provisions such as one requiring a foreign scientist to return  home for a certain number of years before being eligible for a permanent or  temporary visa would not be in the best interests of the nation. [33]

NAM

National Association of Manufacturers is a pro-business organization that cites various bogus statistics or studies that say U.S. companies are being held back by the visa caps. Of course they want cheaper factory labor and they want to make it even easier for companies to hire foreign labor.

Phyllis Eisen, director of risk management for the National Association of Manufacturers said "Increasingly, America faces new challenges from foreign economic powers. There is a growing pressure on U.S. industries to compete efficiently and effectively in the international marketplace. One of the tools necessary to do so are our immigration laws that provide for the transfer of international personnel and the entry of employer-sponsored immigrants. Unfortunately these laws and procedures are outdated and do not reflect the needs of U.S.-based corporations that operate in a global marketplace." 

Crystal Neiswonger testified to Congress on behalf of NAM and claimed that "Rather than taking American jobs, these individuals are creating jobs and growing our company (TRW). She never what kind of jobs H-1Bs create. She then went on to say that the, "H–1B Visa Program is a needed and valid Government initiative." Her statement that H-1B "is helpful for American workers" was one of the most outrageous statements made in the 2000 Congressional hearing. She wants the program to be improved by lifting all those "burdensome" regulations that attempt to protect the American workers that she claims H-1B helps. [97]

NAS

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) was created by the United States Congress to advise the government in scientific and technical matters. It has been dominated by high dollar lobbyists pushing special interest agendas.

The Congress mandated using the "best possible means" to survey the IT workforce to determine the extent of employer age discrimination. They did this after raising the H-1B limits from 65,000/year to 115,000/year. In other words congress knew that H-1B would make age discrimination worse.

These hearings were held by the NAS at San Jose, CA; New York, NY; Boston, MA; and Austin, TX. The hearings are a farce that is dominated by the ITAA. These hearings are not objective. They are designed to promote the views of pro H-1B advocates. They give no time on the agenda for IT workers to present their perspective. The conference conveners have made testifying difficult by not giving significant advance notice. There have also been NO articles in the local papers in advance of the meetings to advise programmers of their opportunity to testify.

Gene Nelson, of the Programmers Guild, did his best to testify in the hearings. They didn't want to hear what he had to say so they made it as difficult as possible for him to talk about the H-1B scam. 

The National Association of Software and Service Companies is a lobby that represents about 700 Indian companies.  They lobby to get more government handouts for H-1Bs. They seek an early signing of a ''tontalization agreement'' with Washington to eliminate payment of social security charges by Indian workers in both countries.

NASSCOM President Dewang Mehta said the industry wanted an immediate removal of such barriers and added costs, which he said were non-tariff trade barriers.

 

Harris Miller (see ITAA) was an associate with the  National Council of Agricultural Employers. This is a Washington D.C. based group that lobbies for cheap labor for large agricultural mega-corporations. Miller used the same rhetoric about the need for cheap farm laborers that he now uses to justify H-1B to import high-tech braceros.

The National Council of Structural Engineers Associations claims that they represent the interests of civil and structural engineers. Their website doesn't even mention H-1B so one might assume that they don't care about the issue. NCSEA ducks the issue of H-1B and so far has denied that H-1B has any affect on Structural or Civil engineers. The NCSEA is one of the few engineering associations that doesn't have a position statement on H-1B.

Many organizations like the NCSEA purport to represent engineers when in fact they are a lobby group for engineering companies and HR departments - not working engineers. Working engineers will get a rude surprise when they ask NCSEA for support on the H-1B issue, especially since so many of them are being replaced by H-1Bs. 

Since this organization won't discuss H-1B, they must be judged by looking at who their officers are. The NCSEA may avoid the issue publicly, but privately many of their top members are quite active in the H-1B business. 

Stan R. Caldwell, Chairman, NCSEA Advocacy Committee, said that they are H-1B agnostics. [54] Caldwell and the many of the officers of NCSEA appear more like true believers when the facts are examined. The companies they own or work for hire numerous H-1Bs. Some of their companies include KPFF Consulting Engineers, DeStefano Associates, Halff Associates, Gilsanz, Murray, Steficek, and EQE International. [2] They hire H-1Bs for architects, and civil and structural engineers.

The political lobbying of some of their members is disturbing also. Jesse Covarrubias, acting for Structural Engineering Associates, gave a $1000 PAC money contribution to shortage shouter lobbyists, the America Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC), on 11/8/2000. [53] Structural Engineering Associates hires H-1Bs so the connection here seems rather obvious.

These people choose to duck the H-1B issue because they have a direct financial interest in hiring them. The NCSEA has it's hand in the H-1B cookie jar and should confess what their true religion is.

NEC

New England Council is an alliance of business, academic, and health institutions who lobby in favor of business interests. They praised every increase in H-1B limits.

Anne Finucane, chairman of the New England Council, "If we do not overcome the shortage of skilled labor, the growth of Massachusetts' economy will continue to be constrained," said Finucane, executive vice president of FleetBoston Financial. 

James T. Brett, president and CEO of the New England Council "The survey dramatically underscores the need for an increased supply of skilled workers in key technology occupations. [36} Brett also said that "since the national high tech vacancy rate is 2 percent, it is easy to see how much Massachusetts will benefit from more high tech visas." [37] 

This organization will continue to claim that Massachusetts will not be able to compete without a huge influx of H-1Bs.

