Chapter 1 - Founding Provisions
- Republic of South Africa
- Supremacy of the Constitution
- National Anthem
- National Flag
1. Republic of South Africa
The Republic of South Africa is one, sovereign, democratic state founded on the
- Human dignity, the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and
- Non-racialism and non-sexism.
- Supremacy of the constitution and the rule of law.
- Universal adult suffrage, a national common voters roll, regular elections and a
multi-party system of democratic government, to ensure accountability, responsiveness and
2. Supremacy of Constitution
This Constitution is the supreme law of the Republic; law or conduct inconsistent with
it is invalid, and the obligations imposed by it must be fulfilled.
There is a common South African citizenship.
- All citizens are
- equally entitled to the rights, privileges and benefits of citizenship; and
equally subject to the duties and responsibilities of citizenship.
National legislation must provide for the acquisition, loss and restoration of
4. National anthem
The national anthem of
the Republic is determined by the President by proclamation.
5. National flag
The national flag of the Republic is black, gold, green, white, red and blue, as
described and sketched in Schedule 1.
The official languages of the Republic are Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati,
Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa and isiZulu.
Recognising the historically diminished use and status of the indigenous languages
of our people, the state must take practical and positive measures to elevate the status
and advance the use of these languages.
- The national government and provincial governments may use any particular official
languages for the purposes of government, taking into account usage, practicality,
expense, regional circumstances and the balance of the needs and preferences of the
population as a whole or in the province concerned; but the national government and each
provincial government must use at least two official languages.
Municipalities must take into account the language usage and preferences of their
The national government and provincial governments, by legislative and other
measures, must regulate and monitor their use of official languages. Without detracting
from the provisions of subsection (2), all official languages must enjoy parity of esteem
and must be treated equitably.
A Pan South African Language Board established by national legislation must
- promote, and create conditions for, the development and use of
- all official languages;
- the Khoi, Nama and San languages; and
- sign language ; and
- promote and ensure respect for
- all languages commonly used by communities in South Africa, including German, Greek,
Gujarati, Hindi, Portuguese, Tamil, Telegu and Urdu; and
- Arabic, Hebrew, Sanskrit and other languages used for religious purposes in South
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