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Antarctic Facilities

Please report any error or omission to sec@comnap.aq


Main Antarctic Facilities operated by National Antarctic Programs in the Antarctic Treaty Area (South of 60° latitude South)

Sorted by facility name. Updated 25 March 2009


Important Information:

  • The publication of details of these facilities does not imply any right of use. The facilities are established and maintained by National Antarctic Programs strictly for their own use – they are not designed or provided for use by others. Prior agreement must be obtained to use facilities maintained by another operator. In particular, requests for access to airfields must comply with the procedures for coordination, approval and information described in the Antarctic Flight Information Manual (AFIM) published by COMNAP - see www.comnap.aq/afim

  • Furthermore, the relevant legal instruments and authorisation procedures adopted by the states party to the Antarctic Treaty regulating access to the Antarctic Treaty Area, that is to all areas between 60 and 90 degrees of latitude South, have to be complied with. For more information, see www.ats.aq













Typical Summer Dates (10)

Population (9)

Operator(s)

Facility Name

UN Locode

Latitude

Longitude

Elevation

Airfield Suitability if any (5)

First opened

Facility Type (7)

2009 Current Status (8)

Summer Start Date

Summer End Date

Nominal Capacity

Peak

Winter Average

Annual Average

Annual Turnover

Chile

11 de septiembre


63°36.318’ W

57°35.528’ W



2002

Refuge

Seasonal




5

n/a



Finland

Aboa

AQ-ABA

73°03'S

013°25'W

400 m


1989

Station

Seasonal




20

n/a



Chile

Abrazo de Maipú


63°23.278'S

57°34.96’ W

400 m


2003

Refuge

Seasonal




8

n/a



USA

Amundsen-Scott

AQ-AMS

89°59.85'S

139°16.37'E

2 830 m

ski

1956

Station

Year-round




250

75



Chile

Antonio Huneeus


80°08’ S

81°16’ W

880 m


1997

Camp

Seasonal




4

n/a



Poland

Arctowski

AQ-ARC

62°09.57'S

058°28.25'W

2 m


1977

Station

Year-round




40

12



Uruguay

Artigas

AQ-ART

62°11.07'S

058°54.15'W

17 m


1984

Station

Year-round




60

9



Chile

Arturo Parodi


80°19.10'S

081°18.48'W

880 m

wheel & ski

1999

Station

Seasonal




25

n/a



Chile

Arturo Prat

AQ-APT

62°28.75'S

059°39.833'W

5 m


1947

Station

Year-round




15

9



Japan

Asuka


71°31.57'S

024°08.28'E

930 m


1984

Station

Seasonal





n/a



Chile

Bahía Yankee


62°32’ S

59°47’ W

5 m


1952

Refuge

Seasonal





n/a



Argentina

Belgrano II (1)

AQ-BEL

77°52.48'S

034°37.62'W

250 m


1955

Station

Year-round




12

12



Russia

Bellingshausen

AQ-BHN

62°11.78'S

058°57.65'W

16 m


1968

Station

Year-round




38

25



Chile

Bernardo O'Higgins

AQ-OHG

63°19.25'S

057°54.02'W

12 m

ski

1948

Station

Year-round




44

16



Argentina

Brown


64°53'S

62°53'W

10 m


1951

Station

Seasonal




18

n/a



Italy

Browning Pass


74°37.37'S

163°54.82'E

170 m

ski

1997

Refuge

Seasonal

15 December

2 February

6

2

n/a



Argentina

Cámara


62°36'S

59°56'W

22 m


1953

Station

Seasonal




36

n/a



Australia

Casey

AQ-CAS

66°17.00'S

110°31.18'E

30 m

ski

1969

Station

Year-round




70

20



Chile

Collins


62°09.667’ S

58°50.967’ W

5 m


2006

Refuge

Seasonal




3

n/a



Brazil

Comandante Ferraz

AQ-CFZ

62°05.00'S

058°23.47'W

8 m


1984

Station

Year-round




40

12



France & Italy

Concordia (2)