NRA

The National Restaurant Association is comprised of 844,000 restaurant and foodservice outlets. They have joined with the Essential Worker Immigration Coalition and the National Council of La Raza to lobby for visas that allow low cost workers from companies such as Mexico to work in US restaurants and junk food stores. [107]

One needs to look no further than their own web pages to see where they stand on the importation and exploitation of cheap labor: [108]

 

National Restaurant Association Position

When restaurants and other business owners cannot fill jobs with U.S. workers, hiring foreign nationals should be a viable alternative. The National Restaurant Association strongly supports com-prehensive
immigration reform including:

  • a short-term visa program for employers with short-term employment needs (a streamlining of the H-2B program)
  • a new, longer-term visa similar to the H-1B program that allows the employee to eventually receive permanent residency status
  •  reforms to the permanent employment-based categories (green cards) to make those programs available to essential workers.

The National Restaurant Association also supports an “earned adjustment” for undocumented individuals who are currently residing and working in the U.S. to allow them to earn a green card by agreeing to employment in essential worker jobs for a certain period of time.

NRC

The National Research Council did a study that was mandated by Congress in 1998, as part of legislation which increased the H-1B quota. The NRC was dominated by industry representatives and allies of industry from academia. The committee includes members from Intel and Microsoft, the latter representative being Ira Rubinstein, Microsoft's chief lobbyist for H-1B visas. More can be found about the NRC at Norman Matloff's "Debunking the Myth of a Desperate Software Labor Shortage".

The committee's chair, Alan Merten, is president of George Mason University.  Merten sits on the boards of several high-tech firms, such as BTG Inc., Comshare and the Indus Group. (Washington Technology, August 29, 1996.) At least one of those, BTG, hires H-1Bs at below-market rates. Use the H-1B Visa Database to see what these companies are up to.

NSF

The mid-1980's study conducted by the National Science Foundation - yes, the one that insidiously predicted a looming engineering shortage - has prompted an investigation by Congress of that organization. Hearings initiated by the House of Representatives' Sub- committee on Investigations and Oversight, part of the Science, Space, and Technology Committee, began in early April. For that hearing, the president of the American Engineering Association, Billy E. Reed, submitted written testimony that included the statement, "I do not know of a working-level engineer who believes the National Science Foundation is friend of the engineering community." Here we have a U.S. government agency, the NSF, that is not "a friend of the engineering community," but rather has done harm to all engineers doing their part to improve the country's competitive technology stance. 

According to an article in the San Jose Mercury News, "The National Science Foundation official who did the study, Peter House, defended it by telling the panel that he sought to depict a hypothetical situation. He said the study was never intended as a forecast of what might happen in the real world." Unfortunately, in that real world, real engineers have to practice their profession and earn their salaries. In his written testimony, AEA's Reed notes: "NSF itself has a vested interest in having a shortage. With a projected shortage, NSF is in a better position for additional funding, which keeps the bureaucracy expanding. The only loser is the working-level engineer who has no representation in the process." . Reed concludes with six recommendations: "Require any study or survey to be reviewed by an independent, neutral body before being released or leaked to the public or press. This body should be representative of the engineering workforce ... Require the effects of current market conditions to be considered as part of the overall study or survey as a leveling mechanism ... Require NSF to spend as much resources and effort in recalling' a faulted report as is spent in publicizing the release of the report ... Stop NSF from lobbying Congress on such issues as immigration, etc. It's one thing to testify on credible, scientific evidence, but quite another to spend taxpayer money to lobby for the NSF point of view ... Place working-level engineers in areas of responsibility within this process...Stop funding ESP--engineering shortage propaganda. This money could be better spent to create jobs for engineers." Amen. 

The American Engineering Association states its aims as being dedicated to enhancing the engineering profession and U.S. engineering capabilities. 

Electronic Design  MAY 1. 1992 

The H-1B Hall of Shame thanks Richard Tax, vice president of the American Engineering Association for donating this article on the NSF. The AEA is an organization opposed to H-1B and truly represents the interests of American engineers.

For further information about AEA, contact 

Richard Tax, AEA vice president, at 
rtax@bellatlantic.net

For more on the NSF see How and Why Government, Universities and Industry Create Domestic Labor Shortages: An Introduction to the Real NSF 'Shortage' Study. By Eric Weinstein

Dr. Norman Matloff blasts the newest NRC report in his newsletter "We Ask for the Scientific Method, But We Get Political Science".

The National Society of Professional Engineers claim that they are the only engineering society that represents individual engineering professionals across all disciplines. They actually represent the corporate CEO's view on engineering. According to the NSPE, the engineering profession is facing not only a dearth of engineers in general, but a lack of diversification. 

Linda Lindsay, manager of Congressional and State relations, said they "decided not to take a position on the issue [H-1B]. As the committee's discussion suggests, it would be difficult to arrive at a consensus viewpoint." 

Gregory Reed, former president of the Tennessee Society of Professional Engineers (TPSE) said that “As far as Tennessee is concerned, I am not really aware of any problem or at least one hasn’t been brought up in any meeting. This despite the fact that the LCA Database lists thousands of H-1Bs in Tennessee. He goes on to say he doesn't see the necessity of taking up the H-1B issue. [130] 

The National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) reviewed the H1-B issue twice and both times decided to take no position on H-1B visas. This decision was made by NSPE's Legislative and Government Affairs Committee, a committee made up of dues-paying members. They chose instead to support education bills to improve the number of engineers trained in the U.S. [47]  

The NSPE joins a long list of engineering societies that feel that the best solution to engineering unemployment is to glut the market with new graduates. H-1B importation forces more US workers into unemployment and reduces wages. The NSPE makes matters worse by implying that undereducated American engineers and programmers are inferior to imported, cheap foreign replacement workers.

