Europe : European Microstates

European Microstates

European microstates are a handful of very small sovereign states on the European continent and the surrounding islands. Most of them (except Liechtenstein) are located on or near the Mediterranean coast. Many of these countries are excellent for shopping, as they are tax havens.



There are also a handful of dependencies in Europe. These entities do have their own government, but are nonetheless under sovereignty of another state.

Other areas

  • Sealand - a sea fort which declares itself to be the smallest independent 'country' in the world
  • Seborga (a village in Italy which has discovered it's never been conquered by Italy and now it claims itself as a sovereign state)


Get in

By plane

There are airports in:

There are heliports in:

  • Monaco (between Nice and Monaco)
  • Liechtenstein, Andorra, San Marino and the Vatican City have non-public heliports.

By train

Monaco is linked by SNCF, the French railway company. Liechtenstein is connected with Austria (Feldkirch, Innsbruck) and Swiss (Buchs, Zürich)

By car

By bus

San Marino, Seborga, Gibraltar and Andorra are only reachable by bus.

By boat

From Monaco ferries and cruise ships sail to several places at the Mediterranean Sea, also Malta. The Faroe Islands are linked by Smyril Line with destinations in Denmark, Iceland and Scotland.

Get around

Monaco, Andorra, Liechtenstein, San Marino and Malta are well linked by local buses. Even the Vatican City has a minibus service. On Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, Gibraltar, the Faroe Islands and the Ålands are good public buses too.



Whether they have a formal agreement with the European Union or not, all of these sovereign microstates (except Liechtenstein) use Euro (€, EUR) as their currency. Some of these states also mint their own Euro coins which are highly valued by collectors because of their scarcity. Liechtenstein uses Swiss Francs (CHF). Many of the European Microstates also offers the possibility of tax free shopping.







Stay safe

Stay healthy



This page was last edited at 15:07, on 18 March 2009 by Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel. Based on work by Peter Fitzgerald, Wikitravel user(s) Vidimian, Pashley and Globe-trotter and Anonymous user(s) of Wikitravel.