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    Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2010 Mar;95(1):129-37. Epub 2010 Jan 5.

    Involvement of serotonin neurotransmission in hippocampal neurogenesis and behavioral responses in a rat model of post-stroke depression.

    Source

    The Department of Neurology, affiliated ZhongDa Hospital of Southeast University, No. 87 DingJiaQiao Road, Nanjing, 210009, PR China.

    Abstract

    Ischemia-stimulated dentate gyrus (DG) neurogenesis is hypothesized to be an etiological factor of post-stroke depression (PSD) and a potential target of selective serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in PSD. Clinical investigations have explored the strategy of augmenting SSRIs action by combination with a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist. We investigated the relative importance of the effects on ischemia-stimulated neurogenesis and depressive-like behavior of WAY-100635 versus citalopram at different dose levels in PSD animals. Adult rats were exposed to a chronic mild stress paradigm after ischemic surgery. Decreased sucrose consumption was indicative of the core depressive syndrome anhedonia. Proliferating cells and their fate were monitored by bromodeoxyuridine labeling protocols up to 28 days after ischemia. Expression of the 5-HT1A receptor in DG was also examined. The current findings confirmed the ability of WAY-100635 to augment SSRIs pharmacological efficacy and SSRIs-induced elevation of post-stroke DG neurogenesis. Specifically, WAY-100635 and citalopram in different dose combinations display their relative importance in ischemia-stimulated neurogenesis probably through reinforcing serotonergic neurotransmission and/or density of 5-HT1A receptor in DG. The present data extend our understanding that increase of ischemia-induced DG neurogenesis can be interpreted as a valid index, to an extent, or even a prerequisite for an efficient co-treatment strategy.

    (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    PMID:
    20045434
    [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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