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   History


According to the researches conducted in Gaziantep and its neighborhood, this vicinity is one of the first places to be settled in Anatolia. Thanks to the foundlings...
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Last Update : 24.01.2007
 
    History Detail
RUMKALE, CINCIKLI, ARABAN CASTLE
RUMKALE (ROMAN CASTLE)
It is located on escarpments where Merzimen Stream pours out into the Euphrates, in 62 km. northeast of Gaziantep Centrum. Called Hromgla previously, the name was then spoiled and changed as Rumkale. It is supposed to be ??itamrat?, captured by Assyrian King Salmanassar III. in 855 B.C. due to its strategic location. It is entered through a door passage composed of complex rooms and outer walls on sharp hills ascending from shores of the Euphrates and Merzimen.

During the construction of the wall body, it is benefited at most from the topography of the rocky place having sharp cliffs. The standing architectural remains bear the characteristics of Late Roman Period and Middle Age. The most interesting of those is the system meeting the water needs by a large and cylindrical pit and a spiral path on its edge going down through it, and by decreasing under the level of the Euphrates. It is said that one of the apostles, Johannes withdrew into solitude in order to copy the rough drafts of Gospel, and then hid them. It is also said that the said copies were found and taken to Beirut. Hromgla is known to be an important center during Edessa Crusader Countship in 11th century.

The control of the city-castle named Hromklay by Armenians in Middle Age, Kalrhomate by Syrian orthodoxies, and Ranculat by Franks, passed into the Memluks in late 12th century, the city-castle was called Kal-at ar Rum at first hand, and Kal-at el Müslimlin afterwards. Conquered by the Ottomans after Mercidab?k War, Rumkale became a county connected to Birecik Sanjak of Aleppo State. There are still a few edifices and a small mosque belonging to Turkish-Islamic period and Middle Age.

Having visited Rumkale in 18th century, Richard Pococke mentions about a small but gorgeous church in Gothic style, and a few splendid buildings on the hill. Having visited here in April 1838, Moltke says that ?it is difficult to say where end the cliffs end and start the human Works?, and describes Rumkale in detail. In F?rat (the Euphrates) Valley located between Samsat and Rumkale, there are many places engraved on rocks. The caves on sharp cliffs which give the impression of corridor from time to time were used as funeral chambers in Roman Period. Afterwards, especially during the Crusades, the space among those caves was enlarged and unified through passageways, thus used as defense places.

CINCIKLI
C?nc?kl? is located in Bo?aziçi Town that lies on 10. Km distance on Antakya Road, in ?slahiye district center connected to Gaziantep. It is situated on the line where end the lime stoned feet of Amanos Mountains 500 meters inside the asphalt road, and starts the basalt area. This place is called CINCIKLI because of the numerous mosaic pieces seen in here. There are many building remains found in the ruins; however, their cost can not be understood. The greatest of those ruins is a church which have walls at 0, 50 ? 0, 70 m. height. The apsis of this church, at 25 m length and 15 m. width, is in the long side; whereas there is no nave section, and there are also two entrances in sideways. Half ellipse shaped, damaged plastered base in the middle is the place where Bema is situated.

Apsis is one step high on the left, and Diakonikon and Martyrion sections take place in its both sides. The whole floor in the section have mosaics on, and motifs of animals unfamiliar to this region such as; giraffe, elephant, bear, tiger besides the motifs of birds and some plants are sprinkled on the floor in the hall. Inside the apsis there are animal figures having religious meanings among the geometrical diagrams. With Diakonikon and Martyrion, there are writing in Greek and in Syriac in the panels in various places, and these are sometimes monolingual and sometimes bilingual. Especially the Syriac writings are considered very important since they are unique examples in Gaziantep region. The mosaics with inscription are dated back to 7th ? 8th centuries A.D according to paleographical detections.

ARABAN CASTLE
It is located on a very plain and high prehistorical Tumulus in Araban District Center. All the ruins seen today are those which remained from the castle-city in Middle Age. Araban, called ?RABAN? in the Middle Age, was an important center connected to Edessa Crusade Countship in 11th -12th centuries. Araban of the present day is only a minor county which has lost its importance in the past. It has not been possible to obtain the plan and the details of Middle Age Castle yet. On the hill, a grand edifice used as mosque and made of block stones draws attention.
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