Tourism

 

Tourism Places

Agra, Allahabad, Ambedkar Nagar, Ayodhya, Azamgarh, Badaun, Ballia, Banda, Barabanki, Bareilly new, Basti, Bijnor, Bulandshahar, Chitrakoot, Deogarh, Deoria, Etah, Faizabad, Fatehpur, Gautam Buddh Nagar new, Ghaziabad, Ghazipur new, Gonda, Gorakhpur, Hardoi, Jhansi, Kannauj, kanpur, Kaushambhi new, Kaushambi, Kushinagar, Lalitpur new, Lucknow, Mahoba, Mathura, MAU, Meerut, Mirzapur, Pilibhit, Raibareilley, Rampur, Saharanpur, Sant Kabir Nagar, Sarnath new, Shahjahanpur, Shravasti or Sravasti new, Sultanpur, The District Chandauli, Varanasi, Vrindavan.

 

Agra

The Agra district is situated in western U.P., between 27.11' degree Latitude North and 78.0' degree to 78.2' degree Longitute East with an altitude of 169 m above sea level. It is bounded by Mathura District on the north, by Dhaulpur District on south, by Firozabad District on east and by Bharatpur on west. Agra is situated on the bank of Yamuna river. This city is 200 Km away from Delhi. Agra flourished under the Mughal emperor Akbar (1542-1605) and his successors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Primarily the Economy of the Agra district is agriculture based while the economy base of Agra city is Small Scale Industries, Commerce and Trade. Major crops are Wheat, Paddy, Bajra, Mustard, Patato etc. About 40% of the total economy of Agra depend on industry (Directly or Indirectly). Over 7200 Small Scale Industrial Units are spread all over the district. Agra city is famous for the Leather Goods, Handicrafts, Zari Zardozi, Marvel and Stone carving & inlay work. Agra is also well known for sweets (Petha) and Snacks (Dal moth and Gajak). The main shopping areas of the city are Sadar Bazar, Kinari Bazar, Raja-ki-Mandi, Sanjay Place and the Taj Mahal Complex. Shopping is recommended at the Govt. Emporia or Souvenir Shops approved by U.P Tourism.

Fairs and Festivals

Taj Mahotsav (February)

A festival of art, craft, culture and celebrations. For 10 days there is sheer celebration of U.P.'s rich heritage of arts, crafts, culture, cuisine, dance and music. There are festivities all around and Agra truly puts on the colours of joy and gets transformed into one non-stop carnival. Organised by U.P. Tourism and held as an annual event at Shilpgram, literally next door to the Taj Mahal, the Taj Mahotsav is indeed a fitting tribute to the legendary skills of mastercraftsman and other exponents of art, music and cuisine. Not only this, it is also a gentle peep into the rich heritage and extraordinary legacies of this wounderful land. The festivities commence with a spectacular procession inspired by mughal splendour. Bedecked elephants and camels, drum beaters, folk artistes and mastercraftsmen... all help recreate a visual delight reminiscent of the golden era of the Mughal Darbars.

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Sheetla Fair (July/Aug.)

It is held near Delhi Gate.

Kailash Fair (Aug. / Sep.)

Held at Kailash, 12 km. It is major fair celebrated in honour of Lord Shiva who is believed to have appeared here in the form of a stone lingam.

Bateshwar Fair (November)

This month-long festival is held annually during the month of November at Bateshwar, situated at a distance of 65 km from Agra.

Urs (Fatehpur Sikri)

This fair is organised at Sheikh Salim Chishti's Dargah, during the month of Ramzan.

How to reach

By Air

Agra is well-connected to cities like Delhi, Khajuraho, Varanasi etc. Kheria airport is 6 km from Agra town.

By Train

Agra is connected to the major cities of India by rail.

By Road

Agra is well-connected to the following cities by road : Mathura, Delhi, Chandigarh, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Jhansi, Chitrakoot, etc.

 

Distance from Agra to :

Delhi

203 km

Khajuraho

393 km

Gwalior

118 km

Jaipur

237 km

Calcutta

1287 km

Varanasi

657 km

Mussoorie

417 km

Mumbai

1204 km

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Allahabad

 

Allahabad, the Sangam city in southern Uttar Pradesh is situated at the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers. Allahabad stands on the site of ancient Prayag, a holy city that was comparable in fame to Varanasi (Benares) and Haridwar. This historically famous city was a centre of the Indian Independence movement and the home of the Nehru family. The city being an important cantonment during the British Raj has some beautiful remnants of colonial architecture. In the early 20th century, Allahabad University was the foremost center of learning in the country. Today Allahabad is a rapidly growing commercial and administrative city in Uttar Pradesh. Primarily an administrative and educational centre, Allahabad has some industry (food processing and manufacturing) and is a market place for agricultural products. The University of Allahabad (1887) has a number of affiliated colleges, and there is an aviation training centre. The city has several museums. Allahabad has a Government House dating from the British period, Anglican and Roman Catholic cathedrals, and the Jami' Masjid, or Great Mosque. The High Court for Uttar Pradesh is located in this town apart from several important government offices including the High School and Intermediate Board, the biggest examination body of the world. The surrounding area lies entirely on the Ganges Plain. Once known to be famous for its guava production, the city has a relaxed life style. The climate of Allahabad is one of the extreme types with annual range of temperature differing around 12°C. The best time to visit Allahabad is from the month of November to February.

Kumbh Mela

The 'Maha Kumbh Mela' believed to be one of the largest religious gathering in the world, is held every 12 years at the confluence of the holy rivers attracting millions of Hindu devotees. Ardha Kumbh Mela is held every 6th year. The Magh Mela is the annual version of the Kumbh and Ardh kumbh mela which starts every year from Makar Sankranti in Jan. and ends at Maha Shivratri in Feb. Hindus traditionally regard river confluences as auspicious places, more so the the Sangam at Allahabad, where the Yamuna and the Ganges meet the River of Enlightenment, the mythical Saraswati. According to legend, Vishnu was carrying a kumbh (pot) of amrita (nectar), when a scuffle broke out between the gods, and four drops were spilled. They fell to earth at the four tirthas of Prayag, Haridwar, Nasik and Ujjain (tirtha means "ford of a river", a place where the devout can cross from this finite world into divine celestial realms. The event is commemorated every three years by the Kumbh Mela, held at each tirtha in turn; the Sangam is known as Tirtharaja, the "King of Tirthas", and its Mela, once every twelve years, is the greatest and holiest of all.

The Maha Kumbh Mela - the "Great" Kumbh Mela - is the largest religious fair in India, attended by literally millions of rejoicing the vast floodplains and river banks adjacent to the confluence are overrun by pilgrims, tents, organized in almost military fashion by the government, the local authorities and the police. The mela is especially renowned for the presence of an extraordinary array of religious ascetics - sadhus and mahants - enticed from remote hideaways in forests, mountains and caves. Once astrologers have determined the propitious bathing time or Kumbhayog, the first to hit the water are legions of Naga Sadhus or Naga Babas, the ferocious-looking members of the "snake sect" who cover their naked bodies with ash, and wear hair in long dreadlocks. The sadhus, who see themselves as guardians of the faith, approach the confluence at the appointed time with all the pomp and bravado of a charging army. The last Maha Kumbh Mela was in 2001.

How to reach

By Air

There is no air link to Allahabad. Nearest Airports are Varanasi (147 km)and Lucknow (210 km).

By Train

Allahabad is an important rail junction. Trains from all metros and major cities cross Allahabad. The city has direct rail cnnection to Delhi, Calcutta, Patna, Gwalior, Meerut, Indore, Chennai, Jaipur, Varanasi, Mumbai, Guwahati, Dehradun.

By Road

Allahabad, on National Highways 2 and 27, is connected to all parts of the country by good roads.

Distance from Allahabad to :

Agra

433 km

Ahmedabad

207 km

Ayodhya

167 km

Bhopal

680 km

Calcutta

799 km

Chennai

1790 km

Chitrakoot

137 km

Delhi

643 km

Hyderabad

1086 km

Jaipur

673 km

Jhansi

375 km

Khajuraho

294 km

Mumbai

1444 km

Lucknow

204 km

Nagpur

618 km

Patna

368 km

Trivandrum

2413 km

Udaipur

956 km

Varanasi

125 km

 

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Places of Interest

Sangam

The sacred 'Sangam' is the confluence of three of the holiest rivers in Hindu mythology Ganga, Yamuna and the mythical underground river of enlightenment, Saraswati. At the confluence, the muddy waters of the Ganges and the clear green water of the Yamuna can be distinctly seen to merge into one. Bathing at the Sangam is believed to be auspicious through out the year especially for 15 days in the month of Magh (mid-January to Mid-February) during 'Magh Mela' and longer during Maha Kumbh Mela held every 12 years. Astrologers calculate the holiest time to enter the water and draw up a 'Holy Dip Schedule'. Maha Kumbh Mela attracts millions of devout Hindus and a holy dip then is believed to cleanse the soul. An enormous temporary township springs up on the vacant land on the Allahabad side of the river. The holy Sangam is the site for most of the important fairs and festivals the year round.

Temples

Patalpuri Temple

Patalpuri temple is an underground temple inside the Allahabad fort. Believed to have been visited by Lord Rama, the temple was also seen by the famous Chinese traveler and writer Huan Tsang. The immortal banyan tree or 'Akshaya Vata' within the Patalauri temple, has found mention in the description of several ancient scriptures, writers and historians. The pilgrims used to throw themselves from this tree to achieve salvation.

Hanuman Mandir

This unique temple at the Sangam, is the only one in North India, where the idol of Lord Hanumana is seen in a reclining posture. This temple is unique in North India, for its supine image of Hanumana. When the Ganga is in spate, this temple gets submerged.

Nag Basuki Temple

This temple located on the banks of the Ganga to the north of the railway bridge is mentioned in the 'Puranas'.

Mankameshwar Temple

Situated near Saraswati Ghat, on the banks of Yamuna, this is one of the famous Shiva temples of Allahabad.

Shankar Viman Mandap

130 ft. high with four floors, it has the idols of Kumaril Bhatt, Jagatguru Shankaracharya, Kamakshai Devi (with 51 shaktipeethas around), Triputi Balaji(with 108 Vishnus around), Yogashastra Sahastrayoga Linga (with 108 Shivas around).

Bharadwaj Ashram

Associated with Rishi Bharadwaj, it is believed that Lord Ram visited this Ashram during his exile.

Beni Madhav Temple

It is an old Laxmi Narain temple in Daraganj locality. Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is believed to have paid his homage here.

Churches

All Saints' Cathedral

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This magnificent late 19th century gothic style cathedral is located in Canning town Opposite the

Junction Railway Station. Designed in 1870 by Sir William Emerson, who also designed the Victoria Memorial in Calcutta, the cathedral is the finest of Allahabad's churches. It is a remarkable example of colonial architecture. The cathedral has some exceptional stained glass panels and the marble altar has intricate inlay work.

Holy Trinity Church

The early 19th century church located on Jawaharlal Nehru Marg is the first church of Allahabad. The church was consecrated by Bishop David Wilson, on 19th February 1841. It contains memorials from the Gwalior campaign(1843) and the mutiny(1857).

Jamuna Church

Built in 1847 by John Freeman, one of the first American Presbyterian missionaries who arrived in Allahabad this Church is yet another example of colonial architectural styles prevalent in the first quarter of the 19th century.

St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Cathedral

This Italian style Roman Catholic Church build in 1879 is located west of Chandra Sekhar Azad Park between Edmondstone Road and Thornhill Road.

Other places of Religious importance :

Kalyani Devi Temple

Alopi Devi Temple

Hanumat Niketan

Shivkoti

Nepali Temple

Nagvasuki Temple

Allahabad Fort

The massive majestic fort built by Emperor Akbar in 1583 A.D fort stands on the banks of the Yamuna near the confluence. The largest of Akbar's forts, it was matchless in its design and construction. Now used by the army, prior permission is needed for a visit except for a limited area open to visitors. The fort has massive walls and three gateways flanked by high towers. Inside the fort there is the Zenana (harem) and the 3rd century BC Ashoka pillar moved to the fort from Kausambi, 'Saraswati Koop'; a well, said to be the source of the Saraswati river, Patalpuri, the underground temple and the much-revered 'Akshaya Vata' or immortal Banyan tree within the temple. The Ashoka pillar standing 10.6 meters high has several edicts and a Persian inscription of Emperor Jahangir encrypted on it, commemorating his accession to the throne.

Khusrau Bagh

Khusrau Bagh located near the railway station, contains the tomb of Prince Khusrau son of the Mughal emperor Jehangir, who was jailed and executed after an unsuccessful rebellion and a plot to assassinate his father. The typical Mughal Garden enclosure is entered through an 18m high archway. Nearby is the tomb believed to be his sisters and the two storied tomb of his Rajput mother.

Allahabad Museum

Allahabad Museum located at Kamala Nehru Road inside Chandra Shekhar Azad Park, has 18

galleries containing a wide range of stone sculptures. The sculptures include 2nd BC pieces from Bharhut and Kausambi, 1st Century AD Kushana from Mathura, 4th-6th century Gupta and 11th century carvings from Khajuraho. The exhibit also has terracotta figurines from Kausambi, Rajasthani Miniatures, coins and paintings by Nicholas Roerich and artifacts donated by the Nehru family. It is open from 10.30 am to 4.30 pm except Mondays.

Anand Bhawan

Anand Bhavan was the former ancestral home of the Nehru family. Donated to the Indian government in 1970 by Indira Gandhi, it was turned into a museum. The exhibits in the two storied building seen through glass panels include personal items of Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru; the first Prime Minister of Independent India, Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister1966-77, 1980-84) and her sons Sanjay Gandhi and Rajeev Gandhi (PrimeMinister1984-1989). One can see the room where Mahatma Gandhi used to stay during his visits, Jawarlal Nehru's room and study also. It is open from 9.30 am to 5 pm except Mondays. There is a Jawahar planetarium build in 1979 in the compound. It is Open from 11 am to 4 pm except Mondays

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Swaraj Bhawan

Situated next to Anand Bhawan, Swaraj Bhavan was donated to the Nation by Moti Lal Nehru to be used as the headquarters of the Congress Committee. Late Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi was born here. It is open from 9.30 am to 5.30 pm except Monday's.

Muir Central College - University of Allahabad

Designed by William Emerson and opened in 1886, the college is a fine example of 'Indo-saracenic' architecture. It has a 200 feet tower made of pale-yellow sandstone with marble and mosaic floors. It was later established as the University of Allahabad, one of the most reputed Universities of India. The University has Kausambi Museum with various artifacts from Kausambi including pottery, Terracotta figurines, coins, beads and bangles.

Minto Park or Madan Mohan Malviya Park

Minto Park is located to the west of the fort near the Yamuna river. It was here that the East India Company officially handed over control of India to the British government in 1858. Lord Canning read out the declaration. There is a stone memorial with a four-lion symbol on top here.

Chandra Shekhar Azad Park

Earlier known as Alfred park, this extensive garden park has some fine colonial Buildings, including a public library. Later the park was renamed in honour of the freedom fighter Chandra Shekhar Azad who died in an encounter with the imperialists. Within the park is the Allahabad Museum.

Other places of interest

Kalyani Devi Temple

Aliopi Devi Temple

Nepali Temple

Shiv Koti

Hanuman Niketan

St. Joseph's Cathedral

Archaeological Museum

Nehru Park

Saraswati Ghat Park

Children's park (Bal Udyan)

High Court

Places of Interest around Allahabad

Jhusi(Pratisthanpuri)

For people looking for mental peace and spiritual healing. A place of many Ashrams and Temples. Situated just 9 km from Allahabad, across the Ganga. Approachable by Taxis, Buses, Boats, etc.

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Shringverpur

A famous kingdom of Nishadraj (King of Boatmen) situated 40 km from Allahabad. Excavations have revealed a temple of Shringi Rishi. On the banks of Ganga there's a platform `Ramchaura' - said to be the place where Lord Rama stayed overnight while going to the forest and his feet were washed by Nishadraj, before steering Rama across the Ganga in his Boat.

Tons River Aqueduct

A popular picnic spot situated around 43 km from Allahabad.

Upardaha Lake

One of the protected lakes in Uttar Pradesh, just 44 km away from Allahabad.

Kausambi

Kausambi earlier known as Kausam is located 63 km southwest of Allahabad on the way to Chitrakoot. This ancient Buddhist and Jain centre was the capital of the Vatsa king Udayana. Buddha has delivered several discourses in this historical city. Kausambi was first discovered by Cunningham and the coins and terracotta figurines which scattered here are now on display in the Allahabad Museum and the Kausambi Museum. Recent discoveries are made by G R Sharma of the University of Allahabad. The remains of an Ashoka pillar, a palace in ruins are of Archeological interest here. Another Ashokan pillar was removed to Allahabad fort by the Mughals. There is also a Digambar Jain temple here.

Bhita

Situated 18 km from Allahabad on the Yamuna river. Excavations here have revealed the remains of an ancient fortified city. There a Museum which exhibits stone and metal seals, coins and terracotta statues dating from Gupta and Mauryan periods.

Garhwa

Situated 50 km from Allahabad in Garhwa there is a walled enclosure surrounding a group of ruins of temples where several inscriptions dedicated to Vishnu and Shiva can be seen. To the west of the ruins of the fort, there is a big tank knwon as Garhwa Tal. Some of the sculptures of the Gupta period found here has been shifted to the State Museum in Lucknow.

Kara

Situated 69 km from Allahabad on the banks of Ganga, it is famous for the holy Temple of Kara Devi (Shitala Devi). Once the provincial capital of Mughals, its ruins extend to 3.5 km along Ganga. Kalehswar Mahadev Temple, Dargah of Khwaja Karak and Shivala Maharishi Ashram are the other attractions.

Chitrakoot

Chitrakoot 132km from Allahabad is a popular Hindu pilgrimage centre. Bathing ghats line the

Mandakini river and there are over 30 temples in this town. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are believed to have taken their incarnations and Lord Ram has stayed here during his exile. There are many places of religious interest here- Kamadgiri, Ramghat, Janki Kund, Hanuman Dhara, Gupt Godavari, Sati Ansuiya Ashram are some of them.

Sita Marhi (72 km)

This sleepy village is believed to be where Sita lived during exile at the Sage Valmiki's Ashram. Her two sons, Lav and Kush, were born here and it was here that Sita is believed to have returned to her mother - the Earth.

Lakshagriha (45 km)

At present a big mound, it was originally believed to have been made to burn the Pandava brothers in the epic Mahabharat.

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Important Places from Allahabad

Aindri Devi Temple

Arail (11 km)

Ayodhya (167 km)

Chitrakoot (137 km)

Durwasa Ashram

lmilien Devi Temple

Jhoonsi-Pratishthanpuri (9 km)

Vindhyachal (93 km)

Kaushambi (60 km)

Kara (69 km)

Padila Mahadev

Shringverpur (40 km)

Sitamarhi (72 km)

Sujavandev

Varanasi (125 km)

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Ambedkar Nagar

Headquarter of district Ambedkar Nagar is Akbarpur. Saryu is the main river of this district which is situated at the north border of the district. Tanda, Jahangir Ganj, Ram Nagar and Baskhari blocks are situated at this river and these blocks are fully utilizing the water resourse of the river. Main Lakes Devhat and Hanswar lakes are situated in Baskhari block and Darvan in Katehari block. From these lakes most of the area is being irrigated as a result which yields maximum crops productivity in the district. Approximately 91% population of the district live in villages whose main occupation is Farming. One of the Tehsil of the district is Tanda which is situated at 20 km from Akbarpur and is an industrial area of Powerloom. The product is known as Tanda Terikat and is exported to all over India. National Thermal Power Corporation is situated at Tanda Faizabad Road, which is approx. 8 km far from Tanda where all units are working and power generation is being done.

Places of Interest

Sangam place of Madha and Visui rivers is 8 km far from district Headquarter. It is believed that at this place Shravan Kumar was killed by King Dashrath, which is now known as Shravan Kshetra. Here every year on Magh Purnima a Fair is organised in which a large number of tourists from all parts of the country come into this fair.

There is a place named Sihmai Karirat situated at 5 km from district headquarter which is famous for a well known tourist palce as Shivbaba. Here in this village even today people do not fix doors and at every Monday and Friday a fair is organised. It is believed that desires of the tourists are being fullfilled.

Govind Saheb, Kichhauchha Sharif these are two other well famous tourist places in this district.

