Order of Battle
Pearl Harbor
7 December 1941

Contributed by Joseph Czarnecki, Richard Worth, Matthias C. Noch, Mark E. Horan and Tony DiGiulian


Imperial Japanese Navy

Naval General StaffóAdmiral Nagano Osami

Combined Fleet
    Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku
 

First Air Fleet
    Vice Admiral Nagumo Chuichi

 First Carrier Division
    Vice Admiral Nagumo Chuichi

  CV AkagióCaptain Hasegawa Kiichi
   Air OfficeróCommander Masuda Shogo
    VTB LeaderóCommander Fuchida Mitsuo
     1st Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")óCDR Fuchida
     2nd Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")
    VT LeaderóLCDR Murata
     1st Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")óLCDR Murata Shigeharu
     2nd Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")
     4th Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")
    VB LeaderóLT Chihaya
     21st Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")óLT Chihaya
     22nd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     23rd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     25th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     26th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     27th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
    VF LeaderóLCDR Itaya
     1st FCU Wave 1 (9xA6M2 "Zeke")óLCDR Itaya Shigeru
     1st FCU Wave 2 (9xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Shindo
     CAP (9xA6M2 "Zeke")

  CV KagaóCaptain Okada Jisaku
   Air OfficeróCommander Sata Naohito
    VTB Leader--LCDR Hashiguchi
     1st Sqdn (5xB5N2 "Kate")óLCDR Hashiguchi
     2nd Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")
    VT LeaderóLT Kitajima
     1st Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")óLT Kitajima
     2nd Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")
     4th Squadron (3xB5N2 "Kate")
    VB LeaderóLT Makino
     21st Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")óLT Makino
     22nd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     23rd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     24th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     25th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     26th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     27th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     28th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     29th Squadron (3XD3A1 "Val")
    VF LeaderóLT Shiga
     2nd FCU Wave 1 (9xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Shiga
     2nd FCU Wave 2 (9xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Nikaido
     CAP (9xA6M2 "Zeke")

  Destroyer Division 7 (Midway Attack Unit)
   DD Ushio (Fubuki Class)
   DD Sazanami (Fubuki Class)
 

 Second Carrier Division
    Rear Admiral Yamaguchi Tamon

  CV SoryuóCaptain Yanagimoto Ryusaku
   Air OfficeróCommander Kusumoto Ikuto
    VTB LeaderóLT Abe
     1st Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")óLT Abe
     2nd Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")
    VT LeaderóLT Nagai
     1st Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")óLT Nagai
     2nd Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")
     4th Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")
    VB LeaderóLCDR Egusa
     21st Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")óLCDR Egusa Takeshige
     22nd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     23rd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     24th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     25th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     26th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
    VF-LeaderóLT Suganami
     3rd FCU Wave 1 (9xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Suganami
     3rd FCU Wave 2 (9xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Iida
     CAP (9xA6M2 "Zeke")

  CV HiryuóCaptain Kaku Tomeo
   Air OfficeróCommander Amagai Takahisa
    VTB LeaderóLCDR Kosumi
     1st Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")óLCDR Kosumi
     2nd Squadron (5xB5N2 "Kate")
    VT LeaderóLT Matsumura
     1st Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")óLT Matsumura
     2nd Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")
     4th Squadron (2xB5N2 "Kate")
    VB LeaderóLT Kobayashi
     21st Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")óLT Kobayashi
     22nd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     23rd Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     24th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     25th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
     26th Squadron (3xD3A1 "Val")
    VF LeaderóLT Okajima
     4th FCU Wave 1 (6xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Okajima
     4th FCU Wave 2 (9xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Nono
     CAP (9xA6M2 "Zeke")
 

 Fifth Carrier Division
    Rear Admiral Hara Chuichi

  CV Shokaku (Shokaku Class)óCaptain Jojima Takatsugu
   Air OfficeróCommander Wada Tetsujiro
    VTB LeaderóLCDR Shimazaki
     1st Sqdn (9xB5N2 "Kate")óLCDR Shimazaki Shigekazu
     2nd Squadron (9xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (9xB5N2 "Kate")
    VB LeaderóLCDR Takahashi
     1st Sqdn (9xD3A1 "Val")óLCDR Takahashi Kakuichi
     2nd Squadron (9xD3A1 "Val")
     3rd Squadron (9xD3A1 "Val")
    VF LeaderóLT Kaneko
     5th FCU Wave 1 (6xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Kaneko
     CAP (9xA6M2 "Zeke")

