STREETS AND HIGHWAYS CODE
250. It is hereby declared to be essential to the future
development of the State of California to establish and construct a
statewide system of freeways and expressways and connections thereto
without regard to present jurisdiction over the highways, roads, and
streets that might be included. It is the intent, further, that the
California Freeway and Expressway System be completed with provision
for control of access to the extent necessary to preserve the value
and utility of the facilities to be constructed.
251. It is further declared to be essential to the future
development of the State of California that the deficiencies on the
State Highway System not a part of the California Freeway and
Expressway System and deficiencies on connections to the State
Highway System be corrected simultaneously with the highways in the
California Freeway and Expressway System in proportion to the
relative deficiencies and the needs of traffic service.
252. The Legislature recognizes that the dynamic growth of this
State will require periodic review of the California Freeway and
Expressway System. The Legislature recognizes further that all
highway planning and construction work should be correlated with a
plan to provide a comprehensive system of access-controlled freeways
and expressways throughout the State, and that the California Freeway
and Expressway System established by this article has been selected
and developed as a result of scientific studies by all levels of
government in the State of California.
253. The California Freeway and Expressway System is hereby
established and shall be composed of the highways specified in this
253.1. The California freeway and expressway system shall include:
Routes 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 14, 15, 18, 24, 28, 32, 34, 37, 40, 44,
47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 65, 67, 68,
70, 71, 73, 74, 78, 80, 81, 83, 85, 87, 88, 89, 90, 93, 97, 100, 102,
103, 105, 107, 108, 118, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 134, 136, 139,
140, 145, 148, 149, 154, 156, 161, 163, 164, 179, 181, 183, 184, 199,
205, 210, 215, 217, 221, 223, 230, 232, 234, 235, 237, 238, 239,
241, 242, 247, 249, 251, 257, 258, 259, 261, 280, 330, 371, 380, 405,
505, 580, 605, 680, 710, 780, 805, 880, and 980 in their entirety.
253.2. The California freeway and expressway system shall also
Route 1 from:
(a) Los Angeles-Ventura county line to Route 101 near El Rio.
(b) Route 101 near Las Cruces to Route 227 south of Oceano.
(c) Route 101 near San Luis Obispo to San Simeon.
(d) The north limits of Carmel to the west city limits of Santa
(e) The Higgins-Purisima Road to Route 280 south of San Francisco.
(f) Route 280 to the San Francisco county line.
(g) Route 101 near the southerly end of Marin Peninsula to the
vicinity of Valley Ford.
(h) Route 128 near the mouth of the Navarro River to Route 101
Route 2 from Glendale Boulevard in Los Angeles County to Route
Route 3 from Route 299 near Weaverville to Route 5 near Yreka.
Route 4 from:
(a) Route 80 in Hercules to Route 99 near Stockton.
(b) Route 99 near Stockton to Route 65.
Route 12 from:
(a) Route 1 near Valley Ford to Route 101 at Santa Rosa.
(b) Route 101 near Santa Rosa to Melita Road near Santa Rosa.
(c) Route 29 in the vicinity of Napa to Route 80 near Cordelia.
(d) Route 80 near Fairfield to Route 99 near Lodi via Rio Vista.
(e) Route 99 near Lodi to Route 88 near Lockeford.
(f) Route 88 near Clements to Route 49 near San Andreas.
Route 13 from:
(a) Route 61 near the Oakland International Airport to Route 24.
(b) Route 80 to Route 61 near Emeryville.
Route 16 from:
(a) Route 505 to Route 5 near Woodland.
(b) Route 50 near Perkins to Route 49 near Drytown.
Route 17 from:
(a) Route 1 near Santa Cruz to Granite Creek Road near Scott's
(b) The south city limits of Los Gatos to Route 280 in San Jose.
Route 20 from Route 101 to Route 80 near Emigrant Gap.
253.3. The California freeway and expressway system shall also
Route 22 from:
(a) Studebaker Road in Long Beach to Route 405.
(b) Route 405 to Route 55 near Orange.
Route 23 from:
(a) Route 101 in Thousand Oaks to Route 118.
(b) Route 118 to Route 126 near Fillmore.