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Ayodhya
Ayodhya is situated on the right bank of the river Ghagra or Saryu, as it is called within sacred precincts, on latitude 26o 48' north and longitude 82o 13' east in north India. Just 6 km from Faizabad, Ayodhya is a popular pilgrim centre. This town is closely associated with Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It was the venue of many event in Hindu mythology, today pre-eminently a temple town, Ayodhya is also famous for its close association with the epic Ramayana. It is a city of immense antiquity full of historical significance and sacred temples. Ayodhya is pre-eminently a city of temples yet, all places of worship here, are not only of Hindu religion. At Ayodhya several religions have grown and prospered simultaneously and also at different periods of time in the past. Remnants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam can still be found in Ayodhya. According to Jain tradition, five Tirthankaras were born at Ayodhya, including Adinath (Rishabhadeva) the 1st Tirthankar.

Fairs and Festivals

Ram Lila

Ram Lila, the enactment of the story of Lord Rama is believed to have been started by great Saint Tulsidas. The Ramcharitmanas, written by him till today forms the basis of Ram Lila performances. Ram lila, basically an enactment of a myth, is presented as a cycle-play with the story varying from 7 to 31 days. The Rama Lila performance evokes a festive atmosphere and enables observance of religious rites. It is also rich in performance of crafts such as costume jewellery, masks, headgear, make-up and decoration. The four main Ram Lila styles are the pantomimic style with a predominance of jhankis - tableaux pageants; the dialogue - based style with multi-local staging; the operative style which draws its musical elements from the folk operas of the region and the stage - Ram Lila of the professional troupes called `mandalis'. Ayodhya is popular for mandali Ram Lila. The performance is dialogue - based and presented on a platform stage. High standard of performance is complemented by songs and kathak dances and eye-catching décor.

Ram Navmi Mela

Ayodhya, the holy city of the sacred pilgrim centre of Hindus plays host to the Ram Navmi Festival in the month of April. Thousands of worshippers gather to venerate the Lord at Kanak Bhawan.

Sravan Jhula Mela

This mela celebrates the playful spirit of the deities. On the third day of the second half of Shravan, images of the deities (specially of Rama, Lakshman and Sita) are placed in swings in the temples. They are also taken to Mani Parvat, where the idols are made to swing from the branches of the trees. Later the deities are brought back to temples. The mela lasts till the end of the month of Shravan

Parikramas

Ayodhya is perhaps the most noted place in the northern India where parikramas are undertaken by Hindu Pilgrims. These are circumambulations of important religious places and are of varying duration, shortest being the `Antargrahi Parikrama' which has to be completed within a day. After taking a dip in the Saryu, the devotee commences the parikarma from the Nageshwarnath temple and passes through Rama Ghat, Sita Kund, Manipuravata and Brahma Kund, finally terminating at Kanak Bhawan. Then there is the `Panchkoshi Parikrama' circuit of 10 miles, which touches Chakratirtha, Nayaghat, Ramghat, Saryubagh, Holkar-ka-pura, Dashrathkund, Jogiana, Ranopali, Jalpa Nala and Mahtabagh. On the way the people pay homage to deities in the shrines which are situated on the route. The `Chaturdashkoshi Parikrama' constitutes a circular journey of 28 miles made once a year on the occasion of Akshainaumi, which is completed within 24 hours.

How to reach

By Air

For Ayodhya the nearest airports are Amausi Airport (Lucknow-134 km), Bumrauli Airport (Allahabad - 166 km)

By Train

Ayodhya is situated on the broad gauge Northern Railway line on Muhal Sarai - Lucknow main route.

By Road

It is well connected by road to major cities and towns of India.

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Distance from Ayodhya to :

Lucknow

134 km

Gorakhpur

132 km

Jhansi

441 km

Allahabad

166 km

Sravasti

109 km

Varanasi

209 km

Gonda

51 km

Places of Interest

The Hanuman Garhi

Situated in the centre of the town, this temple is approachable by a flight of 76 steps. Legend has it that Hanuman lived here in a cave and guarded the Janambhoomi or Ramkot. The faithful believe that all their wishes are granted with a visit to this holy shrine. A massive structure in the shape of a four sided fort with circular bastions at each corner houses a temple of Hanuman and is the most popular shrine in Ayodhya.

Kanak Bhawan

This has images of Sri Rama and Sita wearing gold crowns. It is also known as Sone-ka-Ghar.

Ramkot

The chief place of worship in Ayodhya is the site of the ancient citadel of Ramkot which stands on an elevated ground in the western part of the city. Although visited by pilgrims throughout the year, this sacred place attracts devotees from all over India and abroad, on `Ram Navami', the day of Lord's birth, which is celebrated with great pomp and show, in the Hindu month of Chaitra (March-April).

Mani Parbat and Sugriv Parbat

The first of these ancient earth mounds is identified with a stupa built by the Emperor Ashoka, while the second is believed to be an ancient monastery.

Treta ke Thakur

This temple stands at the place where Rama is said to have performed the Ashvamedha Yajnya. About 300 years ago the Raja of kulu built a new temple here, which was improved by Ahalyabai Hokar of Indore during 1784, at the same time the adjoining Ghats were also built. The initial idols in black sandstone were recovered from Saryu and placed in the new temple, famous as Kaleram-ka-Mandir.

Nageshwarnath Temple

The temple of Nageshwarnath is said to have been established by Kush the son of Rama. Legend has it that Kush lost his armlet, while bathing in the Saryu, which was picked up by a Nag-Kanya, who fell in love with him. As she was a devotee of Shiva, Kush erected this temple for her. It is said that this has been the only temple to have survived till the time of Vikramaditya, the rest of city had fallen into ruins and was covered by dense forests. It was by means of this temple that Vikramaditya was able to locate Ayodhya and the sites of different shrines here. The festival of Shivratri is celebrated here with great pomp and splendour.

Other places of interest

Rishabhadeo Jain Temple, Brahma Kund, Amawan Temple, Tulsi Chaura, Laxman Quila, Angad Tila, Shri Rama Janaki Birla Temple, Tulsi Smarak Bhawan, Ram ki Paidi, Kaleramji ka Mandir, Datuvan Kund, Janki Mahal, Gurudwara Brahma Kund, Ram Katha Museum, Valmiki Ramayan Bhawan, are among other places of interest in Ayodhya.

Places of Interest around Ayodhya

Faizabad (7 km)

Saadat Khan, the second Nawab of Awadh, laid the foundation of Faizabad while his successor Shuja-ud-daula made it the capital of Awadh. Faizabad developed as a township nearly 220 years ago, during the reign of Safdar Jang, the second nawab of Avadh (1739-54),who laid its foundation by making it his military headquarters. Suja-ud-daula, his successor settled at Faizabad after 1764 and built a fort known as Chhota Calcutta, now in ruins. In 1765 he built the Chowk and Tirpaulia and subsequently laid out the Anguribagh and Motibagh to the south of it, Asafbagh and Bulandbagh to the west of the city. During the reign of Shuja-ud-daula, Faizabad attained such a prosperity which it never saw again. The Nawabs graced Faziabad with several beautiful buildings, notable among them being the Gulab Bari, Moti Mahal and the tomb of Bahu Begum. Gulab Bari is a striking building of fine properties, standing in a garden surrounded by a wall, approachable through two large gateways. These buildings are particularly interesting for their assimilative architectural styles. Shuja-ud-daula's wife was the well known Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence being the Moti-Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she was buried after her death in 1816. It is considered to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, which was built at the cost of three lakh rupees by her chief advisor Darab Ali Khan. A fine view of the city is obtainable from top of the begum's tomb. Bahu Begum was a woman of great distinction and rank, bearing dignity. Most of the Muslim buildings of Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of Bahu Begum's death in 1815 till the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad gradually fell into decay. The glory of Faizabad finally eclipsed with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab Asaf-ud-daula..

Patan Devi (44 km)

Famous for the siddhapith of Patan Devi, and a tank believed to have been made by Raja Karan of the Mahabharata.

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Azamgarh

The district of Azamgarh comprises a somewhat irregularly shaped tract of country lying south of the Ghaghra river, between the parallels of 25 degree 38 seconds and 26 degree 27 minute North latitude and the meridians of 82 degree 40 minute and 83 degree 52 minute East longitude. The administrative headquarter of Azamgarh is on Lucknow-Baliya state highway , 269 km. from capital Lucknow. It is bounded on the east by Mau, north by Gorkhpur, southeast by Ghazipur,southwest by Jaunpur, west by Sultanpur and northwest by Ambedkarnagar. The river Ghaghra separates the district from the Gorakhpur. Famous Personalities who belong to this district are Ayodhya Prasad 'Hari Oudh ' , Rahul Sanshkrityayan, Shyam Narian Panday, Laxmi Narain Misra, Soond Faizabadi, Allama Shibli Nomani, Zami Chiraiyakoti, Sabana Azmi, Sham sur Rahman Farooqui. Kaifi Azmi.

Places of Interest

Azamgarh City (Tehsil- Sadar, Block- Palhni)

The principal town of the district also gives its name to the district headquarter and forms a tehsil of the name Sadar. It is on the road leading from Allahabd through Jaunpur to Gorakhpur. Metalled road from this place lead southeast wards to Ghazipur and Mau and westwards to Shahganj. There is a railway station of the same name on a branch of the north eastern railway. The city was founded around 1665 by one Azam Khan son of Bikramjit. The old fort of Azam Shah is situated on the bank of river Tamsa in east of city. There are 2 boys degree colleges-D.A.V.Degree college, Shiblee Degree college and 1 girls degree college-Agrashen Girls Degree College. On the road of Azamgarh-Ghazipur Shri Durgaji Post Graduate Degree college, Chandeshar is situated, which is 5 km. from city. The agricultural and Homoeopathic medical college is also here.A famous urdu library named as Shilblee library is located at Shiblee Academy. The Kunwar Singh park is also situated in the city.

Nizamabad (Tahsil- Nizamabad , Block- Rani ki Sarai)

The place falls on Azamgarh-Nizamabad road at distance of 17 km. from district headquarter. A local tradition ascribes its nomenclature to one Sheikh Nizam-ud-din, a Sufi saint the reamins of whose tomb are pointed out here. The famous Gurudwara possessing a pair of wooden slippers and a dagger said to be of Guru Nanak who once visited the place. This is Born-place of famous poet Ayodhya Singh 'Harioodh'.

Maharajganj (Tehsil- Sagari , Block - Maharajganj)

The place is located on the banks of Chhoti Saryu and is connected by metalled roads to Bilariaganj and Jianpur. The place is said to have derived its nomenclature from one of the rajas of Azamgarh, after whom the place came to known as Maharajganj. An old shrine dedicated to Bhiron Baba also known as Deotari, is by one tradition the spot where Parvati , the consort of lord siva, is said to have exhumed herself in the pyre of Daksha's yajna bedi or pyre on which the yajna sacrifice was to be performed. Yet another tradition describes it as being a gate of the ancient city of Ayodhya. It is the venue of a fair held every month on the day of full moon Its original nomenclature is said to have been Qasimabad, and to have fallen into decay before it was resettled, in the name of Raja Mubarak, a Sufi of Manikpur Karaa, by a sheikh landholder. The place is  famous for the manufacture of Benarasi saris, which are also very popular and exported to the World. Among the old buildings the temple of Thakurji and mosque of Raja Sahib is situated there.

Mehnagar (Tehsil- Mehnagar, Block- Mehnagar)

It is situated 36 km. from the district headquarter in eastsouth. The monuments of the fort built by king Haribans and huge pond is famous here. A religious fair is being organised every year on the ponds named as Madilaha which is 3 km. from tehsil headquarter.

Durvasa

This place is situated on the sangam of Tons and Majhuee river which is 6 km north from the Phulpur tehsil headquarter. It is famous for the Ashram of Durvasa Rishi where in old days thousands of students came to gain the knowledge

Dattatreya

This place is situated on the sangam of Tons and Kunwar river, 3 km. from Nijambad tehsil hq in the direction of southwest. There is a Ashram of Dattatreya Rishi where in past days the people came to achieve knowledge and peace. On the day of Shivratri fair is organized.

Govindsaheb

Mahatma Govind Saheb had worshiped here. This place is 6 km distant from the Atraulia Block. On the day of Agahan sudi Dashmi a very big fair is held in which the cattle like cow, bull, buffalo, camel, horse, donkey and elephant are sold and bought. The period of fair is about one month.

Avantikapuri (Awank)

This place is situated in the development block Muhammadpur. The tradition say that Raja Janmejai has organized Yagya for killing the all snakes on the earth.The temple and ponds of this place is famous, the people come here to take a holy dip in the pond.

District Auraiya

The district of Auraiya lies in the southwestern portion of Uttar Pradesh 26° 21" and 27° 01" north latitude and 78° 45" and 79° 45" east longitude and forms a part of the Kanpur Division. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Kannauj, western border adjoins tehsil Bharthana of the Etawah district and the district of Gwalior. The eastern frontier marches with the district of Kanpur Dehat, and along the south lie Jalaun. The total area according to the statistics of 1991-92 is calculated to be 2054 square kilometer. Ghee and food-grains are main commodities of trade in Auraiya and Etwah. Ghee is transported to as far as Punjab in the west, Bengal in the East and Andhra pradesh, Tamil nadu and Mumbai in South and Southwest. Wheat and oils seeds are the main produce that is transported to the adjoining districts from Auraiya's Wholesale Market. District Etawah and Auraiya is known for Jamuna pari goats & Bhadabari Buffalows. Jamunapari Goats is world famous and in whole India it is found in Auraiya and Etawah districts.The main identity of this breed long ears, parrot like nose, long bodies,heavy feet and long hairs. This breed survives on Babul, Jherberi and green leaves for food and produces milk better than any other breed. It produces on an average 3 litres milk per day. Due to these qualities this breed is liked by everyone. Due to its uncontrolled export this breed is now vanishing. U.P. Govt. has banned its export since 1976. Total no. of Goats is about 5660. Bhadawari Buffalows are also is found in Auraiya and Etawah area. It is recognised due to its copper color and two or three white lines on its neck. Their milk contain around 13% fat. This much fat is not found in any other breed. They are highly liked by people due to these qualities. Apart these District Auria is also known for its Potato cultivation. Potato is the main crop of the district and exported to the neighbouring districts and states also. In 1999, it was grown on 6250 Hectares of land.

Places of Interest

Devkali Temple

The temple of Devkali is located in the southern direction of district head quarter of Auraiya and near to
the bank of Yamuna river. According to the ancient stories and customs, the temple is related to the 11th century A.D. but by the archeological view it was constructed in 18th century A.D. The temple is
basically dedicated to Lord Shiva.

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Badaun
The Budaun is an ancient city in India. This is holy land of Sufi's & Saint's. It is situated near holy river Ganga at Lattitude 28 Degree 02 Minute 30 Second East & Longitude 79 Degree 01 Minute 20 Second north on Globe.

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Ballia

The district is the easternmost part of the state and borders on Bihar State. It comprises an irregularly shaped tract extending westward from the confluence of the Ganga and the Ghaghra, the former separating it from Bihar in the south and the latter from Deoria and Bihar in the north and east respectively. The boundary between Ballia and Bihar is determined by the deep streams of these two rivers. It is bounded on the west by Azamgarh, on the north by Deoria, on the northeast and southeast by Bihar and on the southwest by Ghazipur. The district lies between the parallels of 25º33' and 26º11' North latitudes and 83º38' and 84º39' East longitudes. The district had an area of 3168 sq. km. on June 2000, and occupied the 51st position in the State in respect of area. Jay Prakash Narayan, Chandra Shekhar, Chittu Pandey, Mangal Pandey, Hazari Prasad Diwedi, Acharya Parushram Chaturvedi and Rajvanshi Devi all these famous personalities belonged to this district.

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 Banda

This is the easternmost district of Bundelkhand. The division of the district into two has been done by splitting Banda district into tehsil and block. Karwi and Mau Tehsils lying in the eastern and Southeastern direction comprising the Manikpur, Mau, Pahadi, Chitrakut and Ramnagar blocks from the present Chitrakut district. There are four tehsils namely Banda, Naraini, Baberu and Atarra comprising eight blocks of Badokhar-khurd, Jaspura, Tindwari, Naraini, Mahua, Baberu, Bisanda and Kamasin from the present district of Banda. There are seventeen thanas namely Kotwali City, Kotwali Dehat, Mataundh, Tindwari, Pailani, Chilla, Naraini, Atarra, Girwa, Kalinjar, Badousa, Bisenda, Baberu, Kamasin, Fhateganj, Jaspura and Marka. The district largely consists of irregular uplands with outcrops of rocks intermingling with mostly lowlands, frequently under water during rainy season. The Baghein river traverse the district from south-west to north-east. The tract lying to the right of the river is intersected by numerous smaller river and rivulets (Nallas), but to its left is a flat expanse, for the most part made up of Mar and Kabar soils, eroded and converted into ravines along the banks of the Ken and the Yamuna and to a lesser extent, the Baghein river and the Gadara Nala. The district falls into two sharply defined portions ; one is upland called Patha, situated on the Vindhyan plateau in the south of Mau and Karwi tehsils (presently known as Chitrakut district), the other is lowlands of alluvium (presently known as Banda district).

Important Personalities

Banda has produced some of the most eminent literary figures that have found a permanent place in the sphere of Vedic learning and Sanskrit. The district is said to be the birthplace of the great ancient poet Valmiki who has written the immortal epic Ramayana in Sanskrit language. His ashram at Lalapur Bagrehi hills was one of the ancient centers of Vedic Learning. Saint Tulisi Das in Avadhi dialect retold the great epic as Ramcharitmanas. Mohan Bhatt born in this district belongs to seventeenth century. He was a great poet and has written many poems. His son Padmakar Bhatt, Who wad born in 1753 A.D. and died in 1833 A.D. was also a distinguished poet, popular for his lyrics throughout northern India. His grandson Gadadhar, who wrote Chhanda Manjari and Alankarchandroaya, was also a great literary figure of the district. Gayadeen Kayastha who was born in Sambat 1890 was another renowned figure of the district. His great contribution is his work Chitagupta Vritanta. Haridas Bandijana born in Sambat 1891 is also remembered for his work Radha Bhushana. Asakandagiri who wrote Asakanda Vinod and Rasmodak contributed much towards the literary advancement of the society. Ganga Dutt, born in 1892 Sambat and Man Singh Awasthi who wrote Shalihotra were also reputed men of letters of the district. The name of Hanumandeen Mishra, Hari Das Bhattta and Sadho Ram cannot be ignored. All of them belong to nineteenth century. The district is proud of having produced the great poetess Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, who was born in 1904 A.D. (Sambat 1961). When married she shifted to Jabalpur where she took active part in the revolutionary movement. She had been assistant editor of 'Karmavira' magazine for many years. She also wrote many books. She was awarded 'Kesariya' award for her works.

Places of Interest

Kalinjar Fort

Kalinjar (Kalanjar), a historical fort situated in Banda district (Uttar Pradesh), is one of the most precious gift of India to the World hertige. This is one of the eight famous forts built by Chandela-kings during the end of 1st and beginning of 2nd millennium. Situated at the interface of U.P. and M.P. states of India this has been serving as the great barrier for ambitious kings/invaders aiming towards south. The celebrated hill fort of Kalinjar is situated in the village of Tarahti under the Naraini Tehsil on the 56 km. south of Banda. It stands on an isolated flat-topped hill of the Vindhya range, which here rises to a height of 244m above the plain. The main body of the fort lies from east to west, oblong in form, being nearly a mile in length by half a mile in breadth. The fort was built on strong 25-30 meter wide foundation, having height of 30-35 meter with 8 meter wide summit spread all around with length of 7.5 km over the hillock. The material used was big sand stone/granite pieces put over each other or using lime mortor occasionally. Alongwith strategic importance of Kalinjar fort, this has equally been appreciated as the great monument of the art and science of fortification and a gem of archeology. Much before fortification this place was considered to be one of the most revered places of devotional and meditational penance and has been cited in Vedas, Epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, Buddha and Jain literatures. Kalinjar is the most respected and popular also in the folk songs of Bundelkhand. Kalanjar word was coined to represent lord Shiva who after consuming the deadly poison churned out of sea by Devas and Daityas together rested here and destroyed (Jaran) the time barrier (kala). People have a belief that Lord Shiva always remains here. A temple of Neelkantha Mahadeo built over thousand years ago still exist with its magnificent beauty and greatness.The stone -dug ponds/lakes created here are marvelous. The rare stone images related to Lord Shiva, Goddess Shakti, Lord Vishnu, Lord Ganesha, Bhairava and Bhairavi and others are of great importance from the science of image-making. The stone-carvings of animals, birds apsaras, mithuna, and such others are worth investigating. There are two entrances to the fort, of which the principal is on the north side towards the town and the other at the south-east angle leading towards Panna. The first entrance used to be guarded by seven different gates and they are approached by a short flight of stone steps. The first gateway, which is named Alam Darwaza is square, lofty and plain in construction and was probably rebuilt at the date of the inscription above it. Above this there is a steep ascent, chiefly by steps, to the second gate called Ganesha Darwaza. At a short distance higher up in the bend of the road stands the third gate, named the Chandi Darwaza. There is a double gate with four towers on which account it is also known as chauburji darwaza, or the 'gate of the four towers.' At this gate there are several pilgrim records and inscriptions of various dates. The fourth gate named Budhabhadra possesses only one inscription. The fifthgate, or Hanuman Darwaza is so named after a figure of the monkey-god carved on a slab resting against the rock. There is also reservoir called Hanumankund; there are, besides, numerous rock sculptures and figures carved on the rocks representing Kali, Chandika, Siva and Parvati, Ganesha, the bull Nandi, and the lingam. The sixth gate, called the Lal Darwaza, stands near the top of the ascent. To the west of this gate, there is a colossal figure of Bhairava cut in the rock. There are also two figures of pilgrims represented carrying water in two vessels fixed at the end of a banghi pole. A short distance leads to the seventh gate, called Bara Darwaza, or the main gate and it undoubtedly modern.