  CV Zuikaku (Shokaku Class)óCaptain Yokokawa Ichibei
   Air OfficeróCommander Shimoda Hisao
    VTB LeaderóLT Ichihara
     1st Squadron (9xB5N2 "Kate")óLT Ichihara
     2nd Squadron (9xB5N2 "Kate")
     3rd Squadron (9xB5N2 "Kate")
    VB LeaderóLCDR Sakamoto
     1st Sqdn (9xD3A1 "Val")óLCDR Sakamoto Akira
     2nd Squadron (9xD3A1 "Val")
     3rd Squadron (9xD3A1 "Val")
    VF LeaderóLT Sato
     6th FCU Wave 1 (6xA6M2 "Zeke")óLT Sato
     CAP (9xA6M2 "Zeke")

  DD Akigumo (Yugumo Class)

 Battleship Division 3
    Vice Admiral Mikawa Gunichi

  BB Hiei
  BB Kirishima

 Cruiser Division 8

  CA Tone
  CA Chikuma

 Destroyer Squadron 1
    Rear Admiral Omori Sentaro

  CL Abukuma (Nagara Class)

  Destroyer Division 17
   DD Urakaze (Kagero Class)
   DD Isokaze (Kagero Class)
   DD Tanikaze (Kagero Class)
   DD Hamakaze (Kagero Class)

  Destroyer Division 18
    (Detached from DesRon 2)
   DD Kagero (Kagero Class)
   DD Shiranuhi (Kagero Class)
   DD Arare (Asashio Class)
   DD Kasumi (Asashio Class)

 Midway Destruction Unit
    Captain Ohishi Kaname
   DD Akebono (Fubuki Class)
   DD Ushio (Fubuki Class)

 Submarine Division 2
    Captain Imaizumi Kijiro
  SS I-19 (I-15 Class/Type B1)
  SS I-21 (I-15 Class/Type B1)
  SS I-23 (I-15 Class/Type B1)

 1st Supply Train
  AO Kyokuto Maru (Merchant conversion)
  AO Kenyo Maru (Merchant conversion)
  AO Kokuyo Maru (Merchant conversion)
  AO Shinkiku Maru (Merchant conversion)
  AO Akebono Maru (Merchant conversion)

 2nd Supply Train
  AO Toho Maru (Merchant conversion)
  AO Toei Maru (Merchant conversion)
  AO Nippon Maru (Merchant conversion)
 

Sixth (Submarine) Fleet
    Vice Admiral Shimizu Mitsumi

 1st Submarine Squadron
    Rear Admiral Sato Tsutomu
  SS I-9 (I-9 Class/Type A1)
  SS I-15 (I-15 Class/Type B1)
  SS I-17 (I-15 Class/Type B1)
  SS I-25 (I-15 Class/Type B1)

 2nd Submarine Squadron
    Rear Admiral Yamazaki Shigeaki
  SS I-7 (I-7 Class/Type J3)
  SS I-1 (I-1 Class/Type J1)
  SS I-2 (I-1 Class/Type J1)
  SS I-3 (I-1 Class/Type J1)
  SS I-4 (I-1 Class/Type J1)
  SS I-5 (I-5 Class/Type J1M)
  SS I-6 (I-6 Class/Type J2)

 3rd Submarine Squadron
    Rear Admiral Miwa Shigeyoski
  SS I-8 (I-7 Class/Type J3)
  SS I-68 (I-68 Class/Type KD6A)
  SS I-69 (I-68 Class/Type KD6A)
  SS I-70 (I-68 Class/Type KD6A)
  SS I-71 (I-68 Class/Type KD6A)
  SS I-72 (I-68 Class/Type KD6A)
  SS I-73 (I-68 Class/Type KD6A)
  SS I-74 (I-74 Class/Type KD6B)
  SS I-75 (I-74 Class/Type KD6B)

 Special Attack Unit
    Captain Sasaki Hanku (Mother Submarines Commander)
    Lt. Naoji Iwasa (Mini-submarines Commander)

  SS I-22 (F) (I-16 Class/Type C1)
   MSS I-22A (A type)
  SS I-16 (I-16 Class/Type C1)  Lt. Cmdr. Hiroshi Hanabusa
   MSS (mini-submarine) I-16 A (A type)óEnsign Sakamaki Kazuo (USA's first POW)
  SS I-18 (I-16 Class/Type C1)
   MSS I-18A (A type)
  SS I-20 (I-16 Class/Type C1)
   MMS I-20A (A type)
  SS I-24 (I-16 Class/Type C1)
   MSS I-24A (A type)

 Submarine Reconnaissance Unit
    Commander Kashihara Yasuchika
  SS I-10 (I-9 Class/Type A1)
  SS I-26 (I-26 Class/Type B1) Cmdr Minoru Yokota


United States Navy

Chief of Naval Operations
    Admiral Harold R. "Betty" Stark

Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet
    Admiral Husband E. "Mustapha" Kimmel

