FINAL DECLARATION

THE HIROSHIMA DECLARATION ON THE ABOLITION OFNUCLEAR WEAPONS

The undersigned Nobel Peace Laureates and representatives of Nobel Peace Prizeorganisations, gathered in Hiroshima on November 12-14, 2010, after listening to thetestimonies of the Hibakusha, have no doubt that the use of nuclear weapons against anypeople must be regarded as a crime against humanity and should henceforth be prohibited.

We pay tribute to the courage and suffering of the Hibakusha who survived the atomicbombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 and honour those that have dedicatedtheir lives to teaching the world about the horrors of nuclear war.

Like them, we pledgeourselves to work for a future committed to peace, justice and security without nuclearweapons and war.“Nuclear weapons are unique in their destructive power, in the unspeakable human sufferingthey cause, in the impossibility of controlling their effects in space and time, in the risks ofescalation they create, and in the threat they pose to the environment, to future generations,and indeed to the survival of humanity.” We strongly endorse this assessment by theInternational Committee of the Red Cross, three times recognised with the Nobel Peace Prizefor its humanitarian work.¹

Twenty-five years ago in Geneva, the leaders of the two largest nuclear powers declared that“a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought”. There has been some substantiveprogress since then. The agreements on intermediate range nuclear forces (INF); strategicarms reductions (START); and unilateral and bilateral initiatives on tactical nuclear weapons,have eliminated tens of thousands of nuclear weapons. We welcome the signing by theUnited States and Russia of the New START treaty and the consensus Nuclear DisarmamentAction Plan that was adopted by the 2010 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty ReviewConference.

Nevertheless, there are still enough nuclear weapons to destroy life on Earth many times over.The proliferation of nuclear weapons and the possibility of their use for acts of terrorism areadditional causes for deep concern. The threats posed by nuclear weapons did not disappearwith the ending of the Cold War.

Nuclear weapons cannot be disinvented, but they can and must be outlawed, just as chemicaland biological weapons, landmines and cluster munitions have been declared illegal. Nuclearweapons, the most inhumane threat of all, should likewise be outlawed in keeping with the2010 NPT Review Conference final document, which reaffirmed “the need for all States atall times to comply with applicable international law, including international humanitarianlaw”.

Efforts to rid the world of nuclear weapons must proceed along with measures to strengtheninternational law, demilitarize international relations and political thinking and to addresshuman and security needs. Nuclear deterrence, power projection and national prestige asarguments to justify acquiring and retaining nuclear weapons are totally outdated and must be rejected.

We support the UN Secretary General’s five point proposal on nuclear disarmament andproposals by others to undertake work on a universal treaty to prohibit the use, development,production, stockpiling or transfer of nuclear weapons and nuclear weapon technologies andcomponents and to provide for their complete and verified elimination.

  • We call upon heads of government, parliaments, mayors and citizens to join us inaffirming that the use of nuclear weapons is immoral and illegal.
  • We call for the ratification without delay of the New START agreement by the UnitedStates and Russia and for follow-on negotiations for deeper cuts in all types of nuclear weapons.
  • We call on all the nuclear weapon possessor states to make deep cuts in their existing arsenals.
  • We call on the relevant Governments to take urgent steps to implement the proposalsagreed on in the 2010 NPT Review Conference final document towards realising theobjectives of the 1995 Resolution on the Middle East.
  • We call on China, the United States, Egypt, Iran, Israel and Indonesia to ratify, and onIndia, Pakistan and North Korea to sign and ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty,that has already been ratified by 153 nations, so that the Treaty can be brought into full legal force.
  • We call on nations to negotiate a universal treaty to abolish nuclear weapons, inpartnership with civil society.

To ensure that the horrors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki never reoccur and to build a worldbased on cooperation and peace, we issue this call of conscience. We must all work togetherto achieve a common good that is practical, moral, legal and necessary – the abolition ofnuclear weapons.

Hiroshima, November 14, 2010

Mikhail Gorbachev

Frederick Willem De Klerk

His Holiness the Dalai Lama

Mairead Maguire

Jody Williams

Shirin Ebadi

United Nations, represented by Thomas Stelzer

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, represented by Jayantha Dhanapala

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, represented by Vappu Taipale

American Friends Service Committee, represented by Shan Cretin

International Peace Bureau, represented by Alyn Ware

 

¹Jakob Kellenberger, ICRC President, April 20, 2010

 

PRESS STATEMENT BY THE NOBEL PEACE LAUREATES AND PEACE PRIZE

ORGANISATIONS: HIROSHIMA, 14 NOVEMBER 2010

 

THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NOBEL PEACE LAUREATE ACTION COMMITTEE

The Nobel Peace Laureate Summit, having considered the threat that the continuedexistence of nuclear weapons poses to humanity and having issued the HiroshimaDeclaration expressing our concerns, views and intentions regarding nucleardisarmament, has decided to establish an Action Committee to follow up on the issuesthat we have identified in the Declaration.

The Action Committee will include participating laureates and Peace Prizeorganizations, and will be supported by the Permanent Secretariat of the Summit of theNobel Peace Laureates and, where appropriate, by associated organizations and experts.

The Action Committee will•••••Monitor developments relating to issues raised in the Declaration;Alert the international community to matters of concern;Mobilize public opinion in support of the causes that are identified in theDeclaration;Organize, where appropriate, missions to governments and internationalorganizations in pursuit of the Summit’s goals; andsupport all realistic and effective measures to achieve the goals set out in theDeclaration.

Mikhail Gorbachev

Frederick Willem De Klerk

His Holiness the Dalai Lama

Mairead Maguire

Jody Williams

Shirin Ebadi

United Nations, represented by Thomas Stelzer

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, represented by Jayantha Dhanapala

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, represented by Vappu Taipale

American Friends Service Committee, represented by Shan Cretin

International Peace Bureau, represented by Alyn Ware

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