Natural Resources Canada
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Surficial Materials

Reference Map

Most unconsolidated materials covering the Canadian landmass have glacial origins. Some sediments were ...

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Abstract

Most unconsolidated materials covering the Canadian landmass have glacial origins. Some sediments were entrained by glaciers and deposited at a distance without being sorted. Other sediments were picked up and reworked by glacial melt water, or transported and deposited by river or wind action. Some sediments are organic or volcanic in origin. Sediments are classified according to the manner in which they were transported and deposited.

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