Battle Force (Task Force 1)
    Vice Admiral William S. Pye

  Battleships, Battle Force
    RADM Walter S. Anderson

   Battleship Division 1
    RADM Issac C. Kidd
    BB-36 Nevada (Nevada Class)óCaptain Francis W. Scanland
    BB-38 Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania Class)óCaptain Charles M. "Saavy" Cooke, Jr.
    BB-39 Arizona (Pennsylvania Class)óCaptain Franklin Van Valkenburg

   Battleship Division 2
    BB-37 Oklahoma (Nevada Class)óCaptain Howard D. "Ping" Bode
    BB-43 Tennessee (Tennessee Class)
    BB-44 California (Tennessee Class)óCaptain Joel W. Bunkley

   Battleship Division 4
    RADM Walter S. Anderson
    BB-46 Maryland (Colorado Class)óCaptain D.C. Godwin
    BB-48 West Virginia (Colorado Class)óCaptain Mervyn Bennion
 

Cruisers, Battle Force
    Rear Admiral H. Fairfax Leary

  Cruiser Division 6 (Partial)
   CA-32 New Orleans (New Orleans Class)
   CA-38 San Francisco (New Orleans Class)

   Cruiser Division 9
    Rear Admiral H. Fairfax Leary
    CL-46 Phoenix (Brooklyn Class)
    CL-48 Honolulu (Brooklyn Class)
    CL-49 St. Louis (St. Louis Class)óCaptain George A. Rood
    CL-50 Helena (St. Louis Class)
 

Destroyers, Battle Force
    Rear Admiral Milo F. Draemel

   Destroyer Flotilla 1
    CL-7 Raleigh (Omaha Class)

    Destroyer Squadron One
     DD-360 Phelps (Porter Class)

     Destroyer Division One
      DD-349 Dewey (Farragut Class)
      DD-350 Hull (Farragut Class)
      DD-351 MacDonough (Farragut Class)
      DD-352 Worden (Farragut Class)

     Destroyer Division Two
      DD-348 Farragut (Farragut Class)
      DD-353 Dale (Farragut Class)
      DD-354 Monaghan (Farragut Class)
      DD-355 Aylwin (Farragut Class)

    Destroyer Squadron Three
      DD-357 Selfridge (Porter Class)

     Destroyer Division Five
      DD-369 Reid (Mahan Class)
      DD-371 Conyngham (Mahan Class)
      DD-372 Cassin (Mahan Class)
      DD-375 Downes (Mahan Class)

     Destroyer Division Six
      DD-365 Cummings (Mahan Class)
      DD-370 Case (Mahan Class)
      DD-373 Shaw (Mahan Class)
      DD-374 Tucker (Mahan Class)

   Destroyer Flotilla 2
    CL-8 Detroit (Omaha Class)

     DD-386 Bagley
     DD-387 Blue
     DD-388 Helm
     DD-389 Mugford
     DD-390 Ralph Talbot
     DD-391 Henley
     DD-392 Patterson
     DD-393 Jarvis

Other Destroyers

     DD-66   Allen
     DD-103 Schley
     DD-106 Chew
     DD-139 Ward   (patrolling Channel entrance to Pearl Harbor)

Submarines

     SS-167 Narwhal
     SS-169 Dolphin
     SS-170 Cachalot
     SS-199 Tautog

Minelayer

      CM-4 Oglala

Minesweepers

      AM-13 Turkey
      AM-20 Bobolink
      AM-26 Rail
      AM-31 Tern
      AM-43 Grebe
      AM-52 Vireo

Coastal Minesweepers

       AMC-8   Cockatoo
       AMC-9   Crossbill
       AMC-14 Condor
       AMC-30 Reedbird

Destroyer Minelayers

       DM-15 Gamble
       DM-16 Ramsay
       DM-17 Montgomery
       DM-18 Breese
       DM-19 Tracy
       DM-20 Preble
       DM-21 Sicard
       DM-22 Pruitt

Destroyer Minesweepers

        DMS-14 Zane
        DMS-15 Wasmuth
        DMS-16 Trever
        DMS-17 Perry

Patrol Gunboat

         PG-19 Sacramento

Destroyer Tenders

         AD-3 Dobbin
         AD-4 Whitney

Seaplane Tenders

         AV-4 Curtiss
         AV-8 Tangier

Small Seaplane Tenders

         AVP-4 Avocet
         AVP-7 Swan

Seaplane Tenders (Converted Destroyer)