The great lingam temple of Nilakantha, which is situated in the middle of the west face of the fort is a masterpiece of architecture. The façade of the cave once had been very rich, but is now much broken. On the jambs of the door there are figures of Siva and Parvati, with the Ganga and Yamuna rivers, which are of Gupta period. The lingam is made of a darke-blue stone, about 1.15m high and has three eyes. Just outside the mandapa of Nilakantha there is a deep rock-cut reservoir, called svargarohana and to the right of the reservoir in a rock niche there is a colossal figure of Kala-Bhairava, about 6m in height, standing in about 0.5m of water. Besides this status there is a figure of the goddess Kali, about 1m in height.

Bhuragarh Fort

Across the river Ken there are ruins of Bhuragarh fort said to be built with brown stones by Raja Guman Singh in 17th Century. This place was main center at the time of freedom struggle. A mela is orgainsed in this place called 'Natbali Ka Mela'.

Rangarh fort

It was built at the middle of the Ken river.

Khatri Pahar

Shydha a small village lies about 24 km distant from Banda among the ravince close to the ken river. Nearby in a hill called Khatri Pahar, the recorded height being 259 meters above sea level. On the top of the hill a small temple dedicated to Angleshwari Devi. The legend is that the devi, having to flee from the persecution of her meternal father Kans, rose bodily into the air and sought a place of safty. She tried the strength of the hill with her finger, but finding it incapable of supporting her weight went on to Vindhyachal. From her anguli, a finger the name Angleshwari Devi is derived. On every Navratri a large mela is organized.

Nawab tank is situated about 3 kms south of Banda. This tank has been built by Nawab of Banda, and therefore it is known as Nawab Tank.

Bamdeo Temple

The temple is said to derived its name from Bamdeo Rishi a sage mentioned in hindu mythology as a contemporary of lord Rama. Bamdeo is said to have had his hermitage at the fort of a hill. There is one big and oldest Shivling is situated in the temple in the kho of Bambeshar Pahar.

Maheshwari Devi Temple

This temple is situated at the middle place of the Banda city. There are so many murties of Devis & Devatas in the temple.

Kairada village

Kairada village on the road from Banda to Mahoba, 15 Km distant from Banda and 40 Km from Mahoba. A metalled road connects to Banda and Mahoba. The foundation of the village was done in the Chandella period about 900 years ago. There is a tank situated here, which was build by special stone. In the 1857, when British army entered this village, four dogs and their mother contested fight and sacrifice their live from 1.5 km from the village. In the memory of this fight, Four Stone Pillars is situated on the Top of the 'TILA' in the Kairada village

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District Barabanki

District Barabanki was known as Dariyabad with its headquarters at Dariyabad town established by an officer in the army of Mohammed Shah Shariqi by the name Dariab Khan. It remained the district headquarter till 1858 AD. The district headquarter was shifted to Nawabganj in 1859 AD now known as Barabanki. This was done during the expansion of the district by the British, when Kursi from district Lucknow and Haidergarh from district Rae Bareli were added to the, then Dariyabad district. The land of Barabanki district possesses a rich heritage in keeping with its glorious past. The place of pilgrimage of the Kanwariyas Mahadeva, the Kurukshetra of Mahabharat and the Parijaat tree - the animate symbols of Mahabharat era are also present as mile stones of the spiritual tilt of this sacred land of Barabanki district.

 

Places of Interest

Mahadeva Temple

This ancient Shiv temple is situated at village Mahadeva in tehsil Ram Nagar of district Barabanki on the banks of Ghaghra. Lodheshwar Mahadev has ancient history to its credit. The Shivling in this temple being one of the exotic and rarest of the 52 shivlings on the surface of earth. It is said that, prior to the Mahabharat period, Lord Shiv wished to reappear on the earth once again. Pandit Lodheram Awasthi was a learned Brahmin, simple, kind and good natured villager. One night Lord Shiv appeared in his dreams. Next day, Lodheram who was childless, while irrigating his field, saw a pit from where his water was getting drained into the earth. He tried hard to plug it, but failed and returned home. In the night, again he saw the same statue in his dreams, and heard whispers saying 'The pit where water is getting drained is my place establish me there and I would get fame by your name.' It is said that, next day when Lodheram was digging the said pit, his implement struck a hard substance, and he saw the same statue in front of him, blood was oozing from the place where his implement had hit the statue, this mark can be seen even today. Lodheram was terrified by this sight, but he continued to digout the statue, but failed to get to the other end of the statue, so he left it as it is, and built the temple at the same place with half his name 'Lodhe' and the Lord Shiv's 'Ishwar', thereby became famous by the devotees name i.e. Lodheshwar. The Brahmin was then blessed with four sons, Mahadeva, Lodhaura, Gobarha and Rajnapur, villages named after them exist even today. There are several instances in Mahabharat where this ancient temple is referred to. Pandav after the Mahabharat had performed the Mahayagya at this place, a well exists even today by the name Pandav-Kup. It is said that the water of the well is having spiritual qualities and those who drink this water get cured of a number of ailments. In the history of the melas and fairs the world over, the fair held on the occasion of Mahashivratri at Mahadeva is unique. For the millions of devotees thronging the place, there is not a single woman devotee to be found during this festival fair.

Dewa

The pilgrim town of Dewa is situated just 42 Kms. from Lucknow and 12 Kms. from the district headquarters of Barabanki in the heart of erstwhile 'Awadh'. This is the birth place of Haji Waris Ali Shah who was to influence the lives of many generations of people with his message of universal love for humanity. Haji Waris Ali Shah came of a family of Husaini Syeds, and was born in the first quarter of the 19th century. His father Syed Qurban Ali Shah died in his early childhood. Hindus held him in high esteem and regarded him as a perfect Sufi and a follower of Vedanta. Haji Saheb left for his heavenly abode on 7th April, 1905. He was buried at the spot where he died and this place is marked by a splendid monument erected in his memory by some of his devoted followers, both Hindus and Muslims. Every year Urs is held at the scared tomb in the month of 'Safar' (July). Haji Waris Ali Shah organized 'Urs' of his father in the month of Kartik (October-November) where a big fair known by the name 'Dewa Mela ' is held to commemorate the Saints. Pilgrims from all parts of the country and abroad come to pay their homage to the great Sufi Saints, Haji Waris Ali Shah and his father Qurban Ali Shah. A big cattle market is the highlight of the Fair. A good variety of cultural programmes are organized during the Fair including an All India Mushaira, Kavi Sammelan, Music Conference, Manas Sammelan, Seeratun Nabi etc. Sports loving people find great pleasure in events like Hockey, Volleyball, Badminton, Athletics, etc. Hundreds of brightly lit and decorated shops offer a variety of handicrafts, household utility items, toys, delicious snacks and exotic sweetmeats. A brilliant display of Fireworks marks the conclusion of the 10 days Fair.

Parijaat

Village Kintur, about 38 Kms. east of district headquarters Barabanki was named after Kunti, mother of the Pandav. There are a number ancient temples and their remains around this place. Nearby a temple established by Kunti, is a special tree called Parijaat. There are a number of sayings about this tree, which have popular acceptance. One being, Arjun brought this tree from heavens and Kunti used to offer and crown Shivji with its flowers. The other saying being, that Lord Krishna brought this tree for his beloved queen Satyabhama. Historically, though these saying may have some bearing or not, but it is true that this tree is from a very ancient background. The following is said in the Harivansh Puraan about Parijaat. Parijaat is a type of Kalpvraksh, it is said to be found only in the heavens and, whosoever makes a wish under this tree, gets fulfilled. In the Religious and ancient literature, we find a number of references to the Kalpvraksh, but no description whatsoever of its existence can be found anywhere in the world, except for only Kintur (Barabanki ). Whereby this unique Parijaat tree of Kintur holds a special place in the world. In botanical terms, PARIJAAT is known as Adansonia digitata and has been kept in a special category, because it does not produce either its fruit or its seeds, neither can its branch cuttings can be planted to reproduce a second Parijaat tree. This is a unisex male tree, the botanist say, that there is no such tree anywhere else to be found. The leaves of this tree in the lower portion has five tips like the fingers of a hand, while at the upper reaches it has seven. Its flower is very beautiful and white in colour, on drying out it takes on golden tinge. This flower has five petals. This tree blossoms very occasionally, with very few flower, but when it does, that is after the 'Ganga Dashehra', spreads its fragrance far and wide. The age of this tree is said to be 1000 to 5000 years. The perimeter of the trunk of this tree is around 50 feet and height of around 45 feet. There is another popular saying that, its branches do not break or dryout but shrink and disappear into the original trunk. The nearby people consider it to be their protector and obliging, henceforth they protect its leaves and flowers at all costs. Local people hold it in high esteem, in addition to the large number of tourists who visit to see this unique tree.

Siddhaur

It was initially known as Siddhpura, and as time passed by, it became Siddhaur. It is around 50 Kms from district headquarter Barabanki. It is adorned by the famous Siddheshwar Mahadev temple, and here in the months of December and January each year a big Fair is held on the occasion of Shivratri. There is a mausoleum of Sufi Saint Qazi Qutub and people come to pay their respects to this Sufi Saint. A big Fair is held here on the occasion of every Id-ul-fitr and Id-uz-Zuha.

Badosarai

Badosarai around 9 Km northeast of Ram Nagar tehsil headquarters, was established around 550 years by a spiritual King. About 6 Kms southeast of this place is the temple of Baba Jagjivan Das the founder of the 'Satnaami' sect at Kotwa, popularly known as Kotwa Dham, with a very beautiful pond nearby. Thousands of pilgrims take a holy dip in this pond during the Fairs held in the months of October and April. There is a mazar of a Sufi Saint Malamat Shah between Badosarai and river Ghaghra, who left for his heavenly abode about 300 years ago. People throng this place to pay their respects to this Sufi Saint.

Satrikh

It is said that its original name was Saptrishi, because Guru Vashisht, the Kulguru of the Suryavanshi kings, preached and taught the young princes here. It is the penance ground of great number of Saints and ascetics. No certified evidences are available to give any authentic details prior to the Muslim rule about this place. This was the headquarter of Sayyed Salar Masood, the brother of Mehmood of Ghazni. His father Salar Shah's tomb is here, and people visit this monument to pay their respects. The main congregation is held during the full moon of 'Jaishtha' that is the summers. Sheikh Salahuddin had also come with Salar Shah and settled down in Satrikh.

Bhitauli

On the banks of the stream Soti is Bhitauli, the last front of the Freedom fighters of the First war of Indian Independence in 1857-1858. Here Raja Guru Bux Singh with his men fought the British bravely. This place has a fort and sufficient remains of the freedom struggle and hence it has been declared as the place on the protected historical heritage list.

Masauli

This is the birth place of Late Shri Rafi Ahmad Kidwai, great freedom fighter, politician and statesman of India. He was buried in Masauli after he left for his heavenly abode and a tomb was built in his memory.

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District Bareilly

Situated between the latitudes of 28 degree 10 minutes & 28 degree 54 minutes and longitudes of 78 degree 58 minutes & 79 degree 47 minutes, Bareilly, one time kingdom of the Rohila Emperors, has always made its presence felt since ancient time. It has not only a glorious past but a thrilling present and promising future also. After Independence many economic as well as cultural activities started taking shape. In 1961, Camphor & Allied Products Ltd. Company established its manufacturing unit in Bareilly. Now it is one of the largest Camphor making units of the world. IFFCO has also its urea making plant and marketing office here in Aonla Tehsil. Apart from these two large scale industries Bareilly is also a leading manufacturer of handicrafts items mainly based on bamboos & woods. There are some other items viz. Cane furniture, Zari Zardozi, Surma, Patang Manjha on which Bareilly boost. Mere a glance at Zari items of Bareilly definitely transports the viewer to the history. The latest fashion blended with historical grandour is to be seen to be believed. In Bareilly district about 25000 families (Urban & rural both) are engaged in manufacturing activities relating to Zari-Zardozi. Needless to say that Zari items are 100% exportable. According to a rough assessment about 250-300 Delhi, Bombay & Jaipur based suppliers are engaged in exporting this especiality of Bareilly to many foreign countries like Germany, U.S.A. & West Asia etc., amounting to nearly Rs. 50 millions. Long Gowns, Jackets, Tops, Skirts, Salwar Suits, Purses & Shoes uppers with ZARI-ZARDOZI work are praised every where. Thousands of master craftsmen create Zari articles with other embellishments on all kind of fabrics and costumes which are adorned by connoisseurs both in India & abroad. Bareilly has also been the centre of cultural & educational activities in the province. From Pt. Radhey Shyam Kathawachak to Wasim Bareilvi this city has galaxy of literary. The Rohilkhand University, hub of educational activities of tarai region, attracts thousands of students. Bareilly, the kingdom of Rohila Emperors, is located in Tarai region of Himalayas.

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Basti
The district lies between the parallels of 26° 23' and 27° 30' North and Latitude and 82° 17' and 83° 20' East longitude. Its maximum length from north to south is about 75 km. and breadth from east to west about 70km. The district lies between newly created district Sant Kabir Nagar on the east and Gonda on the west. On the south, the Ghaghra river separates it from the Faizabad and newly created district named Ambedkar Nagar. While on the north, it is bounded by district Sidharth Nagar. With regard to size it occupies 7th place in the state. Owing to the changing course of the Ghaghra, the area of the district is subjected to frequent alterations.


 
Places of Interest

Ganeshpur

The village of Ganeshpur is situated at a distance of about 5 Km. northwest from the district head quarters.

Makhauda

Makhauda is situated at about 57 Km. west from the district headquarters. This place is famous for as being Ramayana's period. King Dashrath was ruled on this part known as Koshal.

Horticulture R&D Training Centre

Horticulture R&D Training Centre was established in 1956-57 in this district to promote horticultural development in eastern belt of U.P. The research and extension works for the development of important fruits, vegetables, species and ornamental plants, are being performed at this centre. The collection of important fruits of India are being also done at this centre. A Mushroom spawn production laboratory is under construction here, through which high quality mashroom seed will be produced and supply to producers. Bee keeping training is also imparted to farmers. The general variety mangos including Amrapali, Romani and Neelam plants are internationally important plants of this centre, which are being supplied to other district of the country.

Chawni Bazar

Chawni Bazar is situated at a distance of 40 km from the district headquarters. It was the main shelter for freedom struggle during 1857 and is famous for having a Pipal Trees where about 250 martyrs were hanged by British Government in action after murder of Gen. Fort.

Nagar

The village is situated at a distance of about 8 km from the district headquarters. To the west of the village is the large lake known as Chando tal, famous for fishing and shooting. Nagar stands on the raised site, and an attempt was once made to prove that it was the birth place of Gautam Buddha. Though this has long been discredited, the old mud still awaits exploration. From the 14 century the place became the headquarters of the Guatam Rajas, the remains of whose castle are still to be seen.

Chando Tal

Chando Tal is situated at about 8 km from the district headquarters on the way to Kalwari. It is believed that, in ancient time there was an estate named Chandra Nagar which had been later converted into lake as a result of natural degradetion and became the famous Chando Tal. It is a stretch of water about 5 km long and 4 km. wide. Around this lake, fishermen and others are still getting an ornaments made of metal and other historical residues belongs to ancient period. Indeginous and migratry birds are used to come to this lake every year.

Rashtriya Van Chetna Kendra (Sant Ravi Dass Van Vihar)

Van Vihar is established on the bank of river Kuwana on the way to Ganeshpur village at a distance of about 1 km from the district headquarters. There is a attractive children park and lake has been established by the Government as a picnic spot. River Kuwana touches Van Vihar on its two edges which increases the beauty of this place. Boating is also available at this place in lake as well as in river Kuwana. Generally during holidays and on Sundays there is more rush in comparison to other days of the week.

Barah

Barah is situated at a distance of about 15 kms on the bank of river Kuwana, west from the district headquaters also. This place is mainly famous for Barah temple. Barah Chhatar is popularly known as Viyagrapuri in mythological books. This place is also famous for a mythological place of Lord Shiva.

Bhadeshwar Nath

Bhadeshwar Nath is situated at a distance of about 5-6 km. on a bank of river kuwana from the district headquarters. There is a famous temple of Lord Shiva. It was believed that this temple was established by Ravana. A fair is held here on the occasion of Shivratri, which is attended by many people from different part of the state.

Paida

Paida is situated at a distance of about 14 kms. on the way to Siddharth Nagar from district headquarters. Freedon struggle had been fought at this place as such freedom fighter monuments is also erected there, thus this place is mainly popular for freedom struggle. A park is also established by the Horticulture department here.

Agauna

Agauna is famous for being the birth place of famous Hindi literature Sri Ram Chandra Shukla. This place is situated on the way to Ram Janki Marg from the district headquarters. _________________________________

Bijnor

Bijnor, the westernmost district of U.P., is situated just 12 Km from either both way from pious Ganga on Meerut road or from Ganj a great saint Vidur's home where he spent his rest of life after dispute with Duryodhan. "Duryodhan ki meva tyagi saag Vidur ghar Khayoji" these popular lines generated where Lord KRISHNA visited beloved bhakt "Vidur" at his residence (Ganj). Our country's name BHARAT comes out from the name of great Chakraverty King Bharat who spent his childhood at Bijnor.

 

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Places of Interest

Vidur Kuti

This is about 12 kms from Bijnor and having historical importance. Vidur spent his rest of life after dispute with Duryodhan. This is the place where Lord Krishana visited.

Kanva Ashram

There is a ashram in broken condition near Rawli town according to the great legend "Abhigyan Shakuntalam". Hastinapur's King Dushyant reached there while hunting and fell in love with Shakuntala at first sight.

Dara nagar

During Mahabharat when the battle between Kauravas and Pandavas was about to begin, then on the request of both the sides, all wives and children were to be gurdianed by Mahatma Vidur . He had no sufficient space for their living then he decided an exclusive area for ladies and children, which is now known as Daranagar.

Ganj

This is about 12 Km from Distt HQ and Just 1Km from Daranagar on the banks of Ganga . There are ancient temples and ashrams .

Jahanabad

It is situated on the bank of river Ganga and just about 1 Km from Ganj. This village used to be a "Riyasat" with around 101 villages under it during Mugal Period. Around that period a saint was living there who was famous for curing snake bites. Once when Shahjahan's wife got bit by a snake, he treasted and got "Jahanabad Riyasat" as a prize from Shahjahan. Presently Ganga flows 2 km from here.

Sita's Temple

Sita's temple without any idol is situated one Km from Nanore Village on Chandpur-Jalilpur road. This is popularly known as "Sita Mandir Math". It is believed that this is the place where the earth tored and Sita jumped into.

Sena Ka Dwar

Sena Ka Dwar means Army's Gate where Pandavas had settled their Army. There is a temple of Dronacharya presently. This place popularly known as a village Saindwar where Jawahar Navodaya Vidhalaya is established.

Village Azampur

Two of the Akbar's Navratnas namely, "AbulFazzal" and "FAIZI" were born in the village Azampur which is 4 Km from Basta. They stuied in this village and were very intelligent.

Nazibudaulah's Fort

This fort situated in Najibabad. This fort was built by "Gulam Kadir" alias 'Najibudaulah" during 18th Century after down fall of the Mughal empire. This ancient fort still stands today. During British period it was Sultana's dakoo's shelter.

Mandawar ka Mahal

Munshi Ali, was well known of "Urdu " and "Farsi" and he taught both Urdu and Farsi to Maharani Victoria of England. This Mahal was constructed by Maharani Victoria in 1850 in Mandawar to gift to Munshi Ali. There is a famous temple namely Galkha Devi near village Kundanpur on Mandawar Blawali road, 8 km away from this Mahal.

