mena.jpg (8523 bytes)
Aha-Mena
Pharaonic Egypt's first monarch

THE
GLOBAL AFRICAN PRESENCE

by
Runoko Rashidi
(click for bio)

tiye.jpg (6353 bytes)
Queen Tiye
Kamite Dynasty XVIII


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THE ARTICLES

- Contributory notes listed in order of addition -

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  1. LECTURE NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN INDIA - A PHOTO ESSAY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  2. LECTURE NOTES: THE LIFE AND LEGACY OF JOEL AUGUSTUS ROGERS - CHRONICLER OF A GLORIOUS AFRICAN PAST cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. John Henrik Clarke)

  3. LECTURE NOTES: THE AFRICAN WOMAN AS HEROINE - GREAT BLACK WOMEN IN HISTORY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to African Women Around the Planet!)

  4. LECTURE NOTES: HEROIC RESISTANCE - THE BLACK PRESENCE IN AUSTRALIA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Gracelyn Smallwood, Mumia Abu-Jamal, and Jijaga Pratt)

  5. LECTURE NOTES: BLACK WAR - THE DESTRUCTION OF THE TASMANIAN ABORIGINES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Gracelyn Smallwood)

  6. THE GLOBAL AFRICAN COMMUNITY: HISTORY NOTES - A NEW COLUMN cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  7. HISTORY NOTES: ANCIENT AFRICA AND EARLY ROME cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  8. HISTORY NOTES: BLACK PEOPLE IN THE BRITISH ISLES AND EARLY NORTHERN EUROPE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Marpessa)

  9. HISTORY NOTES: DR. CHEIKH ANTA DIOP & THE AFRICAN ORIGIN OF EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Theophile Obenga)

  10. HISTORY NOTES: THE MOORISH CONQUEST OF SPAIN cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Edward Vivian Scobie - Ancestor)

  11. HISTORY NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN THE ANCIENT FAR EAST cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. James Edward Brunson III)

  12. HISTORY NOTES: THE MOORS IN EUROPE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  13. HISTORY NOTES: ALEXANDER SERGEIEVICH PUSHKIN - PATRIARCH OF RUSSIAN LITERATURE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  14. LECTURE NOTES: MARTIN ROBISON DELANY & EDWARD WILMOT BLYDEN - RACE MEN & PIONEER BLACK NATIONALISTS cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. John Henrik Clarke & Dr. Yosef A. A. ben-Jochannan)

  15. HISTORY NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY ARABIA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  16. HISTORY NOTES: PAULINE ELIZABETH HOPKINS - DEAN OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WRITERS cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Toni Morrison)

  17. HISTORY NOTES: DR. CHANCELLOR JAMES WILLIAMS AND THE RECONSTRUCTION OF AFRICAN CIVILIZATION cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  18. HISTORY NOTES: DRUSILLA DUNJEE HOUSTON AND THE WONDERFUL ETHIOPIANS OF THE ANCIENT CUSHITE EMPIRE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Kefa Nepthys)

  19. TRAVEL NOTES: TRIVANDRUM TALK cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Brother Kwame Ture)

  20. HISTORY NOTES: GEORGE WELLS PARKER - RACE MAN AND PIONEER TO THE PAST cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to William Paul Coates)

  21. HISTORY NOTES: ANTARA THE LION - FATHER OF HEROES
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Khalid Abdullah Tariq Al-Mansour)

  22. HISTORY NOTES: REV. JAMES MARMADUKE BODDY AND THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN ANCIENT JAPAN AND CHINA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Gabriel Kofi Osei, Ancestor)

  23. LECTURE NOTES: JOHN HENRIK CLARKE, RUNOKO RASHIDI - RACE MEN OF THE NINETIES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Leah Mullen

  24. HISTORY NOTES: THE ANCIENT SUMERIANS OF SOUTHWEST ASIA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Chancellor James Williams (1898-1992)

  25. HISTORY NOTES: DR. CARTER GODWIN WOODSON AND THE OBSERVANCE OF AFRICAN HISTORY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Jacob Hudson Carruthers)

  26. HISTORY NOTES: DAHIA AL-KAHINA - VALIANT NORTH AFRICAN FREEDOM FIGHTER
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Camille Cosby)

  27. HISTORY NOTES: PROFESSOR JOHN GLOVER JACKSON (1907-1993) - HUMANIST AND PIONEER TO THE PAST cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  28. HISTORY NOTES: UP! YOU MIGHTY RACE - A TRIBUTE TO MARCUS MOSIAH GARVEY (1887-1940) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Kwame Ture and Dr. Tony Martin)

  29. HISTORY NOTES: SIR MORIEN - BLACK KNIGHT OF THE EUROPEAN MIDDLE AGES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Patricia Mpata Mc Graw)

  30. HISTORY NOTES: THE PYRAMIDS OF EGYPT - ANCIENT MIRACLES IN STONE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Asa Grant Hilliard III)

  31. TRAVEL NOTES: IN EGYPT WITH YOSEF A.A. BEN-JOCHANNAN: ICON OF AFRICAN HISTORIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  32. HISTORY NOTES: DR. EDWARD VIVIAN SCOBIE AND THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY EUROPE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  33. HISTORY NOTES: MINOAN CRETE - AFRICAN FORERUNNER OF EUROPEAN CIVILIZATIONS cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  34. TRAVEL NOTES: HANGING WITH THE BLACKFELLAS DOWN UNDER cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  35. REFERENCE NOTES: RACE RELATIONS IN AUSTRALIA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  36. TRAVEL NOTES: ALEXANDER PUSHKIN AND THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN RUSSIA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Lily Golden and John Oliver Killens, 1916-1987)

  37. TRAVEL NOTES: LOOKING AT INDIA THROUGH AFRICAN EYES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  38. HISTORY NOTES: DR. WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DUBOIS (1868-1963) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  39. HISTORY NOTES: DR. J.C. DeGRAFT-JOHNSON AND THE GLORY OF ANCIENT AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  40. HISTORY NOTES: DR. GEORGE G.M. JAMES AND THE STOLEN LEGACY OF AFRICAN PEOPLE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Peter Dawson and Dr. Alfred M. Ligon)