         AVD-6   Hulbert
         AVD-11 Thornton

Ammunition Ship

         AE-1 Pyro

Oilers

         AO-12 Ramapo
         AO-23 Neosho

Repair Ships

         AR-1   Medusa
         AR-4   Vestal
         AR-11 Rigel

Submarine Tender

         AS-14 Pelias

Submarine Rescue Ship

         ASR-1 Widgeon

Hospital Ship

         AH-5 Solace

Cargo Ship

        AK-17 Vega (at Honolulu)

Stores Issue Ships

         AKS-1 Castor
         AKS-3 Antares (entering Pearl Harbor)

Ocean Tugs

         AT-13 Ontario
         AT-28 Sunnadin
         AT-38 Keosanqua (entering Pearl Harbor)
         AT-64 Navajo (12 miles outside Pearl Harbor entrance)

Miscellaneous Auxiliaries

         AG-16 Utah (Target ship)
         AG-31 Argonne
         AG-32 Sumner
         CM-1 (ex C-3) Baltimore (out of commission)


The following ships were not at Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941

Aircraft, Battle Force (Task Force 2)
    Vice Admiral William F. "Bill" Halsey

  Carrier Division 1
   CV-2 Lexington (Lexington Class)
    CAG-2?xSBD-2
    VB-2?8xSBD-2
    VF-2?7xF2A-3
    VS-2?8xSBD-2
    VT-2?8xTBD

  Carrier Division 2
   CV-6 Enterprise (Yorktown Class)
    CAG-6?xSBD-2
    VB-6?8xSBD-2
    VF-6?3xF4F-3A, 1xF4F-3
    VS-6?8xSBD-2
    VT-6?8xTBD-1
 
 

 Scouting Force (Task Force 3)
    Vice Admiral Wilson Brown

  Cruiser Division 4
    Vice Admiral Wilson Brown
   CA-29 Chicago (Northampton Class)
   CA-33 Portland (Portland Class)
   CA-35 Indianapolis (Portland Class)

  Cruiser Division 5
   CA-25 Salt Lake City (Pensacola Class)
   CA-26 Northampton (Northampton Class)
   CA-27 Chester (Northampton Class)

  Cruiser Division 6 (Partial)
   CA-34 Astoria (New Orleans Class)
   CA-36 Minneapolis (New Orleans Class)

  Submarines, Scouting Force
    Rear Admiral Thomas Withers, Jr.
   SS-211 Gudgeon (Tambor Class)?Joe" Grenfell
   SS-200 Thresher (Tambor Class)óBill Anderson

   AM-30 Seagull (Bird Class)óLCDR Danial B. Candler


US Warship Casualties

Sunk, not repaired

Arizona (battleship)
Oklahoma  (battleship)
Utah  (target ship)

Oklahoma was raised in 1944 and later sold for scrap.  She was lost en route to shipbreakers on 17 May 1947.  The wrecks of the other two ships still remain at Pearl Harbor but portions of both were salvaged during 1942.

Destroyed but rebuilt

Cassin (destroyer)
Downes (destroyer)

These two destroyers were very badly damaged and were decommissioned after the attack.  However, much of their machinery and other items were determined to be salvagable and so were installed in new hulls.  These ships carried the same names and hull numbers but they were essentially new construction.

Sunk or beached but later salvaged

West Virginia (battleship)
California (battleship)
Nevada (battleship)
Oglala (mine layer)

Damaged

Tennessee (battleship)
Maryland (battleship)
Pennsylvania (battleship)
Helena (light cruiser)
Honolulu (light cruiser)
Raleigh (light cruiser)
Shaw (destroyer)
Curtiss (seaplane tender)
Vestal (repair ship)


US Army Air Force

HAF (7th AF)

Hickam AB
18th BW (33xB-18 and 12xB-17D assigned; disposition between units unknown)
-4th RS(H)
-50th RS(H)
-5th BG(H)
-23rd BS(H)
-31st BS(H)
-72nd BS(H)
-11th BG(H)
-26th BS(H)
-42nd BS(H)
58th BS(L)?3xA-20A
19th TS?xC-33

Wheeler AB
14th PW
-15th PG?xP-36A, 1xOA-9
-45th PS?5xP-36A, 2xB-12, 2xP-40B, 1xBT-2BI
-46th PS?1xP-36A, 5xP-40B, 1xAT-12A, 1xBT-2BI, 1xP-26A
-47th PS?1xP-40B, 2xP-26B, 2xP-36A, 2xP-40C, 1xB-12
-72nd PS--No aircraft assigned
18th PG?xAT-6, 2xOA-9
-6th PS?6xP-40B, 1xP-26A, 1xP-26B
-19th PS?5xP-40B, 2xP-40C
-44th PS?xP-40B, 7xP-40C, 2xP-26A, 2xP-26B
-73rd PS?3xP-40B, 1xP-26B
-78th PS?6xP-40B, 3xP-26A

