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Timothy Snyder

Bird White Housum Professor of History


Office:    WLH 107

Phone:  (203) 432-7662

Email:    timothy.snyder@yale.edu

Links:    Curriculum Vitae

              Short Bio

              Book reviews


Timothy Snyder received his doctorate from the University of Oxford in 1997, where he was a British Marshall Scholar.  He has held fellowships in Paris and Vienna, and an Academy Scholarship at Harvard. He is the author of Nationalism, Marxism, and Modern Central Europe: A Biography of Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (Harvard University Press, 1998, Halecki Prize); The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1569-1999 (Yale University Press, 2003, awards from American Historical Association, American Association for Ukrainian Studies, Przeglad Wschodni, and Marie Curie-Sklodowska University); Sketches from a Secret War: A Polish Artist's Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine (Yale University Press, 2005, Pro Historia Polonorum award); The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of A Habsburg Archduke (Basic Books, 2008), and Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin (Basic Books, 2010).   He is also the co-editor of Wall Around the West: State Power and Immigration Controls in Europe and North America (Rowman and Littlefield, 2001).  His most recent book is Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin, a history of Nazi and Soviet mass killing on the lands between Berlin and Moscow.  A New York Times bestseller and a book of the year according to The Atlantic, The Independent, The Financial Times, the Telegraph, The Economist, History Today, the Seattle Times and the New Statesman.  Click here for a list of reviews and links.

He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in modern East European political history.

Scholarly Articles:

"The Causes of Ukrainian-Polish Ethnic Cleansing, 1943,” Past and Present, 179 (2003), 197-234. 1a and 1b.

"To Resolve the Ukrainian Problem Once and for All’: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ukrainians in Poland, 1943-1947,” Journal of Cold War Studies, Volume 1, 2 (1999), 86-120. 

"Leben und Sterben der Juden in Wolhynien," Osteuropa, 57, 4, (2007), 123-142.

"Memory of Sovereignty and Sovereignty Over Memory: Twentieth-Century Poland, Ukraine, and Lithuania” in Jan-Werner Müller, ed., Memory and Power in Postwar Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 39-58.

"Die Armia Krajowa aus ukrainischer Perspektive,” in Bernard Chiari and Jerzy Kochanowski, eds., Auf der Suche nach nationaler Identität: Geschichte und Mythos der polnischen Heimatarmee, Munich: Oldenbourg Verlag, 2003.

"A Polish Socialist For Jewish Nationality: Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (1872-1905),” Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, 12 (1999), 257-271.

"Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (1872-1905): A pioneering scholar of modern nationalism,” Nations and Nationalism, 3, 2 (1997), 1-20. 

"The Poles: Western Aspirations, Eastern Minorities,” in Charles King and Neil Melvin, eds., Nations Abroad: Diasporas and National Identity in the Former Soviet Union, Boulder: Westview, 1998, 179-208.

"Soviet Monopoly,” in John Williamson, ed., Economic Consequences of Soviet Disintegration, Washington, D.C.: Institute for International Economics, 1993, 176-243.

"Three Endings and a Beginning: Shimon Redlich's Galicia," on Shimon Redlich, Together and Apart In Brzezany: Poles, Jews, and Ukrainians, 1919-1945, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002, in Yad Vashem Studies, 34, 2006.

“Pourquoi le socialisme marxist a-t-il méconnu l’importance du phénomène national?  A la lumiere des enseignements que l’on peut tirer du congres de Londres (1896) de la IIe Internationale,”Revue des Études Slaves, 71, 2 (1999), 243-262. 

“Akcja 'Wisla' a homogenicznosc polskiego spoleczenstwa.” in Jan Pisulinski et al eds, Akcja Wisla, Warsaw: Instytut Pamieci Narodowej, 2003, 49-56.

Selected Book Reviews

"Caught Between Hitler and Stalin" (on "Defiance," a film directed by Edward Zwick and Defiance by Nechama Tec), New York Review of Books, 30 April 2009.

"Hitler's Dialectic of Death," on Mark Mazower, Hitler's Empire: Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe, London: Allen Unwin, 2008, in Times Literary Supplement, 14 August 2008.

"The Unknown Holocaust," on Joshua Rubernstein and llya Altman, eds., The Unknown Black Book: The Holocaust in the German-Occupied Soviet Territories, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008, in Truthdig, 15 February 2008.