The NSPE should have revisited their position and to find out why unemployed US engineers are highly concerned over the loss of their jobs to foreign replacement workers and what this says about employability to these US professionals, their children, their peers. It certainly wouldn't take a rocket scientist to figure out that if you are an American engineer you have a limited professional working life cycle with significant and frequent bouts of unemployment because of this program of importing foreign replacement workers. Who would want to spend four years in engineering for a degree in which the pre-determined outcome is that as an American you will automatically be inferior to a fellow classmate from a foreign nation? One would be better to study a less demanding field of study in which such biases don't exist.

How long will it take NSPE to catch up to addressing these very
real concerns of engineers?

Check out the American Engineering Campaign (AEC) to see some of the misguided NSPE campaigns.

The Nursing Home Association of Oklahoma thinks that it is too difficult to hire H-1B nurses. They want to "eliminate restrictions on immigration for skilled and unskilled caregivers to alleviate shortages of qualified workers (increase H-1B visas)." [25] This is a typical medical institution that uses shortage shouting as an excuse for wanting to hire cheap foreign nurses.

Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) is a private organization that claims they are dedicated to independent, objective, nonpartisan research. PPIC, it should be noted, is funded by Wm. Hewlett, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard. Most of the time their "research" seems to echo the H-1B advocacy of HP so their objectivity ends where HP's funding begins. 

Professor Annalee Saxenian at the University of California at Berkeley is an adjunct fellow at PPIC. She is a typical shortage shouter that claims that H-1Bs are necessary because of a huge shortage of IT workers. She gives lectures all over California in which she talks about the wonderful economic impact that Silicon Valley enjoys because it imports so many H-1Bs. A study she did with PPIC actually tries to make the case that that rather than displacing U.S. citizens and permanent residents from jobs, the high-tech immigrants are creating jobs. They don't discuss what jobs are created for the Americans who have been replaced by the H-1Bs. [125]

Saxenian is one of the doomsayers that claim that restricting the immigration of foreign skilled workers could have far-reaching consequences; affecting not only the supply of skilled workers, but the rate of entrepreneurship, the level of international development and trade, and economic growth in California. In other words the California economy will collapse without H-1Bs. [126]

Saxenian recently objected to Defense Deptment proposals to disallow foreign nationals from working on defense projects. She protested that this would cause a labor shortage in the defense industry and said that defense department officials may be "boxing themselves into a situation where they will lose the best talent." she goes on to say that "There's probably no company in Silicon Valley that doesn't have from 10% to 40% of their work force who are foreign nationals. Isn't that a national security concern? [127]

Saxenian's newest term is "brain circulation". She says that H-1Bs are highly trained foreign-born professionals that are "agents of global economic change" and then bleets how they go home to India and China once a year to share technology secrets with their colleagues. This "brain circulation" activity used to be called corporate espionage and spying. Many of these brain circulators that she likes so much are working at government institutions like Los Alamos National Labs and Lawrence Livermore Research labs. The FBI should stop this leaking of government secrets immediately. [129]

So let's be objective and nonpartisan and analyze what the PPIC has said about H-1B. 

  • The economy of California would collapse without H-1Bs. 

  • Silicon Valley is a hotbed of entrepreneurship because 40% of the workers are H-1B. 

  • Our national defense will fall apart if we don't hire those brilliant foreigners because there aren't enough Americans that know how to program a computer.

RTC

Raise the Cap is a website run by Hank Lavery who is an executive vice president of Century Pool Management in Alexandria. His website says that the mission is to "unify the voice of ALL seasonal employers that use the H-2B Non-Immigrant Worker Program." This is nothing but a blatant anti-American attack against American workers that need jobs in the vacation industry. He wants to push for the "Save the Summer Act of 2004" to increase the number of H-2B visas from 66,000 to 106,000.

Lavery wants to ruin the summer for thousands of college kids that need jobs because he thinks hotels and resorts should be able to hire cheap foreign labor instead of college kids that have traditionally done this work. He even had the gall to say that if Congress and the President don't pass the bill it will destroy the summer for vacationers. Hopefully not all vacation businesses share Lavery's contempt for our immigration laws because in his opinion, if companies don't get a new supply of indentured laborers on H-2B then they will have no choice but to fill the gap with illegal aliens. [156]

Lavery even admits on his website that college students want these jobs, so he rationalizes why hotels can't be inconvenienced with hiring them. He claims without offering any proof "when the vacancies are available, the duties are ones they do not want to perform, and/or the jobs are located in areas that they do not want to work." This is a typical lie that the shortage shouters use when they want to pay 3rd-world salaries.

If Hank Lavery gets his way on the so-called Save Summer Act, he will be the grinch that stole the summer from thousands of college students that need jobs in order to pay their ever increasing tuitions.

SAE

The Society of Automotive Engineers boasts having memberships of 80,000 engineers, business executives, educators, and students from more than 97 countries. The SAE is a typical example of an engineering organization that actually represents the point of view of corporate executives and HR departments.