Bellows AF
86th OS?xO-47B, 2xO-49

Haleiwa AF


US Marine Corps Aircraft

MAG-21

Ewa MCAS
VMF-211?1xF4F-3, 1xSNJ-3
VMSB-231?xSB2U-3
VMSB-232?9xSBD-1, 3xSBD-2
VMJ-252?xR3D-2, 2xJ2F-4, 1xSBD-1, 1xJO-2, 1xJRS-1, 1xSB2U-3

Midway NAS
VMSB-231 (Det. 1)?8xSB2U-3

Wake NAS
VMF-211 (Det. 1)?1xF4F-3, 1xF4F-3A****


US Navy Aircraft

Commander, Naval Base Defense Air Force

Pearl Harbor (Ford Island) NAS
VJ-1?xJ2F, 9xJRS
VJ-2?0xJ2F, 2xPBY-1

Puunene (Lahaina Roads) NAS
VJ-3?xJRB, 2xBT-1, 1xJRF, 1xJ2F
Commander, Patrol Wings

Kaneohe NAS
VPW-1?xOS2U
VP-11?2xPBY-5
VP-12?2xPBY-5
VP-14?2xPBY-5

Pearl Harbor (Ford Island) NAS
VPW-2
VP-21?xPBY-3
VP-22?4xPBY-3
VP-23?2xPBY-5
VP-24?xPBY-5
 

Commander, Aircraft, Battle Force

Pearl Harbor (Ford Island) NAS
CAG-2 (Det. 1)
   VB-2?xSBD-2
   VF-2?xF2A-3

CAG-3 (Det. 1)
   VF-3?xF4F-3

CAG-6 (Det. 1)
   VB-6?xSBD-2
   VF-6?xF4F-3A
   VS-6?xSBD-2
   AirBatFor Pool?xF4F-3, 1xF4F-3A, 5xF2A-3


Coast Artillery defense of Pearl Harbor

Permanent Coast Artillery Batteries
   A-15 two 16 inch Fort Weaver
   B-15 two 12 inch Fort Closson
   C-15 two 16 inch Fort Barrette
   A-41 four 8 inch Brown's Camp
   B-41 four 8 inch Haleiwa
   A-55 four 155mm Fort Kam Gun Park
   B-55 four 155mm Baroes Point
   C-55 four 155mm Fort Weaver
   A-97 four 3 inch AA Ahua Point
   F-97 four 3 inch AA Battery Closson
   G-97 four 3 inch AA Fort Weaver
   H-97 four 3 inch AA Fort Barrette


ADDITIONAL NOTES ON AIR LOSSES

Japanese Aircraft Losses

Kido Butai lost 29 planes to all causes over Pearl Harbour.  A total of 55 aviators were lost, including those in aircraft that returned to the carriers.  An additional 111 planes were damaged of which twenty were later written off.

The planes lost during the actual attack on Pearl Harbor are broken down as follows:

Wave 1:  9 Planes Lost

Akagi:      1 A6M2
Kaga:       2 A6M2, 5 B5N2
Shokaku: 1 D3A

Wave 2: 20 Planes Lost

Akagi:    4 D3A1
Kaga:     2 A6M2, 6 D3A1
Hiryu:      1 A6M2, 2 D3A1
Soryu:     3 A6M2, 2 D3A1

The breakdown of lost or written-off planes is as follows:

   The first wave lost 21 aircraft (3 A6M, 16 B5N and 2 D3A).
   The second wave lost 34 aircraft (6 A6M and 28 D3A).
 

The aircrew losses were as follows:

Carrier Akagi?0 KIA
1st Wave:
Takeshi Hirano           A6M
Shigeharu Sugaya     B5N
2nd Wave:
Hajime Goto                D3A
Kinsuke Homma         D3A
Hirokichi Kinoshita     D3A
Seiichi Ota                  D3A
Toshio Oyama            D3A
Kiyoshi Sakamoto      D3A
Chuji Shimakura         D3A
Doshi Utsuki                D3A

Carrier Hiryu? KIA
2nd Wave
Isamu Kiyomura          D3A
Hajime Murao              D3A
Shigenori Nishikaichi  A6M
Yoshio Shimizu            D3A
Korevoshi Sotoyama  D3A

