After World War II, the Allied powers divided Germany into four occupation zones. In 1949, the country became separate nations - the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the German Democratic Republic (GDR), known as West and East Germany, respectively.
In a dramatic turn of events in the late 1980s, the Soviet stranglehold on Eastern Europe was loosened. The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 symbolized this new world order. Germany was reunified into one nation on October 3, 1990.
*See Medals for East and West Germany all-time medal records
Very busy day. Michael Phelps goes for gold number 6. Track and field begins with several Washington athletes competing. There's the women's gymnastics all-around plus quarterfinal action in women's soccer.