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The Steve Jobs Reading List: The Books And Artists That Made The Man

Steve Jobs Reading List Books

First Posted: 10/21/11 12:43 PM ET Updated: 10/21/11 02:43 PM ET

"I like living at the intersection of the humanities and technology," Steve Jobs said once.

LSD, Bauhaus and Zen Buddhism shaped Apple's pioneering products as much as anything that took place on the assembly lines. They were among Jobs' greatest influences and they shaped his attitudes toward design, business and innovation.

The books Jobs read, particularly as a teen and college student, helped expose him to the ideas and experiences that would serve as Apple's foundation years later.

Walter Isaacson's 571-page biography of Jobs, a copy of which was purchased by The Huffington Post, provides an unprecedented look at the texts -- by writers ranging from William Shakespeare to Paramahansa Yogananda -- that influenced Jobs; "required reading" for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the visionary.

Less than a handful of the texts Isaacson mentions directly concern technology: one is Clayton Christensen's "The Innovator's Dilemma," which Isaacson writes, "deeply influenced" Jobs, and the other is Ron Rosenbaum's 1971 Esquire article "Secrets of the Little Blue Box," a profile of hackers who could tap into phone networks that later gave rise to Jobs’ first collaboration with Steve Wozniak, who went on to become Apple's co-founder.

Jobs' interest in literature and the arts burgeoned during his junior and senior years of high school, which coincided with his first drug use. Jobs tried marijuana at 15 and before graduating high school began experimenting with LSD. (He later observed, "Taking LSD was a profound experience, one of the most important things in my life," he said.)

"I started to listen to music a whole lot, and I started to read more outside of just science and technology -- Shakespeare, Plato. I loved King Lear," Jobs recalled of his teen years. Isaacson notes that "Moby-Dick" and Dylan Thomas' poetry were among Jobs' favorite works at this point in his life.

During his freshman year at Reed College, Jobs befriended Daniel Kottke, who went on to work at Apple, and together they devoured books such as Shunryu Suzuki's "Zen Mind, Beginner's Mind," Chogyam Trungpa's "Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism" and Paramahansa Yogananda's "Autobiography of a Yogi," a book Jobs read and re-read many times during his life.

Isaacson writes,

Jobs found himself deeply influenced by a variety of books on spirituality and enlightenment, most notably Be Here Now, a guide to meditation and the wonders of psychedelic drugs by Baba Ram Dass, born Richard Alpert.

"It was profound," Jobs said. "It transformed me and many of my friends."

Throughout his life, Jobs embraced numerous extreme, even obsessive, dietary regimes. He fasted periodically and, at various points, was a vegetarian, vegan and fruitarian, though he made an exception for unagi sushi while in Japan. This attitude toward food began to take shape in college after Jobs read "Diet for a Small Planet" by Frances Moore Lappe in his first year at Reed.

"That's when I swore off meat pretty much for good," Jobs told Isaacson, who adds Jobs became "even more obsessive" about food after reading Arnold Ehret's "Mucusless Diet Healing System."

One book in particular stayed with Jobs his entire life, and Isaacson noted that it was the only book Jobs had downloaded on his iPad 2: "Autobiography of a Yogi," "the guide to meditation and spirituality that he had first read as a teenager," Isaacson writes, "then re-read in India and had read once a year ever since."

Yet no discussion of the artists who influenced Jobs is complete without mentioning the music that made the man.

Jobs called Bob Dylan "one of my heroes" and had over a dozen Dylan albums on his iPod, along with songs from seven different Beatles albums, six Rolling Stones albums and four albums by Jobs' onetime lover Joan Baez.

Jobs likened The Beatles' creative process to Apple's own. While listening to a bootleg CD from one of the band's recording sessions, Jobs remarked, "They did a bundle of work between each of these recordings. They kept sending it back to make it closer to perfect ... The way we build stuff at Apple is often this way."

He also framed his motivations and the principles that drove him forward in terms of Dylan and The Beatles.

"They kept evolving, moving, refining their art," Jobs said of the artists. "That's what I've always tried to do -- keep moving. Otherwise, as Dylan says, if you're not busy being born, you're busy dying."

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"I like living at the intersection of the humanities and technology," Steve Jobs said once. LSD, Bauhaus and Zen Buddhism shaped Apple's pioneering products as much as anything that took place on t...
"I like living at the intersection of the humanities and technology," Steve Jobs said once. LSD, Bauhaus and Zen Buddhism shaped Apple's pioneering products as much as anything that took place on t...
 