Here a some of the views on their current website [48]:

Sharon Wenzl, Vice President, Corporate Relations for Freudenberg-NOK said "We have recruited outside of North America as a means of getting ahead in this game. By recruiting elsewhere, we are less likely to lose engineers to other companies because they are on our work visa." Sharon recognizes that her H-1Bs are indentured to her company so they can't leave. She mistakes this indentured contract for loyalty. Southern cotton plantation owners made the same mistake.

Chuck Wintz, Marketing Director for EDS-Applied Engineering Solutions, says "We also have come across more overseas candidates through our traditional on-campus recruiting. There are more overseas engineering students with student visas than in the past. We have had the opportunity to interview many of these people". The hiring practices of EDS are a disturbing trend and should not be condoned by the SAE. They are going after foreign students that are studying in the US in order to can convert their student visas into work visas. H-1B was supposed to bring foreign workers into the United States, it was never supposed to be used for on campus recruiting.

The page goes on to say that the number of university students pursuing engineering and science disciplines continues to drop by the thousands every year in North America. Put in simple terms, interest in math and sciences among students dwindles with age. Perhaps that is because the older a kid gets, the smarter he gets. There is no incentive to take tough science and engineering classes when they see their parents being replaced by foreign replacement workers.

The South Central Dakota Regional Council may go down in history for their efforts to craft one of the most bizarre pieces of legislation in the history of H-1B. Their proposal is called the "21st Century Homesteading Act". [139] This homesteading bill is modeled on the Homestead Act of 1862 and would give H-1Bs 160 acres of land in North Dakota to live on. North Dakota Senator, Byron L. Dorgan, thinks that this will solve Dakota's "out-migration" problem.

This homestead act is heralded as the "brainchild of the Jamestown-based South Central Dakota Regional Council. [138]. Dorgan proposed this bill to Congress in 2001. Reason prevailed and it was rejected. That won't stop Dorgan, however, because he promises to reintroduce it in 2003.

The SCDRC claims that once H-1Bs are given free land they will move there and attract high-tech companies. Since the companies aren't already in Dakota, a shortage of workers doesn't exist. These brainchilds are distorting the intent of H-1B and to new levels of absurdity. Delore Zimmerman of CEO Praxis knows calls this problem a difficulty that "lies in the normal conditions attached to a work visa."[140] Zimmerman's problem is quite difficult because she will need to break the law in order to make this bill work or she will have to ask Dorgan to change the H-1B law.

The Stanford Computer Industry Project are academic shills for high-tech industries. Their website says that some of their corporate sponsors include British Petroleum, Citibank, Micorsoft, Philips, Sumitomo, and many others. 

They did biased studies in 1997 by interviewing computer-industry hiring managers - the very ones that want to hire H-1Bs. It is no surprise that they concluded that there is a massive shortage of tech workers. Of course H-1B is advocated to fill this huge gap of workers needed. [92] The situation sounds very dire when they say that there is a worldwide shortage of skilled IT workers. [93]

Shirley Tessler, a researcher at the SCIP tried to justify H-1B when she said, "There is a serious demand for high-end people. We're talking about people to design software for a critical medical device that goes inside your body, to do product management, to manage quality assurance." Apparently the USA doesn't have high-end people.

Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International is an international trade association serving more than 2,400 companies participating in the $65 billion semiconductor industry. Their claim that member companies in each region profit from their "global viewpoint" is probably why they like the cheap labor that H-1B can provide. SEMI hailed Congress when they increased the H-1B limit (10/3/2000)  and then they urged Clinton to sign the legislation. Clinton listened to them and all the other high dollar companies that lavished money on both political parties. 

Stanley Myers, president and CEO of SEMI, said that "The continuing tight market for skilled high-tech workers has made the H-1B visa program critical to our members' ability to fill their open positions". He then had the gall to say that this bill will allow industry to encourage more US kids to pursue high tech careers. Perhaps the parents that have been replaced by H-1Bs will talk some sense into these kids before SEMI gets them to waste 4 years of college education.

SIA

Semiconductor Industry Association claims they are the leading trade association representing the computer chip industry.  SIA president, George Scalise, says that Dr. Norman Matloff's proclamations about abuse in the guest worker program only "perpetuate the myths surrounding the H-1B visa program." Here is an excellent Salon article that discusses Matloff's activism. Scalise applauded Congress and the Clinton administration for "working together in a bipartisan manner to address issues that are pivotal to the growth of the chip industry" - in other words be is very happy that Clinton caved into rubber stamping the H-1B program. 

Silicon Valley Leadership Group is a consortium of large Silicon Valley employers. Their website says exactly why they are a skunk - under issues their website says that they want to "Support ways to increase methods of attracting talent (e.g. lifting cap on H1B visas, adjust Green Card Caps, adjust the employment-based visa cap; and, cutting backlog and delays by USCIS in processing applications.)"

Software & Information Industry Association represents more than 1,400 big money high-tech companies that want to expand the IT labor pool. David LeDuc, SIIA Legislative Policy Manager said "Current [H-1B] limits are threatening to stifle growth in the fastest growing sector of the American economy." He believes the Hatch-Abraham Legislation Provides Solid Solutions to Relieve the U.S.Information Technology Worker Shortage. He is correct on one thing, the Hatch-Abraham bill would ensure a steady flood of immigrant workers to replace high paid Americans. [41]

The International Society for Optical Engineering is very worried that engineers may get increasing salaries. On their web page they say "The price for this shortage is being paid-literally -- by the optics industry, via increased salaries, pay-to-stay deals, and large hiring bonuses. They glorify companies E-Tek Dynamics that hire huge numbers of H-1Bs to reduce labor costs. 

