Biomedical Links

Diseases and Disorders
Links pertaining to Male Urogenital Diseases
Alert! Patients looking for guidance among the target sources of this collection of links are strongly advised to review the information retrieved with their professional health care provider.
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Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome - Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease - Balanitis - Bladder Exstrophy - Chancroid - Chlamydia Infections - Cryptorchidism - Cystinuria - Cystitis, Interstitial - Diabetes Insipidus - Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic - Dyspareunia - Epididymitis - Erectile Dysfunction - Fournier Gangrene - Genital Diseases, Male - Genital Neoplasms, Male - Glomerulonephritis - Gonorrhea - Granuloma Inguinale - Hartnup Disease - Hematospermia - Hematuria - Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome - Hermaphroditism - Hydronephrosis - Hyperoxaluria - Hypospadias - Idiopathic Scrotal Calcinosis (not on MeSH) - Infertility - Kallmann Syndrome - Kidney Calculi - Kidney Diseases - Kidney Diseases, Cystic - Kidney Failure, Acute - Kidney Failure, Chronic - Kidney Neoplasms - Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute - Klinefelter Syndrome - Lymphogranuloma Venereum - Male Urogenital Diseases - Medullary Sponge Kidney - Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney - Nephritis, Hereditary - Nephrosis - Nephrotic Syndrome - Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome - Oliguria - Penile Diseases - Penile Induration - Penile Neoplasms - Phimosis - Polycystic Kidney Diseases - Priapism - Prostatic Diseases - Prostatic Neoplasms (Prostate Cancer) - Proteinuria - Pyelonephritis - Renal Artery Obstruction - Renal Osteodystrophy - Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial - Spermatic Cord Torsion - Syphilis - Testicular Diseases - Testicular Neoplasms - Turner Syndrome - Urethral Stricture - Urethritis - Urinary Bladder Diseases - Urinary Bladder Neoplasms - Urinary Retention - Urinary Tract Infections - Urination Disorders - Urologic Diseases - Urologic Neoplasms - Varicocele - Vesico-Ureteral Reflux - Wilms Tumor - Wolfram Syndrome - Zellweger Syndrome -

  Male Urogenital Diseases   
  An Overview of Urogenital Conditions - Univ of Virginia (US)
  Urinary Catheters - MedlinePlus
  Urinary Catheterisation and Catheter Care - NHS, Scotland (UK)
  Management of Short Term Indwelling Urethral Catheters to Prevent UTI - Best Practice, 4/1, 2000
  About the Foley Catheter - eMedicine/Consumer Health

   Genital Diseases, Male   
   Male Genital System Pathology [images; EC Klatt]
   Sex Organ Homologies - Loyola Univ. (US)
   About Male Genital/Rectal Clinical Exam [C Goldberg] - Univ of California/SD (US)
   About Male Genital Diseases (and more) - UroToday (US)
   Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial [links]
   Ed's Lecture Notes on Diseases of the Male Reproductive System [E Friedlander] - (US)
   The American Acad. of Family Physicians Position Paper on Neonatal Circumcision
   Circumcision - KidsHealth
   New study confirms Male Circumcision Reduces the Risk of Sexual Disease - VOA News, Mar 2009
   WHO and UNAIDS announce recommendations from expert consultation on male circumcision for HIV prevention - WHO, Mar 2007
   Circumcision Information & Resource Page [GT Falk]
   Int'l Circumcision Information & Resource Centre - (UK)
   The Circumcision Debate - Dr. George
   Vasectomy: Safe, Simple and Little Used - NY Times, Jun 2008
   Vasectomy reversal for the post-vasectomy pain syndrome: a clinical and histological evaluation [Nangia et al., abstract only] - J Urol, Dec 2000, via PubMed
   Vasectomy Reversal - Brady Urological Inst./J Hopkins
   The Patient's Guide to Vasectomy Reversal [H Fisch] - CPMCNet (US)
   Discussions about Vasectomy issues - MedHelp
   On Vasectomy Reversal - CMRM
   About Andrology - Wikipedia
   Andrology - Andromeda Andrology Center (IN)

    Epididymitis - Mayo Clinic (US)
    Epididymitis [Tubridy and Sinert] - eMedicine
    Digital rectal examination should not be performed in the presence of acute epididymitis [J Dimitrakov] - Prostatitis Foundation

    Fournier Gangrene   
    About Fournier Gangrene [Santora and Rukstalis] - eMedicine

    Genital Neoplasms, Male   
    Images of Tumors of the Male Reproductive Organs - Frontiers in Bioscience