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District Bulandshahar

The District of bulandshahr is in Meerut region of Utter Pradesh located between Ganga and Yamuna rivers. This is situated between 28.4 0 south and 28.0 0 north latitude and between 77.0 0 and 78.0 0 longitude. The District is about 84 km in length and 62 km is breadth. The district is 237.44 meters above sea level. The river ganga is the east separates this District from Moradabad and Badaun district and in the west river Yamuna separates the district from haryana state and Delhi. In the north of district is Ghaziabad and in southeast are the borders of Aligarh district. The geographical area of the district is 4353 sq km which is about 1.48 percent of the total Uttar Pradesh area. The urban area of the district is 122.8 sq km and rural area as 4230.2 sq km. This district is near to Delhi and is in national capital region. The nuclear atomic power plant is located at Narora town of the district. Near Sikandrabad town is located the national level satellite earth station. This is also an important grain producing agriculture District. Administratively the district is divided in to seven sub divisions Dibai, Anoopshahr, Khurja, Shikarpur, Siyana, Bulandshahar and Sikandrabad for development purposes there are fifteen development blocks Bulandshahar, Gulaothi, Lakhaowati, Shikarpur, Khurja, Pahasu, Arniya, Sikandrabad, Anoopshahr, Dibai, Danpur, Siyana, B.B.nagar, Jahagirabad and Uncha Gaon blocks.

 Places of Interest

There are several religious places in the district. On Ganga river Naroura, Rajghat, Karnavas, Anoopshahr, Ahar and Gajroula are famous centres for religious bathings and temples.

Karnavas

In the time of mahabharat this was the place of great king Karna where he used to donate 50 kg of gold everyday. Here is located the famous temple of godess kalyani.

Ahar

On the bank of river Ganga is situated the famous temple of goddess Avantika & another one temple of Shiv.

Belon

The famous temple of goddess belon is situated here.

Anoopshahr

An old town famous for pilgrimages situated on the river Ganga. Several religious bathings and festivals are organised all the year round.

Rajghat

On the bank of Ganga, several temples are located here. The special temple of lord Hanuman which has 40 feet high statue of monkey god.

Valipura

Scenic place in Bulandshahr on the local river Van Chetna Kendra ( forest life conciousness) centre is located here managed by government forest department.

Narora

World fame nuclear power plant is located here. A barrage is made on river Ganga from where several canals originate. A good picnic spot and a big park is located here. It is 65 km from Bulandshahr.

Khurja

17 km from Bulandshahr on GT road towards Aligarh known as pottery town.

Chola

Bibcol , the polio vaccine factory with russian colloboration is situated here.

Sikandrabad

The industrial area of district Bulandshahr is located here which is 18 km from Bulandshahr towards Delhi on main GT Road. Various textile, paint, pharmaceutical, cement, steel, electronic industries are located here.

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Chitrakoot

District Chitrakoot is situated between 240 48' to 250 12' N and Lang. 800 58' to 810 34' E. Distance Covered by district from east to west is 62 Km. & north to south is 57.5 Km. It is bounded in the north by Kaushambi, in the south by Satna(M.P.) & Rewa (M.P.) , in the east by Allahabad (PrayagRaj), in the west by Banda. Area of District is 345291 Sq. Kilometer. District is linked with Roadways to all adjoining districts of Banda, Allahabad, Satna, Rewa & Kaushambi. There are two tehsils namely Karwi and MAU and five blocks Chitrakoot Dham Karwi, Ramnagar, Mau, Manikpur, Pahadi in the district.

Chitrakoot City

The large sprawling town of Chitrakut stands on the banks of the Mandakini, 128 km southwest of Allahabad and 116 km east of Mahoba. Celebrated in ballads and the scriptures for its natural beauty and closely associated with the Epic Ramayana, Chitrakoot or "the hill of many wonders" is a hallowed center of Pilgrimage. Together with its twin town of Karbi, 8km east, Chitrakut, known also as Sitapur or Chitrakut Dham, is a major Vaishnavite pilgrimage centre. In the Ramayana, Rama, his wife Sita, and his brother Lakshmana, sought refuge in a forest that covered this entire area, after being banished from Ayodhya. Most of Chitrakut's religious and leisure activity revolves around the small, charming, and very central Ramghat, where boats with electric-blue mattresses and pillows create a pretty picture against a backdrop of ashrams and ghats to either side of the narrow, slow-moving river. Half-hour boat trips cost around Rs2 per person or Rs12 per boat. Among the pilgrim shops and cafes nearby are several temples, such as the new Tulsibadi, dedicated to the poet saint who apparently spent time here. This was built on the site of an earlier shrine, located in an extended cave up an alley off the ghat. Steps above the ghat lead to the Math Gajendranath Shiva temple, and its picturesque river views. Taking a rickshaw beside the Mandakini to Sitapur enables you to see several more riverside temples, as well as waterfront ghats much like Ramghat. Pilgrims to Chitrakut traditionally perform the Parikrama, or ritual circumambulation of the wooded hill of Kamedgiri, 3 km southwest of town. On its course around the base of the hill, the five-kilometre path passes numerous temples and shrines, including the big Kantanath Swami temple, which holds a modern image of Rama and Sita and a more venerated monolithic stone image, black and embellished with large eyes. A long flight of stairs at the Hanumandhara hill shrine, 6 km east, leads up to a large image of the monkey god Hanuman, a companion of the trio from the Ramayana. Chitrakoot has very little shopping options. Only items available on sale are rituals items or small wooden toys, which can be taken back as souvenirs.

How to reach

By Air

From Chitrakoot the nearest airport is Khajuraho : 185 km.

By Train

The nearest railway station for Chitrakoot is Karvi : 8 km.

By Road

Chitrakoot is well connected by road. There are regular bus services to Banda, Allahabad, Jhansi, Varanasi, Chhatarpur, Satna, Kanpur, Faizabad, Lucknow, Agra, Maihar, etc.

Distance from Chitrakoot to :

Allahabad

125 km

Banda

75 km

Satna

75 km

Lucknow

285 km

Mahoba

127 km

Kalinjar

88 km

Jhansi

274 km

Khajuraho

200 km

Varanasi

280 km

Delhi

670 km

Kanpur

205 km

Places of Interest

Kamadgiri

A forested hill of prime religious significance, this is believed to be the original Chitrakoot. The Bharat Milap Temple is located here. Pilgrims perform a ritual circumambulation of the hill to seek blessings.

Sphatik Shila

This picturesque spot is marked by two immense rocks. It is believed to be the place where Lord Rama and Sita feasted their eyes on the beauty of Chitrakoot.

Hanuman Dhara

Located on a steep hillside, it is approachable by a flight of 360 steps. Here, the waters of a natural spring cascade over an image of Lord Hanuman.

Ram Ghat

On the banks of the River Mandakini, and centre of ritual activity, this ghat is the most frequented in Chitrakoot. The "Aarti" performed in the evening is particularly beautiful.


Janki Kund

An unusual cave over the Mandakini. Said to be the place where Sita bathed.

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Places of Interest around Chitrakoot

Gupt Godavari

19 km. This is a tiny rivulet which flows into tanks at the end of an underground cave. The source of this rivulet remains unfathomable. Two natural throne-line rocks in the cave have led to the belief that Lord Rama and his brother Laxman held court here.

Bharat Koop

To attain Salvation, the pilgrimage to Chitrakoot is incomplete without a visit to this hallowed place of worship. It is said that , to crown Lord Rama as the king of Ayodhya, his brother Bharat, collected the waters of all sacred rivers to anoint him with. On the advice of Sage Atri, the waters were later poured into a deep well popularly known as Bharat Koop. A temple dedicated to Lord Rama is also found here.

Sati Anasuya

13 km. It was here that Atri Muni, his wife Anasuya and their three sons meditated. An ashram in Anasuya's name is located here. It is believed that the Mandakini river emerged as a result of Anasuya's meditation.

Rajapur

38 km. The birthplace of Goswami Tulsidas, who wrote the world famous Shri Ram Charita Manas.

Ganeshbagh


11km. On the Karvi-Devangana road near Bankey Siddhapur village, is located Ganeshbagh, where a richly carved temple, a seven

storeyed baoli and ruins of a residential palace still exist. The complex was built by Peshwa Vinayak Rao as a summer retreat and is often referred to as a mini-Khajuraho.

Kalinjar

88 km. From Chitrakoot lies the invincible Fort of Kalinjar. Once desired by kings & dynasties, it houses within itself the Nilkanth temple, Swarga Rohan Kund, Vakhandeshwar Mahadev Temple, Shivasari Ganga & Koti Tirth. Other interesting spots within the fort area are Sita Sej, Patal Ganga, Pandu Kund, Budhi-Tall, Bhairon Ki Jharia and Mrigdhara

Sitapur

Lying on the left bank of Payaswani about 8 km. From Karvi, it is intimately connected with the sacred hills of Kamtanath, which is 2 km to its south - west. Pilgrims first bathe in payaswani at Sitapur and then move on to do the Parikrama of Kamtanath hill. Originally known as Jaisinghpur, it was given to Mahant Charandas by Aman Singh Raja of Panna, who gave it the new name Sitapur in honour of maa Sita. There are twenty four Ghats and several temples along the river, which add to the glory of the town.

Rajapur

42 km from Chitrakoot, this place is believed to be the birth place of Goswami Tulsidas. A Tulsi Mandir is situated here.

Marpha

4 km from Gupt Godavari is Marpha, famous for its natural beauty alongwith waterfalls, Jal Mochan Sarovar, Shri Balaji mandir, 5 faced statue of Lord Shankar and ruins of a fort, believed to be built by Chandel Rajas.

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Deogarh

Deogarh, the fort of Gods, is situated on the right bank of the Betwa river, at the western end of the Lalitpur range of hills and is 123 kms from Jhansi. It is of great antiquarian, epigaphical and archaeological importance. The architecture and sculpture of the Temples in Deogarh display a high level of craftsmanship.

 


How to reach


By Air

Nearest airport is at Gwalior (M.P) : 235 km.

By Train

The nearest railway station is Jakhlaun 13 km, which can be reached by Jhansi-Babina Passenger train, whereas Lalitpur is the most convenient railhead, (23 km).

By Road

Deogarh is connected by bus to all important centres in the region.


Distance from Ayodhya to :

Lalitpur

23 km

Matatila Dam

93 km

Jhansi

123 km


Places of Interest

Dashavatar Temple

This fine Gupta temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is the earliest known Panchyatan temple in north India. The terraced basement above the high plinth is decorated with sculpted panels. The figures of Ganga and Yamuna adorn the carved doorway leading to the sanctum sanctorum. Three large carved panels along the side walls-the Gajendramoksha panel, the Nar Narayan Tapasya and the Anantshayi Vishnu-depict scenes from Vaishnava mythology. Only the lower portion remains of the spire, which was the most important part of the temple

Jain Temples

These 31 Jain temples are somewhat later in origin that the Vishnu temple, but are no less remarkable. They are situated inside the fort of Kanali on the hills overlooking the Betwa. The site was a Jain centre from the 6th to the 17th century. The temples abound in panels depicting scenes from Jain mythology, Tirthankara images, votive pillars, votive tablets, Jain images visible from all sides and pillars carved with a thousand Jain figures.

Deogarh Archaeological Museum

The site museum has a fine collection of sculpture, discovered from the surrounding.


Places of Interest around Ayodhya

Chanderi

This town in M.P. is famous for its gossamer - like saris, also has fine examples of Rajput and Sultanate architecture. A magnificent Mughal fort dominates the skyline. Among the interesting sites are the Koshak Mahal, the Badal Mahal Victory arch, the Jama Masjid and ancient Jain temples.

Talbehat

31 km south of Lalitpur on the Jhansi-Sagar national highway, is Talbehat. It derived its name, from Tal (Lake) and Behat (Village), in language of Gonds, the original settlers at the site. In 1618, Bharat shah, the Raja of Bar and Chanderi, built a fine fort with the famous Narasingh temple inside.

Matatila Dam

An ideal picnic spot developed by the irrigation department, 93 kms away from Deogarh. Water sports and a garden on the lines of Vrindavan garden are the added attractions.

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Deoria

 

This district is located between 26 degree & 28 degree north lattitude and 83 degree & 85 degree east longitude out of which district Kushinagar was created in 1994 by taking north & east portion of Deoria district. District deoria is surrounded by district kushinagar in north, district Gopalganj & Siwan(Bihar state)in east, district Mau & district Ballia in south and district Gorakhpur in West. District headquarter is situated at 50 km from Gorakhpur on Gorakhpur-Siwan broadgauge railway line towards Siwan. Ghaghara, Rapti & Chhoti Gandak are the main rivers in this district. Besides these gorra, bathua, kurna, majhne, nakta are small river/nala which originate from above mentioned rivers. Climate of the district is very hot in May & June and December & January months of the year are cold. Productive & densely populated this district of uttar pradesh is situated at the northeast end of the state.

Places of Interest

Shahid Samarak (Ramlila Maidan, Deoria)

Ramlila Maidan of Deoria is one of the freedom-fight places where a student of class 8th of Basantpur- dhoosi, RamChandra Vidrarthi, was shot dead on Aug'14' 1942 during freedom- fight struggle.

Hanuman Mandir, Deoria

Hanuman Mandir is located at RaghavNagar,Deoria & is one of the 'siddh' places of Deoria. A large no. of followers can be seen on each Tuesday.

Somnath Mandir, Deoria

A 'Shiv Mandir' located at kasia road, north of railway line, Deoria.

Deorahi Mandir, Deoria

A 'Durga Mandir' is located at kasia road near Somnath Mandir.

Dugdheswar Mandir, Rudrapur

Dugdheswar Mandir is on the main pilgrim's of the northeast. It is one of the old historical 'Shiv ' temples situated at approx. 2 km. north of Rudrapur town.

Dirgheshwar Mandir, Majouliraj

An old historical 'Shiv Mandir' situated at Majouliraj town is called to be worship place of 'Guru Dronacharya' of Mahabharat.

Parshuram Dham, Sohnag

A place of cultural & historical importance.

Kushinagar

A place of cultural & historical importance 'Kushinagar' is located at 34 km away from Deoria district headquarter at Kasia road. Kushinagar is currently situated in Kushinagar(Padrauna ) District. This place was kingdom of Kush (elder son of Ram) and world famous as 'Parnirvan Sthal of Lord 'Budha'.

Chauri Chaura

Chauri Chaura is located at 26 km away from Deoria district headquarter at Gorakhpur -road. This place is situated in Gorakhpur district now.

Fazilnagar (Pawanagar)

As believed, 24th 'tirthankar' Lord Mahavir Swami received 'Parinirvan' here at 543 B.C. This place is currently located at Kushinagar District

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Etah
Etah is a district of Agra Division of Uttar Pradesh and is bounded on the north by the Badaun district, on the west by district of Aligarh, Hathras, Mathura and Agra, on the south by Mainpuri and Firozabad, on the east by Farrukhabad. The district lies between the parallels of 27o 18' and 28o 2' north latitude and 78o 11' and 79o 17' east longitude.

Patna Bird Sanctuary

Patna situated in the Jalesar tehsil of Etah district in U.P. was declared a full fledged sanctuary in 1990. The average year round temperature varies from 47o C in peak summers to 4o C in winters. After the abundant Indian monsoons fills the lake to its brim comes the best season to visit Patna, winter. Close to 200 different species of birds can be sighted during this time of the year.

District Etawah

The district of Etawah lies in the southwestern portion of Uttar Pradesh 26° 47" north latitude and 72° 20" east longitude and forms a part of the Kanpur Division. In shape it is a parallelogram with a length from north to south 70 km. and east to west 66 km on one side and 24 km on the other side. It is bounded on the north by the districts of Farrukhabad and Mainpuri, while the small extent of western border adjoins tehsil Bah of the Agra district. The eastern frontier marches with the district of Auraiya, and along the south lie Jalaun and the district of Gwalior, the division line being, except for a short distance, the Chambal and Yamuna rivers. The total area in 1999 is calculated to be 2434 km.

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Faizabad

The city of Faizabad originally known as Fyzabad, is situated in Eastern India, in Uttar Pradesh State, on the bank of River Saryu, about 130 km east of Lucknow. Faizabad is a place of sugar refineries and mills for extracting oil from seeds. It is a market center for the produce of the surrounding area, including grain, oilseeds, cotton, and tobacco. A hydroelectric plant is located nearby. The ruins of the ancient town of Ayodhya, with the modern town standing nearby, are located across the river and form a part of Faizabad. Ayodhya, which is among the principal religious centers of India, is an important place of Hindu pilgrimage. This small town has lots of educational institutions including Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia University and Narendra Dev Agricultural University. There are several inter colleges for boys Government Inter College, SSV Inter college, Anil Saraswati Inter College, Adarsh Inter College, Raj Karan Inter College, Maharaja Inter College and Forbes Inter College; for girls Govt. Girls Inter College, Arya Kanya Inter College, Tulsi Kanya Inter College, Canossa Convent. Education for boys as well as girls is also available in Jingle Bell, Tiny Tots and in few other schools too. Place of interest are Gulab Bari, Maqbara , GuptarGhat, Hanuman Garhi and a lot of places of interest in Ayodhya about 6 km away from Faizabad.

How to reach

By Road

Buses are frequently available from Lucknow, Delhi and Gorakhpur. Buses are also available from Varanasi, Allahabad and other places as per their schedule.

Distance from Faizabad to :

Lucknow

130 km

Varanasi

200 km

Allahabad

160 km

Gorakhpur

140 km

Delhi

636 km

By Train

Trains are available from Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi and Allahabad.

By Air

Faizabad has an Airport at Naka, near Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia University but no regular airlines services are available. Nearest airport is Lucknow which is about 130 km away.

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Fatehpur
District Fatehpur was setup on November 10th, 1826 A.d. as a separate district, taking fertile land lying in between river Ganga & river Yamuna. . Thus, this is among a few oldest districts in the state of Uttar Pradesh . Besides having a grand religious and historical background, this is motherland of Martyr Jodha Singh Ataiya, Martyr Dariyaw Singh and many other freedom fighters & renowned hindi poet Rashtrakavi Sohan Lal Dwivedi. This district is situated between two important cities Allahabad, which is also known as 'Prayag' and Kanpur. This is well connected with those cities by train route and by road also. The distance from Allahabad is 117 Km and from Kanpur is 76 Km by rail. The north boundry of the district is limited by river Ganga and southern is ended with river Yamuna.

Places of Interest

Bawani Imali

This monument is the symbol of sacrifices offered by freedom fighters . On 28th April, 1858, fifty two freedom fighters were hanged on an "Imali" tree by the british army . The "Imali" tree still exists, people believe that the growth of tree has stopped after the massacre. This place is very near to town Khajuha in Bindki Subdivision of the district .

Bhitaura

This is block headquarter situated at the bank of holy river Ganga . This is the place where renowned saint Bhrigu worshipped for a long time . Here, flow of river Ganga is towards north direction, which is very important from the religious point of view .

Hathgam

This is also block headquarter and birth place of great freedom fighter Late Shri Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi & renowned Urdu poet Shri Iqbal Verma . It is said, this was populated by Saint Parashar .

Renh

A very old village situated on the bank of river Yamuna . Two decades before a very old idol of Lord Vishnu, made up of precious alloy, was found in this village . Now that idol is in a temple in village Kirtikheda on Bindki Lalauli road .

Shivrajpur

This village is situated at the bank of river Ganga near Bindki, which is a sub-division . In this village, there is a very old temple of Lord Krishna, which is known as "Mirabai Ka Mandir" (temple of Mirabai) . It is said that idol of Lord Krishna was founded by Mirabai, a renowned devotee of Lord Krishna and a member of royal family of Mewar state .

Tenduli

A village situated on Chaudagara-Bindki road . It is believed that victims of snake/dog biting, persons suffering from parapsychological problems get relief from the temple of Baba Jhamdas in this village
Farrukhabad

Farrukhabad is situated between Lat. 26° 46' N & 27° 43' N and Long. 79° 7' E & 80° 2' E. It forms a part of Kanpur division. Farrukhabad was founded by Nawab Mohammad Khan Bangash, who named it after the reigning emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1714. The district is bounded by Badaun and Shahjahanpur on the north, Hardoi on the east, Kannauj on the south and district Etah & Mainpuri on the west. Rivers Ganga & Ramganga are located towards the east & Kali Nadi towards the south. The district consist of 3 Tehsils with a total area of 2,28,830 Ha., has 7 Blocks, 511 Gram Panchayats, 1010 Revenue villages, 13 Police Stations, 2 Nagar Palikas and 4 Nagar Panchayats (Town Area) & 1 Cantt. Board with total population of 12.84 Lacs. The climate of the district is characterised by a hot dry summer and a pleasant cold season.
Places of Interest

Kampil

Situated at about 45 kms from district headquarter in Tehsil Kaimganj, it is a place of great antiquity and is said to have been founded by the Sant Kampila. It was here that the famous Svayamvara took place in which Arjun succeeded in winning the hand of Draupadi. The temple of Rameshwarnath Mahadev, which stands in the town is very old. The temple is traditionally attributed to Shatrughana brother of Rama. It is said that he had brought the idol (Lingam) of Shiva, which was worshipped by Sita, the wife of Rama in Ashok Vatika while she was held in captivity in Lanka. This idol is said to be stalled in this temple. The Sarogi community subscribed to the erection of three temples dedicated to the Jain tirthankara, Neminath which has made the place sacred to the Jains.

