Shopping Center  Studies at Eastern Connecticut State University
The Mall of America, the largest in total area in the United States, is located in Bloomington, Minnesota, just south of the Minneapolis. Paul
urban complex. It is four stories high and opened in 1992. [ep photo]
Largest Shopping Malls
in the United States
    This table is intended as a general guide to the largest US shopping malls, as information may not be complete or up-to-date. All the listed malls are enclosed unless otherwise noted. Listed in order of gross feasible areas (GLA), which
are largely self-reported by mall managers. Source: Directory of Major Malls: 2010.
Table 1
Largest Shopping Malls in the United States (2008)
(2.0-million square feet of gross leasible area or larger)
Source: Directory of Major Malls, 2010
Last updated September 2010
Metropolitan Area

Gross Leasible Area
(Square Feet)
Largest (anchor) stores and other features
Minneapolis Paul, Minn.
Mall of America 
4-level square
Macy’s, Nordstrom, Bloomingdale’s, Sears;  also Nickelodeon Universe and UnderWater Adventures entertainment areas
Los Angeles, Calif.
South Coast Plaza 
(Costa Mesa)
3-level H
Sears, Macy's, Nordstrom, Sak's Fifth Avenue, Bloomingdale's
Erie, Pa.
Millcreek Mall
1-level L
Sears, JC Penny, Macy's, Bon Ton
Houston, Texas
The Galleria
3-level T

Macy's, Nordstrom, Neiman Marcus, Saks Fifth Avenue
Chicago, Ill.
Woodfield Mall 
3-level cross
Sears, Macy's, JC Penny, Nordstrom, Lord & Taylor
New York, NY
Palisades Center
(West Nyack)
4-level rectangle
2,217,320 255
Macy's, JC Penny, Home Depot, Target, Lord & Taylor, BJ Wholesale Club
Washington, DC
Tysons Corner Center 
(McLean, Va)
2-level E
Bloomingdale’s, Macy's, Nordstrom, Lord & Taylor
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Plaza Las Americas
(San Juan)
3-level P

JC Penny, Sears, Macy's

New York, NY
Roosevelt Field Mall 
(Garden City)
3-level round
Bloomingdale’s, Macy’s, JC Penny, Nordstrom
New York, NY
Westfield Garden State Plaza
(Paramus, NJ)
2-level rectangle
Macy's, Nordstrom, JC Penny, Neiman Marcus, Lord & Taylor

Honolulu, Hawaii
Ala Moana Shopping Center
2-level dumbell
Sears, Macy's, Neiman Marcus
Miami, Fla.
Aventura Mall 
(North Miami Beach)
3-level cross

Macy’s, Bloomingdale’s, JC Penny, Sears, Nordstrom
Chicago, Ill.
Oakbrook Shopping Center
(Oak Brook)
Open 3-level square
Macy's, Sears, Nordstrom, Neiman Marcus, Lord & Taylor
Scottsdale, Ariz.
Scottsdale Fasion Square
3-level T
Macy's, Dillard's, Nordstrom, Neiman Marcus
Los Angeles, Calif.
Del Amo Fashion Center
2-level T
Macy's, Sears, JC Penny
Los Angeles, Calif.
Lakewood Center
2-level T
JC Penny, Target, Costco, Home Depot
St. Louis, Mo.
Chesterfield Commons
1-level strip
Target, Lowe's, Sam's Club, Walmart, Home Depot

Dallas, Texas
NorthPark Center
2-level square
Dillard's Macy's, Bloomingdale's, Sears, Lord & Taylor, Neiman Marcus, Nordstrom


Table 2
Other US Shopping Centers that Claim Large Sizes
The GLA claims of these malls are based on criteria that differ from Table 1.
See the essay below, "The Largest Malls"

Metropolitan Area

Gross Leaseable Area
(Square Feet)
Largest (anchor) stores and other features
Youngstown, Ohio
Eastwood Mall Complex
1-level T core
3,200,000 161 Super K-Mart, JC Penny, Macy's, Dillard's, Target, Sears, Home Depot. GLA is total of the core mall, an adjacent strip mall, and out buildings. 1969
Philadelphia, Penn.
King of Prussia Mall
(King of Prussia)
3-level rectangle

JC Penny, Macy's, Bloomingdale's, Sears,Lord & Taylor, Nordstrom. GLA is total of three connected malls and associated out buildings.

