U.S. Department of Commerce

Population Estimates

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Population and Housing Unit Estimates

The Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program (PEP) produces estimates of the population for the United States, its states, counties, cities, and towns, as well as for the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and its municipios. Demographic components of population change (births, deaths, and migration) are produced at the national, state, and county levels of geography. Additionally, housing unit estimates are produced for the nation, states, and counties.

These estimates are used in federal funding allocations, as survey controls, as denominators for vital rates and per capita time series, and as indicators of recent demographic changes. With each new release of annual estimates, the entire time series of estimates is revised for all years back to the last census. All previously published estimates are superseded and archived. See the Schedule of Releases for more information.

Latest Releases

The latest estimates for cities and towns (incorporated places and minor civil divisions) - for July 1, 2011 - were released June 28, 2012.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau | Population Estimates |  Last Revised: August 22, 2012