Route 25 from:
(a) Route 180 near Paicines to Route 156 in Hollister.
(b) Route 156 in Hollister to Route 101 near Gilroy.
Route 26 from Route 99 near Stockton to Route 12.
Route 29 from:
(a) Route 80 near Vallejo to Oak Knoll Avenue north of the City of
(b) The Napa-Lake county line to Route 20.
Route 33 from:
(a) Route 101 near Ventura to Route 150.
(b) Route 150 to Route 166 near Maricopa.
(c) Route 152 west of Los Banos to Route 5 near Santa Nella.
Route 35 from Route 280 to Route 1 near Daly City.
Route 36 from Route 5 at Red Bluff to Route 395.
Route 38 from Route 10 near Redlands to Route 18 near Baldwin
Route 39 from Route 5 to Route 210.
Route 41 from:
(a) Route 1 near Morro Bay to Route 101 near Atascadero.
(b) Route 46 to Route 99 near Fresno.
(c) Route 99 near Fresno to Route 180.
(d) Route 180 to Yosemite National Park.
Route 43 from Route 5 to Route 99 near Selma.
Route 45 from Route 20 near Colusa to Route 32 near Hamilton City.
253.4. The California freeway and expressway system shall also
Route 46 from Route 101 in San Luis Obispo County to Route 99 near
Route 49 from:
(a) Route 41 near Oakhurst to Route 140 at Mariposa.
(b) Route 108 south of Jamestown to Route 108 near Sonora.
(c) Route 88 near Jackson to Route 50 near Placerville.
(d) Route 80 near Auburn to Route 20 in Grass Valley.
(e) Route 20 at Nevada City to Route 89 near Sattley.
(f) Route 89 near Sierraville to Route 70 near Vinton.
Route 58 from:
(a) Route 5 to Route 43.
(b) Route 43 to Route 99.
(c) Route 99 near Bakersfield to Route 15 near Barstow.
Route 62 from Route 10 near Whitewater to Route 247 near Yucca
Route 76 from Route 5 near Oceanside to Route 15.
Route 77 from Route 93 westerly of Moraga to Route 24 near
253.5. The California freeway and expressway system also includes:
Route 79 from:
(a) Route 8 near Descanso to Route 78.
(b) Route 371 near Aguanga to Route 15 near Temecula.
(c) Route 15 near Temecula to Route 74 near Hemet.
(d) Route 74 near Hemet to Route 10 near Beaumont.
Route 84 from:
(a) The westerly approach to the Dumbarton Bridge to Route 880.
(b) Route 880 to Route 238.
(c) Route 680 near Scotts Corners to Route 580 in Livermore.
(d) Route 580 in Livermore to Route 4 near Brentwood.
(e) Route 12 at Rio Vista to Route 50 near Broderick.
Route 86 from Route 78 near Brawley to Route 10 in Indio.
Route 91 from Route 405 to Route 215 near Riverside.
Route 92 from:
(a) Route 1 near Half Moon Bay to Route 280.
(b) Route 280 to Route 238.
Route 94 from Route 5 near San Diego to 0.3 miles east of
Route 95 from Route 10 near Blythe to Route 40 near Needles.
Route 99 from:
(a) Route 5 south of Bakersfield to Route 50 in Sacramento.
(b) Route 5 in Sacramento to Route 36 near Red Bluff.
Route 101 from:
(a) Route 5 near Seventh Street in Los Angeles to near Fell Street
in San Francisco.
(b) A point in Marin County opposite San Francisco to the Oregon
state line north of Crescent City.
Route 110 from Route 47 to Colorado Boulevard in Pasadena.
253.6. The California freeway and expressway system shall also
Route 111 from:
(a) The international boundary south of Calexico to Route 78 near
Brawley passing east of Heber.
(b) Route 78 near Brawley to Route 86 near Mecca via the north
shore of the Salton Sea.
(c) San Rafael Drive in Palm Springs to Route 10 near Whitewater.
Route 113 from Route 80 near Davis to Route 99 near Tudor.
Route 116 from:
(a) Route 181 near Forestville to Route 101 near Cotati.
(b) Route 101 near Petaluma to Route 121 near Schellville.