     Penile Neoplasms   
     On Penile Cancer - MD Anderson Cancer Center (US)
     Guidelines on Penile Cancer - European Assoc of Urology, 2004
     Erythroplasia of Queyrat (Bowen Disease of the Glans Penis) [JL Wilde] - eMedicine
     Erythroplasia of Queyrat (Bowen Disease of the Glans Penis, Precancerous /Squamous cell carcinoma/ condition in situ of the glans penis) [images] - dermnet
     Imaging of Penile Neoplasms [Singh et al.] - RadioGraphics, 2005

     Prostatic Neoplasms (Prostate Cancer)   
     Prostate Cancer news etc. - via MedlinePlus, NLM (US)
     Prostate Cancer Topics - HealthTalk Online (UK)
     Prostate Cancer - (US)
     Prostate Cancer Discovery [newsletter]- Brady urological Institute, Johns Hopkins (US)
     Prostate Cancer Foundation
     Prostate Cancer - Wikipedia
     Prostate Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (US)
     XMRV Virus Detected in Prostate Cancer Patients - via EurekAlert, Feb 2006
     virus (XMRV) found in prostate cancer cells - MTB europe, Sep 2009 (UK)
     About Hereditary Prostate Cancer - Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins (US)
     On the Genetics of Prostate Cancer -
     Hereditary Form of Prostate Cancer Linked to Gene on Chromosome 1 - NHGRI/NIH, Jan 2002 (US)
     Questions and Answers about the Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test - NCI (US)
     About Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test - WebMD
     U.S. Cancer Screening Trial Shows No Early Mortality Benefit from Annual Prostate Cancer Screening - NIH News, Mar 2009
     On the Revised ACS Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines, Mar 2010
     Experts Back Away From Annual PSA Test, Apr 2009 - via (US)
     The Partin Tables , 2007 - Brady Urological Institute, Johns Hopkins (US)
     Stages of Prostate Cancer - FDA Consumer Mag., Sep-Oct 1998
     On Sarcosine as a biomarker in urine for aggressive prostate cancer - via C&EN; News, Feb 2009
     Gleason Grading of Prostate Carcinoma , 2004 [Egevad et al.] - Johns Hopkins/Pathology (US)
     Gleason grading of prostate cancer - Bostwick Laboratories
     Gleason Information and Partin Tables - Prostate-Help
     A Prostate Problems Glossary [E Piepmeier]
     NCCN treatment summary (for patients) on Localized Prostate Cancer, and Advanced Prostate Cancer - (US)
     Newly diagnosed with prostate cancer? (prostate cancer support group), and an overview of treatment options
     Immediate Risk for Cardiovascular Events and Suicide Following a Prostate Cancer Diagnosis [Fall et al.] - PLoS, Dec 2009
     malecare: Prostate Cancer and Testicular Cancer - New York (US)
     Prostate Cancer info at the University of Michigan (US)
     Pahol. image of an extreme example of Prostatic Hyperplasia and an Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate Gland - Tulane Univ. (US)
     Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer - NICE (UK)
     What’s new in prostate cancer screening and prevention? [EA Klein] - Cleveland Clin J Med, Aug 2009
     What's your type? (Low risk--High risk) - Prostate Cancer Research Institute
     About Finasteride (Proscar, Propecia, ...) - Wikipedia
     Can pomegranates prevent prostate cancer? - EurekAlert, Sep 2005
     Ultraviolet radiation: effects on risks of prostate cancer and other internal cancers [Moon et al.; abstract only] - Mutat Res, 2005
     Recent PubMed citations related to therapeutic aspects of Prostatic Neoplasms - NLM (US)
     About Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy [video clip] and Laparoscopic Prostatectomy [Walsh et al] - Brady Urological Inst./JHU (US)
     About the (permanent Seed) Brachytherapy Procedure - Radiation Medical Group (US)
     The American Brachytherapy Society
     Sexual Function After Surgery for Prostate or Bladder Cancer [Miranda-Sousa et al.] - Moffitt Cancer Control J., Jul 2006
     About Proton Treatment for Prostate Cancer -
     About High Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy - Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Tulsa (US)
     About Common side effects of Cryosurgery - Prostate Cancer Treatment Guide
     About Abiraterone - Wikipedia
     Novel Agents and Targets in Managing Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer [WW Tan] - Moffit Cancer Control Journal, Jul 2006 (US)
     Virus can attack prostate cancer - CBC News, Mar 2010 (CA)
     Whose Prostate Is It Anyway? - the patient's perspective [Gray and Philbrook] - CMAJ 1999

