Abul Manzoor

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Muhammad Abul Manzur
Nickname Manzoor
Born India Comilla, Bengal, British India
Died 2 June 1981(1981-06-02)
Bangladesh Chittagong, Bangladesh
Allegiance  Pakistan
 Bangladesh Forces
Service/branch Pakistan Army
Bangladesh Army
Years of service 1952–1981
Rank Major General
Unit Infantry
Para Commando
Commands held Sector – VIII
Chief of General Staff
24th Division, Chittagong Cantonment
Battles/wars Liberation War of Bangladesh 1971
Awards Bir Uttom
Relations Rana Yasmeen Manzur (Spouse)
Zoheb Manzur
Shafqat Muhammed Manzur
Rubana Manzur
Karishma Manzur

Major General Muhammad Abul Manzur (1940–1981) was a career Bangladeshi army officer who was a war hero being a freedom fighter and Sector Commander of BDF Sector 8 during the Bangladesh Liberation War from Pakistan. He was awarded valor under fire Bir Uttam by the Bangladeshi Government for his bravery in the liberation war. Manzur was appointed as the youngest divisional commander of Bangladesh Army, GOC of Chittagong Cantonment – 24th Infantry Division.


[edit] Early life

General MA Manzur was born at village Gopinathpur under Kasba thana of Comilla district in 1940. His paternal home is at village Kamalpur in Chatkhil thana of Noakhali district. He passed senior Cambridge in 1955 and ISC examination in 1956 from the Sargoda Public School in Punjab. He joined the East Bengal Regiment as a commissioned officer of the then East Pakistan. He attended Staff College in Canada in 1958 where he obtained his PSC. After the war started, at that time Major Manzur was a Brigade Major of a Para Commando Brigade close to the Indian Border. He fled Pakistan on a daring escape with his family and few fellow officers across the border to India. From there, they made their way to Bangladesh and Manzur joined up with fellow officers from East Bengal. He quickly became a prominent officer within the ranks and won many battles in his sector. He commanded Sector – VIII during the Liberation War from September 1971 to victory on December 1971. Known for his tenacity, keen eye for strategy and deep loyalty from his fellow officers and senior NCOs, in 1975 he was promoted to Colonel. In 1974-76, he was posted in New Delhi as Military Attache in the Bangladesh Embassy to India. Upon his return to Dhaka in 1977, he was promoted to Brigadier. In 1980, he was promoted to Major General at the age of 41 and became one of the youngest generals of a front line force in south-east Asia's history.

[edit] Role in assassination of Ziaur Rahman

What acted as a catalyst of the assassination of Zia was the decision of the then Chief of Army Staff General Hussain Muhammad Ershad to transfer General Manzoor to a non-combatant post in Dhaka as Commandant of the Defenece Services Command and Staff College.[1] Manzoor was the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of Chittagong, where most of the freedom fighters were placed under him benefitting from the highest posts.[2] Once the transer order was sent to Manzoor,[2] the coup was launched.

[edit] Capture and death

Although the assassination of President Ziaur Rahman was carried out in Chittagong on 30 May 1981 the Military Coup de Eta failed. General Manzur went on radio to speak to the nation on his side of the facts. Anthony Mascarenhas in his Bangladesh: A Legacy of Blood wrote that he effectively isolated Chittagong from the rest of the country. The then Chief of Army Staff Lieutenant General Hussain Muhammad Ershad[1] quickly ordered to suppress any such action and issued orders to kill as soon as capture. Manzoor attempted to escape, but was ultimately captured and killed on 2 June 1981.[3] Ironically General Hussain Muhammad Ershad himself took over the country in less than a year's time, in the first and actual military coup de tat.

[edit] Trial

No trial has yet been undertaken for his murder.

[edit] Family and legacy

He left behind his wife and four children[4][5] who have all received political asylum in the U.S. A war hero and a sector commander[6] of the Liberation War of Sector 8.

[edit] References

[edit] See also

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