Carrier Kaga?1 KIA
1st Wave
Toru Haneda                A6M
Syuzo Kitahara            B5N
Kenichi Kumamoto     B5N
Yoshiharu Machimoto B5N
Yoshizo Masuda          B5N
Isamu Matsuda            B5N
Tsuneki Morita             B5N
Izumi Nagai                  B5N
Nafikatsu Ohashi         B5N
Toshio Onishi               B5N
Seinoshin Sano           A6M
Yoshio Shimizu            B5N
Mitsumori Suzuki         B5N
Hidemi Takeda            B5N
Tomoharu Takeda       B5N
Yonetaro Ueda             B5N
Nobuo Umezu               B5N

2nd Wave:
Nagaaki Asahi             D3A
Toshiaki Bando           D3A
Ippei Goto                    A6M
Fumio Hirshima           D3A
Fukumitsu Imai            D3A
Tomio Inenaga             A6M
Kazuyoshi Kuwabata   D3A
Saburo Makino             D3A
Tsuneo Minamizaki      D3A
Iwao Oka                       D3A
Shingenori Onikura      D3A
Noboru Sakaguchi       D3A
Sueo Sukida                 D3A
Nobuo Tsuda                D3A

Carrier Shokaku? KIA
1st Wave:
Kunio Iwatsuki              D3A
Tetsusaburo Kumazo  D3A

Carrier Soryu? KIA
2nd Wave:
Shunichi Atsumi           A6M
Fusata Iida                   A6M
Saburo Ishii                  A6M
Satoru Kawasaki         D3A
Hideyasu Kuwabara    D3A
Kenji Maruyama           D3A
Ryochi Takahashi        D3A

These 55 crewmen plus nine men killed and one captured on the minisubmarines were the only Japanese casualties of the battle.
 

U.S. Army Airforce Victory Claims

The U.S. Army Airforce credited the following pilots with shootdowns:
   2nd Lt. Harry W. Brown (1 victory)
   2nd Lt. Phillip M. Rasmussen (1 victory)
   1st Lt. Lewis M. Sanders (1 victory)
   2nd Lt. Kenneth M. Taylor (2 victories)
   2nd Lt. George S. Welch (4 victories)

These five pilots were credited with a total of nine Japanese aircraft confirmed downed along with four probables and two damaged.


American Air Strength and Losses

On the 7th of December 1941, there were 7,460 members of the Air Corps (USAAF, USN, USMC), 754 officers and 6,706 enlisted crew, located in Hawaii.
 
Location
Killed
Missing
Wounded
Total
Hickam Airbase
121
37
274
432
Wheeler Airfield
37
6
53
96
Bellows Airfield
5
0
9
14
Total
163
43
336
542

As of 7th of December 1941, there were 223 military aircraft based in Hawaii.
 
 
Airplane
Total
Destroyed
Damaged
Combat Ready
B-17D
12
4
4
4
B-18A
33
12
10
11
A-20A
12
2
5
5
P-40C
12
5
5
2
P-40B
87
37
25
25
P-36A
39
4
19
16
P-26
14
0
0
14
Total
223
64
82
77


Details of Japanese Aerial Deployment

The six Japanese aircraft carriers had a total of 441 aircraft aboard of which 387 were "combat ready" along with 54 spares that were not yet useable, but would become available within a few hours.  These 54 were partially disassembled for ease of storage, with each carrier having three spare aircraft of each type aboard.  These would be finished shortly before the first wave launched and were used as CAP over the fleet and in the second wave as replacements for lost aircraft of the first wave.

Distribution of the attacking planes.  The figures in the parentheses refer to spare aircraft:
 
Carrier
A6M
B5N
D3A
Total
Akagi
18 (3)
27 (3)
18 (3)
64 (9)
Kaga
18 (3)
27 (3)
27 (3)
72 (9)
Soryu
18 (3)
18 (3)
18 (3)
54 (9)
Hiryu
18 (3)
18 (3)
18 (3)
54 (9)
Shokaku
18 (3)
27 (3)
27 (3)
72 (9)
Zuikaku
18 (3)
27 (3)
27 (3)
72 (9)
Total
108 (18)
144 (18)
135 (18)
387 (54)

The Battle-plan

General Concepts
The battle-plan saw the use of 360 aircraft (81 A6M, 144 B5N and 135 D3A) in two waves (189 in the first wave and 171 in the second wave).  CAP over Oahu would be provided by 39 fighters supported by nine fighters from the first wave.  Two reconnaissance planes launched from cruisers were to scout over Oahu prior to the attack and report as to the status of the US Fleet.  Four additional reconnaissance planes from cruisers and battleships were to patrol the area between Niihau and the fleet to protect against surprise encounters with US planes and ships.  So, a total of 405 aircraft were to be involved in the attack.  Of these, ten aborted for various reasons, as detailed below.