  41. HISTORY NOTES: MIGHTY MEMNON - THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN GREEK & ROMAN MYTHOLOGY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  42. HISTORY NOTES: BLACKS IN THE PACIFIC - MELANESIA: THE STRUGGLE CONTINUES! cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Charsee McIntyre)

  43. HISTORY NOTES: TRIBUTE TO A TRAILBLAZER - THE REVEREND DR. RUFUS LEWIS PERRY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to the Reverend Dr. Charles Buchanan Copher)

  44. HISTORY NOTES: THE GREAT UNIVERSITY OF SANKORE AT TIMBUKTU - A BRIEF NOTE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Adelaide Sanford, Dr. Asa G. Hilliard III and Dr. Patricia McGraw)

  45. HISTORY NOTES: THE REVOLT OF THE BLACKS cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Brother Mumia Abu-Jamal)

  46. HISTORY NOTES: COLUMBUS CAME LATE - THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY AMERICA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  47. HISTORY NOTES: PROFILES OF AFRICAN WOMEN EDUCATORS - ANNA JULIA COOPER & NANNIE HELEN BURROUGHS
          by Runoko Rashidi & Karen A. Johnson (Dedicated to Dr. Adelaide Sanford)

  48. HISTORY NOTES: TRIBUTE TO A GREAT MAN - DR. JAN RYNVELD CAREW
          by Runoko Rashidi

  49. HISTORY NOTES: THE DANCERS OF GOD/THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF HARKHUF cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  50. REFERENCE NOTES: DR. JACOB HUDSON CARRUTHERS (RACE MAN AND SCHOLAR) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  51. HISTORY NOTES: AL-JAHIZ AND THE BOOK OF THE GLORY OF THE BLACKS OVER THE WHITES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Tariq Al-Mansour & Dr. M. Ejaz Ali)

  52. TRAVEL NOTES: RUNOKO RASHIDI - A BLACK AMERICAN'S SOJOURN OF DISCOVERY
          by Soroor Ahmed

  53. REFERENCE NOTES: DR. ASA GRANT HILLIARD III (RACE MAN AND SCHOLAR) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  54. REFERENCE NOTES: IMHOTEP cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  55. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT AFRICAN LAND OF ANTIQUITY - DYNASTIC KMT, PART 1 cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Yosef A. A. ben-Jochannan

  56. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT AFRICAN LAND OF ANTIQUITY - DYNASTIC KMT, PART 2 cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  57. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT AFRICAN LAND OF ANTIQUITY - DYNASTIC KMT, PART 3 cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  58. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT AFRICAN LAND OF ANTIQUITY - DYNASTIC KMT, PART 4 cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  59. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT AFRICAN LAND OF ANTIQUITY - DYNASTIC KMT, PART 5 cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  60. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT AFRICAN LAND OF ANTIQUITY - DYNASTIC KMT, PART 6 cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  61. HISTORY NOTES: DR. DIOP AND THE CULTURAL ROOTS OF THE DALITS - INDIA'S BLACK UNTOUCHABLES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by V. T. Rajshekar

  62. BOOK NOTES: THE AFRICAN BROWSER
          by Jahfree I Kupendua (Afrikan Frontline Network)

  63. HISTORY NOTES: THE ROYAL SHIPS OF THE EGYPTIAN PHARAOHS cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Ivan Van Sertima)

  64. HISTORY NOTES: A NOTE ON THE BLACK MADONNAS OF EUROPE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  65. HISTORY NOTES: FROM THE PHILOSOPHY AND OPINIONS OF MARCUS GARVEY - HISTORY & THE NEGRO cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          posted by Runoko Rashidi

  66. HISTORY NOTES: WILLIAM LEO HANSBERRY - PIONEER AFRICANIST SCHOLAR (1894-1965) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  67. TRAVEL NOTES: THE MIGHTY MONUMENTS OF ANGKOR, Part 1 (Dec. 11, '99) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Alice Windom)

  68. TRAVEL NOTES: THE MIGHTY MONUMENTS OF ANGKOR, Part 2 (Dec. 12, '99) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  69. REFERENCE NOTES: A BRIEF SYNOPSIS OF DYNASTIC KMT: A WORKING BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  70. HISTORY NOTES: WILLIAM HENRY FERRIS - THE AFRICAN ABROAD
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Jake Patton Beason & Dr. Anderson Thompson)

  71. LETTER TO THE EDITOR OF THE BOSTON GLOBE, re: "BAPTIST BOOK SPURS MARCH BY HINDUS"
          by Dr. Iniyan Elango, M.D.

  72. HISTORY NOTES: LEO AFRICANUS - MOORISH MAN OF LEARNING
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Ms. Sybil Williams-Clarke)

  73. HISTORY NOTES: A BRIEF NOTE ON THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY CENTRAL ASIA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  74. REFERENCE NOTES: AFRICAN WOMEN IN EGYPT OF THE PHARAOHS (ANCIENT KMT) - A WORKING BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Queen Nzinga Ratibisha Heru)

  75. REFERENCE NOTES: THE BLACK MADONNAS OF EUROPE - A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  76. REFERENCE NOTES: AFRICANS IN EARLY BRITAIN - A BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  77. HISTORY NOTES: A TRIBUTE TO DR. IVAN VAN SERTIMA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  78. HISTORY NOTES: COLCHIANS, PHOENICIANS AND CANAANITES - THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN CLASSICAL WEST ASIAN CIVILIZATIONS cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  79. TRAVEL NOTES: THE MIGHTY MONUMENTS OF ANGKOR, Part 3 (Dec. 21, '99) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  80. HISTORY NOTES: RESEARCHING THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN ASIA - THE CHALLENGE AHEAD OF US
          by Chancellor Williams (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  81. NOTES FROM A BROTHER IN INDIA: THE BIGOTRY OF HINDUS WITH REGARD TO SKIN COLOUR
          by Iniyan Elango, M.D. (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  82. NOTES FROM A BROTHER IN INDIA: HISTORY AND HERITAGE
          by Iniyan Elango, M.D. (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  83. HISTORY NOTES: BLACK PEOPLE IN THE PHILIPPINES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to brother David Fagan, Ancestor)

