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NC History & Facts

Last Updated: May 23rd, 2010 - 21:01:09

 


Civil War Facts About North Carolina
By North Carolina Department of Commerce, Division of Tourism
Jun 28, 2006, 08:21 PST



What made North Carolina different that the other Southern states in the Confederacy?

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  • Bentonville Battlefield is the largest Civil War battlefield in North Carolina and the site of the only offensive battle to stop General Sherman’s march from Atlanta. This was the last major battle fought during the Civil War, covering 6,000 acres of farmland with over 80,000 troops engaged.

  • While North Carolina was the last of the 11 Southern states to secede, it sent more troops and materials and suffered more losses than any other Southern state.

  • Around 40,000 North Carolinians were killed over the course of the war.

  • The largest surrender of Confederate troops occurred at Bennett Place in Durham. With Lee's surrender at Appomattox, this completely disbanded the Confederate troops.

  • When Fort Anderson (Brunswick County, Cape Fear River) fell, an Indiana unit took home the garrison flag as a war trophy and presented it to the governor of the state, a close political friend of President Lincoln. The governor invited President Lincoln to change his schedule in Washington at the last minute to attend a ceremony involving this garrison flag. Lincoln made the change and thus avoided a kidnap plan set in motion by John Wilkes Booth. Did Fort Anderson’s flag cost Lincoln his life?

  • The January 1865 combined land and sea action against Fort Fisher was the largest waterborne assault on a mainland target until the allied invasion of Normandy during WWII.

  • There was opposition to secession in several areas of the state. A Peace Party organized conferences, speeches and street riots in the Piedmont. More than 125,000 men from North Carolina served in the Confederate Army. The state also had as many as 15,000 black and white troops in Federal (Union) regiments.

  • In Hertford, Perquimans County, a monument to US Colored Troops stands on Academy Green, perhaps the only one in the South.

  • The Thomasville City Cemetery may be the only formal burial ground in the United States to have US and Confederate soldiers buried side by side.

  • The Quaker Belt consisted of the counties of Guilford, Forsyth, Randolph and Davidson, with pockets in some of the surrounding counties. The Quakers opposed slavery, resisted service in the Confederate Army and participated in the Underground Railroad.

  • Whenever possible, the state quartermaster gave contracts to widows or wives of soldiers to sew uniforms. This was an important and new source of revenue for women, most of who had never worked outside the home, to provide income for their families.

  • North Carolina was an important supplier of cloth for military purposes during the war because of the large concentration of textile mills. It has been said that North Carolina clad its soldiers better than any other state in the Confederacy.

  • Military goods manufactured within the state included flags, buttons, gunpowder, swords, ammunition and leather goods. Pottery was also an important industry, with many potters supplying storage vessels to the military.
  • The North Carolina Cherokee Confederates fought the last skirmish in the state at White Sulphur Springs on May 6 and surrendered on May 9, 1865.





    Keywords: Civil War Facts of North Carolina, North Carolina civil war facts, civil war facts, quick facts about the civil war, ClassBrain, North Carolina

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