Gloria Putnam of Pixel Vision and chair of SPIE's Education Committee and Women in Optics working group said women are the largest under-represented group, comprising 50 percent of the population but only 10 percent of the engineering profession. Apparently nobody explained to Putnam that most H-1Bs are young men. 

TechNet is a lobby group made up of technology firm CEOs in Silicon Valley. They don't want to have to be "burdened" with looking for US citizens to fill their jobs. They feel they should be able to hire H-1Bs without all of the DOL paperwork and restrictions. Attorney Jeff Modisett said "It [proof they looked locally for workers] may have surface appeal, but it would be a bureaucratic nightmare for the industry."

In 1998 TechNet contributed to a fund-raiser for the sponsor of the H-1B bill, Sen. Spencer Abraham (R-Mich). Technet was so pleased with Abraham's support for H-1B they collected and delivered contributions to Abraham from Sun Microsystems CEO Scott McNealy and former Hewlett Packard head John Young. [91]

TWC

Technology Workforce Coalition is owned by ABLI so it's no surprise that they shill for H-1B. Grant Mydland of CompTIA is also director of the Technology Workforce Coalition, an Arlington, Va.-based industry alliance pushing for federal and state tax incentives and other programs to address the shortage. "The skills deficit is no longer just a problem for IT companies," Mydland says. "Because of the Internet, it has spilled over to IT-enabled [user] companies as well." [28]

Their website tries to minimize the anger that American workers have on the H-1B issue by saying "although the few groups that are opposed to H-1B workers claim that these professionals are merely taking jobs away from American workers, by law, H-1Bs fill positions only when American workers are not available. They claim that there is such a huge shortage of IT workers, that companies must hire H-1Bs because it is not feasible to train Americans to fill highly technical positions in a short period of time."

TWC leaders wined and dined several members of the House Ways & Means Committee on 9/13/2000 to lobby to convince them that there is a dire shortage of IT workers. [29]

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce is the world's largest business federation representing more than three million businesses and organizations of every size. They actively lobby Congress for higher H-1B visa limits and less restrictive rules. The Chamber uses the tired old line that without an increase in H-1B visas those jobs will likely go overseas.

Ali Cleveland, associate manager of labor policy for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, said that the fact that H1-B visa caps are being met earlier and earlier each year means American companies are simply not able to find appropriately-qualified workers in the United States. "Companies do not hire foreign workers for any other reason than that they need them." These companies he is talking about want foreign workers because they are cheap, young labor and the will always need more until American workers learn to accept third world salaries.

Cleveland told Congress that "While the H–1B Program is not the only answer to addressing the issue of skill shortages, it is an important part." Cleveland went on to complain that is just takes too long to educate young Americans, and companies don't want to wait. Alison said that "as we stand on the edge of a new millennium" and "efficient immigration system that will enable the United States to take full advantage of the benefits of the global economy." [97]

The U.S. India Political Action Committee is a Washington D.C. special interest group that seeks to influence U.S. policy to promote an easing of any restrictions on visas such as H-1B and L-1 visas. They focus on obtaining lucrative US government contracts that can be outsourced to India.

USINPAC claims that they were formed by Indian-American owned IT businesses but they probably say that just so that they can legally register as a political action committee with the Federal Election Commission in the state of Virginia.  This organization is as smelly as curry-encrusted 2-Rupee bill! This excerpt taken from their website describes their close  ties with the Indian government as well as with Indian based companies is very strong:

Commending the efforts, and achievements of USINPAC, in the short span of one year since its founding, the Prime Minister promised support from Indian policy makers, and invited and welcomed a USINPAC delegation to India in January 2004 to mark the NRI Day celebrations. With the Indian Foreign Secretary, Kanwal Sibal, the Indian Ambassador, Lalit Mansingh, and the Joint Secretary, PM Office, P S Raghavan, also present, the Prime Minister offered support to USINPAC's mission, and encouraged USINPAC to continue its innovative efforts in  building closer strategic and economic ties between the US and India, "The mission you have started," he said, "has to succeed."[152]

The political strategy that USINPAC employs is to raise money for all viable candidates that support their cause, regardless of party affiliation. During the 2004 primaries every major candidate for president pledged their support for USINPAC, including George Bush, Dick Gephardt, Joe Lieberman, John Kerry, Howard Dean, Wesley Clark, and John Edwards.  [153]

Sanjay Puri  Executive Director US India Political Action Committee, in an email newsletter dated 12/1/2003 to INPAC members, boasted that over $7 million was paid to "various campaigns".

Here is a listing of some of UNINPAC's major accomplishements, all of which are anti-American worker" [154]

  •  Sen. Orrin G. Hatch, Utah Republican and chairman of the Senate
    Judiciary Committee, met with USINPAC last year and asked the
    organization to identify Indian Americans qualified for federal
    judgeships. He applauded USINPAC's involvement in the U.S. political
    process.

  • USINPAC also takes credit on its Web site for helping defeat the
    candidacy of Rep. Dan Burton, an Indiana Republican, who in January
    sought the chairmanship of the House International Relations Committee
    subcommittee on South Asia. "Burton has long tried to damage U.S.-India
    relations," the Web site contends.

