What is easing? Easing
is something that will help you get more natural movements.
When you move your hand,
does it go from stationary to moving to stationary again?
No, it slowly picks up
speed and then slowly looses speed [depending on the motion].
So how do we ease in and
out in out animations?
Many of you aren't going
to like the answer, but here it is... You add more frames
Let me show you.
I'm going to make a
pendulum swing back and forth. Not real difficult... First
draw the extremes:
Then we draw
the middle position. And a quick note on that... We have to
maintain the images form and the arch of movement. So we can't
draw the middle point like so:
We have to
draw it like this, because the line that the pendulum swings
on doesn't deform and change size.
| This is
all standard fare, what we covered in the last tutorial, keyframes
and in betweens, but now we are going to make the swing more
realistic by slowing it down on the ends. How do we do that?
But we can't
just place them at the inbetween points. Well, we can but
it will slow down the animation as a whole, not just when
the pendulum swings to the far left or right.
them there, we slowed the action down on the sides but the
swing will still happen quickly. Because there are more frames
on the swing back it will take slightly longer... As in the
one more frame in there to slow it down more:
This is set
at the same speed as the image above, notice the slow down?
This is where
I added the inbetweens.
We can apply this to
the human body to make it appear more lifelike. I'm going
to use our sprite from last time
and make him throw a ball. Now, there is a LOT more to making
this sprite look lifelike than what I'm going to do. But
that would be for another tutorial. I'm just going to move
his arm not the rest of his body, like would normally happen
when throwing a ball.
So there he is again,
and I still have him on seperate layers:
animating the arm won't physically cover up parts of his
body, forcing me to have to redraw parts of his body each
time the arm moves.
to give myself a little more room first:
Now for animation.
And again, stick to
what we know, draw the extremes.
just the extremes for him lifting his arm, there will be more
later. But for now, let's do the middle position and the inbetweens.
There we go.
Test the animation and see how it looks.
So now we are going to add the easing. He is going to hesitate
before throwing the ball and then toss it. To make him hesitate,
we add cushioning frames after his arm has been lifted. Like
I added 3
extra frames which makes the animation look like this:
I changed the image of
his hand so that it looks like he's holding a ball or something.
Now I'm going to flesh out the stick arms with his real arms...
animation without the easing:
And here it
is with the easing.
you have to do it realize how the body moves. The elbow leads
the action. It pulls the forearm and hand behind it so that
when the elbow gets to the top position, it moves very little
and the forearm and hand move more, setting into place. It
all comes down to your observational skills.
wasn't hard to draw at all because it's all just straight
lines for the arm and a little hook for the hand, and it looks
Next we have
to draw him throwing the ball, so we're going to use the last
frame in the animation we just did as the first extreme, then
I'm going to draw 2 more extremes. One of them being him just
when the ball was about to leave his hand, and the next with
his hand down having already thrown in.
Blue arm is
when the ball is leaving his hand, green line is for the follow
ball means that he has to speed his arm up pretty fast and
then it slows down on the follow through... So I might not
have to draw another frame for the throw other than the blue
line... The start of the throw will use one more frame behind
the extreme, and the follow through will use maybe 3 more
frames for the ease out.
produce a nice fluid movement. Let's do the drawings then...
| The reason
I am putting a frame in before the first extreme is to anticipate
the throw. Think about cartoons [or stop reading this and
watch one! Everyone loves cartoons.] when a door slams shut,
it more than likely will open up a little bit first, maybe
one frame and then slam shut. It helps to give a little bit
more power to the slam. Again, this isn't the best example
of it but it's all I have to show you.
I have, I hope it looks good cause I'm just going to go right
into fleshing out the arm.
| You could
even add a motion blur in between and just have the ball fly
out of it, if you wanted that is. I'll try both.
I got rid
of that last frame and third to last frames from the stick
sketch I have above. I tend to over draw sometimes and this
was a time that it happened. The animation went too slow so
out they went.
to remember, this tutorial is only handling his arm movement.
There are many many things you could do to this figure to
make him appear more lifelike that I'm not going to cover
in this tutorial. Aching his back and sticking his other arm
out as a counter-balance would do wonders. Having him take
a step back with one foot to support himself and then throw
his whole body into it would also be quite nice. But I'll
save that for another time.
At the moment
I'm going to throw a motion blur in there and see how it looks.
Probably not that good...
Eh, it doesn't
look that bad, but it doesn't really add to the animation.
The original way I had it I think is best because his body
doesn't move at all so his arm wouldn't move the speed that
a motion blur would suggest. But it's personal preference,
and a motion blur is harder to draw than a normal arm. So
that's my try at teaching you easing. I hope it helped at
least a little bit.