"At the Deep End," on Abram Brumberg, Journeys Through Vanishing Worlds, London: Scarith, in Times Literary Supplement, 4 April 2008.

"Betrayed on All Sides," on Jan Gross, Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz: An essay in Historical Interpretation, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006, Times Literary Supplement, 6 October 2006, 27.

Tony Judt, Postwar: A History of Europe Since 1945, New York: Penguin, 2005, in IWM Newsletter, Vienna, Spring 2006.

"Wartime Lies," on Czeslaw Milosz, Legends of Modernity: Essays and Letters From Occupied Poland, trans. Madeline Levine, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2005, The Nation, January 9/16 2006, 26-29.

"Revolution Without the Workers," on David Ost, The Defeat of Solidarity: Anger and Politics in Eastern Europe, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2005, for Times Literary Supplement, 23 and 30 December 2005, 39.

"Keys to Kiev," on Serhii Plokhy, The Unmaking of Imperial Russia: Mykhaïlo Hrushevsky and the Writing of Ukrainian History, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005, for Times Literary Supplement, 16 December 2005, 25.

“The Old Country,” on Anatol Lieven, America Right or Wrong: An Anatomy of American Nationalism, for Times Literary Supplement, 25 March 2005, 34-36.

“Ways of Dying,” on Kate Brown, A Biography of No Place: From Ethnic Borderland to Soviet Heartland, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004, and Karel C. Berkhoff, Harvest of Despair: Life and Death in Ukraine under Nazi Rule, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004, Times Literary Supplement, 24 September 2004.

“Pity the First Ally,” on Norman Davies, Rising '44: The Battle for Warsaw, London: Macmillan, 2003, for Times Literary Supplement, 20 February 2004, 13.

“The Inevitability of the Unexpected,” review of Roman Szporluk, Russia, Ukraine, and the Breakup of the Soviet Union, Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 2000, in Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen Newsletter (Vienna), 76, Spring 2002, 25-26.

Selected Essays

"Holocaust: The Ignored Reality," New York Review of Books, 16 July 2009.

"In the Shadow of Emperors and General Secretaries: On the origins of the nations of East Central Europe" ("W cieniu cesaerzy i sekretarzy"), Tygodnik Powszechny, 27 July 2008, 24-25.

“Ukraine: The Orange Revolution,” with Timothy Garton Ash, New York Review of Books, 28 April 2005, 28-32.

“War is Peace,” Prospect, Number 104, November 2004, 32-37.

"A Legend of Freedom: Solidarity," ("Legenda o wolnosci"), Tygodnik Powszechny, special edition on Solidarity, 4 September 2005.

"The Ethnic Cleansing of Volhynia, 1943" (“Wolyn, rok 1943),” Tygodnik Powszechny (Cracow), 11 May 2003, 1, 7.

"Five Centuries and Eight Years: Operation Vistula and the homogeneity of Polish society” (Piec wieków i osiem lat: "“Akcja 'Wisla' a homogenicznosc polskiego spoleczenstwa”), Tygodnik Powszechny, April 2002.

“Poles and Czechs, Ten Years On,” Prospect, February 1999, 54-57. 

Selected Editorials

“What Soviet Economic Collapse Can Teach US Managers,” Christian Science Monitor, 30 August 1991.

"Anti-Trust for the USSR," Christian Science Monitor, 2 October 1991.

“Western Economic Might Key to Helping East,” Christian Science Monitor, 2 January 1993 (with Gareth Cook).

“Poland's Communists Aren't, Really,” Christian Science Monitor, 1 November 1993.

“NATO Enlargement: A Bear at Rest Means a Safer U.S.,” Christian Science Monitor, 18 March 1998.

“A Divided Ukraine Drifts Neither East nor West,” Christian Science Monitor, 31 March 1998. 

“What Americanization Has to Do With America,” Christian Science Monitor, 29 April 1998.

“Poland's Return to Europe is a Leap to Modernity,” Christian Science Monitor, 21 May 1998. 

“Why Missile Defense is a Bad Idea,” Christian Science Monitor, 2 February 2001, with Philip Snyder.

"A Call to Be More Civil," Christian Science Monitor, 20 June 2008.

"Grappling with an Emboldened Russia," Boston Globe, 12 August 2008.

"History Does Not End, Nor Do its Hard Lessons," Chicago Tribune, 17 August 2008




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