Sankisa

Situated at about 38 kms to the southwest of the district headquarters. The place is known for its association with Budha and its ancient Buddhist remains. According to the Buddhist belief it is believed that it was here that Budha descended again upon earth after he had been for three months in heaven. Besides above places Kaimganj is known for the chewing Tobacco industry and a Sugar Mill. The district Farrukhabad produced about 8 million tonnes of Potato and hence have about 61 Cold Storages, the district is also known for its Sunflower cultivation.

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District Gautam Buddh Nagar

The District Gautam Buddh Nagar was formed on 6/9/97. District Gautam Buddh Nagar includes Dadri, Noida and Greater Noida from gaziabad and Tehsil Sikandrabad and part of Khurja from Bulandshahar.The district has 4 development blocks, 3 administrative tehsils and 16 police stations.

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Ghaziabad

Formed on 14th November 1976, Ghaziabad, the headquarter of the district of the same name lies on the Grand Trunk road about a mile east of the Hindon river in Lat. 280 40' north and Long. 770 25' east. The district of Ghaziabad is suitated in the middle of Ganga- Yamuna doab. In shape it is roughly rectangular, its length is 72 kms and its breadth is 37 kms. On the north it is bounded by the district of Meerut, on the south by that of Bulandshahar & Gautambudh Nagar and on the southwest by the national capital Delhi State and on the east by the district Jyotibaphule nagar. As it's boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance of Uttar Pradesh and that is why it is also called the 'Gateway of UP'. Ganga, Yamuna and Hindon are the main rivers flowing through the district and they are filled with water throughout the year. Other than these there are some small rainfed rivers, prominent among them is the Kali river. Apart from these rivers the Ganga Canal flows through the district and irrigation work is carried out through different branches of Canal. The Ganga canal also caters the drinking water needs of the people of ghaziabad as well as Delhi. The total area of the district is 1933.3 sq. kms. According to the census of 1991 the population of the district is 22,47,434 out of which 4,83,630 people are of schduled caste and 149 are of schduled tribe. There were 15,30,081 males and 12,05,397 females. Off all 9,40,469 people lived in villages and 18,55,009 people lived in the urban areas. According to the 1991 census there were 9,80,938 literate people in the district out of which 6,62,402 were males and 3,18,536 females. The density of the population per sq kms. is 1,127 and the population is 464.7 % higher than what it was ninety years ago. Ghaziabad is a growing industrial city. Its population having increased from 5,81,886 (in 1901) to 27,03,933 (in 1991) mainly on account of its rapid industrilization and its proximity to Delhi. A large number of persons reside here but carry on their trades in Delhi or are employed there.

Places of Interest

Ajrara (Tehsil Hapur)

This village lies on the left bank of the Kali Nadi in Lat. 280 50' north and Long. 770 49' east, about 13 kms north of Hapur and 7 kms east of Kharkhauda which is both a Govt. Roadways Bus Station (on the Meerut-Hapur route) and a Railway Station (on the Meerut-Khurja line). The place is said to have been the seat of Hindu monarchy begore the advent of the Muslims. The name owes its origin to a Yogi named Ajaipal who built a thakurdwara (temple) here and called it Ajaipara, the present name Ajrara being its corrupt form. Khwaja Basant Khan, who got the village in Jagir in the time of Muhammad Shah, built a fort here which was razed to the ground by the Marathas in 1794 when Fateh Ali Khan rebelled.

Bahadurgarh (Tehsil Garh)

The village of Bahadurgarh lies in Lat. 280 40' north and Long. 780 7' east, in the southeastern corner of the district, 78 kms from Ghaziabad and 48 kms from Hapur. From Wahabpur Thera, a village on the Garhmukteshwar-Bulandshahar road, a kutcha road about 3 kms long leads to this village. The village was originally known as Garh Nana and was bestowed by Jahangir upon Nawab Bahadur Khan, a Pathan, who changed the name to Bahadurgarh. About 6.5 kms north to this place (near Mustafabad) there are the ruins of a village known as Raja Karan-ka-Khera which is set to have been founded by Raja Karna (of Mahabharata fame). The village was the original home of what has come to be known as Khurja pottery-an industry that was intriduced here from Multan about 250 years ago. It is also known locally for its handloom cloth. The products of the government dairy located here find a ready market in Delhi.

Dasna (Tehsil Ghaziabad)

This, the headquarters of the pargana, is sutuated in Lat. 280 41' north and Long. 770 32' east, to the east of the Hapur road at a distance 10 kms from Ghziabad and 24 kms west of Hapur. The place gives its name to a railway station on the Ghaziabad-Moradabad branch line of the Northen Railway, the railway station actually lying within the limits of the adjoining village of Masuri. Dasna owes its origin to Salarsi, a Rajput raja of Mahmud Ghajnavi's days. It is said that the raja had gone to bathe in the Ganga in order to get rid of his leprosy and, liking the place, settled down in it and also built a large fort there. While diging the foundation of the fort, a man is stated to have been fatally bitten by a snake, an incident which is said to have given the place its name, "Dasna", meaning to bite (used only for the bite of a snake). The village was ravaged by Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1760 when he pulled down the fort.

Dhaulana (Tehsil Ghaziabad)

The village lies on the road which takes off at Dasna and joins the Meerut-Hapur-Bulandshahar road at Gulaothi and is 25 kms from tehsil headquarters. It is connected in the north with the Pilkhuwa railway station by a 8 kms kutcha raod. According to a local account, the village was founded by a man named Dhaul Singh about 1500 years ago and was named after him. It was sacked by the Sikhs in 1780 and again became the scene of action during the freedom struggle of 1857 in which the local Rajputs took a leading part, 14 of them being said to have been hanged. In 1957 the villagers raised a memorial in honour of these martyrs. In a village there is a temple of Sati Malindi Devi, near which a fair is held. It is said that the villagers used to perform their worship in the village of Nagla Kashi but after a fight between the people of the two villages about a hundred years ago, those of Dhaulana built a temple in their village, which is still in existence.

Faridnagar (Tehsil Modi Nagar)

Faridnagar lies at a distance of 30 kms from the district headquarter and about 2 kms from Bhojpur block (on the Begumabad-hapur road) with which is connected by a metalled road. The place was founded in the times of Akbar by Nawab Farid-ud-din Khan (who received the land in Jagir) and it was called Faridnagar after him.

Hapur (Tehsil Hapur)

The headquarter of the tehsil, this is the largest tehsil of the district and lies in Lat. 280 44' north and Long. 770 47' east, 34 kms east of Ghaziabad. Hapur is a railway junction where the Delhi-Moradabad and the Meerut-Khurja lines of the Northern Railway meet. It is said that the place was founded about 983 A.D. by Haradatta, the Dor chieftain of Bulandshahr and Meerut, and was named haripur after him. Another derivation is from the word 'hapar' ,which signifies an orchard. Hapur is a leading grain and jaggery market of the country and is well known for its papar (savoury comestible something like a large wafer). Brass utensils and handloom cloth manufactured here enjoy a local reputation. A market is held on Mondays in which the main commodities of sale are ghee and earthern pots. Formerly, there were in the town five gates known as the Delhi, Meerut, Garhmukteshwar, Kothi and Sikandra, but no vestiges of their existence are to be found apart from the localities of their names. The Jama Masjid ( built during the reign of Aurangzeb in 1670) is the chief ornament of the town.

Jalalabad (Tehsil Ghaziabad)

Jalalabad, which gives its name to the pargana, 15 kms from Ghaziabad. Tradition traces its origin to the days of Akbar when, it is said, it was founded by one Jalal-ud-din who named the village after himself. The important crops of the place are wheat, gram and sugar-cane and the main sources of irrigation are wells and the Jalalabad distributary of the Ganga canal.

Loni (Tehsil Ghaziabad)

Loni, the headquarter of the pargana, about 17 kms northwest of Ghaziabad with which it is connected by a metalled road and about 10 kms from Shahdara (Delhi) to which it is linked by another metalled road running to Saharanpur. It also gives its name to a railway station on the Shahdara (Delhi)-Saharanpur Light Railway line.

Modinagar (Tehsil Modinagar)

Modinagar lies in Lat. 280 50' north and Long. 770 35' east, 25 kms northeast of Ghaziabad on the Delhi-Mussoorie National Highway (NH-58). Parallel to this road runs the Delhi-Saharan section of the Northern Railway with a railway station here. A metalled road, going to Hapur, passes through the town. It is of recent origin, having been founded by Gujar Mal Modi who established a sugar factory here in 1933, named the place after himself. Begumabad, which has contributed about 571 acres of its area to the making of this town, is a much older place and is said to have been founded by one Nawab Zafar Ali and to have been named Begumabad by a lady of the royal family of Delhi when it passed into here hands. Its importance has declined considerably with the growth of Modinagar as an industrial town. Sugar, vegetable oil, textiles(including rayon & silk), soap, paints, varnishes, and lanterns glycerine, cotton yarn, torches, carbon-di-oxide and flour are produced at Modinagar. A temple (built in the early nineteenth century by Rani Bala Bai Sindhia) which was formerly in the village of Begumabad, is now included in the notified area of Modinagar.

Mohan Nagar (Tehsil Ghaziabad)

Mohan Nagar, a modern industrial township lies in Lat. 280 41' north and Long. 770 24' east, on the G.T. road about 7 kms west of Ghaziabad, and 16 kms east of Delhi, the Sahibabad railway station lying about 3 kms southwest of the place. It was founded in 1958 by N.N. Mohan and is named after him. It has a yeast and malt extract plant, a brewery and a distillery, a cold storage, an ice factory and a plant for soft drink, all equipped with modern machinery mostly manufactured at workshops in the township itself.

Murad Nagar (Tehsil Modinagar)

A town in Lat. 280 47' north and Long. 770 33' east, Muradnagar is sutuated at a distance of about 14 kms from Ghaziabad. The place gives its name to a railway station on the Delhi-Saharanpur section of the Northern Railway, which lies nearly 3 kms southeast of the town. It was founded about four hundred year ago by Mirza Muhammad Murad Mughal whose mausoleum still stands near the town. The place possesses an ordinance factory (of the Government of India).

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District Ghazipur

Ghazipur district forms the eastern part of the Varanasi Division. It lies to the east and north of the Jaunpur and Varansai district respectively between the parallels of 25° 19' and 25° 54' north latitude and 83° 4' and 83° 58' east longitude. This location is 67.50 m above the sea level. The length of district from east to west is 90 km and width from north to south is 64 km. The River Ganges from one side and Karmnasa from other side divided it from Bihar state. It is bounded on Bihar state in east, Jaunpur, Varansi and Azamgarh in west , Mau and Ballia in north and the Chandauli in south .The boundaries are generally conventional though at places they are marked by natural feature. The total geographic area of this district is 3384 Sq. Km. Ghazipur is embellished with picturesque geographical environs.This Place is a part of Mid gangetic plain. Total area is aprox. 3,33,209 hectare in which 2,52,824 hectare is for agriculture purpose. Appox 38 % of soil is cattlefield. This district does not contain any forest area. It is well connected with major cities of India by railways and by roads and it is on the way of the newly constructed Buddhist Circuit from Sarnath to Kushinagar at National Highway-29, which is a main attraction for Buddhist pilgrims, as it is the main center of preaches and sermon of Lord Buddha. This place is about 75 kms from Varansi. The nearest Air Port is Babatpur in Varanasi, which is just 70 kms away from here, where the daily flights for all the major cities and for Kathmandu, Nepal is available. As it is situated on the main route from Varanasi to Chhapara on Broad Gauge Line, hence it is well connected with New Delhi, Mumbai & Lucknow by rail also.

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Gonda

The district lies between 26º 47' and 27º- 20' north latitude and 81º 30' and 82º 46' east longitude It is head quarter of Devi Patan division which was constituted by praline of Faizabad division. District Balrampur makes its boundaries in north.To its west it is bounded by district Bahraich and some part of Srawasti on the east by the district Basti . In the south it is separated from district's Bara Banki and Faizabad by the river Ghaghara. In shape it is very irregular and seems as cup widest in north narrowest in south. It has got physical boundaries on two sides Kuon river in the north and as Ghaghara river in the south. Its length from Jarwal road in the west to Katra (Shivadayal Ganj) is 106 kms and width from kuaon in the north to Paska in the south is 77 kms. Before the division of district in 1997 it cover's on area of 7331 sq. km. on 25 May 1997 a new district Balrampur was constituted by separation of its 40% northern parts. Remaining area of the district Gonda is now 4448 sq km. Owing to the fluvial action Ghaghara frequent changes take place in the area of the district.

Places of Interest

Swami Narain Chhapia

It is situated at a distance of 50 km from the district head quarters. The chief interest of the place is the temple of Swami Narain,which lie in 1.5 km south from the Railway station,Chhapia.This place is famous as birth place of Saint Sahjanand. Saint was the son of a Pandey who had married the daughter of co-sharer in this village. He was born in 1780. At a very early age the boy then known as Sahjanand migrated to Gujrat, where he was adopted by Ramanand, the head of the great Vaishnav monastery at Junagarh. He became a noted Sanskrit scholar and gained a wide reputation for learning and piety. After his death at the age of 49 he was accorded divine honours by his devotees as an incarnation of Lord Krishna under the name of Swami Narain. His immense wealth passed to his two uncle who went from Chhapia to Gujrat and their descendants ruled the two branches of the sent. In about 1845 his disciples in Gujrat determined to erect a temple at the birth place of the saint and a number of them came to Chhapia for this purpose. After annexation the place was of the enormous sum of Rs 500 per acre and the building adjoining the temple were completed. The temple which is built of stone. It is now being converted in Marvel. A large number of Pilgrim visit this place at all time in year but specially in the month of Kartika end on Ram Navmi.

Paska (Sukar Khet)

This place is situated at the river bank of Saryu about 45 km southwest from district head quarter.The site is ancient fame for Sangam Asnan and one month Paush Kalwas which occurred in month of Paush. A large number of devotee's takes holy dips in Saryu here for Mukti of 'Pashu Yoni'. It is also believed that God Varha have taken Avtar here. It is said an old temple of Lord Varah was built here in 9th century, which was renewed from time to time. A part of boundary wall of old temple is visible now too. Idol's of temple were stolen a few year's ago. A Kacha ghat and some small temples are being used by devotee's. Paska is also related with noted litererian 'Goswami Tulsidas' and known as his Guru bhumi. A mass of Hindi litererian proclaimed that Suker Khet Gonda is birth place of Tulsidas. The original village Rajapur is 6 km from here. Paska is known as place of Guru Narharidas. A ruin in south of Varah mandir is denoted as Kuti of that saint, where Tulsidas heard Ram Katha, instance given in his literature. Thus Rajapur & Paska both are place of interest of litererian.

Varahi Dev

About 6 km in east from Paska another ancient place of Varahi Devi known as Uttari Bhawani is situated in Tarabganj Tehsil. An old temple of Bhagwati's attract a large number of devotee's here, specially in both Navratra. The place is known as a part of Suker Jhet. The image of Aadi Shakti Varahi is related with shakti of Varha in Paska.

Prash

This place is in north of Saryu & situated in Tehsil Tarabganj. The place is related with ancient Saint Parashar, grand son of Bashishtha & son of Sakti. It is said his mother's name was Adrishyawanti. Rishi Parashar is known as creator of famous Samrthen of the same name. A temple in his memory is situated here.

Tirrey Manorama

At 21 km in north of Gonda city this holy place is situated. Legend believed that an Ashram of Muni Uddalaqu was here, the place is also the origin of river Manorama. An old pond with Pakka Ghat & a temple is here. Mela on Kartik Purinima is been celebrated every year.

Prithvi Nathan Mahadeo

At a short distance in south of Kharagupur old temple of lord Shiva is situated. Legend relates it with Mahabharat. This area was then known as Pancharayan. The present temple was reconstructed by Maharaja Man Singh of Ayodhya. A large Lingam with a well covered argha was found on the place at that time. The temple is very beautiful diffuse. Another temple of Pachran Nath is situated at a few distance from the main temple.

Jhali Dham

This place is known as place of devotion and situated one km away from Prithvi Nathan Mahadeo.This is a shrine of a famous Saint of the same name. A Temple Pokhra and shrine of the Saint are main attraction of the place.

Parvati Mahadeo

The place is related with history of Ramayna, it is situated in village Mahadeo on bank of Parvati Jheel. According to Satyopakhyan on RamKatha relatives of Raja Dasrath from Mithila were visited the place. An old temple, natural beauty of Jheel can be viewed from here. There is another Jheel Arga is on short distance in westnorth of Parvatee.

Colonelganj Sakraura

Colonelganj is city board & tehsil headquarter. The old name of place was Sakraura. It was a village of no peculiar importance till
1780 when a force was sent under the command of Majar Byuge by the Nawab Vazir to bring to terms the refractory chieftains of the Trans Ghaghra. Later on the containment were maintained here till annexation . The place was selected as the military headquarter. During the freedom struggle of 1857, then Indian forces joined the freedom struggle and the English Officer escaped from here. Ruin's of English buildings are place of interest here.

Gonda

The divisional headquarter Gonda was originally a Jungle. It is said that during the rules of Kalhans, Raja of Khorasa, it was the cattle station. Word Gintha afterword corrupted into Gonda. The town was founded by raja Man Singh, who built a place here and erected fortification's in shape of a deep moats. During the regime of Raja Dutt Singh, many rajput settled at Gonda. Dutt Singh built a large Palace. Sheo Prasad Singh, grand son of Raja Dutt Singh built Sagar Talab in shape of lake, island in middle with a temple. At present main places are temple of Dukh Haran Nath, Kali Bhawani, Hanuman Garhi and Khaira Bhawani in north of the city. Gonda was city of Talab as Radha Kund Sagar Talab, Pandey Talab example of this. The city consist glorious history of freedom struggle of Raja Devi Bakhsh Singh was leaded from here in 1857. A ruin of his Palace is witness of glory here. Tazzia & Durga Pooja Julus are being stayed for few movement in his honour. The city related with another hero Rajendra Nath Lahiri,who was hanged by British Government here in District Jail. A Shaheed Udyan is being developed near Fan Sighar. The city had memory eminent literian Zigar Moradabadi as his shrine in the city.

Other Important Places

Wazirganj is block headquarter and was historic place in regime of Avadh. It was headquarter of Nawab Wajir Ashifuddaula. A part of his baradari is visible now too.

Nawabganj, the town was said ancient of Guru Basishtha. It was famous as Nandini Ashram.

Rauza Peer is a place near Wazirganj on Gonda-Faizabad Road. This is related with Syed Salar Masud Gazi. An annual Urs is held with main Urs on Dargah Bahraich.

Sri Nagar Math is a famous place on Gonda-Uttaraulla road about 25 km from district Headquarter. The originator of the Math was sant Saharban in line of Auragzeb. Many stories are being said in honour of this Saint.

Razgarh is an old temple about 3 km north from Motiganj Station, the place is related with raja Devi Baksh Singh, hero of 1957.

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Gorakhpur

The present district of Gorakhpur, 265 km east of capital Lucknow, on National Highway -28 lies between latitude 26° 46´ N and longitude 83° 22´ E, covers the geographical area of 3483.8 Sq. km. It is bounded by districts Mahrajganj in the north, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh and Mau in the south, Kushinagar and Deoria in the east and Sant Kabirnagar in the west.

Distance from Gorahpur to :

Agra

546 km

Ahmedabad

1738 km

Bangalore

2082 km

Cochin

2833 km

Guwahati

1256 km

Howrah

870 km

Jammu

1260 km

Lucknow

270 km

Mumbai

1696 km

Nepal Border

90 km

Patna

260 km

Varanasi

232 km

 

Places of Interest in Gorakhpur

Gorakhpur has been the land of ancient glory and medieval mysticism. It is endowed with magnificent monuments / temples of attraction.