  84. DR. AMBEDKAR AWARD FOR RUNOKO RASHIDI cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by V.T. Rajshekar (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  85. THE MYTH OF THE MAHATMA: M.K. GANDHI IN SOUTH AFRICA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Velu Annamalai, Ph.D. (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  86. REFERENCE NOTES: THE MYTH OF THE MAHATMA - A SELECTED LIST OF WORKS BY AND ABOUT MOHANDAS KARAMCHAND GANDHI
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  87. HISTORY NOTES: MALCOLM X ON AFRICAN HISTORY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Malcolm X (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  88. HISTORY NOTES: AFRICANISM AND CULTURE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Kwame Nkrumah (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  89. PREFACE TO HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE ANCIENT NEGRO cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Josephine E. Carlisle (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  90. TRAVEL NOTES: AN UPDATE ON THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN VIETNAM cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Brother Bill Jones)

  91. TRAVEL NOTES: IN SEARCH OF THE BLACK PRESENCE IN CAMBODIA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to the Godfrey Family)

  92. TRAVEL NOTES: THE BLACK PRESENCE IN THAILANDcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Donal H. Godfrey)

  93. HISTORY NOTES: HARUN KOFI WANGARA AND THE VOYAGES OF THE MANDINGA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi ( Dedicated to Brother Jamal Ali)

  94. HISTORY NOTES: RACIAL CLASSIFICATION cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Cheikh Anta Diop (posted by Runoko Rashidi
    )

  95. HISTORY NOTES: EXAMINATION & REVIEW - AFRICAN PRESENCE IN CLASSICAL ASIAN CIVILIZATION cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          an abstract by Runoko Rashidi

  96. REFERENCE NOTES: THE MOORS IN ANTIQUITY - A BIBLIOGRAPHY
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Yvonne Clarke)

  97. REFERENCE NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY CHINA - A BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  98. REFERENCE NOTES: GENERAL HANNIBAL BARCA - GREAT ANCIENT AFRICAN WARRIOR-KING - A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Leonard Jeffries, Jr.)

  99. HISTORY NOTES: ANCIENT ETHIOPIANS OF THE GOLDEN AGE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          b
    y John G. Jackson (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  100. REFERENCE NOTES: ALEXANDER SERGEIEVICH PUSHKIN - A BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  101. HISTORY NOTES: THE INFLUENCE OF THE MOORS IN SPAIN AND PORTUGAL
          by Edward Vivian Scobie (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  102. REFERENCE NOTES: THE WORKS OF DR. CHANCELLOR JAMES WILLIAMS - A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  103. REFERENCE NOTES: SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS (AFRICAN EMPEROR OF ROME) - A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  104. REFERENCE NOTES: THE DESTRUCTION OF THE ABORIGINAL TASMANIANS - A BIBLIOGRAPHY
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  105. REFERENCE NOTES: A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF JOHN GLOVER JACKSON (1907-1993)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  106. TRAVEL NOTES: A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE SEARCH FOR AFRICAN PEOPLE IN THE PACIFIC ISLANDS
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Tanya Washington)

  107. TRAVEL NOTES: A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE SEARCH FOR AFRICAN PEOPLE IN THE PACIFIC ISLANDS - Part II
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Joel Augustus Rogers & Dr. John Henrik Clarke)

  108. HISTORY NOTES: ALPHONSO ORENZO STAFFORD (1871-1941) - PIONEER EDUCATOR AND KEEPER OF THE AFRICAN FLAME
         by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Annette Yaa Asantewa Blake)

  109. REFERENCE NOTES: JESUS, JEWS, THE BIBLE AND THE BLACK MAN - A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Charles Buchanan Copher)

  110. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT HABSHIS IN ETHIOPIAN/INDIAN HISTORY - History of the Ethiopian Diaspora, in India - Part IV
          by
    Dr Richard Pankhurst (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  111. HISTORY NOTES: INTERVIEW WITH MICHAEL ANDERSON
          posted by Runoko Rashidi

  112. HISTORY NOTES: DR. CHEIKH ANTA DIOP - A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF AN AFRICAN CHAMPION cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          posted by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Leonard Jeffries, Jr.)

  113. TRAVEL NOTES: NAMIBIAN NIGHTS: A PERSONAL PERSPECTIVE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
         by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to the Pan Afrikan Centre of Namibia)

  114. REFERENCE NOTES: THE BEGINNING OF THE SONGS OF EXTREME HAPPINESS - AN ANCIENT AFRICAN POEM OF LOVE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
         
    posted by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to the African Woman: Queen of the Universe)

  115. REFERENCE NOTES: THE AFRICAN STAR OVER EUROPE: A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY EUROPE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  116. TRAVEL NOTES: GREAT ZIMBABWE - INTRODUCTION TO AN AFRICAN JOURNEY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to the School of African Awareness)

  117. HISTORY NOTES: HANNIBAL, THE AFRICAN WARRIOR cam1.gif (940 bytes)
         
    by Yvonne Clark (posted by Runoko Rashidi; dedicated to Attorney Alton Maddox)

  118. HISTORY NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN INDIAN ANTIQUITY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Velu Annamalai)

  119. HISTORY NOTES: A PLEA FOR FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AT THE WORLD CONFERENCE AGAINST RACISM
          by Dr. R. S. Sridhar (alias) Iniyan Elango (posted by Runoko Rashidi
    )

  120. HISTORY NOTES: THE TALE OF THE TWO BROTHERS--A FAIRY TALE OF ANCIENT EGYPT cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          commentary by Runoko Rashidi

  121. HISTORY NOTES: ALEXANDER OF MACEDON AND CLIETUS THE BLACK cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Arthur Lewin, posted by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to
    Dr. George G.M. James)

  122. HISTORY NOTES: WILLIAM WELLS BROWN: ABOLITIONIST, AUTHOR, AND HISTORIAN cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Kenneth Ritchards, Nias Harris, and Dr. Ray Winbush)

  123. HISTORY NOTES: YAA ASANTEWA--QUEEN MOTHER OF EJISU cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          posted by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Sister Yaa Asantewa Nzinga--Educator and Freedom Fighter)

  124. HISTORY NOTES: THE AFRICAN ROOTS OF HUMANITY AND CIVILIZATION - KEYNOTE ADDRESS FOR AFRICA DAY 2000 COMMEMORATION,
    Presented in Windhoek, Namibia on May 26, 2000
    cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to President Sam Nujoma)

