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NEC 751 (uCOM-4)

General

General Information

The NEC uPD751 is the 1st Japanese one chip microprocessor.

In early 1971, SHARP requested NEC to manufacture a very small
computer for them, by this request they were requesting NEC to create a  microprocessor.

Nippon Coca-Cola was the "prime-mover" in the sequence of events. Nippon Coca-Cola  decided to use handheld POS (Point of Sale) terminals to increase efficiency at delivery sales points. They selected SHARP to make these handheld POS terminals, and SHARP in turn selected NEC to create these LSI chips for these POS terminals.

By December 1971, NEC made a 2 chip 4bit CPU, uPD707
and uPD708. These NEC chips were used in  handheld POS terminals. The codename for the Sharp POS device as "BillPet". The project was completed and in production by March 1972..

In the mean time, NEC LSI designers team had heard the news of the
Intel 4004. Taking the design of the 707 and 708, they decided to make a one chip microcomputer, this became the  uPD751, uCOM-4.

The uPD751 ran at a clock speed was 1.0MHz (Single phase)
and 2500 transistors, N-Channel MOS process.

(Historical accounts from NHK "Denshi-Rikkoku Nippon no Jijo-den, Vol. 4" i.e. "Biography of Japan as Electric Imperium Vol. 4", Translated by Naoto Kojima )

Production

Early 1973
Designers NEC LSI design team (5 men): Sohichi Suzuki

Architecture

Type Data Word Address Space Clock Instruct- ions Assists Reg's  GP Reg's Math Reg's Index IO Ports   Stack Interrupts Memory
NMOS, CPU 4-bit 4Kb 1.0MHz 55 BCD       1 In, 1 Out 4 NA NA

Packages

Chip Name

Package

On-Chip Identification

Picture

General Comments

uPD751D White/Tin CerDIP, round lid, 28 tin leads D751D NECD751Drd.jpg (18685 bytes) 1st Generation
uPD751D White/Gold CerDIP, square lid, 28 gold leads D751D NECD751Dsq.jpg (17456 bytes) 2nd Generation
uPD751C Black Plastic, 28 tin leads D751C NECD751C.jpg (17516 bytes)  

Related Chips

Related Chips

uPD707+uPD708 (2 chip version of the uCOM-4, made for OEM only)

Second Sources

None
Support Chips uPD752C/D (4bit I/O Ports)
uPD412D (256Word * 4bit Static RAM)
uPD463D (256Word * 8bit Mask ROM)

 

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Last updated: September 28, 2004.