Gorakhnath Temple

Gorakhnath temple is 4 km from Gorakhpur Railway Station on Nepal Road dedicated to great yogi Gorakhnath. It is one of the most prominent and magnificent temples of this area. A month-long 'Makar Sankranti Mela' is held every year commencing on 14th of january. Several Lakhsof pilgrims and tourists visit the temple especially during the Mela.

Vishnu Temple

The famous temple associated with a large statue of Lord Vishnu, made of Kasauti (Black) stone, belongs to the Pal dynasty of 12th Century A.D. Ram lila is organised here on the Dusshera festival. The procession is so grand that it fetches the tourist to visit in the season.

Geeta Vatika

Geeta Vatika is situated on Pipraich road, 3 km. from Railway station., is probably the only place where non-stop 24 hours prayers are offered for goddess 'Radha' the divine love of Lord Krishna. Grand temple of lord Radha - Krishna is the centre of attraction.

Arogya Mandir

Established by Late Bitthal Das Modi in 1940, it is being visited for Naturopathy. The patients are given natural treatment. Beautiful building and its green lustre premises are also worth seeing.

Imambara

Built by Hajrat saint Roshan Ali Shah in 1717 AD. It is famous for gold and silver Tajia. A Dhuni (smoke fire) is maintained continuously after sufi saint death.

Ramgarh Taal

Ramgarh Tal is a huge and natural lake spread in 1700 acres. Its beauty is attributed with Tara Mandal at its southern bank. Other attractions of this place are Water Sports Complex, Buddha Museum, Planetarium, Tourist Bunglow, Champa Vihar Park and Circuit House.

Gita Press

Gita Press is 4 km from Railway Station on Reti Chowk. All 18 parts of "Shree Mahabhagwat Gita" is written on marble walls. Other wall hangings and paintings reveal the events of life of Lord Rama & Krishna. All sorts of Hindu religious books and handloom textiles are sold here on subsidised rates.

Places of Interest around Gorakhpur

In eastern U.P., Gorakhpur is the place of cultural importance as the 'Cradle of Buddhism'.

Kushinagar

51 km east of Gorakhpur on National Highway no.28, Kushinagar is an international tourist place closely associated with legend Lord Buddha, founder of Buddhism. It is one of the four sacred places of Lord Buddha. Buddha delivered his last sermon, attained Mahaparinirvana (salvation) in 483 BC and was cremated at Rambhar Stupa. The reclining nirvana statue of Lord Buddha inside the temple is 6.10 mt. long and is made of monolith red-sand stone of the 5th century A.D. It represents the 'Dieing-Buddha' reclining on his right side with his face towards the west. Being the death place of Lord Buddha, it is holy place for pilgrimage. Indo-Japanese Temple, Burmeses Temple, chinese Temple, Thai Temple, Korean, SriLankan, Tibettan temples, 15 Acres Meditation Park, Museum are the other attractions at Kushinagar.

Lumbini

Lumbini is the birth place of Lord Buddha, situated across the border in Nepal, 124 km north west of Gorakhpur. Here stands the Ashoka Pillar which bears the inscriptions 'The shakyamuni born here ' in Prakrit language, commemorating the emperor's visit to this place in the 20th year his coronation.Temple of Lord Buddha's mother, Mahamaya, is of importance. New monastries of different countries are coming up.

Kapilavastu

97 km north of Gorakhpur, on the state highway-1A, Kapilvastu is now being developed as an International Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre. Here, Lord Buddha spent 29 years of his early life. There is big stupa, from where the relics of Buddha were discovered during excavations. Ruins of monastries & palaces can be seen at Ganvaria. Also, there are some other historical religious places of worship, the shivling, Narahi, Kubernath and Palta Devi are temples of attraction. Narahi temple is dedicated to Surya, the Sun god and built on the pattern of Konark Style. Chauri Chaura (Shaheed Smarak) 25 km from Gorakhpur, it is the place of historical importance. Here was the famous chauri-chaura incidence of the 4th Feb.1922 took place. Shaheed Smarak, Park and Museaum are of great attractions.

Maghar

Situated on National Highway -28, it is 27 km west of Gorakhpur in District Sant Kabir Nagar. It is the death place of great saint and social reformer of the medieval ages, sant Kabir Dass. The 'Mazaar' and 'Samadhi Sthal' of Kabir Das stand side by side as a living symbol of communal harmony. On Makar Sankranti, a five-days festival of communal harmony is held here every year.

Pawa nagar

It is a 'Nirvana' place of Lord Mahavir, 24th tirthankar, 72 km. away, east of Gorakhpur on the National Highway -28 . Followers of Jain sect organise a festival here on the next day of Deepawali every year, when lord Mahavir hasd attained salvation.

Tarkulha Devi

Tarkulha Devi, the local deity is closely associated with the great freedom fighter Bandhu Singh. A one-month long mela is held every year on the occasion of 'Chaitra Ram Navami'.

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Hardoi

Hardoi district is a district of Lucknow Commisionary, it is situated in between 26-53 to 27-46 North Latitude and 79-41 to 80-46 East Longitude. Its north border touches Shahjahanpur & Lakhimpur Kheri districts, Lucknow & Unnao are situated at south border, west borders touches Kanpur & Farrukhabad and on eastern border Gomati river separates the district from Sitapur. Nemisharayan, the Pilgrim of Dwapar age is just 45 km away from district headquarter. The length of this district from northwest to southeast is 125.529 km and width from east to west is 74.83 km. District Hardoi comprises of 5 tehsils ( Hardoi, Shahabad, Bilgram, Sandila & Sawayajpur), 19 blocks, 191 Nyay Panchayat, 1101 Gram Sabha & 1983 revenue villages out of these villages 1883 are habited. It has also 7 Nagar Palika Parishads & 6 Nagar Panchayat . Geographical area is 5947 sq. km. The 2001 population is 3398306, in which male are 1555608 & female are 1842698.

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Jhansi

How to reach
By Air
The nearest airports are Gwalior and Khajuraho.
By Train
Jhansi is a junction on the Mumbai-Delhi route. It is well linked by an excellent railway network.

By Road

Jhansi is well connected by a good network of roads. It is situated on National Highway No.25 and 26. For Local Transport Taxis, Auto rikshaws and Tourist Cabs are available.


Distance from Jhansi to :

Orcha (M.P.)

20 Km

Datia (M.P.)

28 Km

Lalitpur

93 Km

Shivpuri (M.P.)

100 Km

Gwalior (M.P.)

103 Km

Kalpi

142 Km

Khajuraho (M.P.)

176 Km

Kanpur

220 Km

Agra

221 Km

Lucknow

297 Km

Delhi

416 Km

Gorakhpur

563 Km

Jhansi Fort Places of Interest

The fort of Maharani Jhansi has strategic importance since the earliest of times. It was built by Raja Bir Singh Ji Deo (1606-27) of Orchha on a rocky hill called Bangra in the town of Balwantnagar (presently known as Jhansi). The fort has ten gates ( Darwaza). Some of these are Khandero Gate, Datia Darwaza, Unnao gate, Jharna Gate, Laxmi Gate, Sagar Gate, Orcha Gate, Sainyar Gate, Chand gate. Among places of interest within the main fort area are the Karak Bijli Toup (Tank), Rani Jhansi Garden, Shiv temple and a "Mazar" of Ghulam Gaus Khan, Moti Bai and Khuda Baksh. The Jhansi fort, a living testimony of ancient glamor and valour, also has a fine collection of sculptures which provide an excellent inside into the eventful history of Bundelkhand.

Rani Mahal

Rani Mahal, Palace of Rani Lakshmi Bai embelished with multi colored art and painting on its walls and ceilings. Presently this palace is converted into a museum. It has a massive collection of Sculptures of the period between the 9th and 12th Centuries AD, housed here by the Archaeologral Survey of India.

U.P.Govt. Museum

The State Museum has a fine collection of terracotta, bronzes, Weapons, Sculptures, Manuscripts, Painting and Coins of Gold, Silver and Copper.

Maha Lakshmi Temple

Maha Lakshmi Temple an ancient temple devoted to Devi Mahalaxmi was built in 18th Century. This glorious temple is situated outside Laxmi "Darwaza" near Laxmi Tal. Maharaja Gangadhar Rao ki Chathri The Samadhi of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao is situated on the Laxmi Tal. After the death of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao in 1853 this ancient monument was built by his wife Maharani Laxmi Bai.

Ganesh Mandir

Ganesh Mandir, where the marriage ceremany of Maharani Laxmi Bai, the heroine of 1857 Inedependence war, and Maharajai Gangadhar Rao was performed. This temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesh.

Others

Kaliji Temple

Murli Manohar Temple

Panchkuniya Temple

Jeevan Shah Ka Mazar

St.Jude's Shrine

Gurudwara at Talliya Mohalla

Karguan Jain Pilgrimage

Barua Sagar (24 km)

This is where the Marathas fought the Bundelas in 1744. The place is named after the Barua Sagar Tal, a large lake created about 260 years ago when Raja Udit Singh of Orchha built the embankment. This fort, picturesquely located at a height, commands an excellent view of the lake and surrounding landscape. The town is situated on the road to Khajuraho.

Jyotibha Phule Nagar District

District Jyotiba Phule Nagar lies in the west of Moradabad District adjoining Meerut, Ghaziabad & Buland Shahar. The district came into being on 24th April 1997 in the memory of famous social reformer Sant Mahatama Jyotiba Phule by combining Amroha, Dhanora & Hasanpur tehsils of Moradabad district. The district consists of 1133 villages, 3 tehsils, 6 Blocks & 11 Police Stations. Its geographical area is 2470 sq km. Extending from Latitute 280 54' North to 390 6' North and Longitude 780 28' East to 780 39' East. The maximum & minimum height from sea level are 240 ft. & 177 ft. respectively. Ganga river separates it from district Ghaziabad, Meerut & Buland Shahar. Ganga, Baha & Krishna are the main rivers of the district. The majority of the population of the district depends on agriculture besides the cottage industry like manufacturing of Dholak & Katholi, Handloom works are also taken up in Amroha, Beedi in Naugaon Sadat & Cloth weaving is now taken up in Bachraun. Milk & dairy products are attracting the attention of the peoples in villages and they are being associated with it by Cooperative Societies.

Places of Interest

Amroha

Headquarters of newly created district is situated here which is 30 km from Moradabad in the west on the Lucknow - Delhi Railway line. Mangoes & Fishes are available in abundance here. It is said that General Sharafuddin came here and local people presented him mangoes & fishes. Thus he named the city as Aam-Rohu which is now known as Amroha. It is also said that this city was built 3000 years ago by Amarjodh, the kind of Hastinapur. There after it was rebuilt by Amba Devi who was the sister of Prithvi Raj, the king of Delhi. Afterwards it became the state of Tyagis who ruled here till the arrival of Mugals. The important places of Amroha are :

- Vasudev Mandir & Tulsi Park

- Bayen ka kuan

- Nasiruddin Sahib ki Majaar

- Dargah Bhure Shah

- Majaar Shah Vilayat Sahib

Gajraula

It is situated on National Highway no. 24 and 53 km away from Moradabad & 100 km from Delhi. It has been developed as an important Industrial city. Many large & medium scale industries like Vam Organics, Chaddha Rubber, Shivalik Cellolose of Hindustan Lever etc are situated here.

Tigri

It is located on the bank of Ganga at about 62 km from Moradabad . Every year on Kartik Poornima, a famous Ganga Mela is held here and lakhs of devotees use to take holy dip.

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Kannauj

Kannauj is located between 27 degree 13 min 30 sec North latitude and from 79 deg 19 min to 80 degree 1 min east longitudes. Kannauj the place of Historical significance was separated from the District Farrukhabad and came in to light as a new district on 18/09/1997. The district is situated in Kanpur Division. Its north borders touches Farrukhabad District, at it's east Hardoi District is situated, Kanpur dehat is at its south east border while western and southern borders touches District Mainpuri and Etawah respectively. Whole district is divided in to three tehsils and seven development blocks. It is almost rectangular shaped district. Ganga is the main river of the district at the northeast border of the district, Kali and Ishan rivers are in other parts of the District. Kali rivers at the northern border of the district while Ishan flows in between the District. Average rain fall of the District is approximately 80cm. The climate of the district is characterized by a hot dry summer and a pleasant cold season.
Places of Interest

Archaeological Museum

Archaeological museum of Kannauj have vast variety of clay idols which proves that at ancient time Kannauj was famous for art and culture like Mathura, Kashi and Kaushambi. Right from Maurya age it was a fully developed locality. The clay models found here shows that it was a very progressive district of ancient time. As per types of these antiquity idols we can categorized them into following categories :

Very Ancient Age

Maurya Age (325 BC)

Shudag Age (184 BC) Kushar Age (100 AD)

Gupta Age (319 AD to 450 AD)

Post Gupta Age (450 to 650 AD)

Harsh Age

Lakh Bahosi Bird Sanctuary

The nature has gifted Kannauj by a beautiful lakh Bahosi Bird sanctuary. In this sanctuary Bird watching can be done from month of November to March. In month of December, January and February it shows its maximum potential. Because during this season one can see maximum type of Birds over here at the Bahosi lake of 3 sq km area. As per survey a total of 97 Bird families are available in India while Birds related with 49 families has been seen at lakh Bhosi bird sanctuary.

Others

Gauri Shankar Temple,Kannauj City.

Annapurna Temple,Tirwa,Kannauj.

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Kanpur

Kanpur is the biggest city of the state and is main centre of commercial and industrial activities. It is situated on bank of holy river Ganga and is about 126 meters above the sea level. It is one of north India's major industrial centres with its own historical, religious and commercial importance. Today besides being the most industrialized region of the state, Kanpur is also an important educational centre, with institutions like Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Agricultural College, Indian Institute of Technology, G.S.V.M. Medical College, National Sugar Institute and Government Textile Institute being located here. Apart from playing a stellar role in the development of the country as a whole, Kanpur has also been instrumental in making an unforgettable contribution to the Indian freedom struggle. Kanpur is an important historical town. This is the birth place of Ganesh Shankar Vidhyarthi & the poet of "Jhanda Uncha Rahe hamara" Sh. Shyam Lal Gupta "Parshad". The propagation and popularization of Hindi also owes much to this city, with great Hindu literatures like Acharya Mahavir Parasad Dwivedi, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Pratap Narain Mishra, Acharya Gaya Prasad Shukla `Sanehi' and Balkrishna Sharma `Navin' having hailed from here. It is famous for leather and textile goods of fine quality. It is now one of the major industrial cities with aviation, wool and leather industries, cotton, flour and vegetable oil mills,

sugar refineries and chemical works. The main shopping centres in the city are; The Mall, Birhana Road, Gumti No. 5, Parade, Naveen Market, Meston road and P.P.N. Market. The city centre also offers the shopper a delightful array of State Emporia, viz. UPICA, UP Handloom Emporium, The Mall; Phulkari, Punjab Emporium and Manjusha, Bengal Emporium, The Mall. Kanpur is also divisional headquarters of Kanpur commissionary consisting of following districts :

Kanpur-Nagar

Kanpur-Dehat

Etawah

Auraiya

Farrukhabad

Kannauj

 

How to reach

By Air

Chakeri Airport, Kanpur, has become operational since January 1996 and is serviced by , Archana Airways and other private airlines. Apart from this the nearest airport is Amausi, Lucknow, 65 km.

By Train

It is situated on the main Delhi-Howrah railway trunk line. Connections to all the major stations of the country by express, super-fast and passenger trains.

By Road

Kanpur is connected by road with all the major cities of the country. It is situated on National Highway No. 2 on the Delhi-Agra-Allahabad-Calcutta route and on National Highway No. 25 on the Lucknow-Jhansi-Shivpuri route.

 

Distances from Kanpur to :

Lucknow

79 km

Allahabad

193 km

Varanasi

329 km

Khajuraho

398 km

Agra

269 km

Jhansi

222 km

 

Places of Interest in Kanpur

Jajmau

The mound of Jajmau, on the eastern end of the city occupies a high place among ancient cities of the region. Excavations of the mound were undertaken during 1957-58 which unearthed antiquities ranging from 600 BC to 1600 AD. Jajmau,known as Siddhapuri in ancient times, is supposed to have been the kingdom of Yayati, the Pauranic king and the high mound overhanging the Ganga is known as the site of his fort. Today, Jajmau houses the Siddhnath and Siddha Devi temples and the mausoleum of Makhdum Shah Ala-ul-Haq, the famous Sufi saint, built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1358. A mosque built by Kulich Khan in 1679 also stands here.

Shri Radhakrishna Temple (J.K. Temple)

This beautifully constructed temple is a unique blend of ancient and modern architecture. The even-level roofs of the mandaps have been provided with adequate ventilation for sufficient light and air. Among the five shrines in the temple, the central one is dedicated to Shri Radhakrishna and the others have idols of Shri Laxminarayan, Shri Ardhanarishwar, Shri Narmadeshwar and Shri Hanuman. This temple was built by J.K.Trust.

Jain Glass Temple

It is situated in Maheshwari Mohal behind the Kamla Tower. It is a beautiful temple highly decorated with glass and enamel work.

Temples of Shiva

The four famous and holy temples of Lord Shiva are also situated in Kanpur i.e. Aanandeshwar temple, Siddheshwar temple,

 

Balkhandeshwar temple, Jageshwar temple.

Gurudwara Banno Sahib

There is 350 years old only manuscript of Gurugranth Sahib and certified with the signature of Bhai Banno Sahib is also available in "Gurudwara Banno Sahib".

Ghats

On the bank of holy river Ganga, following holy ghats can also be seen

Sarsayya Ghat

Aanandeshwar Ghat

Bhagwatdas Ghat

Siddheshwar Ghat

Bhairon Ghat

Rani Ghat

The Kanpur Memorial Church (All Soul's Cathedral)

The Kanpur Memorial Church was built in 1875, in honor of the British who lost their lives in the war of 1857. The Church was designed by Walter Granville, architect of the east Bengal Railway. The complete Church in Lombardic gothic style is handsomely executed in bright red brick, with polychrome dressings. The interior contains monuments to the mutiny, including several memorial tablets. In the separate enclosure to the east of the church is the Memorial Garden, approached through two gateways. Here the handsome carved gothic screen, designed by Henry Yule, stands. Its centre is occupied by the beautiful carved figure of an angle by Baron Carlo Marochetti, with crossed arms, holding palons, symbol of peace. Originally the statue and the screen stood in the Municipal Gardens in the centre of the city, over the site of the Bibighar well. The memorials were relocated here after independence in 1948. The Military Cemetery on the edge of the cantonment contains a number of interesting graves from the late 19th century. Within the city the king Edward VII memorial hall is noteworthy and Christ Church building, built in 1840.

Kamla Retreat

Lies to the west of the Agricultural College in immediate neighborhood of the Allen Forest. It is under the possession of Singhania family and is a beauty spot of the city. There is a swimming tank with an equipment for producing artificial waves and suitable arrangement for lighting. Besides parks and a canal with facilities for boating, a zoo is also maintained. Kamla Retreat also houses a museum which has a good collection of historical and archaeological artifacts. Visitors are allowed only with prior permission from Deputy General Manager (Administration), Kamla Tower, Kamlanagar, Kanpur, UP.

Phool Bagh (Ganesh Udyan)

It is a beautiful park in the heart of the city on the Mall Road. In the centre of the park is a building known as Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial. After the first World War there was an Orthopedic Rehabilitation Hospital in this building. It is now known as Ganesh Udyan. A museum can also be seen in Phool Baugh. The annual flower shows are held here. It has a Summer House and a large Public library.

Allen Forest Zoo

The Kanpur Zoo was opened in 1971 and ranks among one of the best zoos in the country. It is an ideal place for outdoor life and picnics amongst picturesque surroundings.

Nana Rao Park

To the west of Phool Bagh is located the Nana Rao Park. It is the site of the `Bibighar' of 1857. Formerly known as Memorial Well Garden, it is the biggest park in Kanpur. After Independence, it has been renamed after Nana Rao Peshwa, the hero of the first War of independence in 1857. It is very beautifully laid out and has a plant nursery.

Brijendra Swarup Park

Situated in Aryanagar area of Kanpur, this park has spacious lawns and play grounds.

Moti Jheel

This is drinking water reservoir of Kanpur Waterworks. It is situated Benajhabar area of the city. The area around the Jheel or lake have lately been developed into a beautiful recreation grounds and children's park.
Green Park

This is the best and most famous play ground of Kanpur. International Cricket matches are held here and it is one of the best pitches in the world.

Harcourt Butler Technological Institute

The Harcourt Butler Technological Institute was established in 1920 at Kanpur and is engaged in imparting technical training and industrial research.

Indian Institute of Technology

One of the five IIT's, set up in 1959 at Kanpur, it provides education in the fields of engineering, technology, science and humanities.

Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology

Established in 1957 to provide education of agriculture, animal husbandry and veterinary science for the benefit of rural people.

Places of Interest around Kanpur

Bithoor

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The quiet and beautiful township of Bithoor is situated on the Kannauj Road, 27 km from Kanpur. Situated on the banks of the Ganga, this tranquil spot is of considerable historical and religious importance. Some Hindus consider the charming little town of Bithur, set in rich farming country beside the Ganges to be the center of the world. This secluded, tranquil place is full of religious significance, and associated with ancient mythology. However, few pilgrims, let alone tourists, come to this miniature Varanasi, where many of the ghats have been reclaimed by the river, since being devastated by the British bombardment that followed the uprising of 1857. Bithur's principal shrine, at the main ghat, is one of the few in the Hindu world to be dedicated to Brahma. It is believed that after the destruction of the Universe, and its subsequent restoration by Lord Vishnu, Bithoor was chosen by Lord Brahma as his abode. The town is also connected to the Ramayana, and specifically with Rama's wife Sita - this is where her sons were born, and where she died when the earth opened and swallowed her. The historic town of Bithoor, once famous by the name of 'Bavan Ghaton ki Nagri', (city of 52 Ghats) today left with only 29 Ghats. Much the best way to enjoy the ambience of the place is to rent a boat at the main ghat. Most are owned by the pandas (pilgrim priests), whose houses are huddled together with the dharamshalas near the ghat's dilapidated gate.

How to reach

By Air

Nearest airports is chakuri Airport, Kanpur.

By Train

Kalyanpur is the nearest station, but serviced only by passenger trains, Kanpur Junction is the most suitable station for Bithoor.

By Road

 

Distance from Bithoor to :

Kanpur

22 km

Lucknow

109 km

Agra

308 km

Kannauj

103 km

Sankisa

166 km

Delhi

430 km

Allahabad

224 km

Ayodhya

252 km

 

 

 

Places of Interest

Valmiki Ashram

This ashram is located at a height and accessible by a flight of stairs known as the "stairway to heaven". A panoramic view of Bithoor can be enjoyed from this ashram.

Brahmavart Ghat

This is considered the holiest ghat of Bithoor. Devotees of Lord Brahma pray at the altar of the "Wooden Slippers" after a ritual dip in the Ganga.

Patthar Ghat

The foundation stone of this red sandstone ghat was laid by Tikait Rai, a minister of Awadh State. There is a massive temple here
dedicated to Lord Shiva. The shivlinga in the temple is made of "Kasauti" or the philosopher's stone.

Dhruva teela

This marks the place where the child Dhruva meditated single mindedly as he stood on one leg. As a reward, God granted Dhruva the divine boon to shine for all time as a star. Other places of interest include Ram Janki temple, Luv-Kush temple, Haridham Ashram and NanaRao Smarak.

Bhitargaon (59 km)

Situated in Ghatampur tehsil, Bhitargaon houses a unique architectural specimen - a brick temple belonging to the Gupta era. The very first shrine with a shikara, it dates back to 600 AD.

Musanagar (65 m)

This ancient site of Musanagar with innumerable mounds deserved mention on account of the ancient temple of Muktadevi, which is said to have been built in Treta-Yug by Raja Bali. A large fair is held at Muktadevi temple on occasion of Kartik Poornima. Musanagar is also a rich archaeological site and has yielded a large number of artifacts and specimens of the post Harrapan, Shunga, Maurya and Kushana periods. The Muktadevi temple also offers an excellent view of the surrounding landscape. One can climb the roof of the temple dharamshala, from where can be seen the meandering Sengar river meeting the Yamuna down below, in a beautiful natural setting.

Archaeological Sites Around Kanpur

Among other notable archaeological sites around Kanpur are the Shiv temple at Nimbia Khera, the Jagannath temple at Behta Buzurg, and the Lala Bhagat Pillar. Nimbia Khera is 12 km east of Ghatampur where there is a 9th-10th Century-old Shiva temple at Behta Buzurg. It is said that a week before the rainy season, drops of water fall from the stone which is embedded in the inner roof of the temple. The village of Behta Buzurg is 15 km from Ghatampur and 40 km from Kanpur, on the road from Ghatampur to Sarh. Lala Bhata, 92 km from Kanpur and 58 km from Derapur, houses the famous Kukkutadhwaj, more commonly known as Lala Bhagat Pillar standing in the middle of a modern temple. This red sandstone, 6.5-feet-high carved pillar with a small inscription once had a cock capital, the broken pieces of which now lie nearby. Dating the Ist century AD, the cock capital is of unique antique value.

Angira Ashram

Thousands of years ago, one of the saptarishis, Maharshi Angira, chose for his penance a place near Bithoor, presently situated in Ankui village. The Jagannath temple here houses the original wooden idol of Lord Jagannath, said to be the same as that of the famous Jagannath temple.

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary (43 km)

Situated along the Lucknow-Kanpur highway near Unnao, is the Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary. The sanctuary attracts rare Siberian migratory birds during winters, the main bird species being Pintain, Pigeon, Common teal, Shoveller, Pochard, Coot, Purple Moorhen and others. The ideal season for bird watching is between December and March.

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Kaushambi
District Kaushambi is situated in the west of Allahabad district. In the north of the district Pratapgarh, in the south Chitrakoot, in the east Allahabad, in the west Fatehpur districts are located. The total geographical area of the district is 2012.8 sq. km. The district is divided into three tehsils named as Manjhanpur, Sirathu & Chayal. Tehsils are divided into Development Blocks. Sarsawa, Manjhanpur & Kaushambi are the development blocks in the Manjhanpur tehsil, Kada & Sirathu are the development blocks in the Sirathu Tehsil, Chayal, Mooratganj, Newada are the development blocks in the Chayal tehsil. The Ganga & The Yamuna are the main rivers of the district.The plain area of the district is situated in between Ganga & Yamuna so these rivers plays a very pivotal role in the agriculture of the district. The District Kaushambi is mainly an agricultural district in which the main crops are wheat and rice. Some area is cultivated under pulses also like Arhar, Urad and Chana. The famous Allahabad variety of Guava is actually the speciality of Kaushambi. The principal sources of irrigation are canals and tubewells. The district head quarters is situated in the township of manjhanpur. The other important towns are Sirathu and Bharwari. Both of which have railway stations. The district head quarter Manjhanpur is around 55 km away from Allahabad. From Allahabad to reach Mooratganj on the G.T.Road towards Kanpur, from Mooratganj take a left diversion reach Bharwari and proceed on the Mooratganj Mahewa Ghaat road to Manjhanpur. Apart from Allahabad and Kanpur other railway heads within the district are Sirathu and Bharwari.

Places of Interest

Sheetla Temple of Kara

The historical and religious importance of Kara is very old. This place is situated in the northwest of Allahabad about 69 km away. There are so many temples in Kara in which Sheetla Mata temple, Chhetrapal Bhairav temple, Hanuman temple and Kaleshwar Mahadev temple are famous. The temple of ma Sheetla is situated on the bank of Ganga river. It is known as the major shaktipeeth from all the 51 shaktipeeths of Goddess. In the idol, Sheetla Devi is sitting on gardhabha (ass). Followers of all the religions worship in this temple. It is said that by the worship of Goddess Sheetla on the ashtami of Krishnapaksha of the month of chetra they get rid of evil powers. This place has been a religious pilgrimage since at least 1000 A.D. Kara was also an important township in the kingdoms of medieval kings of the northern India and even today one can see the remains of the fort of king Jaichand, the last hindu king of Kannauj. Kara is also the birth place of the famous saint Malookdas(1631 - 1739 A.D.). The Aashram and Samadhi of saint is there. He was also a follower of Goddess Kara. The famous Sikh guru Teg Bahadur had come to Kara to discourse on various topics with Saint Malookdas.

Prabhasgiri(Prabhosa)

Prabhasgiri or Prabhosa is famous as a religious historical place on the bank of Yamuna river at the Manjhanpur Tehsil about 50 km away in the north of Allahabad. It is also said that Shri Krishna died at this place by the arrow of Jarat kumar in the suspicion of deer. In the earlier days there was a big Jain temple on a very big hill. After the demolition of this, another jain temple was constructed in 1824A.D. A cave which is 9 feet long and 7 feet wide is also there. In this cave the records are found in the brahmi lipi of second century before Gupta dynasty. Till now this place is the center of faith of all the followers of the Jainism. This was the place where the sixth teerthankara of Jains Bhagwan Padma Prabhu lived most of his life.

Kaushambi

Sir Leonard Wooley in his famous report had suggested Kaushambi as one of the two important sites in the Ganga valley, the excavation of which, according to him, would unravel the early history of the Indian people. It was a memorable event in the history of Indian Archaeology when first of March, 1948, Sir Mortimer, authorised the University of Allahabad to excavate Kaushambi with G.R.Sharma as Director. The excavations have been conducted in the following areas: near the Ashokan pillar which laid bare a part of the residential area of the city, the Ghositarama monastry, the defences near the Eastern Gateway and the tower at the northeastern corner, the Stone Fortress Palace.

Durga Devi Temple of Manjhanpur

This temple is situated about 1 km away in the southwest of Manjhanpur town area. In this temple there is an idol of black stone of Goddess Durga and Lord Shiva. It is believed that these idols are of the time of Buddha. On the occasion of Navaratri there is a large crowd to worship Goddess Durga.

Kamasin Devi Temple

This temple is situated on the bank of a pond about 10 km away in the west of Manjhanpur in the village of Gambheerapurab . According to the local tradition Kamasin Devi fulfils all the desires of her followers. Local people have a great faith on the devine powers of this temple.

Shri Ram Temple Bajha

This place is situated about 30 km away from Allahabad on the Allahabad Kanpur road . This place resides in the Chayal tehsil area. A huge temple of Lord Shri Ram is situated at this place. This temple was constructed around 20 years ago.

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Kushinagar
Kushinagar, one of the principal centre of Buddhist pilgrimage, is the place where Lord Buddha left his corporeal self and attained Mahaparinirvana. The credit for bringing this ancient site to light goes to General A. Cunningham and A.C.I. Carlyl, who, after excavating the site in 1861, established its antiquity for the first time. Later, between 1904 and 1912, several excavations conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India at Kushinagar confirmed its identity. The monuments of Kushinagar are situated in three distinct groups comprising the main site of the Nirvana Temple, the central stupa and surrounding monasteries, the Mathakuar shrine to the southwest, and the Ramabhar Stupa a kilometer to the east.
How to reach

By Train
Nearest railway station is Gorakhpur : 51 km, which is the headquarters of Northeastern Railways and linked to important destinations. Kushinagar does not has a Railway Station, one has to go to Gorakhpur from where Kushinagar can be reached by road.

By Road

Situated on National Highway No. 28, with frequent bus services, Kushinagar is well connected with other parts of the state.


  Distance from Kushinagar to :

Gorakhpur

51 km

Lumbini

173 km

Kapilastu

148 km

Sravasti

254 km

Sarnath

266 km.

Places of Interest

Nirvana Stupa

This huge brickwork stupa, exposed by Carlyl in 1876, stands at a height of 2.74 m. A copper vessel was unearthed at this site. It bore an inscription in ancient Brahmi, which stated that Lord Buddha's remains had been deposited here.

Nirvana Temple

This houses the over 6 m long statue of reclining Buddha. The image was unearthed during the excavations of 1876. Carved from Chunar sandstone, the statue represents the dying Buddha reclining on his right side. An inscription below dates the statue to the fifth century AD.

Mathakuar Shrine

This shrine lies about 400 yards from the Parinirvana stupa. A black stone image of the Buddha in the bhumi sparsha mudra was recovered here. The last sermon by Lord Buddha was given here.

Ramabhar Stupa

Chaukhandi Stupa

About 1 km away, this large stupa rises to a height of 49 ft. It marks the site where the Lord Buddha was cremated. In ancient Buddhist texts this stupa has been referred to as Mukut-Bandhan Vihar.

Chinese Temple

Here the special attraction is a beautiful statue of Lord Buddha.

Japanese Temple

A beautiful Ashta Dhatu (eight metals) statue of Lord Buddha which came from Japan can be seen here.

Kushinagar Museum

The Buddha Museum contains finds from excavations at the site. Timings : 10:30 am. to 4:30 pm. Weekly off: Monday.

Other places of interest include Pawanagar (Fazilnagar) and the Sun Temple at Turkpatti.

Places of Interest around Kushinagar

Gorakhpur

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51 km. At Gorakhpur is the Rahul Sankrtyayan Museum, which has an excellent collection of thanka paintings and relics of the Buddha. Water Sports Complex at Ramgarhtal Planetarium and the Gorakhnath Temple in the city are also well worth a visit.

Lumbini

Situated in Nepal at a distance of 122 km from Gorakhpur, Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Buses ply till the border from where the remaining 26 km has to be covered by private vehicles.

Kapilvastu or Piprahwa

Kapilvastu or Piprahwa has an important place in the life of Buddha. Kapilvastu was the ancient capital of the Sakya clan whose ruler was the father of the Buddha, for which reason the Buddha is also referred to as the Sakyamuni. The Sakya domain was one of the sixteen independent principalities of the 6th century BC. Prince Gautam, as the Buddha was then known, left his palace in Kapilvastu at the age of 29, and revisited it 12 years later, long after he had attained enlightenment. Today, Kapilvastu Comprises of Several villages, chief among them being Piprahwa and Ganvaria. A large stupa stands at the ancient site which is said to have housed the bone relics of the Buddha. The presence of these relics are testified by an ancient Brahmi inscription discovered at Piprahwa. The ruins of the palace are spread over a large area. Identified today with ancient Kapilvastu, modem Piprahwa lies at a distance of 20 km from Siddharthnagar. Piprahwa lies between two important Buddhist destinations - Lumbini (birth place of Buddha in Nepal) and Srawasti (where Buddha spent 27 monsoons). The travelling time by road between Lumbini to Piprahwa is about six hours. The ruins of the old city from where Buddhism started has several stupas. From the main stupa have been recovered stone caskets containing relics believed to be that of the Buddha. Kapilvastu Buddha Mahotsava (29 Dec. to 31 Dec.) is celebrated with great enthusiasm. A fair is also organised at udhpoornima.

 

How to reach

By Train

The nearest railway station Naugarh on the Gonda-Gorakhpur loop line is 23 km away. Also Siddharth Nagar (Naugarh) railway station is 20 km away from Kapilvastu.

By Road

Taxis and buses are available to reach Piprahwa which is 110 km away from Gorakhpur.

     Distance from Kapilvastu to :

Gorakhpur

97 km

Kushinagar

148 km

Varanasi

312 km

Lumbini

86 km

Sravasti

147 km

Lucknow

308 km

Places of Interest

Stupa Complex

This is the main archaeological site which was discovered during excavations in 1973-74. The seals and inscriptions over the lid of the pot discovered read "Om Deoputra Vihare Kapilvastu Bhikschu Mahasanghasa" and "Om Deoputra Vihare Kapilvastu Bhikschu Sanghasa". The title Deoputra refers to Kanishka, a great patron of Buddhism who built the biggest Vihara at Kapilvastu and renovated the main stupa here.

Palace Site

Excavations carried out by Dr. K.M. Srivastava indicated the ruins of the palace of King Shuddhodhan, the father of Prince Gautam (Lord Buddha). It is said to be the place where Lord Buddha spent the first 29 years of his life.

Lumbini

86 km., situated across the border in Nepal, Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha. Buses ply till the border from where the remaining 26 km has to be covered by private vehicles.

Sankisa

Sankisa is located in the present day Basantpur village, which is situated in the ruins of an ancient fort. About 500 yards from the village, in a sacred spot, is a temple dedicated to Bisari Devi, which stands on a stupa. An Ashoka Elephant Pillar has been excavated from close to the stupa. Near the pillar, on a platform stands a temple with a statue of the Buddha. It is believed that Buddha along with Brahma and Devraj Indra descended on this spot after giving sermon to his mother in heaven. From then on this site has become important for Buddhist pilgrims. Hiuen Tsang and other Chinese travellers also mention Sankisa in their travelogues.

How to Reach:

Nearest civil airport is Agra (207 km away)
Sankisa is 10 km away from Pakhna railway station
Sankisa is 45 km away from Farrukhabad, a road/rail terminal

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District Lalitpur

Carved out as a district in the year 1974, Lalitpur is really not only the heartland but also heart shaped district of bundelkhand region. This district lies between latitude 24 degree 11 minutes and 25 degree 14 minutes (north) and longitude 78 degree 10 minutes and 79 degree 0 minutes (east) and is bounded by district Jhansi in the north, district Sagar in the south, Tikamgarh and Chhatarpur districts in the east and Shivpuri and Guna districts in the west. The geographical area of the district is 5,039 sq km.

How to reach

By Air

Nearest Airport is Gwalior at a distance of 235 kms from Lalitpur district.

By Train

Lalitpur at 33 km away is the nearest Railway Station on Delhi-Bombay railway line.

By Road

It is well connected with regular buses from Lalitpur Bus Station.

Places of Interest

Deogarh

Deogarh is situated on the right bank of the river Betwa at a distance of 123 kms from Jhansi at the western end of the Lalitpur range of hills. Distance of Deogarh from Lalitpur is 33 Kms. Deogarh has great antiquarian, epigraphical and archaeological importance. This town has figured prominently in the history. Traces and remains of the Guptas, The Gurjara - Pratiharas, Gonds, Mughals, Bundelas, Marathas are implanted in the surrounding of the town. Principal attraction of the town are Darticcotar temple, a fine Vishnu temple of Gupta period and a group of old Jain temples. The exquisite execution and beautifully carved panels of the temple have called forth the remark that "few monuments can show such high level of workmanship, combined with ripeness and rich refinement in its sculptural effect as the Gupta temple at Deogarh". Perhaps of somewhat later origin but no less rich in artistic, archaeological and epigraphical value is a group of Jain temples situated inside the fort of Karnali on the hill overlooking the river Betwa.. Some 31 of these Jain temples are still standing. The heavily ornamented ponds depict scenes and episodes from Jain mythology, myths and moments in lives of Jain Tirthankars. There are traces of outstanding craftsmanship, characteristic of Jain architecture and sculpture as the Manastambha (votive pillar), Ayagapatta (votive tablet), Pratima-sarvato-bhadrika (Jain image visible from all sides) and Sahastrakoot (pillars carved with thousand Jain images). The temple of Jain Tirthankar Shantinath is of unique importance of this place. The shape of this idol, in this temple is based on religious and ethical background. The Barah temple reminds one of the Chandela kings. Some other temples are Gajendra Moksha, Nar-Narayan and Vishnu. The art of Vaishnavi architect is said to be the soul of idol making in these temples. The style of construction of famous Dashavtar temple is a proof of the said fact. Apart from the idol of lord Shiva the sculpture and carvings of Pandava, Dropadi from the Mahabharat are of great interest. Some of the sculptures, related to Hindu holy book the Ramayan and that of lord Krishna are also kept here. There is an idol of Goddess possessing so many hands in the museum of Jain Dharmshala. This idol is very attractive and is of very high antique value. The languages used on different sculpture are Sanskrit, Prakrit or distorted Hindi. On the basis of inscriptions found in Deogarh it is derived that the art of idol making on stone dates back to the period of 919 to 1600 AD. Some stone cutting tools of the ancient times have also been discovered. A special style of Gandhar facsimile can be found not only on idols of Jain Tirthankars but also on statues of men and women depicted in Deogarh. This spot is an attractive place on the bank of Vetravati. The top view, from temple side of river Betwa is very picturesque because the river has converted itself in a shape of a brook. The land is full of various type of trees of botanical and natural values. The thick forest on the hill is a haunt of wild animals. Red stone and firewood are the two objects of commercial importance available in this area..

Neelkantheshwar Trimurti

It is 45 kilometers south from Lalitpur and 11 kilometers from Jakhlaun railway station. Between dense forests there is a Shiv Trimurti Temple of Chandel times. Just on its front of the entrance a Param Shiv Trimurti is placed on a huge Kailash (like Elephanta) and near on the ground is a "Mukhling". Height of Mukhling is 77 centimeters and diameter is 1 feet 30 centimeters.

Ranchourji

This place is situated about 4-5 kilometers away from Dhorra on the banks of Betwa River. Just like Pali Trimurti temple here is also a temple where wonderful statues of Vishnu and Laxmi are situated. A very big statue of Hanumanji is also here. Other than these there are remains of some very ancient temples. Some times back there was a very dense forest with wild animals.