     Testicular Neoplasms   
     About Testicular Tumors - The Doctor's Doctor (US)
     About Testicular Cancer - Brady Urol Inst (US)
     malecare: Prostate Cancer and Testicular Cancer - New York (US)
     Testicular Cancer Resource Center - via ACOR
     Seminoma (picture, gross) - WebPath, Utah (US)
     Testicular Cancer - MSKCC (US)
     Testicular Cancer - (US)

   See another page

    Penile Diseases   
    Penis Anatomy & Function - PenisResearch.Com
    Zipper Caught on Penis - Royal Children's Hosp.(AU)
    Erythroplasia of Queyrat (Bowen Disease of the Glans Penis) [JL Wilde] - eMedicine
    Brief info about Micropenis - Columbia Univ Med C., Urology (US)
    About Pelvic Pain in Men [Luzzi and O'Leary] - BMJ

     Clinical Features and Management of Recurrent Balanitis [HDL Birley, 1993] and Balanitis and balaposthitis: a review [S Edwards, 1996] - CIRP
     Balanitis [M Leber] - e-Medicine
     Guidelines for the Management of Balanitis - BASHH, 2001 (UK)
     Persistent Penile Patch (Zoon balanitis) [Lane and Johnson] - AAFP, Nov 2008
     Bacterial Balanitis [images] - dermnet
     A case of Balanitis - Diagnosis and Management - Royal Adelaide Hospital (AU)

     Hypospadias: How is it corrected? [R Steele] - iVillage/Parenting
     About Hypospadias - BBCiHealth (UK)
     Hypospadias Surgery: a parent's guide - ISNA (US)
     Surgical Management of Hypospadias - J Buchanan Brady Foundation/Dept of Urology
     On Hypospadias and Epispadias - HEA

     Penile Induration   
     Peyronie's Disease - NIDDK/NIH (US)
     On Dupuytren's disease and Peyronie's disease - Dupuytren Society
     Peyronie's Disease [Fitkin and Ho, Aug 1999] - AAFP
     Penile Curvature - CMRM
     Peyronie's disease - MaleCare, Inc.
     The Surgical Treatment of Peyronie's Disease [Ralph DJ] - European Urology, Aug 2006
     Brief note about the Nesbit plication procedure - Mayo Clinic
     After a Nesbit plication procedure ... [Cavallini and Caracciolo; abstract only] - Asian J Androl, 2008, via PubMed
     About Peyronie Disease - OMIM, NCBI (US)

     Penile Neoplasms   
    See another location

     Paraphimosis: Current Treatment Options [JM Choe] - AAFP Dec 2000
     Pictures of Acquired Phimosis and Paraphimosis - DermIS/Erlangen-Nürnberg (DE)
     Caring For Your Young Son's Uncircumcised Penis - Healthwise. Univ of Michigan (US)
     QaA about 'Inverted' penis - AllExperts, 2008
     Some Qs and As re 'inverted' penis in children - Net Wellness
     Neonatal Circumcision: a position paper - AAFP
     The CIRCLIST Web Site
     Phimosis [R Stuart] - (UK)
     Cost-effective treatment of phimosis [R van Howe] - Pediatrics, Oct 1998
     About some Alternatives to Radical Circumcision and about Non-surgical approach to the treatment of phimosis [Atilla et al] - CIRP
     The peripenic muscle. Some observations on the anatomy of phimosis [G Jefferson] - Surgery, Gynecology, and Obstetrics, 1916
     NORM - Nat'l Organization of Restoring Men (Foreskin) - (US)

     Priapism - WebMD/Cleveland Clinic
     About Priapism - AskAlice
     Priapism [M Carey] - eMedicine
     Sickle Cell Disease and Priapism - Sickle Cell Inf. Center (US)
     Q & A about Priapism and Prozac - The Urology Forum

    Prostatic Diseases   
    International Prostate Symptom Score - PatientUK
    About Benign prostatic hyperplasia - Brady Urol. Inst.
    About Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BHP) - NIDDK/NIH (US)
    Some Questions and Answers about Prostate Health Issues [J Mulhall] - New York Times, Mar 2009
    What is the best medical therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia? [Rich and Safranek] - AAFP, Mar 2008
    Diagnosis and Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia [JL Edwards] - AAFP, May 2008
    The Prostatitis Foundation Web Site
    Chronische Prostatitis Hilfe including a Prostatitis Forum [in German]
    The MTOPS Trial: Two-Drug (Proscar + Cardura) Therapy Is Best For Symptomatic Prostate Enlargement - NIDDK/NIH, Dec 2003 (US)
    About some BPH Treatment Options, including the POSITIVA RF procedure - VidaMed Inc.
    Transurethral Microwave Thermotherapy of the Prostate (TUMT) [Rubenstein and McVary] - eMedicine
    On Surgical Treatments of BHP [D Lee] - URO Today