  125. HISTORY NOTES: WORDS OF A RACE MAN - AFRIKAN THEOLOGY, COSMOGONY AND PHILOSOPHY--AN INTRODUCTION
          by Runoko Rashidi

  126. HISTORY NOTES: JOHN G. JACKSON AND THE INTRODUCTION TO AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS: A FOREWORD cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  127. HISTORY NOTES: CASTE AND RACE IN INDIA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  128. HISTORY NOTES: THE IMPORTANCE OF HISTORY TO AFRICAN LIBERATION cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  129. BOOK NOTES: RASHIDI INTERVIEWED IN THE BOOK LOVER'S HAVEN
          by Runoko Rashidi

  130. HISTORY NOTES: LIFE OF BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR
          by C. Gautam (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  131. REFERENCE NOTES: A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN JAPAN cam1.gif (940 bytes)
         
    compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  132. HISTORY NOTES: CHINESE ROOTS LIE IN AFRICA, RESEARCH SAYS
          by Robert Lee Holts (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  133. HISTORY NOTES: SEPIA SALUTES: JOEL ROGERS RECORDS HISTORY OF NEGROES cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          posted by Runoko Rashidi

  134. REFERENCE NOTES: THE BLACK PRESENCE IN AUSTRALIA: A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  135. HISTORY NOTES: DR. WALTER RODNEY (1942-1980) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          posted by Runoko Rashidi

  136. HISTORY NOTES: KANAKY (NEW CALEDONIA) cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          posted by Runoko Rashidi

  137. HISTORY NOTES: DRAVIDATVA AND LIBERATION FROM HINDU NAZIS
          by Dr.R.S.Sridhar (alias) Iniyan Elango (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  138. HISTORY NOTES: A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SONGHAI EMPIRE
         
    by Juanda Honore (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  139. HISTORY NOTES: DRAVIDIAN GENOCIDE
          by Iniyan Elango (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  140. HISTORY NOTES: THE UNRELENTING STRUGGLE OF INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIANS
          by Gracelyn Smallwood (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  141. HISTORY NOTES: THE BLACKS OF EAST BENGAL - A NATIVE'S PERSPECTIVE cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by
    Horen Tudu (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  142. HISTORY NOTES: WILLIAM LEO HANSBERRY, TEACHER - AS SEEN BY A FORMER STUDENT
          by Chancellor James Williams (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  143. REFERENCE NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN THE EARLY ISLAMIC WORLD - A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  144. HISTORY NOTES: AFRIKAN HISTORIANS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY & THE NILE VALLEY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Ahati N. N. Toure (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  145. HISTORY NOTES: ETHIOPIA - ANCIENT LAND OF AFRICA cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Yaw Davis (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  146. HISTORY NOTES: DID HANNIBAL DESTROY ROME?
         
    by Authur Lewin (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  147. HISTORY NOTES: AFRICANS AND INDIANS - ONLY IN AMERICA
          by William Loren Katz (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  148. HISTORY NOTES: IN CELEBRATION OF GREAT BLACK WOMEN
          by
    Macollvie Jean-Francois (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  149. HISTORY NOTES: IN REFUTATION OF THE BELL CURVE
          by Ahati N. N. Toure (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  150. REFERENCE NOTES: A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF AFRICAN CANADIAN HISTORY cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by David W. States and Crystal D. Mulder (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  151. HISTORY NOTES: THE PARIAH AND THE PUNDIT - A UNIQUE CASE OF LITERARY BIGOTRY
          by Dr. R. S. Sridhar (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  152. HISTORY NOTES: THE GREAT BUILDERS OF EGYPT'S TWELFTH DYNASTY
          by Runoko Rashidi

  153. HISTORY NOTES: AN AFRICAN PRESENCE IN PREHISTORIC AMERICA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  154. HISTORY NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN MUSLIM LANDS
          by Runoko Rashidi

  155. HISTORY NOTES: MOORS AND ARABS
         
    by Yvonne Clark (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  156. HISTORY NOTES: AFRICAN HERITAGE EXTENDS ACROSS THE ARAB WORLD
         
    by Sunni Khalid (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  157. HISTORY NOTES: ARTHUR ALFONSO "AFROBORINQUENO" SCHOMBURG cam1.gif (940 bytes)
         
    by Robert Knight (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  158. HISTORY NOTES: REV. JAMES W.C. PENNINGTON - A TEXT BOOK OF THE ORIGIN & HISTORY OF THE COLORED PEOPLE, 1841cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Ahati N. N. Toure (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  159. TRAVEL NOTES: BLACK SHOGUN: AN ASSESSMENT OF THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY JAPAN
          by Runoko Rashidi

  160. HISTORY NOTES: JOHN EDWARD BRUCE - JOURNALIST, NATIONALIST, PAN AFRIKANIST, AND HISTORIAN
          by Ahati N. N. Toure (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  161. HISTORY NOTES: DUSE MOHAMED ALI - EGYPTIAN NATIONALIST, PAN AFRIKANIST JOURNALIST
          by Ahati N. N. Toure (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  162. REFERENCE NOTES: CONTRIBUTORS TO THE JOURNAL OF AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONScam1.gif (940 bytes)
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  163. HISTORY NOTES: AMILCAR CABRAL - NATIONAL LIBERATION AND CULTUREcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Amilcar Cabral, posted by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Cher'no Salahudin Omowali Malik Ahmad Al-khidhr "Brother Salah")

  164. REFERENCE NOTES: BIBLIOGRAPHY - DR. AMICAR CABRAL AND THE REVOLUTION IN GUINEA-BISSAU
          posted by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Natalina Teixeira Monteiro)