AQ-CON

75°06.12'S

123°23.72'E

3220 m

ski

1997

Station

Year-round

01-Nov

01-Feb

65

60

13



France

D10 skiway


66°40.08'S

139°49.18'E

~ 100 m

ski


Camp

Seasonal

01-Nov

01-Mar



n/a



France

D85 skiway


70°25.50'S

134°08.75'E

2850 m

ski


Camp

Seasonal





n/a



India

Dakshin Gangotri


70°05'S

12°00'E



1983

Station

Seasonal





n/a



Germany

Dallman


62°14'S

58°40'W


1994

Station

Seasonal




12

n/a



Australia

Davis

AQ-DAV

68°34.63'S

077°58.35'E

15 m

ski

1957

Station

Year-round




70

22



Argentina

Decepcíon


62°59'S

60°42'W

7 m


1948

Station

Seasonal




65

n/a



Japan

Dome Fuji

AQ-DMF

77°19.00'S

039°42.20'E

3810 m

ski

1995

Station

Seasonal




15

n/a



Russia

Druzhnaya 4

AQ-DRZ

69°44'S

073°42'E

20 m


1987

Station

Seasonal




50

n/a



France

Dumont d'Urville

AQ-DDU

66°39.77'S

140°00.08'E

42 m


1956

Station

Year-round

01-Nov

01-Mar

100

100

26



Australia

Edgeworth-David


66°15'S

100°36'E

15 m



Camp

Seasonal





n/a



Italy

Edmonson Point


74°20’S

165°07’E


ski

1994

Camp

Seasonal

01-November

31 January






Chile

Eduardo Frei


62°12.00'S

058°57.75'W

10 m


1969

Station

Year-round




120

70



Italy

Enigma Lake


74°42.81'S

164°02.49'E

170 m

ski

2005

Depot

Seasonal

15 December

2 February



n/a



Argentina

Esperanza

AQ-ESP

63°23.70'S

056°59.77'W

25 m


1952

Station

Year-round




90

55



Chile

Estación marítima Antártica


62º 12.4’ S

58º57.45’ W

5 m


1987

Station

Year-round




15

9



Chile

Federico Guesalaga


67°46.50’ S

68°54’ W

50 m


1962

Refuge

Seasonal





n/a



Chile

Federico Puga (ex Punta Spring or G. Mann)


64°17.80’ S

61°04’ W

30 m


1972

Refuge

Seasonal




4

n/a



United Kingdom

Fossil Bluff


71°19.76'S

068°16.02'W

92 m

ski

1961

Refuge

Seasonal

October

February


6

n/a



Spain

Gabriel de Castilla

AQ-GDC

62°59'S

060°41'W

15 m


1990

Station

Seasonal




25

n/a



Chile

Gabriel González Videla


64°49.42'S

62°51.50'W

5 m


1951

Station

Seasonal




9

n/a



Germany

Gondwana


74°38'S

164°13'E



1983

Station

Seasonal





n/a



China

Great Wall

AQ-GWL

62°12.98'S

058°57.73'W

10 m


1985

Station

Year-round




40

14



Czech Republic

Gregor Mendel


63°48.04'S

057°52.95'W

~ 10 m


2006

Station

Seasonal




20

n/a



Chile

Guillermo Mann (ex-Shirreff)