  • Next on USINPAC's domestic list of issues is immigration and the
    controversial H-1B visas that allow foreign professionals with special
    skills to come to the United States to work. Indians currently are
    major beneficiaries of the program, obtaining 40 percent of the 65,000
    visas issued annually. There are bills in Congress to reduce or
    eliminate the H-1B visa program, but Mr. Puri said his organization has
    been working that issue hard, and he is confident the program will
    remain in place, at least for the time being.

Wisconsin Association of Homes and Services for the Aging has obvious intentions to hire H-1B replacement workers. They had a meeting in Milwaukee to listen to several bodyshops on how to recruit registered nurses from The Philippines. They also beg for aid in adopting any changes necessary to help WAHSA members recruit foreign nurses to help with their desperate nursing shortage.40 You can bet that they hope to reduce their payroll costs by hiring cheap H-1Bs to take care of aging citizens.

The World Information Technology and Services Alliance (WITSA) was originally known as the World Computing Services Industry Association (WCSIA). The WITSA is a  worldwide version of the ITAA that has the same goal of providing cheap labor that can easily be moved across international boundaries. Harris Miller now has two infamous titles: President of Information Technology Association of America, and President of the World Information Technology and Services Alliance. 

WITSA is a globalist organization that seeks to exploit workers on a worldwide level. In order to achieve it's goals it has allied itself with 46 organizations in countries all over the world. Member countries include China, Egypt, India, Korea, Romania, and Singapore.

The WITSA uses faulty claims of worker shortages to justify the importation of cheap labor. They lobby for looser government regulations in order expedite the movement of labor across borders. Their favorite ploy is to cite massive skills shortages in the United States and wherever else there are high salaries. They also like to borrow ITAA studies that show that high-tech industries will grow so fast  that they won't be able to find enough skilled workers.

Even more ominous is that they want to influence WTO ministers to give instant work visas so that workers can be moved across borders on a temporary basis among WTO members. [134]

The WITSA has conferences in countries that they call the World Congress on Information Technology (WCIT) that some describe as the "Olympics of IT". Perhaps a more appropriate nickname would be "The Slavelords of IT". Harris Miller makes the cities seem like lucky winners to host these conventions of greed. When talking about 2006 he said, "We are thrilled that WITSA's board of director's awarded Austin, Texas the honor of hosting this premier IT event." [135]

Austin's Mayor, Gus Garcia, gushes about this convention when he said that, "Hosting the World Congress on Information Technology is an opportunity for Austin to prove that it is an international business and technology center". The mayor obviously didn't consider what this organization has done to destroy those high paying jobs in Austin.  

 

References

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Data taken from the Labor Condition Applications (LCA) Database at http://www.zazona.com/LCA-Data