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Lucknow
Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh is situated 123 m above sea level. It is situated on 26.30 & 27.10 North latitude and 80.30 & 81.13 East longitude. Lucknow covers an area of 2528 sq.km. It is surrounded on the eastern side by District Barabanki, on the western side by district Unnao, on the southern side by Raebareli and on the northern side by Sitapur and Hardoi districts. River Gomti flows through the city. Some of the tributries of this river are Kukrail, Loni,Beta etc. Sai river flows from the south of the city and in the east enters district Raebareli. The population of district Lucknow as per census 1991 is 27,62,801 lacs.

 
 How to reach

By Air

Amausi Airport, Lucknow is directly connected with Delhi, Patna, Calcutta, Bombay and Varanasi by direct flights.

By Train

A major railway junction, Lucknow is conveniently connected to many cities.

By Road

Lucknow is connected by road with all the major cities of the country.
Lucknow City

Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, extends along the banks of the River Gomti. The creator of Lucknow as it is today was Nawab Asaf ud Daula. The city became known as a centre for Urdu poetry and courtly diction, and reached its acme during the reign of Wajid Ali Shah who was a connoisseur of music and poetry. It was during his reign that the British appropriated Awadh. Legend says that Lucknow derived its name from Lucknau named after Lakshmana (a character in the famous Epic Ramayan) when his elder brother Rama gave away this part of the country to him. Today, the city is dotted with remnants of its rich historic past. Lucknow is also known for its elaborate cuisine and 'Chikankaari' or exquisite shadow-work embroidery on fine muslin cloth. The best time to visit Lucknow would be winter, i.e., between October and February, when the climate is pleasant and comfortable, making it easy to travel.
Places of Interest

Hussainabad Imambara

Near the Rumi Darwaza, this structure houses the tombs of Muhammad Ali Shah, its builder, and of his mother. Built between 1837 and 1842, it is also called the Chhota Imambara. It is approached through a fine garden. The Imambara has a white dome and numerous turrets and minarets. The walls of the mausoleum are decorated with verses in Arabic. Chandeliers, gilded mirrors, colorful stucco, the King's throne and ornate tazia or replicas of the tombs at Karbala adorn the interior.

Shah Najaf Imambara

This white-domed structure derives its name from the town of Najaf, about 200 km south of Baghdad where the saint Hazrat Ali is buries. It is situated on the right bank of the Gomti, In this mausoleum are buried the remains of Ghazi-ud-din Haider and his wives, including Mubarak Mahal, his European wife. The entrance leads to a beautiful garden. The silver tomb of Ghazi-ud-din Haider lies in the centre of the building and is flanked by the more imposing silver and gold tomb of Mubarak Mahal on one side, and another tomb on the other.

Residency

Built for the British Resident in 1780-1800, it was originally a very extensive and beautiful building, It was a scene of dramatic events during the Mutiny of 1857. The scarred ruins tell the story of the British community besieged by the rebels. The main house overlooks the river and is surrounded by terraced lawns and gardens.

Noor Baksh

Noor Baksh Kothi (Light giving palace) is in Lal Bagh area next to the Methodist Church and now known as Noor Manzil. It was believed to be built by Saadat Ali Khan as a school for royal children while others say Agha Mir, the Prime Minister was its owner. Rafi us Shan, son of Muhammad Ali Shah made this his residence till the end of Nawabi rule. Now it houses a psychiatric clinic for the mentally disturbed.

Asafi Imambara

Also known as the Bara Imambara, it was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784 and is one of the architectural highlights of the era. The central hall is said to be the largest vaulted chamber in the world. Except for the galleries in the interior, there is no woodwork used in the structure. A staircase from outside leads to a series of labyrinths known as the bhulbulaiya which visitors are advised to visit only with authorized guides. Within the compound of the Imambara is a grand Asafi mosque.

Rumi Darwaza

This colossal, ornate gateway is said to be a facsimile of one of the gates of Constantinople. It was built by Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in 1784, to create employment during the terrible famine of 1784.

The Clock Tower

It is located very near to the Rumi Darwaza. Built in 1881 by the British, this 67 m-high clock tower on the river Gomti is said to the tallest clock tower in India. The tower has European style artwork. The parts of the clock is built of pure gunmetal and the pendulum hangs 14 feet. The dial of this clock is shaped like a 12-petalled flower and has bells around it.
Kaiserbagh Palace Complex

The construction of the Kaiserbagh Palaces was started in 1848 by Nawab Wajid Ali Shah and completed in 1850. They were built to create the eighth wonder of the world. The yellow buildings on three sides of the quadrangle, now the property of Taluqdars, once provided quarters for the ladies of the harem. In the centre stands the Baradari, a picturesque white stone edifice which was earlier paved with silver.

National Botanical Research institute

Located at Sikandarbagh, where pitched battles took place during the Mutiny of 1857, the institute garden is open to the public from 6 am to 5 pm.

State Museum / Zoo

A favorite spot for recreation, Lucknow, Museum houses a large collection of artifacts and memorabilia and is located at Banarasi Bagh, within the zoo premises. The zoo has a large collection of animals, Museum open from 10.30 am to 4.30 pmand closed on Monday. Zoo is open from 5 am to 7 pm.

Gautam Buddha Park

Situated in between the Bara Imambara and the Martyrs Memorial, this park has been a recreation ground for children. Rides here are a big draw. Also used by political parties to hold rallies now.

The Elephant or the Hathi Park

Another recreation park.

The lemon park or the Nimbu Park

These parks of the Bara Imambara is also very popular

Zoo

4 km from the Charbagh station is the Lucknow Zoo or the Prince of Wales Zoological Gardens. The zoo comes under the Banarasi Bagh area. This Zoo, constructed in 1921, also has a museum, an aquarium and a toy train. The plane Rajhans used by Pandit Jawarharlal Nehru is also kept in the zoo. Open 8am to 5pm.

Other places of interest

Chhatar Manzil

Maqbara Saadat Ali Khan

Moti Mahal

Dilkusha Garden

La Martiniere

Alambagh Palace

Places of Interest around Lucknow

Kukrail Reserve Forest

A picnic spot developed by the Forest Department, it has a deer park and crocodile nursery. A variety of birds and deer can be seen in their natural habitat.

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary (43 Km)

Situated on the Kanpur highway, this sanctuary attracts Siberian migratory birds. The best season to visit is between October and March.

Deva Sharif (25 Km)

The tomb of Syed Haji Waris Ali Shah, known as Deva Sharif, is revered by both Hindus and Muslims. Devotees throng the shrine in October/November when the annual urs of the saint is held.

Naimisharanya - Misrikh (94 Km)

An important religious centre with the temples of the goddess Lalita, Dadhichi Kund, Vyas Gaddi, Chakratirth and Hanuman Garhi.

Devi Patan (70 Km)

70 km. from Gonda situated amidst Himalayan tarai is the Siddha Peeth of Devi Patan. Just 2 km. from Tulsipur, this famous shrine is among one of the 51 Shakti Peeths. It is believed that the right shoulder of Sati had fallen here. The Devi Patan Siddha Peeth had been established by Guru Gorakshnath of the Nath Sampradaya. The existing temple here is said to be constructed by King Vikramaditya. In the 1lth century King Suheldeo of Sravasti had renovated the temple. The Royal family of Balrampur is today the care taker of the temple. A large fair takes place in Navratri and every year on Chaitra Panchami the deity of Pir Ratan Nath is brought from Dang in Nepal to the Devi Patan temple where it is worshipped along with the Devi.

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 Mahoba
Before 11 Feb 1995 Mahoba was the tehsil of District Hamirpur. The then Chief Minister Mr. Mulayam Singh Yadav declared Mahoba as a district on 11 Feb, 1995. From then Mahoba has moved forward leaps and bounds on the Social, Cultural and individual front. Mahoba (25"18'N. 79"53'E.) is one of the few cities in Uttar Pradesh that has played a leading role in the annals of Rajputs. Mahoba is situated at the foot of a low granite hill called Gorakh-giri or 'Gokhar', an off shoot of the Vindhyas. It lies nearly 55 km to the north of khajuraho, the temple- city of the Chandellas, and about 109 km distance to the northeast of their celeberated fort at Kalinjar. Mahoba Railway station on the Jhansi-Manikpur section of the central Railway also serves as the nearest railhead for Khajuraho. Mahoba is rich in lakes, surroundings granite rocks, forts and places.
How to reach

By Air

Nearest Airport is at Khajuraho which is 63 km away.

By Train

Mahoba is connected by broad guage railway lines. 1107/1108 Bundelkhand Exp (Gwalior-Varanasi);1449/1450 Mahakaushal Exp (Delhi-Jabalpur);1069/1070 Chambel exp.

By Road

Mahoba is connected by road with all major cities. State highway No. 44 also passes through Mahoba.

Places of Interest in Mahoba

Shiv Tandav

A rare statue of block granite stone in the dancing pose of Lord Shiva.

Jain Tirthkar

A worship place of Jaina sects.

Khakraha math

Sculpture of Chandella's period on the Khajuraho theme situated at Madan Sagar lake like a island where life size statues of eight elephants are standing since ancient times. A place worth visiting.

Urmil Dam

It has a scenic beauty.

Chandika Devi Temple

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Single stone carved statue of ancient times religiously acknowledged place.

Sun Temple

This Sun Temple is also has beautiful Sculptures like Sun Temple of Konarka in Orissa.

Sri Nagar

This is famous for brass works and antiques.

Bea tal Forming

This is unique and self styled cultivation called bareja.
Alha & Udal Chowk

City centres with huge statues.

Gokhar Parvat

A landscapen panoramic range of hills.

Charkhari Estate

A symbol of Bundelkhand riyasat, forts, Palaces & temples surrounded by many lakes.

Bela Tal

It has many lakes in surroundings and best suited for water sports.

Kakramath Temple

This well-preserved granite temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is located at the Madan Sagar, Its basic plan is similar to the temples of Khajuraho. The Madan Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu stands nearby.

Vijay Sagar Pakshi Vihar

5 km from town, this picturesque bird sanctuary has been developed on the shores of Vijay-Sagar, built by Vijay Pal Chandela (1035-1060 AD).

Sun Temple at Rahila Sagar

This 9th century granite Sun Temple lies to the west of Rahila Sagar, built by Chandela ruler Rahila who ruled between 890 and 910 AD. Though in a ruined state today, it still stands as the finest example of early Pratihara architecture in the area.

Around Mahoba

Khajuraho

World-famous temples built between 950 AD and 1050 AD by the Chandellas are located 63 km away. Only 25 temples survive, but they are masterpieces of architecture. Dedicated to the Lord Shiva, these temples celebrate the human form and man's spiritual and physical aspects.

Kalinjar

Famous for its mighty fort, which was of great importance between the 9th and 15th centuries are 109 km away. Among the remains within the fort is Raja Aman Singh Palace which is being converted into a museum to house the fine and rare sculptures found at the site. Other places of interest within the fort include the Neelkantha Temple, Sita Sej, Patal Ganga, Pandu Kund, Koti Tirth and Bhairon Ki Jharia.

Chitrakoot

Celebrated in ballads and the scriptures for its natural beauty and closely associated with the epic Ramayana, Chitrakoot is a ballowed centre of piligrimage. It is located 127 km away from Mahoba. Lord Rama and Sita are believed to have spent their 14-year exile here. The town is situated on the banks of the river Mandakini, the ghats of which are lined with numerous temples.

Jhansi

In Bundelkhand region, Jhansi is the principal town, any mention of which revives memories of that heroic young Rani Lakshmi Bai, who during the turbulent days of 1857-58 led her forces into battle against British imperialism with sword in hand and breathing defiance. This walled city was founded by Raja Bir Singh Deo who built its fort on a rocky hill in 1613 AD. Area around Jhansi is studded with the remains of numerous Vaishnava, Shaiva and Jain temples, a few of which date as far back as Gupta times, some belong to the post-gupta period (many being attributed to the Gonds) and a large number to Chandella times. The most outstanding of the gupta period temple is the Vishnu temple of Deogarh which was built of large blocks of dressed stone, red in colour. The monuments belonging to the post-gupta period are some rock sculptures including the Saptamatrika (Seven Mothers), the ruined temple of Varaha and the great Jain Temple. The most important temples built during the times of the Chandellas are at Deogarh, Chandpur, Dudhi, Madanpur, Bar, Banpur, Siron, Budhni, Barwa Sagar, Sakrar, Pachwara, Khisni Khurd and Bangawan.

District Mainpuri

Mainpuri is a district of Agra Division, Uttar Pradesh, India, is bounded on the north by Etah district, on the east by district Farrukhabad and Kannauj, on the south by district Etawah and on west by the District Firozabad and Etah. It lies between North Latitude 260 53' to 270 31' and East Longitude 780 27' to 790 26'.

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Mathura (Brajbhoomi)

Brajbhoomi
The land where Lord Krishna was born and spent his youth, has today little towns and hamlets that are still alive with the Krishna- legend and still redolent with the music of his flute. Brajbhoomi can be divided into two distinct units - the eastern part in the trans-Yamuna tract with places like Gokul, Mahavan, Baldeo, Mat and Bajna and the western side of the Yamuna covering the Mathura region that encompasses Vrindavan, Govardhan, Kusum Sarovar, Barsana and Nandgaon. The land of Braj starts from Kotban near Hodel about 95 km from Delhi and ends at Runakta which is known specially for its association with the great poet Surdas, an ardent Krishna devotee. Shri Krishna, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was born in the Dwapara Yuga as the eighth son of the Yadava prince Vasudev and his wife Devaki. To save him from his maternal uncle Kansa wrath, the infant Krishna was spirited away soon after birth to Gokul, the village of the gopas (cowherds) in Braj. It was here that he grew to manhood, in the tender care of his foster parents Nand and Yashoda in the happy company of the cowherds.

Mathura

Mathura widely known as birth place of lord Krishna is located on the western bank of river Yamuna at latitude 27degree 41 Minute N and 77 Degree and 41 Minute E. It is 145 km southeast of Delhi and 58 km northwest of Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh. For about 3000 Year it was the hub of culture and civilization. Mathura is today an important place of pilgrimage. The city stretches along the right bank of the Yamuna and the continuous line of ghats along the river makes a splendid spectacle when viewed from the opposite bank. Mathura is a city of temples and shrines abustle with the thousands of devotees who come to visit the city of Lord Krishna. There are about 25 ghats in Mathura today, of which the most important is the Vishram Ghat. Where according to legend, Shri Krishna took his rest after killing Kansa. No pilgrimage to Mathura is complete without a visit to its kunds. Tradition has it that there were 159 ancient kunds in all. Of these only four survive and can be seen. Mathura, the land of cows, is famed for its milk-based sweetmeats. A variety of mouth-watering savories are also well known specialties of the town. Pera, a special type of sweet, Khurchan and Kachaurian are very well known. Various types of ornaments made of silver, brass and copper are also available in Mathura. Visramghat and Holygate are the best places for shopping. For art creation Mathura is the Athens of India. The great school of sculpture known as Mathura school of Art flourished here for 1200 Years. Such proliflic creativity and gushing devotion to novel Art forms and experiment in sculptures and clay figurines as found in this school are rare in the annals of Indian Art History. A survey of this glorious School of Art can be made in the Government Museum, Mathura. The present day Mathura abounds in place of Religious and Historic Interest all round the year. A large number of festival and fairs are held in Mathura and adjoining areas of Vrindavan, Gokul, Brazen and Goverdhan.

 

The important fairs and festivals of the town include :

Rath-ka-Mela

Vrindavan

March

Guru Purnima

(Muria Puno)

Govardhan

July

Hariyali Teej

Braj Mandal

July

Janmashtami

Braj Mandal

August/September

Radha Ashtami

Barsana, Gokul

August

Annakut

Goverdhan, Mathura

Sept./Oct.

Yam Dwitiya

Vishram Ghat

Sept./Oct.

Kansa Vadh

 

Sept.

Holi

Braj Mandal

Feb./Mar.

Latthmar Holi

Nandgaon

Feb./Mar. (Phalguna Shukla 9 & 10)


Braj Parikrama
The Rainy month of Bhadon, the month when the Lord Krishna was born, is a time of colourful celebrations. The famous Braj Parikrama - a pilgrimage of all the places in Braj that associated with Shri Krishna, is undertaken. Traditionally, the Chaurasi kos (84 kos) pilgrimage of Braj Mandal, with its 12 vanas (forests). 24 upvanas (groves), sacred hill Govardhan, divine River Yamuna and numerous holy places along its banks, is undertaken annually by lakhs of devotees from all over the country. The Yatra extends to Kotban to the north of Mathura, to Nandgaon, Barsana and the Govardhan Hill to the west and South-west of the city and to the a banks of the Yamuna to the east, where the Baldeo Temple is located. Colourful melas and performances of the Raaslila (a depiction of the exploits of Shri Krishna) are distinctive to this festive period.

How to reach

By Air

Nearest airport is Kheria (Agra), 62 km

By Train

Mathura is on the main lines of the Central and Western Railways and is connected with all the important cities of the state and country such as Delhi, Agra, Mumbai, Jaipur, Gwalior, Calcutta, Hydrabad, Chennai, Lucknow etc.

By Road

Mathura is connected to all the major cities, by National Highways. It is linked by the regular state bus services of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana. Private buses, Tempos, Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws and Tongas are also available for local transport.

Places of Interest in Mathura

Katra Keshav Dev

A splendid temple at the Katra Keshav Dev marks the spot that is believed to be the Shri Krishna Janmasthan - the birthplace of the Lord, by his devotees.

Gita Mandir

Located on the Mathura -Vrindavan Road, Gita Mandir has a fine image of Shri Krishna in its sanctum. The whole of the Bhagwad Gita is inscribed on the walls of this temple.

Dwarikadhish Temple

The most popular shrine at Mathura is the Dwarikadhish Temple to the north of the town, dedicated to Shri Krishna. This was built in 1815 by a staunch and wealthy devotee, Seth Gokuldas Parikh, treasurer of the State of Gwalior. During the festive days of Holi, Janmashthami and Diwali, it is decorated on a grandiose scale.

Vishram Ghat

The sacred spot where Lord Krishna is believed to have rested after slaying the tyrant Kansa. It is at Vishram Ghat that the traditional parikrama (circumbulation of all the important religious and cultural places of the city) starts and ends. The 12 ghats to the north of Vishram Ghat include :

Ganesh Ghat

Dashashwamedh Ghat with its Neelakantheshwar Temple

Saraswati Sangam Ghat

Chakratirtha Ghat

Krishnaganga Ghat

Somatirth or Swami Ghat

Ghantagharan Ghat

Dharapattan Ghat

Vaikuntha Ghat

Navtirtha or Varahkshetra Ghat

Asikunda ghat and Manikarnika Ghat.

To the south, there are 11 ghats :

Guptatirth Ghat

Prayag Ghat marked by the Veni Madhav Temple

Shyam Ghat

Ram Ghat

Kankhal Ghat (the site of the Janmashtami and Jhula festivals)

Dhruva ghat

Saptrishi Ghat

Mokshatirth Ghat

Surya Ghat

Ravan Koti Ghat

and Buddha Ghat

The Vishram Ghat is lined with elegant temples and some of Mathura's most important shrines are found here - the Mukut Temple, Radha-Damodar, Murli Manohar, Neelkantheshwar, Yamuna-Krishna, Langali Hanuman and Narasimha temples. The baithak of the great Vaishnava Saint, Shri Chaitanya, is also near by. The aarti held at the Vishram Ghat each evening is very nice event not to be missed.

Shiv temples

The town has a number of Shaivite temples as well. The chief among them being the Bhuteshwar Mahadev Temple to the west of the town, the Gokarneshwar Temple in the north, the Rangeshwar. Mahadev Temple to the south and the Pipaleshwar Mahadev Temple to the east.

Kans Qila

Lying on the northern bank of the River Yamuna is the Kans Qila, now mostly in ruins.

An observatory, akin to the Jantar Mantar at Delhi, was built here at a later date by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (1699-1743) of Amer.

Sati Burj

17 m high, built of red sandstone in 1570 AD, is a slim tower which commemorates the death of a noble lady - widow of Raja Bihari Mal of Amer who committed sati. The four storeyed tower was erected by Raja Bhagwan Das on the right bank of the Yamuna at Sati Ghat

The Jama Masjid

Built by Abo-inabir-Khan in 1661.A.D. The mosque has 4 lofty minarets, with bright colored plaster mosaic of which a few panels currently exist.

The Government Museum

The Government Museum, Mathura originally founded by F.S. Growse in 1874, is today one of the leading centres for research, study and the preservation of Mathura' s splendid heritage of art. The museum housed in a fine octagonal, red sandstone building, located at Dampier Park, has the largest collection of Kushana sculptures in the country. The Museum has also fine collections of stone sculpture and terracotta, gold, silver and copper coins, clay seals, ancient pottery, paintings and bronzes.

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