Hummingbird Species at Risk of Extinction

Hummingbirds are the world's second largest family of birds with an estimated 328 species. Despite the fact that they are found only in the New World (North, South, and Central America; and islands of the Caribbean), they are a familiar subject around the globe. Yet few in the world are aware that twenty-eight (28) species, or nearly ten per cent, are threatened with extinction, according to an analysis by BirdLife International. Details on these are posted below.

Latin Name(s)
Countries
Found
Population
Range (Est.)
Image
Link
Details
English Name(s)
Spanish Name(s)

Critically Endangered; 50% Chance of Extinction within ten years

Lepidopyga lilliae
Colombia
50-249
Image
Birdlife Info
Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird
Colibrí Ventrizafiro
Lophornis brachylophus
Mexico
1,000-2,499
Image
Birdlife Info
Short-crested Coquette
Coquetta de Guerrero
Amazilia luciae (Polyerata luciae)
Honduras
50-249
Image
Birdlife Info
Honduran Emerald
Amazilia Hondureña
Amazilia castaneiventris
Colombia
250-999
Image
Birdlife Info
Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird
Amazilia Ventricastaña
Sephanoides fernandensis
Juan Fernández Islands (Chile)
200-400
Image
Birdlife Info
Juan Fernández Firecrown
Colibrí de Juan Fernández
Eriocnemis nigrivestis
Ecuador
50-249
Image
Birdlife Info
Black-breasted Puffleg
Calzadito Pechinegro
Eriocnemis godini
Ecuador, Colombia
Fewer than 50
Image
Birdlife Info
Turquoise-throated Puffleg
Calzadito Turquesa
Eriocnemis mirabilis
Colombia
50-249
Image
Birdlife Info
Colourful Puffleg
Calzadito Admirable

Endangered; 20% Chance of Extinction within 20 years

Campylopterus phainopeplus
Colombia
2,500-10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Santa Marta Sabrewing
Colibrí de Santa Marta
Amazilia boucardi (Polyerata boucardi)
Costa Rica
2,500-10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Mangrove Hummingbird
Amazilia de Manglar
Eupherusa cyanophrys
Mexico
1,000-2,499
Image
Birdlife Info
Blue-capped Hummingbird
Colibrí Oaxaque
Coeligena prunellei
Colombia
1,000-2,400
Image
Birdlife Info
Black Inca
Inca Negro
Heliangelus regalis
Peru
2,500-10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Royal Sunangel
Colibrí Real
Metallura baroni
Ecuador
1,000-2,499
Image
Birdlife Info
Violet-throated Metaltail
Metalura de Azuay
Taphrolesbia griseiventris
Peru
250-999
Image
Birdlife Info
Grey-bellied Comet
Colibrí Ventrigrís
Loddigesia mirabilis
Peru
250-999
Image
Birdlife Info
Marvellous Spatuletail
Colibrí Admirable
Eulidia yarrellii (Myrtis yarrellii)
Peru
2,500-10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Chilean Woodstar
Colibrí de Arica
Chaetocercus berlepschi
Ecuador
1,000-2,499
Image
Birdlife Info
Esmeraldas Woodstar
Colibrí de Esmeraldas
Metallura iracunda
Colombia, Venezuela
unknown
Image
Birdlife Info
Perijá Metaltail
Metalura Iracunda
Glaucis dohrnii
Brazil
50-250
Image
Birdlife Info
Hook-billed Hermit
Ermitaño de Espírito Santo

Vulnerable; 10% Chance of Extinction within 100 years

Thalurania ridgwayi
Mexico
Fewer than 10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Mexican Woodnymph
Zafiro Mexicano
Amazilia tzacatl handleyi
Panama
unknown
Image
Birdlife Info
Escudo Hummingbird
Amazilia tzacatl handleyi
Eupherusa poliocerca
Mexico
Fewer than 10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
White-tailed Hummingbird
Colibrí de Guerrero
Anthocephala floriceps
Colombia
2,500-10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Blossomcrown
Colibrí Florido
Hylonympha macrocerca
Venezuela
Fewer than 10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Scissor-tailed Hummingbird
Colibrí Tijereta
Aglaeactis aliciae
Peru
250-999
Image
Birdlife Info
Purple-backed Sunbeam
Colibrí de Alicia
Acestura bombus
Peru, Ecuador, Colombia
2,500-10,000
Image
Birdlife Info
Little Woodstar
Colibrí Abejorro
Selasphorus ardens
Panama
250-999
Image
Birdlife Info
Glow-throated Hummingbird
Colibrí Ardiente