3 "Immigration Reform Recommendations" AAES Webpage http://www.aaes.org/publicpolicy/statements/hightechwork.htm
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47 Email from Patrick J. Natale, Executive Director of the National Society of Professional Engineers 5/4/2001
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50 "The H-1B Straitjacket: Why Congress Should Repeal the Cap on Foreign-Born Highly Skilled Workers by Suzette Brooks Masters and Ted Ruthizer March 3, 2000
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51 "Lift the Congressional Quota on High-Skilled Workers" by Daniel T. Griswold - associate director of the Cato Institute's Center for Trade Policy Studies http://www.freetrade.org/pubs/articles/dg-quotas.html
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http://www.itaa.org/news/pr/PressRelease.cfm?ReleaseID=986219529
53 Center for Responsive Politics - www.OpenSecrets.org
54 Email communication from Stan Caldwell, Chairman, NCSEA Advocacy Committee,  May 14, 2001
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57 Steven B. Sample, President, University of Southern California, "Postdoctoral Education in America", a Speech to the AAU, September 23, 1993
58 Senator John McCain's letters in support of H-1B, Sept. 28, 2000 and June 12, 1998  - Shame H-1B Library
59 Dr. Richard Judy of the Hudson Institute - testimony before a House Panel 3/25/99
60 "Keep the Good Times Rolling" - Los Angeles Times, March 10, 2000
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66 "U.S. Higher Education Institutions Lose Access to Skilled Foreign Professionals" NAFSA media briefing June 10, 1999 
http://www.oldsite.nafsa.org/advo/presscenter/H-IB_Cap.html
67 Cornell University Online October 2000
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68 "Letter to Congress Supporting H.R. 3983, the Helping to Improve Technology Education and Achievement Act" April 4, 2000 
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71 "Services and Representation" Fragomen, Del Rey, Bernsen & Loewy
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72 "Indo-American chamber to press for more H1B visas" Business Line Prakash M. Swamy  08/16/2000
http://www.y-axis.com/yaxisnewsroom/indoamerican.html
73 "Landlord denies importing girls for sex - Authorities say probe expanding in case involving Berkeley man"  - San Jose Mercury News: January 21, 2000
74 "House, Senate Vote to Increase H-1B Visa Cap" - ComputerWorld October 2000
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75 "Despite corporate layoffs, employers confront a shortfall of technology workers." -  IDG.net June 2001 http://www.idg.net/gomail.cgi?id=627915
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77 "Immigration and the Global IT Work Force Communications of the ACM", Volume 44, Number 7 (2001) by Lawrence A. West, Walter A. Bogumil Communications of the ACM Vol. 44, No. 7 (July 2001), Pages 34-38
78 "Kanwal Rekhi Joins ISN Advisory Board" - India West April 2001]
79 ISN newsletter April 4, 2001
80 "H-1B Workers Lobby for Immigration Reform"-  San Francisco Chronicle June 2, 2000
81 Dr. Norman Matloff's Age Discrimination/H-1B Newsletter:  Rekhi joins ISN board 5/5/2001
82 Statement of Business Software Alliance President and CEO Robert Holleyman 03 October 2000
http://www.bsa.org/usa/press/newsreleases/2000-10-03.105.phtml
83 Indentured servants for high-tech trade - Sunspot Feb 21 2000 
84 "CEOs list priorities in letter to Bush" - Federal Computer Week Feb 9, 2001
85 "Curbs on Foreign Professionals Assailed,  Rules to Combat Cut-Rate Wages Anger Big Employers" - The Wall Street Journal, January 13, 1995
86 "AEA Announces Selections For 'High-Tech Legislator Hall of Fame' http://www.senate.gov/~bennett/aea.html
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88 "H-1B Visas Run Out Again ZDNET News March 2000
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90 "Senate Votes To Add More Foreign Tech Workers" - Techweb October 3, 2000 http://content.techweb.com/wire/story/TWB20001003S0003
91 OpenSecrets.org - Money in Politics Alert Vol. 4, #30 August 3, 1998
92 "A Critical Look at Immigration's Role in the U.S. Computer Industry" by Dr. Norman Matloff 
93 "Equity Investments Help U.S. Companies Meet Growing IT Needs" - SVI America
94 "With Boom in High Technology, Software Jobs Go Begging" - New York Times January 13, 1998
95 "Corporations are Involved" - by John Gay. Letter to the editor of the Arizona Republic June 29, 2001
96 "USA just wouldn't work without immigrant labor" - USA Today 7/22/2001
http://www.usatoday.com/news/acovmon.htm
97 "H-1B Temporary Profession Worker Visa Program and Information Technology Workforce Issues Hearing" before the Subcommittee on Immigration and Claims of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, 106th Congress, 1st session, 2000
98 "A Question of Fraud: Silicon Valley pushes for more foreign workers despite federal probes" San Francisco Chronicle 9/21/2000
99 "Net Election: Everybody Loves H-1B" - Industry Standard 9/15/2000
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100 "Firms seek fewer foreign workers; tech slowdown reduces visa demand"   The San Francisco Chronicle March 5, 2001
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101 "Gore, Bush both courting high-technology votes" - American-Statesman Washington Staff By Andrew J. Glass September 18, 2000
102 "New teachers from India get warm welcome" - The Plain Dealer 08/20/01
103 "Cleveland turns to India for teachers" - Refiff.com March 7, 2001
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104 District disputes story on India teachers by Barbara Byrd-Bennett- Catalyst "Letters to the Editor"
 http://www.catalyst-cleveland.org/05-01/0501update6.htm
105 "India teachers may be late getting to school" - Catalyst Cleveland http://www.catalyst-cleveland.org/05-01/0501story8.htm
106 "The economics of H-1Bs and layoffs" InfoWorld August 24, 2001
107 "Immigrants now `vital' to service sector" - Restaurants push for more workers, Chicago Tribune 9/4/2001
108 "Immigration Reform and Labor Shortages" - National Restaurant Association, August 2001 
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109 "Survey finds 'alarming' shortage of pharmacists" Nurse Week, 4-12-99
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110 "New Law May Temporarily Ease Pharmacist Workforce Shortage" ASHP Government Affairs" - Legislative Issues Summary November 2000