  165. HISTORY NOTES: PAN-AFRICANISM IN SOUTH ASIAcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Horen Tudu (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  166. HISTORY NOTES: CAPOEIRA'S AFRICAN ORIGINScam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Bakari R. Akil, II (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  167. HISTORY NOTES: ROME BEFORE THE ROMANS
          by Arthur Lewin (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  168. REFERENCE NOTES: THE AFRICAN ORIGINS OF SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICScam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Kamau Beyete A. Sadiki (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  169. AFRICAN HISTORIAN REFERENCE GUIDE: CARTER G. WOODSON (1875-1950)cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by the Soul School Institute (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  170. HISTORY NOTES: THE MAJESTIC LIFE OF PRESIDENT VICENTE RAM�N GUERREROcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by William Loren Katz (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  171. AFRICAN HISTORIAN REFERENCE GUIDE: DRUSILLA DUNJEE HOUSTON (1876-1941)
          by the Soul School Institute (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  172. RESEARCH NOTES: THE BEAUTY OF BLACKNESS AS SEEN BY EARLY WRITERScam1.gif (940 bytes)
          posted by Runoko Rashidi and Asa G. Hilliard III

  173. AFRICAN HISTORIAN REFERENCE GUIDE: DR. CHANCELLOR JAMES WILLIAMS (1898-1992)
          by the Soul School Institute (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  174. AFRICAN HISTORIAN REFERENCE GUIDE: J. A. ROGERS (1883-1966)
          by the Soul School Institute (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  175. HISTORY NOTES: THE HON. MARCUS MOSIAH GARVEY - THE NEGRO'S GREATEST ENEMYcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          excerpt from The Negro's Greatest Enemy by Hon. Marcus M. Garvey (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  176. HISTORY NOTES: ARAB MASTERS BLACK SLAVES
          by Samuel Cotton (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  177. HISTORY NOTES: THE CORRECT HISTORY OF EDO
          by Naiwu Osahon (posted by Runoko Rashidi
    )

  178. HISTORY NOTES: BLACKS IN ARGENTINA - DISAPPEARING ACTS
          posted by Runoko Rashidi

  179. HISTORY NOTE: KWAME NKRUMAH - I SPEAK OF FREEDOMcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Kwame Nkrumah (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  180. HISTORY NOTES: BLACK ROMANIANS MAKING A WAY FOR THEMSELVES IN THEIR HOMELAND
          by Chuck Todaro (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  181. REFERENCE NOTES: MORE BOOKS ON ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIA
          compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  182. HISTORY NOTES: HARRIET TUBMAN - WOMAN WARRIORcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Mumia Abu-Jamal (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  183. HISTORY NOTES: GREAT AFRICAN HISTORIANS--JOHN HENRIK CLARKE (1915-1998)cam1.gif (940 bytes)
          published by the Soul School Institute (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  184. HISTORY NOTES: ETHIOPIAcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Arthur Lewin (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  185. REFERENCE NOTES: FURTHER INTERACTIONS WITH THE BLACKFELLAS DOWN UNDERcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  186. HISTORY NOTES: ZIMBABWEcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Arthur Lewin (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  187. HISTORY NOTES: GHANA
          by Arthur Lewin (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  188. HISTORY NOTES: SOUTH AFRICA
          by Arthur Lewin (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  189. REFERENCE NOTES: THE TERM "DALIT"
          by
    Sunita Reddy Bharati (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  190. BOOK REVIEW: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF AFRICAN CLASSICAL CIVILIZATIONS
         
    Review by Wayne B. Chandler (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  191. HISTORY NOTES: REMEMBERING PATRICE LUMUMBAcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          Posted by Runoko Rashidi

  192. HISTORY NOTES: QUEEN AMINA OF HAUSALANDcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by David Sweetman (posted by Runoko Rashidi

  193. TRAVEL NOTES: AFRICANS IN THE AMERICAS: THE SAN ANDRES ARCHIPELAGOcam1.gif (940 bytes)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  194. HISTORY NOTES: DEFINING THE BLACK PRESENCE IN LATIN AMERICA
          Contributed by Charles Clark (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  195. REFERENCE NOTES: AFRICAN BOOKSTORES IN NORTH AMERICA
          Compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  196. HISTORY NOTES: RUNOKO RASHIDI RECEIVES HONORARY DOCTORATE
          by Runoko Rashidi

  197. HISTORY NOTES: AEXANDRE DUMAS INTERRED AT  PANTHEON
          Posted by Runoko Rashidi

  198. HISTORY NOTES: FIRST BLACK WAR OF LIBERATION
          by Legrand Clegg (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  199. TRAVEL NOTES: IN THE MAGICAL LAND OF GHANA, WEST AFRICA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  200. TRAVEL NOTES: HISTORIAN RUNOKO RASHIDI TALKS OF THE AFRICAN PRESENCE GLOBALLY
          by Runoko Rashidi

  201. REFERENCE NOTES: WORLD HISTORY REVISED - SWISS INTERVIEW ON AFRICAN HISTORY WITH RUNOKO RASHIDI
          Posted by Runoko Rashidi

  202. HISTORY NOTES: AN ANCIENT LINK TO AFRICA LIVES ON IN BAY OF BENGAL
          Posted by Runoko Rashidi

  203. LECTURE NOTES: A TRIBUTE TO GREAT AFRICAN WOMEN: ABSTRACT OF A SLIDE-PRESENTATION
          Lecture by Runoko Rashidi

  204. TRAVEL NOTES: ON THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to James E. Brunson and Wayne B. Chandler)

  205. TRAVEL NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN PANAMA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  206. TRAVEL NOTES: SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS AND THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY ROME
          by Runoko Rashidi (Dedicated to Dr. Ivan Van Sertima)

  207. HISTORY NOTES: CONCEPT OF DEITY
          posted by Runoko Rashidi

  208. TRAVEL NOTES: IN AFRICA'S HORN--MY FIRST VISIT TO ETHIOPIA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  209. TRAVEL NOTES: PERU THROUGH AFRICAN EYES--A BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY
          by Runoko Rashidi

  210. TRAVEL NOTES: A FEW NOTES FROM RUNOKO IN SWEDEN
          by Runoko Rashidi

  211. TRAVEL NOTES: LATE NIGHT CONVERSATION IN VIENNA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  212. HISTORY NOTES: JOHN HENRIK CLARKE's AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL OBITUARY
          by Dr. John Henrik Clarke (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  213. HISTORY NOTES: BLACK ROMANIANS MAKING A WAY FOR THEMSELVES IN THEIR HOMELAND
          by Chuck Todara (posted by Runoko Rashidi)