     Prostatic Neoplasms   
    See another location

    Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological   

    See another page

     Erectile Dysfunction   
     The Truth About Impotence Treatment Claims - FTC 1998 (US)
     About Impotence - NIDDK (US)
     Erectile Dysfunction as a Warning Sign? [RW Griffith] - HealthandAge, Jun 2009
     Evaluation & Treatment of Male Sexual Dysfunction - AACE Clin Pract Guidelines, 2003
     On SSRIs and Sexual Dysfunction - Wikipedia
     On Male Sexual Dysfunction - Sexual Dysfunction Association (UK)
     The History of Viagra - SchoolScience (UK)
     Prescription-free Viagra - RSC, London (UK)
     About Viagra (Sildenafil) - Pfizer, Inc., its chemical structure and about Viagra and Sudden Hearing Loss from FDA (US)
     FDA adds more cautions to Viagra labelling - via USRF
     Treating Impotence (Caverject) - Pharmacia & Upjohn, Inc. (US)

    Sexually Transmitted Diseases   

     Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial   
    See another page
    See another page

     Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Bacterial   
    See another page
    See another page

     See another page

      Chlamydia Infections   
     See another page

       Lymphogranuloma Venereum   
      See another page

     See another page

      Granuloma Inguinale   
     See another page

     See another page

    Spermatic Cord Torsion   
    About the Spermatic cord - Wikipedia
    Testicular Torsion [J Hull]
    About Testicular Torsion, and Bell Clapper Deformity [Rupp and Zwanger] - eMedicine
    Illustration of Testicular torsion - MedlinePlus/ADAM
    Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Scrotum [Galejs and Kass] - Am Family Phys, Feb 1999

    Testicular Diseases   
    Testicle information - Urologie Pagina (NL)
    Normal testis [photo, gross] and a case of Hydrocele of the Testis [image; EC Klatt]
    On Scrotal Masses - Mayo Clinic (US)
    Testicular Masses [Junnila and Lassen] - AAFP 1998
    Brief note about Spermatocele - MayoClinic
    About Scrotal Swellings [JL Probert; PowerPoint] - Bristol Urological Institute (UK)
    About Hydrocele [SE Rudkin] and Spermatocele [Pais and Payton] - eMedicine
    See also under Hernia, Inguinal [links]
    Torsion of the Appendicies and Epididymis [SO Henderson] - eMedicine

     About Undescended Testes in Children - ParentsPlace
     Surgical Management of Undescended Testes - J Buchanan Brady Foundation/Dept of Urology
     Anorchidism Support Group - (UK)

    Idiopathic Scrotal Calcinosis (not on MeSH)
     Yellowish to skin-colored growths in the genital area ... [Gulbakke et al.] - Skin And Aging, Oct 2005
     Scrotal calcinosis: Idiopathic or dystrophic? [Dubey et al.] - DOJ, Feb 2010
     On Scrotal calcinosis: pathogenesis and case report [Hicheri et al.] - Acta Dermatoven, 2006

    About Varicocele - Wikipedia
    About Varicocele [ED Kim] - eMedicine
    About Varicocele - CMRM
    Varicocele information - Cornell (US)

    About Hematospermia (Blood in Semen) [Schiff and Mulhall] - eMedicine
    A Q and A re Hematospermia (blood in semen) - MedHelp/Urology Frum
    Retrospective Study of 107 Patients With Hematospermia [Jinza et al.; brief abstract]- PubMed

   Urogenital Abnormalities   

    Bladder Exstrophy   
    About Bladder Exstrophy repair - MedlinePlus
    The Association for Bladder Exstrophy Children - (US)
    Information on Exstrophy - Epispadias, for patients - Brady Urological Institute/JHU (US)

   See another location

   See another location

    Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney   
    Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney [Wiener and Maloney] - eMedicine
    Multicystic dysplastic kidney disease - The Fetus Net
    About Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney in Children - Children's Hospital Boston (US)