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111 "Due Diligence: Despite the cuts, the demand for techies will never disappear" Canada Computes, Apr 06, 2001
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112 "META Group Announces Strategic Reorganization, Including 15% Reduction in Headcount" MetaGroup.com April 5, 2001
113 "Transforming IT from a Cost Center to a Value Center" Dr. Howard Rubin
114 "MAKING THE GRADE: Engineers go to the head of the class" By Sam Grossman, P.E. and James F. Shackelford
http://www.americanengineeringcampaign.org/pressroom/Op-Ed.html
115 "IT companies unlikely to meet fiscal 2001 H-1B visa cap", Computerworld, Oct24, 2001
/www.computerworld.com/storyba/0,4125,NAV47_STO65031,00.html
116 "High-tech Worker Visas -- Smart Choice for the Economy By Thomas M. Stohler www.aeanet.org/aeanet/pressroom/pradet0000_opedstohler110901.htm
117 "IT companies seek Washington forum, create PAC", Government Computer News, May 22, 2000
http://www.gcn.com/vol19_no12/opinion/1997-1.html
118 "New IT PAC Weighs In" - Washington Watch 2/15/2000
http://www.cio.com/archive/021500/washington_content.html
119 "Tech industry flexes its political muscle" - Washington Journal
http://washington.bcentral.com/washington/stories/2000/02/28/story4.html
120 "Let High-Tech Workers In!"  by Daniel T. Griswold
http://www.cato.org/dailys/3-30-98.html
121 "Foreign-Born Engineers and Scientists Don't Undercut Wages: They Earn More" by Stuart Anderson of the Cato Institute
122 "JointVenture's Analysis of the Workforce Gap in Silicon Valley" 1999
http://www.jointventure.org/initiatives/edt/work_gap/Workforce.pdf
123 "S.V. Students "Just Say No" To Dot-Com Careers" Internet.com March 15, 2002 http://siliconvalley.internet.com/news/article/0,,3531_992341,00.html
124 "another absurd Kearney/Joint Venture study" Dr. Norman Matloff's Age Discrimination/H-1B Newsletter 18 Mar 2002 
125 "Debunking the Myth of a Desperate Software Labor Shortage",  by Dr. Norman Matloff Section 9.9
http://heather.cs.ucdavis.edu/itaa.html
126 "Foreign High-Tech Workers Benefiting Calif.", July 1, 1999, By Mary Mosquera, TechWeb News http://content.techweb.com/wire/story/TWB19990701S0015
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129 "Out of Silicon Valley, and Looking Homeward" By Richard Morin and Claudia Deane, Washington Post, May 14, 2002 /www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A11708-2002May13.html
130 "Unemployment rise has engineers worried", By Kendrick Sadler, The City Paper, 8/29/2002
131 "job recruiting (and SF Chronicle article)",  Dr. Norman Matloff's Age Discrimination/H-1B Newsletter 9 Mar 1998 
132 The H1B Visa Program Updated January 17, 2002
http://www.swcouncil.org/publicpolicy/pubpolhb.stm
133 "The H-1B Controversy", by Laurie Mason, CalCPA
134 WITSA Public Policy Report 2002 by David A. Olive, Public Policy Chairman, February 26, 2002
http://www.witsa.org/policyrep02.pdf
135 "Austin To Host 2006 World Congress on Information Technology", Austin XL, March 04, 2002 
http://www.austinxl.com/article.php?sid=2061
136 "Immigrants Account for Half of New Workers", By D'Vera Cohn, December 2, 2002, Washington Post
137 "Threats to Sustained Economic Growth: Science, Engineering and Information Technology Labor Shortages in the Massachusetts Economy" by Paul E. Harrington and Neeta P. Fogg Center for Labor Market Studies, 2000
138 "Round 'em up—your own cattle, that is, October 2000,
http://minneapolisfed.org/pubs/fedgaz/00-10/nd.cfm
139 "21st Century Homesteading Act (Introduced in Senate) S 1342 IS 107th CONGRESS, 1st Session, S. 1342, To allocate H-1B visas for demonstration projects in rural America,  In the Senate of the United States, August 2, 2001
140 "Hoping for new homesteaders, LAUREN DONOVAN, Bismarck Tribune,February 25, 2001
http://www.ndonline.com/tribwebpage/news/feb2001/226200161117.html
141 National Association of Computer Consultant Businesses: Immigration - H-1B Visa Cap, NACCB Policy Position 02-2, Last Updated 12/19/02
http://www.naccb.org/govaffairs/immigration.htm
142 Outlook: More Jobs, Not Enough Workers by Thad Peterson, Monster Staff Writer, January 8, 2003
http://featuredreports.monster.com/laborshortage/forecast/
143 H-1B debate flares as EE jobless rate hits 7 percent, By Margaret Quan, EE Times, April 14, 2003
http://www.theworkcircuit.com/story/OEG20030414S0055
144 "Royce Elected Co-Chair of India Caucus" - November 15, 2000
http://www.house.gov/royce/archives/indiachair.p.htm
145 "Foreign Affairs press release - Congressman Joseph Crowley To Travel to India During April Recess" 4/10/2003 
http://crowley.house.gov/news/record.asp?id=308
146 "US will not ban outsourcing: Congressman", siliconindia News Bureau, April 17, 2003 
www.siliconindia.com/tech/tech_pgtwo.asp?newsno=19216&newscat=Technology
147 "US states will not ban job outsourcing: Congressman", Rediff, April 16, 2003
http://www.rediff.com/money/2003/apr/16bpo.htm
148 "Let the Chips Fall", 9/3/2003, Sierra Times, by Scott McPherson
http://www.sierratimes.com/03/09/04/fffoundation.htm
149 "University of Maryland School of Public Affairs, Comprehensive Examination In Core Subjects for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 
http://www.puaf.umd.edu/degree_programs/phd/comp/1997/comp-97.htm
150 "The United States: A Protectionist Nation", Free Republic, by James Bovard, 06/30/2000 
http://www.freerepublic.com/forum/a395d11fe2e20.htm
151 "US study favours H1-B hiring in IT", Anand Adhikari, ZdNetIndia,
September 11, 2003
http://www.zdnetindia.com/news/national/stories/89345.html
152 Indian PM Vajpayee lauds USINPAC - Invites USINPAC delegation to global Indian event USINPAC - Washington, DC , September 24, 2003.
http://www.usinpac.com/NewsContent.asp?CONTENT_ID=41&SEC_ID=16
153 Letters From Democratic Candidates to the Members of USINPAC, 2003, Formerly on their website: www.usinpac.com/
154 "Indian Americans ascend the Hill", by Tom Carter, The Washington Times, December 20, 2003
http://www.washingtontimes.com/world/20031219-093705-9413r.htm
155 "Time to influence US policies", by Ishani Duttagupta, Economic Times, July 13, 2003
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/xml/uncomp/articleshow?msid=73165
156 "Summer jobs at stake in visa bill", By Stephen Dinan, 4/5/04, The Washington Times
http://www.washtimes.com/national/20040405-125315-8086r.htm
157 Seeing the Light on H-1B Visas , by Gerard A. Alphonse, Computerworld, 11/21/2005
www.computerworld.com/governmenttopics/government/legislation/story/0,10801,106343,00.html?source=NLT_CAR&nid=106343

  04/07/08