62°28.1’ S

60°46.1’ W

10 m


1991

Station

Seasonal




6

n/a



United Kingdom

Halley

AQ-HLY

75°34.90'S

026°32.47'W

37 m

ski

1956

Station

Year-round

November

March


65

15



Spain

Juan Carlos I

AQ-JCP

62°39'S

060°23'W

12 m


1989

Station

Seasonal




25

n/a



Argentina

Jubany

AQ-JUB

62°14.27'S

058°39.87'W

10 m


1982

Station

Year-round




100

20



Chile

Julio Escudero

AQ-ESC

62°12.08'S

058°57.77'W

10 m


1994

Station

Year-round




26

2



Chile

Julio Ripamonti


62°12.07'S

58°53.13'W

50 m


1986

Station

Seasonal




4

n/a



Korea

King Sejong

AQ-KSG

62°13.40'S

058°47.35'W

10 m


1988

Station

Year-round




70

18



Germany

Kohnen

AQ-KHN

75°00'S

000°04'E

2900 m

ski

2001

Station

Seasonal




28

n/a



China

Kunlun


80°25.02'S

077°06.97'E

4087 m


2009

Station

Seasonal

10 January

10 February

15

20

n/a



Australia & România

Law – Racovita

AQ-LAW

69°23'S

076°23'E

65 m


1987

Station

Seasonal




13

n/a



Russia

Lenindgradskaya


69°30'S

159°23'E



1971

Station

Temporarily Closed





n/a



Chile

Luis Carvajal


67°45'S

68°54'W

10 m

ski

1985

Station

Seasonal




30

n/a



Chile

Luis Risopatron


62°22.92'S

59°39.833'W

10 m


1957

Station

Temporarily Closed




8

n/a



Peru

Macchu Picchu


62°05.49'S

058°28.27'W

10 m


1989

Station

Seasonal




28

n/a



India

Maitri

AQ-MTR

70°45.95'S

011°44.15'E

130 m


1989

Station

Year-round




65

25



Ecuador

Maldonado


62°26.96'S

059°44.54'W

~ 10 m


1990

Station

Seasonal




22

n/a



Argentina

Marambio

AQ-MRB

64°14.70'S

056°39.42'W

200 m

wheel

1969

Station

Year-round




150

55



USA

Marble Point Heliport


77°24.82'S

163°40.75'E




Camp

Seasonal





n/a



Italy

Mario Zucchelli

AQ-MZU

74°41'S

164°07'E

15 m

wheel & ski

1986

Station

Seasonal

20 October

2 February

80

90

n/a



Argentina

Matienzo


64°58'S

60°03'W

32 m


1961

Station

Seasonal




15

n/a



Australia

Mawson

AQ-MAW

67°36.28'S

062°52.25'E

5 m

ski

1954

Station

Year-round




60

20



USA

McMurdo

AQ-MCM

77°50.88'S

166°40.10'E

~ 10 m

wheel & ski

1955

Station

Year-round




1000

250



Argentina

Melchior


64°20'S

62°59'W



1947

Station

Seasonal




36

n/a



Italy

Mid Point


75°32.44'S

145°49.12'E

2520 m

ski

1998

Depot

Seasonal

20 October

2 February



n/a



Russia

Mirny

AQ-MIR

66°33.12'S

093°00.88'E

40 m


1956

Station

Year-round




169

60



Japan

Mizuho


70°41.88'S

44°19.90'E

2230 m


1970

Station

Seasonal





n/a



Russia

Molodezhnaya


67°40.30'S

045°23.00'E

42 m


1962

Station

Temporarily Closed





n/a



Russia

Molodezhnaya Airfield


67°40.97'S

046°08.08'E

225 m

wheel & ski


Camp

Seasonal





n/a



Germany

Neumayer

AQ-NEU

70°38.00'S

008°15.80'W

40 m

ski

1981

Station

Year-round




50

9



Russia

Novolazarevskaya

AQ-NOV

70°46.43'S

011°51.90'E

102 m


1961

Station

Year-round




70

30



Russia

Novolazarevskaya Airfield


