HIGHWAY SAFETY RESEARCH & COMMUNICATIONS

Rollover evaluations

Midsize moderately priced cars

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To measure roof strength, a metal plate is pushed against one corner of a vehicle's roof at a constant speed. The maximum force sustained by the roof before 5 inches of crush is compared to the vehicle's weight to find the strength-to-weight ratio. This is a good assessment of vehicle structural protection in rollover crashes.

Each model is rated based on our measured curb weight of a vehicle with typical engine, transmission, and equipment options. However, when the same model is available in a configuration over 10% heavier than the typically equipped vehicle, a separate rating is assigned.

More about how we rate vehicle roof strength

Good Good   Acceptable Acceptable   Marginal Marginal   Poor Poor   |   Vehicles are listed in order of performance


Model Overall rating Curb weight (lb) Peak force (lb) Strength-to-weight ratio
Volkswagen Passat
2012-13 models
Good 3,256 20,592 6.32
Volkswagen Jetta sedan
2011-13 models
Good 2,963 15,859 5.35
Toyota Camry
2007-11 models
Good 3,315 17,588 5.31
Chevrolet Malibu
2013 models
Good 3,583 18,721 5.22
Volkswagen Jetta SportWagen
2009-13 models
Good 3,234 16,594 5.13
Kia Optima
2011-13 models
Good 3,264 16,720 5.12
Buick Verano
2012-13 models
Good 3,143 15,944 5.07
Rating applies to both the Chevrolet Cruze (tested) and the structurally similar Buick Verano.
Volkswagen Jetta sedan
2005-10 models built after November 2004
Good 3,158 15,867 5.02
Honda Accord
2012 models
Good 3,260 16,269 4.99
Subaru Legacy
2010-13 models
Good 3,373 16,693 4.95
Hyundai Sonata
2011-13 models
Good 3,215 15,736 4.89
Volkswagen Passat
2006-10 models
Good 3,365 16,104 4.79
Ford Fusion
2010-12 models built after April 2010
Mercury Milan
2010 models built after April 2010
Good 3,371 16,117 4.78
Toyota Camry
2012 models
Good 3,167 15,148 4.78
Subaru Outback
2010-13 models
Good 3,519 16,458 4.68
Dodge Avenger
2008-13 models
Chrysler Sebring
2007-10 models
Chrysler 200
2011-13 models
Good 3,275 14,508 4.43
Chevrolet Malibu
2008-12 models
Good 3,445 15,063 4.37
Toyota Prius v
2012 models
Good 3,274 14,180 4.33
Volvo C30
2008-13 models
Good 3,187 13,613 4.27
Audi A3
2006-12 models
Good 3,224 13,429 4.17
Volvo S40
2004-11 models built after February 2004
Acceptable 3,260 12,786 3.92
Suzuki Kizashi
2010-13 models
Acceptable 3,318 13,023 3.92
Honda Accord
2008-11 models
Acceptable 3,273 12,656 3.87
Mitsubishi Galant
2004-12 models
Acceptable 3,438 13,107 3.81
Nissan Altima
2007-12 models
Acceptable 3,196 12,111 3.79
Mazda 6
2009-13 models
Acceptable 3,321 11,789 3.55
Nissan Maxima
2009-13 models
Acceptable 3,532 12,103 3.43
Ford Fusion
Mercury Milan
2006-10 models built before May 2010
Acceptable 3,394 11,300 3.33
Kia Optima
2006-10 models built after September 2005
Marginal 3,203 9,998 3.12
Hyundai Sonata
2006-10 models
Marginal 3,312 10,332 3.12

©1996-2012, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Highway Loss Data Institute
1005 N. Glebe Road, Suite 800, Arlington, VA 22201 USA | tel 703/247-1500 | fax 703/247-1588