Route 120 from:
(a) Route 5 near Mossdale to the west boundary of Yosemite
(b) The east boundary of Yosemite National Park to Route 395 near
Route 127 from Route 15 near Baker to Route 190 near Death Valley
Route 128 from:
(a) The mouth of the Navarro River to Route 101 near Cloverdale.
(b) Route 101 to Route 29 at Calistoga.
(c) Route 121 to Route 113 near Davis.
Route 132 from:
(a) Route 580 west of Vernalis to Route 99 at Modesto.
(b) Route 99 to Route 65.
253.7. The California freeway and expressway system shall also
Route 133 from Route 73 to Route 241.
Route 137 from Route 99 near Tulare to Route 65 near Lindsay.
Route 138 from Route 5 near Gorman to Route 15 near Cajon Pass.
Route 142 from Route 71 near Chino to Route 210 near Upland.
Route 152 from Route 101 to Route 65 near Sharon via Pacheco Pass.
Route 160 from:
(a) Route 4 near Antioch to Route 12 near Rio Vista.
(b) Sacramento to Route 51.
Route 166 from:
(a) Route 101 near Santa Maria to Route 33 in Cuyama Valley.
(b) Route 33 near Maricopa to Route 5.
Route 168 from Fresno to Huntington Lake.
Route 170 from:
(a) Los Angeles International Airport to Route 90.
(b) Route 101 near Riverside Drive to Route 5 near Tujunga Wash.
Route 178 from:
(a) Bakersfield to Route 14 near Freeman.
(b) Route 14 near Freeman to the vicinity of the San Bernardino
Route 180 from:
(a) Route 25 near Paicines to Route 5.
(b) Route 5 to Route 99 passing near Mendota.
(c) Route 99 near Fresno to General Grant Grove section of Kings
Canyon National Park.
Route 190 from Route 136 near Keeler to Route 127 near Death
Route 193 from Route 65 near Lincoln to Route 80 near Newcastle.
Route 198 from Route 5 near Oilfields to the Sequoia National Park
253.8. The California freeway and expressway system shall also
Route 227 from Route 1 south of Oceano to Route 101 near Arroyo
Route 244 from Route 80 to Auburn Boulevard.
Route 299 fromRoute 101 near Arcata to Route 395 at Alturas.
Route 395 from:
(a) Route 15 near Cajon Pass to the Nevada state line.
(b) Nevada state line northwest of Reno to Route 36 near
(c) Route 36 near Termo to the Oregon state line.
Route 905 from Route 5 near the south end of San Diego Bay to the
international boundary southerly of Brown Field.
254. As specific locations are determined by the commission for
portions of state highways included in the California freeway and
expressway system, the commission shall designate the particular
portion as a part of the California freeway and expressway system and
the planning and design of such highways shall include provision for
such access control as the department and the commission determine
essential to protect the investment of any improvements made and to
permit the ultimate development of a full freeway or an expressway
when traffic and other conditions require. Such declaration by the
commission shall have the effect of declaring the particular portion
affected a freeway within the meaning of Section 100.2.
255. Nothing contained in this article shall prevent the
department, either by acquisition or by condemnation, from
terminating easements of access to any state highway not in the
California Freeway and Expressway System, provided that such action
by the department shall not have the effect of including the highway
in the California Freeway and Expressway System.
256.1. Prior to recommending to the Legislature the deletion of a
highway, or a portion thereof, from the state highway system, the
commission or the department shall hold a public hearing on, and
shall give written notices to the legislative bodies of the cities
and counties located in the affected area of, the proposed
recommendation, and shall publish notice of the public hearing in a
newspaper of general circulation in the areas affected by the
proposed deletion. The commission or the department may, at its own
option, because of controversy or lack of local consensus, hold the
hearing at a location which is reasonably convenient to the
communities affected by the proposed deletion, to the general public,
and to the commission or the department in the discharge of its
257. For the purpose of this article only, and to distinguish
between the terms "freeway" and "expressway," the word "freeway"
shall mean a divided arterial highway for through traffic with full
control of access and with grade separations at intersections, while
the word "expressway" shall mean an arterial highway for through
traffic which may have partial control of access, but which may or
may not be divided or have grade separations at intersections.