Orders and targets of the attack waves
In the memorandum No. 97 the following orders were given to the air units:

The First Wave
The fighter-bombers and torpedo-bombers will attack the battleships and then the aircraft carriers.  The dive-bombers should attack ground targets.  The aircraft from Shokaku are to attack the airfield at Ford Island with all its installations, the other aircraft, Wheeler airfield and its installations. The fighters are to be used as CAP over the US airfields.

The Second Wave
The fighter-bombers from the Shokaku are ordered to attack the airfield on Kaneohe and Ford Island.  The aircraft from the Zuikaku are assigned to Hickam Field.  The dive-bombers should attack the aircraft carriers, if the carriers are absent, they should attack other capital ships.  The fighters are to be used as CAP over the US airfields.

Route of Attack
The decisive strike belonged to the first wave. The torpedo-bombers should spearhead the attack as they were the most vulnerable and so needed the moment of surprise the most. The fighters were ordered to fly CAP and destroy all enemy fighters, on the ground if possible. The fighters from the Kaga and Akagi were to patrol over Hickham Field and Barbers Point, the fighters from the Soryu and Hiryu over Wheeler and Barbers Point and those from Shokaku and Zuikaku over Kaneohe.
 

The Attack

The First Wave
The first wave had 189 aircraft assigned, but two A6Ms of the Soryu and Shokaku, one B5N of the Kaga, one D3A of the Shokaku and two D3As of the Zuikaku did not launch due to technical problems, so only 183 aircraft reached Oahu.

Fighters
Akagi  9 aircraft in one group                        Lt. Cdr. Shigeru Itaya
Kaga  9 aircraft in one group                         Lt. Yoshio Shiga
Soryu  9 aircraft in one group                         Lt. Masaji Suganami
Hiryu  6 aircraft in two groups of three           Lt. Kiyokuma Okajima
Shokaku  6 aircraft in two groups of three    Lt. Tadashi Kaneko
Zuikaku  6 aircraft in three groups of two      Lt. Masao Sato

Torpedo-bombers
Akagi  12 aircraft in two groups of six   Lt. Cdr. Shigeharu Murata
Kaga  12 aircraft in two groups of six    Lt. Kauyoshi Kitajima
Soryu  8 aircraft in two groups of four    Lt. Tsuyoshi Nagai
Hiryu  8 aircraft in two groups of four     Lt. Hirata Matsumura

Fighter-bombers
Akagi  15 aircraft in three groups of five   Cdr. Mitsuo Fuchida
Kaga  15 aircraft in three groups of five    Lt. Cdr. Takashi Hashiguchi
Soryu  10 aircraft in two groups of five       Lt. Heijiro Abe
Hiryu  10 aircraft in two groups of five        Lt. Cdr. Tadashi Kusumi

Dive-bombers
Shokaku    27 aircraft in three groups of nine    Lt. Cdr. Kakuichi Takahashi
Zuikaku     27 aircraft in three groups of nine     Lt. Cdr. Akira Sakamoto
 

The Second Wave
The second wave had 171 aircraft.  One A6M of the Hiryu and one D3A of the Kaga didn't start due to technical problems and two further D3As failed right after launching and returned to their carriers (Hiryu and Soryu).  So the second wave had only 167 aircraft when it arrived at the meeting-point near Oahu.

Fighters
Akagi  9 aircraft in one group     Lt. Saburo Shindo
Kaga  9 aircraft in one group     Lt. Yasushi Nikaido
Soryu  9 aircraft in one group     Lt. Fusata Iida
Hiryu  6 aircraft in two groups of three    Lt. Sumio Nono

Fighter-bombers
Shokaku  27 aircraft in three groups of nine    Lt. Tatsuo Ichihara
Zuikaku     27 aircraft in three groups of nine    Lt. Cdr. Shigekazu Shimazaki

Dive-bombers
Akagi  18 aircraft in two groups of nine    Lt. Takehiko Chihaya
Kaga  26 aircraft in three groups of nine  Lt. Saburo Makino
Soryu  18 aircraft in two groups of nine    Lt. Cdr. Takashige Egusa
Hiryu  18 aircraft in two groups of nine     Lt. Shun Nakagawa
 

CAP
A total of 48 fighters provided CAP over Ohau
   Akagi, Kaga, Soryu and Hiryu each launched their three spare fighters
   Hiryu sent three additional regular fighters
   Shokaku and Zuikaku each sent twelve regular fighters
   These were supported by nine fighters from the first wave

When these fighters ran short on fuel they returned to their carriers, where they were refueled and then returned to Oahu.  Three D3As were latter launched to provide navigational support.

Shokaku and Zuikaku used their three spare fighters to provide CAP over the Japanese Fleet.
 