  214. TRAVEL NOTES: ABOUT THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
          by Runoko Rashidi

  215. HISTORY NOTES: THE GARIFUNA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  216. TRAVEL NOTES: FIRST NOTE FROM DENMARK
          by Runoko Rashidi

  217. TRAVEL NOTES: FROM THE KULIN NATION TO THE GHOSTLANDS OF TASMANIA
          by Runoko Rashidi

  218. TRAVEL NOTES: RUNOKO RASHIDI IN THE KULIN NATION (VICTORIA AUSTRALIA)
          by Runoko Rashidi

  219. TRAVEL NOTES: ANOTHER NOTE FROM RUNOKO IN THE KULIN NATION
          by Runoko Rashidi

  220. REFERENCE NOTES: A PRELIMINARY GLOBAL AFRICAN PRESENCE BOOK LIST
         Compiled and poted by Runoko Rashidi

  221. HISTORY NOTES: PEREDUR AND THE BLACK OPPRESSOR--THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN WELSH TRADITION
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  222. HISTORY NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY IRAQ
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  223. CONFERENCE NOTES: BROTHER RUNOKO, THE PAOC CONFERENCE AND THE AFRICAN LIBRARY AT SUNRISE SCHOOL
          by Runoko Rashidi
        
  224. TRAVEL NOTES: ANOTHER NOTE FROM RUNOKO IN COTONOU, BENIN
         by Runoko Rashidi
      
  225. TRAVEL. NOTES: A LITTLE CLARITY ABOUT BENIN AND FRENCH SPEAKERS AND MOTHER LOVE
         by Runoko Rashidi

  226. TRAVEL NOTES: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN TURKEY
         by Runoko Rashidi

  227. HISTORY NOTES: WEST PAPUA NEW GUINEA
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  228. HISTORY NOTES: AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE IN RUSSIA
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  229. TRAVEL NOTES: A NOTE FROM RUNOKO RASHIDI IN HO CHI MINH CITY, VIETNAM
         compiled by Runoko Rashidi


  230. TRAVEL NOTES: KNOSSOS AND THE ARCHEOLOGICAL MUSEUM ON THE ISLAND OF CRETE
         by Runoko Rashidi

  231. TRAVEL NOTES: A LAST NOTE FROM RUNOKO RASHIDI IN SOUTHERN JORDAN
         by Runoko Rashidi

  232. FROM THE ARCHIVES: LETTER FROM GERONIMO JI JAGA PRATT
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  233. REFERENCE NOTES: AFRICAN PRESENCE IN FRANCE BIBLIOGRAPHY
         compiled by Runoko Rashidi and Zawadi Sagna

  234. TRAVEL NOTES: THE D'ZERT CLUB IN PARIS
         by Runoko Rashidi

  235. HISTORY NOTES: THE PASSING OF PATRICE LUMUMBA
         posted by Runoko Rashidi and Zawadi Sagna

  236. TRAVEL NOTES: RUNOKO RASHIDI IN KOSRAE, MICRONESIA
         by Runoko Rashidi

  237. HISTORY NOTES: E.W. BLYDEN--AFRICA FOR AFRICANS
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  238. TRAVEL NOTES: FROM CHUUK TO PALAU WITH RUNOKO RASHIDI
         by Runoko Rashidi

  239. TRAVEL NOTES: RUNOKO RASHIDI IN THE REPUBLIC OF PALAU
         by Runoko Rashidi

  240. TRAVEL NOTES: YAP PROPER WITH RUNOKO RASHIDI
         by Runoko Rashidi

  241. HISTORY NOTES: THE MASTER KEYS TO THE STUDY OF ANCIENT KEMET
         lecture by Asa G. Hilliard III (Nana Baffour Amankwatia II), notes and post by Kenneth Ritchards

  242. REFERENCE NOTES: BUILDING AFRICAN LIBRARIES
         by Runoko Rashidi

  243. HISTORY NOTES: KWAME NKRUMAH'S AMERICA YEARS
         by Paul Lee, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  244. HISTORY NOTES: GASPAR YANGA AND THE FIRST FREE PEOPLE OF THE AMERICAS
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  245. TRAVEL NOTES: A LONDON SUCCESS STORY WITH RUNOKO RASHIDI
         by Runoko Rashidi

  246. REFERENCE NOTES: SUMMARY REPORT ON THE REPARATIONS AND THE LAND CONFERENCE HELD IN COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  247. HISTORY NOTES: ANC LETTER FROM PRESIDENT THABO MBEKI
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  248. *TRAVEL NOTES: (21Feb06): FROM RUNOKO IN THE PHILADELPHIA PUBLIC SCHOOLS
         posted by Runoko Rashidi


  249. TRAVEL NOTES: (8Mar06): RUNOKO RASHIDI AT CORNELL UNIVERSITY
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  250. ONE MORE BIG LOSS! POET LAUREATE TSEGAYE DIES AT 69, NEW YORK
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  251. HISTORY NOTES: WHY AFRICANA HISTORY?
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  252. REFERENCE NOTES: RUNOKO'S NEW BOOK ON ASIA IS OUT!
         by Runoko Rashidi

  253. REFERENCE NOTES: NO ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF RUNOKO'S BOOK
         by Runoko Rashidi

  254. HISTORY NOTES: HISTOIRE MILLENAIRE DES AFRICAINS EN ASIE
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  255. TRAVEL NOTES: (1Apr06): DAYS AND NIGHTS IN TUNISIA
         by Runoko Rashidi

  256. TRAVEL NOTES: RUNOKO ON THE WAY TO MOROCCO
         by Runoko Rashidi

  257. TRAVEL NOTES: (21Apr06): FROM GRANADA, ANDALUSIA
         by Runoko Rashidi

  258. REFERENCE NOTES: NAMIBIA - SCHOLAR URGES AFRICAN UNITY
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  259. REFERENCE NOTES: A PRELIMINARY BOOK LIST ON ANCIENT EGYPT
        compiled by Runoko Rashidi

  260. TRAVEL NOTES: (27Apr06): RECOLLECTIONS OF BELIZE
        by Runoko Rashidi

  261. HISTORY NOTES: A.G. HILLIARD--SON OF SLAVES BECOMES EDUCATOR OF HIS PEOPLE
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  262. HISTORY NOTES: DR. ASA HILLIARD'S (BAFFOUR AMANKWATIA II'S) BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  263. REFERENCE NOTES: COUNTY OF LOS ANGELES HONORS RUNOKO RASHIDI
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  264. REFERENCE NOTES: AFRICA WEEK ON KJLH RADIO--A SUMMARY
        by Runoko Rashidi


