is known for "Bristol Blue" glass, although little of it
was made in the city! Its potting tradition is less well known,
but in the early 18th century it was second only to London in its
production of decorative ware.
Production of delftware
began at Brislington around 1652. The first pottery in the city
started in 1683, at Temple Backs. In the early 18th century
production spread to Limekiln Lane and Redcliff Back, and there were
also a number of smaller potteries. Millions of pieces of
delftware were made in Bristol - production on an industrial
scale. Some of the best Bristol pieces are landscapes and those
with the bianco-sopra-bianco border. By 1777 only Temple Backs
remained, as delftware was made obsolete by the more durable
Staffordshire creamware. Temple Backs changed to creamware
production and later became known as Pountneys,
due to ownership by J D Pountney (1813-1852). In 1905 T B
Johnston moved the business to the modern pottery at Fishponds, where
it continued until 1969.
Much has been written about Bristol
porcelain, but in reality it was the least
successful of Bristol's potting traditions. Benjamin Lund
made soft-paste porcelain from 1749 to 1752, but the secret was taken
over by Worcester, where it was developed into the finest of English
porcelain. William Cookworthy tried to make hard-paste
porcelain at Plymouth in 1768. He transferred the business to
Bristol in 1770 and Richard Champion took over four years later.
Although Champion was able to make some fine wares, personal
financial problems forced the factory to close in 1781.
Utilitarian wares were also made in Bristol. Stoneware
was produced from the late 17th century until 1940. During the
19th century William Powell developed an improved stoneware
glaze. Powell and with another firm, Price, were major makers
of stoneware bottles. Clay
pipes, for smoking tobacco, were made from
at least 1617 until 1921. There were also chimney pots, flower
pots, sanitary wares, and items too numerous to mention!
Email me at the following address - web
enquiry at kalendar.demon.co.uk.
When using this as an address ignore the spaces and replace the word
"at" with the appropriate symbol. Emails to any other
address may be rejected. I may be able to indentify any pieces
of Bristol made ceramics, but I shall need clear photos, including
those of any maker's marks, plus the dimension of the
item. I cannot provide valuations.