The Largest Malls

     The largest shopping malls seem to hold the same fascination as the tallest skyscrapers, the longest bridge spans, and a host of similar extreme achievements in architecture and engineering. Some large malls actively promote their size with pride, implying that they offer a greater variety of merchandise or a richer consumer experience in comparison with their smaller competitors. 

     Tables 1 and 3 on this site are based on simple criteria: (1) a shopping mall is an integrated commercial space, usually a single enclosed building, devoted predominantly to retail sales and services and (2) it is managed by a single entity, such as the owner or a management company. Size is based on gross leasable area (GLA), that is the total area of floor space leased for retail shops, consumer services, and entertainment, including restaurants. The total floor area of any shopping center or mall is inevitably larger than the gross leaseable area. The difference can be accounted for by mall offices, utility areas, storage, rest rooms, interior plazas, and other non-revenue producing spaces. Areas that are not let on long-term leases, such as assembly halls, exhibition space, public meeting rooms, and the like are usually not included in GLA figures, though they may produce some rental revenue.

     The Mall of America, for example, uses a substantial portion of its interior space of 4.2-million square feet for non-retail functions, including an interior amusement park. The Directory of Major Malls and most other sources of shopping center data do not include all this considerable space when reporting the GLA.  Nevertheless, with
nearly 2.8-million square feet of GLA, the Mall of America is still the largest shopping center  in the United States.

     The sizes of other shopping malls
have become more muddled with the proliferation of mixed-use developments, such as lifestyle centers and festival marketplaces, that combine consumer activities with sites of historic interest, entertainment, leisure activities, and residential areas, often scattered among several buildings. Retail space in such settings may take on forms that are nearly identical to stand-alone shopping malls, but increasingly retail space is shared with other activities. In other cases, promoters have touted the large size of shopping centers by including other distinct entities, such as separate big-box stores, restaurants, and even adjacent shopping centers. That may be the case at the Eastwood Mall complex outside of Youngstown, Ohio, and at King of Prussia, Pennsylvania.
     The mall complex at King of Prussia has sought to establish its place among the largest in the United States as a result of the merger of three adjacent malls.
King of Prussia comprises half-a-dozen stand-alone stores plus three malls that have been connected by a crosswalk and operated by a single management company. They are the the Plaza (formerly Plaza King Mall, opened in 1962) the Pavilion (formerly the Court Pavilion of King of Prussia, opened in 1976), and the Court (formerly the Court Pavilion at King of Prussia). Thus the total GLA at King of Prussia appears to be nearly 2.7-million square feet, according to the Directory of Major Malls, which otherwise would make it eligible for a place among the largest malls in the United States. The core of the Eastwood Mall Complex is a single enclosed shopping center of about 1.6-million square feet of GLA, but the management claims a separate strip mall, big box stores, and restaurants adjacent to the parking lot or on neighboring streets as part of the mall complex. This mall sprawl exceeds the criteria of a shopping center as a single distinct entity.

    Ordering the largest malls in the world by size is even more problematic because of uncertainties about just what malls outside the United States are reporting as their gross leaseable areas. Some mall managers may be reporting gross floor area for their entire malls, which could include walkways, offices, or areas occupied by non-retail activities, such as exhibit areas, public meeting rooms, and educational attractions. Some malls may use other unspecified criteria for reporting their size. Malls that report such figures are not directly comparable with those that report size in terms of strict gross leasable area.

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Created January 2000 by Emil Pocock,  Last modified April 5, 2011.

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