Scouts
The cruisers Tone and Chikuma each launched one Type 0 float seaplane (E13A1 "Jake") at 5:30 am Hawaii time.  These scouted Pearl Harbor and radioed back a report on the status of the US Fleet shortly before the attack began.
Tone and Chikuma and the battleships Hiei and Kirishima each launched one scout at 6:30 am Hawaii time.  These patroled the area between Hawaii and the Japanese Fleet.
 


US Personnel Casualties

Navy

Killed, missing and died of wounds:  2,008
Wounded:  710

Source:  Navy Bureau of Medicine

Marines

Killed, missing and died of wounds:  109
Wounded:  69

Source:  Marine Corps Headquarters Documents

Army and Army Aircorps

Killed, missing and died of wounds:  218
Wounded:  364

Source:  Army Adjutant General Documents

Civilian

Killed, missing and died of wounds:  68
Wounded:  35

Source:  University of Hawaii War Records Depository

Totals

Killed:  2,403
Wounded:  1,178

Click here for a link to an off-site listing of US Military and Civilians killed during the Pearl Harbor attack
 


Casualties on USS Arizona BB-39

USS Arizona's total complement on 7 December 1941 appears to have been 1,512, including Adm. Kidd and those who were ashore or on other ships at the time of the attack.  On-board that morning were 1,282 officers and enlisted men.  Of these, 1,177 were killed, including Adm. Kidd and Capt. Van Valkenburg, leaving 337 survivors all told.  A total of 229 bodies were recovered before the Navy decided it was too dangerous to continue, leaving 945 still entombed.

Click here for a link to an off-site listing of crewmen killed on USS Arizona
 


Burial on the Arizona

On 7 December 2000, the ashes of Lewis P. Robinson, who was waiting dockside for a Liberty Boat when the Japanese attacked, were placed inside the hull of USS Arizona.  Mr. Robinson, who died in 1997, had often told his family that this was his final wish.  Mr. Robinson thus became the 16th former crewman to be interred on his old ship, an option available only to former members of the Arizona's crew.  As of December 2000, an estimated 50 former crewmen of USS Arizona were still alive.

An estimated 200 other survivors of the battle have had their ashes scattered into the waters of Pearl Habor and an additional unknown number have had their ashes scattered at various other military bases that were attacked on 7 December 1941.  As of June 2001, of those US military personnel stationed at Oahu on 7 December 1941, an estimated 8,000 were still alive.

OOB_WWII_Pearl_Harbor_pic.jpg

Naval Station Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (30 September 2004)
Chief Petty Officer's assigned to various commands in the Hawaii area, salute as the remains of Chief Machinist's Mate Anthony Francis Czarnecki are taken aboard the USS Arizona Memorial to be entombed.  Czarnecki and his brother Stanley both served aboard the battleship USS Arizona (BB-39).  Czarnecki and his brother were among 36 sets of brothers assigned to Arizona during the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.  Czarnecki's brother was killed in the attack and Czarnecki's last wish was to be returned to USS Arizona to be with his brother and shipmates upon his passing.
U.S. Navy Photograph 040930-N-4995T-001

Sources:

The Attack on Pearl Harbor, An Illustrated History, Larry Kimmett and Margaret Regis, Navigator Publishing, 1991
The Pearl Harbor Papers, Donald M. Goldstein and Katherine Dillon (Ed.)
Japanese Cruisers of World War II, Eric LaCroix and Linton Wells II, N.I.P., 1997
Day of Infamy, Walter Lord
At Dawn We Slept and Pearl Harbor: The Verdict of History, Gordon W. Prange
Pearl Harbor Attack, Arnold S. Lott and Robert F. Sumrall, Leeward Publications, 1977
Free State Battlewagon U.S.S. Maryland (BB-46), Myron J. Smith, Jr., Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, 1986
Golden State Battlewagon U.S.S. California (BB-44), Myron J. Smith, Jr., Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, 1984
Air Raid, Pearl Harbor!  Recollections of a Day of Infamy, Paul Stillwell, N.I.P., 1981
Cruisers of the U.S. Navy:  1922-1962, Stefan Terzibaschitsch, N.I.P., 1984
Japanese Warships of World War II, A.J. Watts, Ian Allan LTD, 1966
Pearl Harbor, HP Willmott

AP news release of 8 December 2000
National Geographic Magazine, June 2001

IJN records, Mark E. Horan and David Aiken (translation of names)

Long Lancers and TROM articles at Nihon Kaigun
The Amazing George Welch article at Planes and Pilots of World War II


Other Resources

Off-site listing of USN ships in the Pacific not at Pearl Harbor



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Back to the Order of Battle Page
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Updated 17 November 2006