  265. REFERENCE NOTES: PASSING OF JOSEPH KI-ZERBO
        by Runoko Rashidi

  266. TRAVEL NOTES: (9Jun06): SOWETO AND BEYOND
        by Runoko Rashidi


  267. TRAVEL NOTES: (21Jul06): WE ARE NOT BLACK!
        by Runoko Rashidi

  268. REFERENCE NOTES: WONDERFUL LETTER FROM ASA HILLIARD/NANA BAFFOUR
        posted  by Runoko Rashidi


  269. TRAVEL NOTES: (28Jun06): PAN-AFRICAN TRIUMPH IN UGANDA
        by Runoko Rashidi


  270. TRAVEL NOTES: (25Jul06): WITH THE D'ZERT CLUB IN NUBIA
        by Runoko Rashidi


  271. TRAVEL NOTES: (27Jul06): REFLECTIONS ON LEBANON
        by Runoko Rashidi


  272. TRAVEL NOTES: (2Aug06): THE MUSEUMS OF EGYPT
        by Runoko Rashidi

  273. TRAVEL NOTES: (9Aug06): SLAVE DUNGEONS - PLACES OF MEMORY
        by Runoko Rashidi

  274. TRAVEL NOTES: (5Nov06): AFRICAN TRIUMPH IN THE HEART OF TEXAS!
        by Runoko Rashidi


  275. REFERENCE NOTES: '56 CONGRESS 50TH ANNIVERSARY
        posted  by Runoko Rashidi

  276. TRAVEL NOTES: (2Dec06): REGARDING THE SAN AND THE WORLD'S OLDEST RITUAL
        by Runoko Rashidi


  277. HISTORY NOTES: AFRICAN DIASPORA IN THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT
        posted by Runoko Rashidi


  278. RESEARCH NOTES: HANNIBAL - PUSHKIN'S AFRICAN ANCESTOR
        by Dwayne Woods, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  279. HISTORY NOTES: THE GREAT ETHIOPIAN DYNASTY OF BENGAL
        by Horen Tudu, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  280. HISTORY NOTES: PAN-AFRICANISM REDEFINED--THE NEED OF THE HOUR
        by Horen Tudu, edited by Runoko Rashidi

  281. TRAVEL NOTES: (2-12 March 2007): JOURNEY TO INDONESIA
        by Runoko Rashidi


  282. TRAVEL NOTES: (14 May 2007): THE MOUNTAINS OF THE MOON
        by Runoko Rashidi

  283. TRAVEL NOTES: (18 May 2007): FROM KIGALI TO THE D.R.C.
        by Runoko Rashidi

  284. TRAVEL NOTES: (20 May 2007): HUTUS AND TUTSIS - NOTES FROM RWANDA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  285. TRAVEL NOTES: (24 May 2007): NOTES FROM SOUTHERN SUDAN
        by Runoko Rashidi

  286. TRAVEL NOTES: (25 May 2007): FROM SOUTHERN SUDAN TO THE SHORES OF LAKE VICTORIA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  287. TRAVEL NOTES: (26 May 2007): NOTES AND REFLECTIONS FROM ENTEBBE, UGANDA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  288. TRAVEL NOTES: (2 July 2007): MUSING ABOUT ST. MAARTEN
        by Runoko Rashidi

  289. HISTORY NOTES: ABORIGINES RECALL WHEN AUSTRALIA CALLED THEM WILDLIFE
        by Michael Perry, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  290. HISTORY NOTES: RACIAL STRUGGLE IN MAURITANIA
        posted by Runoko Rashidi


  291. TRAVEL NOTES: (19 July 2007): NIGHT TRAIN TO CAIRO AND BEYOND
        by Runoko Rashidi

  292. TRAVEL NOTES: (20 July 2007): THE ROSETTA STONE
        by Michael Perry, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  293. TRAVEL NOTES: (23 July 2007): DESERT TOMBS, PALACES, AND PYRAMIDS: IN EGYPT OFF THE BEATEN PATH
        by Runoko Rashidi


  294. TRAVEL NOTES: (24 July 2007): THE EGYPTIAN MUSEUM IN CAIRO
        by Runoko Rashidi

  295. TRAVEL NOTES: (26 July 2007): THE PYRAMIDS OF EGYPT
        by Runoko Rashidi

  296. RESEARCH NOTES: WHOSE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN HERITAGE?
        by Runoko Rashidi

  297. HISTORY NOTES: FRANK MARTIN SNOWDEN MAKES TRANSITION
        by
    Adam Bernstein, Washington Post;  posted by Runoko Rashidi


  298. TRAVEL NOTES: (8 August 2007): FLYING FROM EGYPT--LAST NOTES THIS TIME!
        by Runoko Rashidi

  299. HISTORY NOTES: FRANCE'S FORGOTTEN PEOPLE
        by Epee Herve, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  300. HISTORY NOTES: AFRICAN PRESENCE IN EARLY ASIA
        by
    Nadrat Siddique;  posted by Runoko Rashidi

  301. HISTORY NOTES: SLAVERY IN MAURITANIA
        by Pascal Fletcher; posted by Runoko Rashidi

  302. EDITOR'S NOTES: BIRTHDAY RELFECTIONS OF NANA BAFFOUR: GREAT SCHOLAR AND WONDERFUL FRIEND
        by Runoko Rashidi

  303. RESEARCH NOTES: FROM THE ARCHIVES--WORDS OF ENCOURAGEMENT FROM DR. BEN
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  304. RESEARCH NOTES: FROM THE ARCHIVES--WONDERFUL LETTER FROM KWAME TURE
         posted by Runoko Rashidi

