The P-14
Caliber .303 British
The P-14
P-14 History
Holt Bodison Article
P-14 Variants
The P-14T Sniper Rifle
Disassembly

 

The P-14

The following images, courtesy of Lewis Maynard, are of a Remington model P14 sporting the "Fat Boy" fore end stock. The other fore end style was similar to the '03 Springfield and had a finger groove cut into it.

The Receiver

Seen here in the picture above and below: is the Mauser type reinforcing screw below the barrel breech, the right hand side safety and the unique bolt handle curve. The action was based on the Mauser design, which placed the bolt handle even with the trigger, unlike the SMLE which was behind the trigger. British rifle training included the manipulation of the bolt using the thumb and fore finger, firing the trigger was actually done with the middle finger. This allowed the British soldier to cycle the bolt quite fast (the "Mad Minute" firing). Had the bolt handle remained even with the trigger, this firing technique would have been impossible. So it was shaped back to provide the same "feel" as the SMLE. Despite being designed with the Mauser type action with front locking lugs, the P14 maintained the Lee-Enfield type "cock-on-closing" bolt. This again, provided the rifle with the same feel, speed and physical effort when cycling the bolt. Though it seems the designers attempted to keep a lot of the Lee-Enfield functioning features, lost was the 10 round magazine capacity, opting to go with the 5 round internal magazine instead. I guess that was the industry standard of the time, just seems odd to introduce a "new" rifle which actually offers less sustained fire capability than the one it is supposed to be replacing.

Seen here, the left hand side of the receiver, noting again the stock reinforcing screw, also visible is the Mauser type bolt removal lever. Additionally, the rear, receiver mounted sight and just above the bolt removal lever the long range volley sight iris.

This image shows the top of the action with the rear aperture and volley sights folded down.

The sights

Above and close-up below, is the rear receiver mounted aperture sights that was specified in the design specs by the British War Office. The sight included a "Main Battle Sight" that was of a fixed range and was ready to use when the sights were in the down or stored/protected position. Secondary to the MBS was a flip-up variable range aperture that could be adjusted in 100 yard increments. The rear sight also incorporated large "ears" on either side, this was designed to protect the sight from damage.
Notice also the long range "volley sight" iris. Battle tactics of the day still called for long range "harassing" fire and thus the P14 was also equipped with the Volley sights. I wasn't until after original production, that the volley fire tactic was rendered obsolete and the sights were ordered removed as part of a mod order.
While on the topic of sights, it should be noted that the P14 was and is a very accurate rifle. During WW1 many of the Winchester P14's were selected as sniper rifles, fitted with precision iron sights and as technical advancements allowed scopes.
 
 

The Volley Sight front pointer and dial.

Several things can clearly be seen in these images, namely: the front blade sight complete with it's protective ears, the bayonet boss milled to the nose cap in the Mauser fashion and also the piling swivel. Still part of the training doctrine was piling arms, in order to stack or pile a sections rifles into a tee pee sort of shape, three rifles were hooked together and the remaining one leaned onto them. This drill soon proved to be out dated as the ever increasing pace of the battlefield just didn't allow for the time it took to untangle your rifle in order to defend against attack.

Pictured is the top and bottom view of the nose cap and barrel. Clearly seen again, is the piling swivel and bayonet boss. The top of the barrel is actually round, in the picture lighting gives the optical illusion that it appears flat.
 
 

The Bayonet

The P14 used the Pattern 1913 or P13 bayonet. Visually identical to the SMLE P07 bayonet and thus, easily mistaken for the P07, it was not however, interchangeable. The locking socket and barrel ring were dimensionally different. In order to separate the two at a glance, the P13 bayonet had 2 grooves cut into the wooden handles.

P14 Markings

The image says it all....