70°49.52'S

11°37.68'E

550 m

wheel & ski


Camp

Seasonal





n/a



USA

Odell Glacier


76°39'S

159°58'E

1600 m

wheel


Camp

Seasonal





n/a



Bulgaria

Ohridiski


62°38.48'S

060°21.88'W

~ 13 m


1988

Station

Seasonal

01 November

01 March

12

18

n/a



Argentina

Orcadas

AQ-ORC

60°44.33'S

044°44.28'W

4 m


1904

Station

Year-round




45

14



USA

Palmer

AQ-PLM

64°46.50'S

064°03.07'W

~ 10 m


1965

Station

Year-round




43

12



Argentina

Petrel


63°28'S

56°13'W

18 m


1967

Station

Seasonal




55

n/a



Argentina

Primavera


64°09'S

60°57'W

50 m


1977

Station

Seasonal




18

n/a



Belgium

Princess Elisabeth


71°57'S

23°20'E

1397 m


2009

Station

Seasonal

01 November

01 March

20


n/a



Russia

Progress 2

AQ-PRO

69°23'S

076°23'E

15 m


1989

Station

Year-round




77

20



France

Prud'homme


66°41.22'S

139°54.42'E

~ 10 m



Camp

Seasonal

01-Nov

01-Mar

20

25

n/a



Chile

Ramón Cañas (or Jorge Boonen)


63°32.263’ S

57°24.257’ W

10 m


1997

Refuge

Seasonal




10

n/a



Ecuador

Refugio Ecuador (6)


62°08'S

058°22'W

~ 10 m


1990

Refuge

Seasonal




4

n/a



Chile

Rodolfo Marsh

AQ-TNM

62°11.37'S

058°58.87'W

45 m

wheel

1969

Camp

Year-round




15

8



United Kingdom

Rothera

AQ-ROT

67°34.17'S

068°07.20'W

16 m

wheel

1975

Station

Year-round

October

March


130

22



United Kingdom

Rothera Skiway


67°32'S

68°11'W

250 m

ski

1975

Camp

Seasonal

October

March



n/a



Russia

Russkaya


74°45'S

136°40'W


1980

Station

Temporarily Closed





n/a



Japan

S17


69°01.58'S

040°04.37'E

620 m

ski

2005

Camp

Seasonal





n/a



Argentina

San Martín

AQ-SMT

68°07.78'S

067°06.20'W

5 m


1951

Station

Year-round




20

20



South Africa

SANAE IV (3)

AQ-SNA

71°40.42'S

002°49.73'W

850 m

ski

1962

Station

Year-round




80

10



New Zealand

Scott Base

AQ-SBA

77°51.00'S

166°45.77'E

10 m


1957

Station

Year-round




85

10



United Kingdom

Signy

AQ-SGN

60°43'S

045°36'W

5 m


1947

Station

Seasonal

September

March


10

n/a



USA

Siple Dome


81°39'S

149°04'W

ski


Camp

Seasonal





n/a



Italy

Sitry Point


71°39.32'S

148°39.15'E

1600 m

ski

2000

Depot

Seasonal

20 October

2 February






United Kingdom

Sky Blu


74°51.38'S

071°34.16'W

1372 m

wheel


Camp

Seasonal

November

February


6

n/a



Argentina

Sobral


81°05'S

40°39'W

1000 m


1965

Station

Seasonal




7

n/a



Russia

Soyuz


70°35'S

68°47'E

336 m


1982

Station

Temporarily Closed





n/a



Japan

Syowa

AQ-SYW

69°00.37'S

039°35.40'E

29 m

ski

1957

Station

Year-round




110

28



Uruguay

T/N Ruperto Elichiribehety


63°24.13'S

056°58.38'W

~ 50m


1997

Station

Seasonal

December

March

10





Italy

Talos Dome


72°46’

159°02’E

2300 m

ski

2004

Camp

Seasonal

07 November

20 January

8

10




Norway

Tor

AQ-TOR

71°53'S

005°09'E

1625 m


1985

Station

Seasonal




4

n/a



Norway

Troll (4)