    Nephritis, Hereditary   
    About Hereditary Nephritis, Alport Syndrome - Kidney Urology Foundation
    About Alport Syndrome - EdREN, Edinburgh (UK)
    Alport Syndrome - Genes and Disease, NLM (US)
    Alport Syndrome [R Saxena] - eMedicine
    The Alport Syndrome Foundation - (US)
    in FOCUS [JF Martin's story]
    About Alport Syndrome - Kidney Foundation of Canada

    Sex Differentiation Disorders   

     Gonadal Dysgenesis   

      Turner Syndrome   
     See another page

    See another page

       Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome   
      See another page

     Kallmann Syndrome   
    See another page

     Klinefelter Syndrome   
    See another page

   Urogenital Neoplasms   

    Genital Neoplasms, Male   
   See another location

     Penile Neoplasms   
    See another location

     Prostatic Neoplasms   
    See another location

     Testicular Neoplasms   
    See another location

    Urologic Neoplasms   
   See another page

      Wilms Tumor   
     See another page

     Urinary Bladder Neoplasms   
     Understanding Bladder Cancer - Freeman Hospital, UK 1996
     Bladder Cancer - (US)
     Bladder Cancer [Steinberg and Kim] - eMedicine
     Bladder Cancer: Overview - Urology Channel
     Guidelines for TaT1 Bladder Cancer and Muscle-Invasive and Metastatic Bladder Cancer - Eur Assoc Urology, 2006
     Bladder Cancer - BUPA (UK)
     Bladder Cancer and Smoking - American Cancer Society
     The Bladder Cancer Web Cafe'

   Urologic Diseases   
   About some Urologic Diseases - NIDDK/NIH (US)
   Information on Adult and Pediatric Urologic Conditions - American Urological Association
   About Urological Conditions - eMedicine
   UROlog [Zeijlemaker et al.] - (NL)
   Urogenital Diseases - UroToday (US)
   Some Teaching Material from the Urology Dept., Addenbrooke's Hosp., Univ of Cambridge (UK)
   Brief notes about some Antenatal Urological Conditions - Columbia Univ Med C., Urology (US)
   Urodynamics [D Small] - Glasgow (UK)
   Urologic Management of the Spinal Cord Injured Patient - Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics
   About Urine chemistry (tests) - ADAM, via MedlinePlus
   Urinalysis [EC Klatt]
   On Colorful Urine [Buttaravoli and Stair] - NCEMI
   Brief notes on an Unusual urine smell/odor - Ask Alice, and the Color of Urine - Mayo Clinic
   Changes of Urine Color - WrongDiagnosis
   Metabolic pathways of Urobilins - Boehringer Mannheim GmbH
   Urologische Nachrichten Online [in German; registrierung notwendig] - (DE)

    Kidney Diseases   
    Kidney Physiology - JW Kimball's Biology Pages
    Renal Pathology Tutorial [Jenette and Maddux]
    A Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease - SIGN 2008 (UK)
    A Renal Physiology Tutorial Web Site - Kuwait Univ.
    Microalbumin test - Lab Tests Online
    Renal Function Assessment: Review for the Family Practitioner [T Keough-Ryan]
    About Horseshoe Kidney [A Irshad] - eMedicine
    About some Kidney Diseases - NIDDK/NIH (US)
    Hyperparathyroidism in Chronic Kidney Disease [TB Drueke]
    Atlas of Diseases of the Kidney [ed. RW Schrier]
    World Kidney Day, March 11, 2010
    American Assoc. of Kidney Patients
    A Kidney Patient Guide - (UK)
    The Nephron Information Center [SZ Fadem]
    RenalWeb .com
    The Nephrology Channel
    A collection of Patient Fact sheets, etc. from the Australian Kidney Foundation
    Renal Pathology Images [EC Klatt]
    Kidney function tests - Medline Plus
    On Control of Glomerular Filtration Rate - Univ of Copenhagen (DK)
    GRF (glomerular filtration rate) Calculators - NKDEP/NIH (US)
    About the Creatinine test - Lab Tests Online
    About Renal function - Wikipedia, on how to Calculate Creatinine Clearance - FPNotebook, and an online Creatinine Clearance Calculator - Univ of Iowa (US)
    About Nephroptosis (Floating Kidney) - Wikipedia, and some more info - WiseGeek
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation Online (archive) - Oxford Univ Press (UK)
    Living With Only One Kidney - Congressional Kidney Caucus, and Clinical Practice Guidelines for Peritoneal Dialysis Adequacy - Nat'l Kidney Foundation (US)
    Treatment methods for Kidney Failure: Hemodialysis , and Peritoneal dialysis - NIDDK (US)
    The Int'l Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
    Hypertension, Dialysis and Clinical Nephrology [abstracts, review articles, etc.] - (US)
    Apoptosis in Renal Diseases [Ortiz et al] - Frontiers in Bioscience