  305. TRAVEL NOTES: (17 September 2007): SKETCHES OF SPAIN - MOORS AND MADONNAS
        by Runoko Rashidi


  306. TRAVEL NOTES (26 September 2007): FLYER FROM THE PAST: C.A. DIOP & RUNOKO RASHIDI
        posted by Runoko Rashidi


  307. RESEARCH NOTES: ALBERT EINSTEIN ON RACISM
        forwarded by Michael Luckett; posted by Runoko Rashidi


  308. RESEARCH NOTES: AFRICAN PRESENCE IN MEXICO--BIBLIOGRAPHY
        compiled by Runoko Rashidi


  309. TRAVEL NOTES: (26 September 2007) MOROCCO'S AFRICAN HERITAGE
        by Runoko Rashidi


  310. TRAVEL NOTES: MORE ABOUT NIGER
        by Runoko Rashidi

  311. MAURITANIA: The Real Beginning of the End of Slavery?
        posted by Runoko Rashidi


  312. HISTORY NOTES: GUYANA'S BERBICE REBELLION
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  313. HISTORY NOTES: DESSALINES BY WILLIAM WELLS BROWN
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  314. TRAVEL NOTES (26 September 2007): FLYER FROM THE PAST: C.A. DIOP & RUNOKO RASHIDI
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  315. TRAVEL NOTES (29 January 2008): WHY ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIANS?
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  316. TRAVEL NOTES (4 June 2008): DAYS AND NIGHTS IN BOLIVIA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  317. TRAVEL NOTES (7 June 2008): AFRICAN PRESENCE IN BOLIVIA
        by Runoko Rashidi


  318. HISTORY NOTES: UNCOVERING THE LONG HISTORY OF BLACKS IN MEXICO
        by Alva Moore Stevenson; posted by Runoko Rashidi

  319. HISTORY NOTES: SLAVERY'S ANDEAN LEGACY
        posted by Runoko Rashidi


  320. TRAVEL NOTES: (12 April 2008) WITH THE BLACK BERBERS OF SAHARAN MOROCCO
        by Runoko Rashidi

  321. TRAVEL NOTES: (8 May 2008): FINISHING UP IN PORTUGAL
        by Runoko Rashidi


  322. TRAVEL NOTES: (28 May 2008): REFLECTIONS ABOUT MYANMAR
        by Runoko Rashidi

  323. TRAVEL NOTES: (26 May 2008) MARCHING IN MARTINIQUE
       by Runoko Rashidi


  324. TRAVEL NOTES: (27 July 2008) WHAT DO WE DO ABOUT AFRICA?
       by Runoko Rashidi


  325. TRAVEL NOTES: (31 July 2008) DUNGEONS
       by Runoko Rashidi


  326. HISTORY NOTES: YEMEN'S MARGINALIZED CLASS
        by Robert F. Worth; posted by Runoko Rashidi

  327. HISTORY NOTES: THE BERBICIAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
        by Colin Bobb-Semple; posted by Runoko Rashidi

  328. HISTORY NOTES: AFRICAN PRESENCE IN GEORGIA AND ABKHAZIA
        by Runoko Rashidi


  329. TRAVEL NOTES: (6 August 2008) BUDAPEST
        by Runoko Rashidi

  330. TRAVEL NOTES: (8 August 2008) JOURNEY TO SLOVAKIA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  331. TRAVEL NOTES: (9 August 2008) STOCKHOLM CONVERSATION
        by Runoko Rashidi

  332. TRAVEL NOTES: (9 August 2008) STOCKHOLM
        by Runoko Rashidi

  333. TRAVEL NOTES: (11 August 2008) WINDING DOWN IN EUROPE
        by Runoko Rashidi


  334. REFERENCE NOTES: TRIBUTE TO DR. BEN
        by Runoko Rashidi

  335. REFERENCE NOTES: BELIZE ELECTS FIRST BLACK PRIME MINISTER
        by Catherine Bremery, posted by Runoko Rashidi


  336. REFERENCE NOTES: RUNOKO RASHIDI INTERIVIEW WITH EMERGING MINDS
        by Emerging Minds, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  337. REFERENCE NOTES: LOS ANGELES SENTINEL INTERVIEW WITH RUNOKO RASHIDI
        by Francis Taylor, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  338. REFERENCE NOTES: STRUGGLE OF INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIANS
        posted by Runoko Rashidi

  339. HISTORY NOTES: GABRIEL AND NAT
        forwarded by Ori-Piankhi, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  340. TRAVEL NOTES: (13 December 2008) IN SEARCH OF THE AFRICAN PRESENCE AMONG THE MAYA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  341. REFERENCE NOTES: (22 January 2009) AFRICA AND MATHEMATICS - NOTES AND A BRIEF BIBLIOGRAPHY
        by Runoko Rashidi

  342. TRAVEL NOTES: (16 March 2009) TRAVEL NOTES: DIE SCHWARZE MADONNA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  343. TRAVEL NOTES: (17 March 2009) TRAVEL NOTES: THE MUSEUMS OF MUNICH
        by Runoko Rashidi

  344. TRAVEL NOTES: (18 March 2009) TRAVEL NOTES: THE RIETBERG MUSEUM
        by Runoko Rashidi

  345. TRAVEL NOTES: (26 March 2009) TRAVEL NOTES: AFRICAN IDENTITY IN FRANCE
        by Runoko Rashidi

  346. TRAVEL NOTES: (13 May 2009) THE BLACK PRESENCE IN NORTH AFRICA
        by Runoko Rashidi

  347. TRAVEL NOTES: (30 May 2009) RECOLLECTIONS OF VAN SERTIMA--THE EARLY YEARS
        by Runoko Rashidi

  348. PERSONAL NOTES: (26 June 2009) LIBATIONS FOR DR. VAN SERTIMA
        by Runoko Rashidi


  349. TRAVEL NOTES: (September 18, 2010) RUNOKO AND THE SEARCH FOR AFRICA
        by Molara Wood


  350. HISTORY VIDEO: BASTARDS OF THE PARTY
       directed by Cle Shaheed Sloan

  351. NEWS: (12 April 2011) RUNOKO RASHIDI NAMED UNIA & ACL TRAVELING AMBASSADOR
        by Senghor Jawara Baye, posted by Runoko Rashidi

  352. REFERENCE NOTES: AFRICANS ON FACEBOOK
       links . . .

  353. TRAVEL NOTES: RUNOKO RASHIDI IN NIGERIA
        
    Interviewed by Lola Balola, posted by Runoko Rashidi


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