AQ-TRL

72°00.12'S

002°32.03'E

1300 m

wheel

1990

Station

Year-round




40

7



Ukraine

Vernadsky

AQ-VKY

65°14.72'S

064°15.40'W

7 m


1996

Station

Year-round




24

12



Russia

Vostok

AQ-VOS

78°28.00'S

106°48.00'E

3500 m

ski

1957

Station

Year-round




25

13



Sweden

Wasa

AQ-WSA

73°03'S

013°25'W

~ 400m


1989

Station

Seasonal




20

n/a



Australia

Wilkins Runway


66°41.45'S

111°31.73'E

740 m

ski & wheel


Camp

Seasonal





n/a



Chile

Yelcho


64°62'S

63°35'W

5 m


1962

Station

Temporarily Closed




8

n/a



China

Zhongshan

AQ-ZGN

69°22.27'S

076°22.23'E

~ 10 m


1989

Station

Year-round




30

15





Notes:

Note 1: Belgrano

Original Belgrano Station opened 1955. Replaced by Belgrano II 1979.

Note 2: Concordia

Concordia Station opened Dec 1997 for summer-only operation. Opened for year-round operation Feb 2005.

Note 3: SANAE

Original SANAE Station opened 1962. SANAE IV opened 1997 at a new location, 200km South of SANAE I to III

Note 4: Troll

Troll Station opened Feb 1990 for summer-only operation. Opened for year-round operation Feb 2005.

Note 5: Airfields

Airfield information is extracted from the AFIM (except for Troll airfield that is not yet included in AFIM) published and maintained by COMNAP. See http://www.comnap.aq/afim .

The 'suitability' indicated (wheel; ski; or wheel and ski) corresponds to suitability of the airfield when all its runways are operational. Skiways are generally not maintained all year-round. In many cases they are prepared only when and as required by National Programs.

Note 6: Refugio Ecuador

Refugio Ecuador (full name “Refugio Republic del Ecuador”) was previously known as “Vicente”

Note 7: Options for Facility Type
  • Station: an established facility/installation with fixed, permanent buildings and mechanical services – reticulated power, water and sewage, etc...;

  • Camp: a more basic and less permanent facility/installation, such as a group of tents/ shelters, often used only for a small number of seasons;

  • Refuge: usually a small and very basic facility/installation, sometimes only one small hut, but usually of a permanent nature;

  • Depot: a depot of food, fuel or other supply.

Note 8: Options for facility Current Status
  • Year-round: opened all year round – winter and summer;

  • Seasonal: opened Seasonally only – typically opened every summer or most summers;

  • Temporarily Closed: closed temporarily and ready to be re-opened as and when required;

  • Closed: closed indefinitely – but at least part of the facility still exists and could be renovated and/or re-used;

  • No Longer Exists: the facility no longer exists;

  • Under Construction: under construction – on-site construction work has commenced;

  • Under Consideration: construction of the facility nis under consideration – on-site construction work has not commenced.

Note 9: Population parameter definitions
  • Nominal Capacity: the maximum number of persons the facility is designed for, and can accommodate 'comfortably'.
    As consistent with the number of beds and the size/capacity of catering, ablution and waste processing facilities, etc...

  • Peak: the maximum number of persons present at the facility at any one time.
    This will typically be the number of persons present on site at the busiest time of the summer. This can be higher than the Nominal Capacity of the facility.

  • Summer average: the average number of persons living in the facility over the summer period.

  • Winter average: the average number of persons living in the facility over the winter period.

  • Annual average: the average number of persons living in the facility over the entire year.
    This corresponds to the number of persons-day on station over the year, divided by 365 (or 366).

  • Annual turnover: the total number of person movements into the facility over a 12 months period.
    Do not add in and out. One person coming in and going out once counts for 1 only, but the same person coming in and out twice during the year is counted twice. For simplicity, just calculate the number of movements 'in' by adding up the number of passengers on each ship or flight arrived at the station.

Note 10: Typical Summer Dates
  • Summer Start Date: Typical start date (day-month) of the summer season for the facility
    For year-round facilities, this is the time of the first ship or aircraft arriving with passengers after the winter.

  • Summer End Date: Typical end date (day-month) of the summer season for the facility
    For year-round facilities, this is the time of the last ship or aircraft departing with passengers before the winter.


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