     Diabetes Insipidus   
    See another page

      Diabetes Insipidus, Nephrogenic   
      The Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Foundation
      Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus - GeneReviews
      Lithium nephrotoxicity revisited [Grunfeld and Rossier] - Nature, May 2009
      Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus Foundation, X-linked - OMIM

      Wolfram Syndrome   
     See another page

     About Unilateral and Bilateral Hydronephrosis - Adam, via MedlinePlus
     About Hydronephrosis - Dr Greene
     Hydronephrosis - Wikipedia
     Image of a Hydronephrotic Kidney - PathGuy

     About Hyperoxaluria (excessive urinary oxalate) [B Shekarriz] - eMedicine
     The Oxalosis and Hyperoxaluria Foundation - (US)
     Treatment of Hyperoxaluria and Oxalosis at Mayo Clinic (US)

     Kidney Diseases, Cystic   
     About Kidney Cysts - UK National Kidney Federation
     Kidney Cysts - Assoc Urologists Orange County
     A Practical Approach to the Cystic Renal Mass [Hartman et al.] - RSNA, 2004
     On Removal of Kidney Cysts - Cedars-Sinai/Minimally Invase Urology Inst. (US)

      Medullary Sponge Kidney   
      Medullary Sponge Kidney [Khan and Chandramohan] - emedicine
      Some Qs and As about Medullary Sponge Kidney - MedHelp
      Recurrent pyelonephritis as a sign of ‘sponge kidney’ [Chu et al.] - Cleveland Clin J Med, Aug 2009
      Medullary Sponge Kidney, Pediatrics [H Tractman] - eMedicine

      Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney   
     See another location

      Polycystic Kidney Diseases   
      Polycystic Kidney Disease: An Unrecognized Emerging Infectious Disease? [Miller-Hjelle et al], 1997 - EID/CDC (US)
      Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease [pathol., gross] - WebPath, Univ. of Utah (US)
      Polycystic Kidney Disease - EdREN (UK)
      About Polycystic Kidneys - OMIM, NCBI (US)
      Polycystic Kidney Research Foundation - (US)

     Kidney Neoplasms   
     Kidney Cancer - NCI (US)
     About Kidney Cancer from the US Kidney Cancer Association
     Information from the California Kidney Cancer Center - (US)
     About Clinical Guidelines for Kidney Cancer updated - via Science Daily, Mar 2009
     About Renal cell carcinoma - Wikipedia
     Renal Cell Carcinoma [Sachdeva and Makhout] - eMedicine
     Management of Locally Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma [Rodriguez and Wade] - Cancer Control J., Jul 2006, Moffitt Cancer Center (US)
     About the Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome

      Wilms Tumor   
     See another page


      About Glomerular Diseases and Nephropathy, IgA - NIDDK/NIH
      Pathol. notes about Bergers Glomerulonephritis (IgA Nephropathy, Berger Disease) - Univ of Connecticut/Pathol.
      About the Major symptoms of IgA Nephropathy from the IgA Nephropathy Support Network
      New insights into the natural history of IgA nephropathy in adults [CC Geddes] - CIN'2003 (IT)
      About Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis I - MedlinePlus/ADAM, and Rapidly progressive (crescentic) glomerulonephritis [Lohr and Owens] - eMedicine
      About Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis [L Travis] - eMedicine
      On Glomerulonephritis and Chronic Renal Failure: the Crucial Role of Chemical Exposure [U Ravnskov]
      A brief note about Bright's Disease - Who Named It?, and on the Work by Richard Bright - Vanderbilt Univ.
      Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis Type I and Type II - PathWeb, U of Connecticut

       Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease   
       Goodpasture's Syndrome - EdREN (UK)
       Hemoptysis and Anemia in a 12-Year Old [CT Nakamura] - U of Hawaii (US)
       About Pulmonary-Renal Syndrome - Merck
       Goodpasture Syndrome - OMIM (US)

      Nephritis, Hereditary   
     See another location

      Nephritis, Interstitial   

       About Pyelonephritis - Wikipedia
       About Acute Pyelonephritis [Shoff and Green-McKenzie] and Chronic Pyelonephritis [Gowda and Nzerue] - eMedicine
       Xanthogranolomatous Pyelonephritis , brief synopsis