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
Howard53545
20 minutes ago (8:15 AM)
His reading list was not that extensive. If this is all he read, then he was not well read. He did not even read his sister's books.
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
champagne charlie
Ayn Rand and social Darwinism are just wrong!
40 minutes ago (7:54 AM)
Buddhist don't treat people the way he did, I guess he learned nothing from them!
55 minutes ago (7:40 AM)
Enough already!..­...yes he made a good product, but he didn't invent a cure for unhappines­s, no matter what these people super-glue­d to his ipods and ipads may believe...­..
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
champagne charlie
Ayn Rand and social Darwinism are just wrong!
3 hours ago (5:58 AM)
He sounded like a pretty unpleasant man to deal with on a daily basis. He may have had material success but I question a life that has to have a third party describe it to his children because he wasn't there for them.
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
champagne charlie
Ayn Rand and social Darwinism are just wrong!
3 hours ago (5:56 AM)
Wow, that vegetarian diet sure worked out well for him.
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
jsgaetano
Semper Fidelis Tyrannosaurus!
5 hours ago (3:56 AM)
Just make sure you aren't reading anything about "alternati­ve medicine". That one steered him wrong.
5 hours ago (3:05 AM)
No, I didn't read this story. I clicked on it because I wanted to say this: Can we maybe, just possibly, move past this event, the said event of this man's death? Anytime soon, maybe? Or shall we organize a tour of his hometown and walk through the halls of his elementary school next? This is becoming very out there - hero worship is just. . . it's too weird. I'm always happy to celebrate someone's life, but there does come at point at which one stops ringing the bells.
4 hours ago (4:44 AM)
Well said. However I suspect that sadly, just like Elvis Presley, Jobs will become even more famous in death.
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
NerdyStudent
Sorry, your micro-bio doesn't meet our standards
6 hours ago (2:51 AM)
Surprised I didn't see "God Emperor of Dune" in there.
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
HellBank
Curve: The loveliest distance between two points.
4 hours ago (4:57 AM)
Nor D-Cup Magazine.
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
builderman55
Featherless Biped
7 hours ago (2:02 AM)
I've read Autobiogra­phy of a Yogi twice--it is a profoundly consciousn­ess shifting book. There are matter of fact discussion­s of bi-locatio­n, levitation during meditation­. Because of our over reliance on rationalit­y and dualism, one as to suspend disbelief and approach the book with a very open mind....
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joebaggadonuts
Civilization: Evolutionary pathway of choice.
7 hours ago (1:23 AM)
Odd comments. As if those writing them didn't want to read the article. If it was such a problem for them to read it, it would seem the headline would have kept them away. If books and early experience did not influence them, and they don't care how such things influenced Jobs, why would they bother to have read the article just to complain about it?
8 hours ago (1:05 AM)
Wait. He had bootleg albums of the Beatles and he's pissed off about Android???­?
2 hours ago (6:55 AM)
Just a tad hypcritica­l.........­......
9 hours ago (11:49 PM)
You can see the profound and extraordin­arily transforma­tive influences of Zen Buddhism and his experience­s on LSD in the following quote:

"I'm willing to go thermonucl­ear war on this."
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
aqueryan
Neo-gnostic, radical centrist
7 hours ago (1:05 AM)
Yeah, but y'know... I'm fairly confident that if a person were to cherry-pic­k quotations out of ANY person's life, one could seek to portray/ca­st them in any light they chose to. Just sayin'.
5 hours ago (3:16 AM)
i think that's what you call the yin and the yang. thesis and anti - thesis.
for every action there's a reaction kind of thing. you know.
10 hours ago (10:29 PM)
iWant 2 iNvent an iProduct 2 iNdure iNto iNfinity.

iNnovator.

iNdia.

iYogi.

iDiet.

iNdeed.

iRead.
This user has chosen to opt out of the Badges program
mose joseph workman
I don't need no stinkin' badges
11 hours ago (9:50 PM)
On his bedside at the time of Steve's death were copies of "Here Comes the Sun: The Spiritual Life of George Harrison" and "When Elvis Meets the Dalai Lama", both great reads.
10 hours ago (10:38 PM)
What color drawers did he have on? Were they boxers or briefs?
7 hours ago (1:52 AM)
Too bad he did not have the real book "The Holy Bible."
6 hours ago (2:31 AM)
Amen !!
6 hours ago (2:40 AM)
What makes you think he didn't?
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HUFFPOST SUPER USER
auramac
6 hours ago (2:59 AM)
Too commercial­.
5 hours ago (3:20 AM)
if he did, we wouldn't have an apple. probably a lemon. no offense but
i just can't help it. i've got to get that in.
11 hours ago (9:42 PM)
thumbs up if your going to google all these things Jobs just mentioned.­..oh wait Huffington doesn't have a thumbs up #huffingto­nsToDoList