      See another location


      Kidney Calculi   
      About Kidney Stones in Adults - NIDDK/NIH (US)
      Stone disease - Emeory HealthCare/Urology
      About Kidney Stones - BUPA (UK)
      Kidney Stone Information from the Midwest Stone Institute (US)
      On Kidney Stones - Urology Channel (US)
      Harnsteine [in German] - Univ Erlangen (DE)
      Revolutionizing the Way We Treat Kidney Stones [SW Leslie] , and some sample info from the Kidney Stones Handbook by [Savitz and Leslie]
      Contemporary management of renal calculus disease [Downey and Tolley; Oct 2002] - J College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (UK)
      Treatment of Kidney Stones - Mayo Clinic
      Brief description of How Lithotripsy Work - Global Lithotripsy Services
      About the Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy - Wikipedia
      Minimally Invasive Stone Surgery - Univ of Wisconsin (US)
      LC Herring & Co's Kidney Stone Analysis Laboratory with some photos

     About Nephrosis - Children's Memorial Hosp
     About Nephrotic Syndrome , and Minimal Change Disease - Adam, via MedlinePlus
     Minimal Change Disease - Wikipedia
     Minimal Change Disease [microscopic image; EC Klatt]
     Micro image of Minimal Change Disease - PathWeb, U of Connecticut

      Nephrotic Syndrome   
      On Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome and Minimal Change Disease - NIDDK (US)
      Nephrotic Syndrome - NeuroChannel
      About nephrotic syndrome - Merck Manual, 7th ed.
      Nephrotic Syndrome - EdREN (UK)
      About Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome, and Nephrotic Syndrome - National Kidney Foundation (US)

     Renal Artery Obstruction   
     About Renal Artery Stenosis and Renal Vascular Hypertension - Nephrology Channel
     Renal Artery Stenosis [McLaughlin et al.] - BMJ, Apr 2000

     Renal Insufficiency   

      Kidney Failure   

       Kidney Failure, Acute   
       About Acute Renal Failure - Adam, via MedlinePlus
       On Renal Failure - Critical Care Medicine Tutorials/GasWorks
       Acute kidney injury (Acute renal failure) - Wikipedia
       Management of Acute Renal Failure [E Needham] - AAFP, Nov 2005
       Acute Renal Failure - Nephrology Channel

        Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute   
        About Acute Tubular Necrosis - Nephrology Channel

       Kidney Failure, Chronic   
       The End Stage Renal Disease Network of Texas (US)
       Renal Bone Disease (renal osteodystrophy) Prevention and Management - RenalWeb
       Chronic kidney disease - Wikipedia
       See also Renal dialysis [links]

      Renal Insufficiency, Acute   

       Kidney Failure, Acute   
      See another location

        Kidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute   
       See another location

      Renal Insufficiency, Chronic   

       Kidney Failure, Chronic   
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     Renal Osteodystrophy   
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     Renal Tubular Transport, Inborn Errors   

      Oculocerebrorenal Syndrome   
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      Renal Aminoacidurias   

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       Hartnup Disease   
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      Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome   
      Hamburger Disease (E Coli infection) & Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome - CPKDRC (CA)
      On Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome [M Bailey] - Just the Berries, 2001 (CA)
      Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome: An Emerging Health Risk [S Razzaq] - AAFP, Sep 2006
      A case of Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome - Univ of Pittsburgh/Pathol. (US)
      Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome from Escherichia coli O48:H21 - EID 1/4, 1995
      About Blood in Urine - MedHelp Forum

     Zellweger Syndrome   
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    Urethral Diseases   

     Urethral Obstruction   

      Urethral Stricture   
      Urethral Strictures - Marin Urology
      About Urethral Stricture Disease - Center for Reconstructive Urology
      About the Urolume Endoprosthesis (Stent) - AMS, for the treatment of Urethral Stricture - Adam, via MedlinePlus
      On Urethral Strictures and Prostatitis - The Prostatitis Foundation

     Urethritis [MK Terris] - eMedicine
     Urethritis in Men - eMedicineHealth
     Urethritis, Non-specific Urethritis (NSU) and Urethral Irritation - Royal Adelaide Hospital (AU)
     Mycoplasma genetalium Reference Work - HPA (UK)
     Non-gonococcal Urethritis - Illinois Dept Publ Health (US)

    Urinary Bladder Diseases   
    About the Bladder and some of its problems - UROlog (NL)
    Spinal Cord Injury and Bladder Management -
    Neurogenic Bladder Dysfunction - Dr. Rose's Peripheral Brain
    Lower abdominal pain in women after binge drinking (bladder rupture) - BMJ, Nov 2007
    The Association for Bladder Extrophy Childern

     Bladder Exstrophy   
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      Cystitis, Interstitial   
      About Interstitial Cystitis - NIDDK/NIH (US)
      Cystitis and PMS [A Nathan] - Chemist and Druggist (UK)
      Diagnosis and Management of of Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome - ARHP 2008 (US)
      On Recurrent Cystitis in Nonpregnant Women [A Sen] - AAFP, Mar 2009
      Interstitial Cystitis - Women's Health Channel
      The Interstitial Cystitis Association
      The Cystitis and Overactive Bladder Foundation - (UK)
      Interstitial Cystitis info from Alza Pharmaceuticals

     Urinary Bladder Neoplasms   
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     Vesico-Ureteral Reflux   
     Some Qs and As regarding Vesico Ureteral Reflux - Pediatric Oncall, and about a case of Grade IV Vesico Ureteral Reflux - Dr Warren
     About Ureteral re-implantation - Institute of Child Health (UK)
     About Vesicoureteral Reflux [M Cendron] - eMedicine
     A case of Bilateral Vesicoureteral Reflux, Grade IV [cysto-urethrographic images] - Iconocerf/Rennes (FR)
     On Vesicoureteral Reflux Treatment by Endoscopic Injection of Teflon - Aetna US Healthcare
     Endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux: 11 to 17 years of followup. [Chertin et al., abstract only] - J Urol, Mar 2002, via PubMed
     Complicaciones del tratamiento endoscopico del reflujo vesicoureteral en la infancia [Serrano Durba et al.; in Spanish] - Actas Urologicas Espanolas, Feb 2006

    Urinary Tract Infections   
    The Microbiology of the GenitoUrinary System [ed. S Baron] - via NLM (US)
    Understanding Urinary Tract Infections (Adults) - NIDDK/NIH (US)
    On Recurrent Lower Urinary Tract Infections in Women [updated 2008] - US National Guideline Clearinghouse
    Prevention of Nosocomial Urinary Tract Infections [S Saint] - Univ of Michigan/School of Medicine, 2001
    Urinary Tract Infections in Adults [Orenstein and Wong] and in Children [Ahmed and Swedlund] - AAFP
    On Urinary Tract Infections (in Children) [VN Reddy]
    Urinary Tract Infections in Children: Why They Occur and How to Prevent Them [S Hellerstein] - AAFP
    Practice Guidelines for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Acute BacterialCystitis and Acute Pyelonephritis in Women - Infect Dis Soc America, 1999
    Guidelines for the Prevention of Catheter-Related Infections - IDSA, 2002 (US)

    Urination Disorders   
    Let's Talk About Bladder Control For Women - NIDDK/NIH (US)
    Diagnostic Evaluation of Urinary Incontinence in Geriatric Patients [BD Weiss] - Am Family Phys, Jun 1998
    Notes on External and Indwelling Catheters - WOCN
    Neuromodulazione Sacrale (Incontinenza Urinaria e/o Fecale) [in Italian] - G.I.N.S (IT)
    Causes and Natural History of Bladder Control Problems -
    Non-surgical Treatment of Female Urinary Incontinence [H. Sandvik] - Univ. of Bergen (NO)
    About Enuresis (bedwetting) - National Kidney Foundation (US)
    About Urinary Incontinence in Children - NIDDK (US)
    On Bladder Disorders in Children - SeekWellness
    Evaluation of Dysuria in Men [pain on urinating] - AAFP (US)

     Hematuria - UrologyChannel
     A case of the Nutcracker syndrome - NYU School of Med./Radiology (US)
     Nutcracker syndrome and left unilateral haematuria [Chang et al.] - Images in Nephrology. 2005
     Asymptomatic Microscopic Hematuria in Adults - American Family Physician

     About Oliguria [P Neligan] - Critical Care Medicine Tutorials/GasWorks
     Oliguria [P Devarajan] - eMedicine

     On Proteinuria and Microalbuminuria - Nephology Channel
     Proteinuria - Lab Tests Online
     About Asymptomatic Proteinuria , and How to manage it - EdREN (UK)
     Major urinary proteins - Wikipedia

     Urinary Retention   
     Acute Urinary Retention - Urology Channel
     About Inability to Urinate [SM Gaynes] - eMedicine



      Kidney Calculi   
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     Urinary Calculi   

      Kidney Calculi   
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