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Movie Monday - January 31 - Flight Testing Shuttle Columbia

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This final week of January and early February offer somber reminders of the incredible risk astronauts have taken to participate in the manned exploration of space and their sacrifice in the line of duty to America's space program. 
January 27, 1967
The crew of Apollo One, Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger Chaffee, were killed when fire swept through their Apollo One capsule in Florida during a ground test. The mission was intended to be the first in-flight test of the Apollo Command and Service Module.

January 28, 1986
Twenty-five years ago this past Friday, the crew of STS-51L, Dick Scobee, Michael Smith, Ellison Onizuka, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Christa McAuliffe and Gregory Jarvis were killed, when Space Shuttle Challenger solid rocket booster ruptured causing the spacecraft to disintegrate a 72 seconds after liftoff.  

February 1, 2003
Space Shuttle Columbia, flying as STS-107, was destroyed on re-entry over Texas during its 28th mission. Rick Husband, William McCool, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Michael Anderson, Laurel Clark and Ilan Ramon, were killed following a 16-day Spacehab microgravity research mission. The accident was traced to an external tank foam strike on the leading edge of the shuttle's wing during liftoff that damage the spacecraft's heat shield. 
This week's Movie Monday takes an incredibly detailed in-depth look at the earliest days of the Space Shuttle program, with a 29-minute 1981 film about STS-2 and the flight testing of the orbiter Columbia. It was to be the first time in spaceflight history that an attempt would be made to launch the same spacecraft for a second time.

The mission, flown by astronauts Joe Engle and Richard Truly, and included the maiden flight of the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS), better known as the Space Shuttle's Canadian-built robot arm. Mission commander Joe Engle had formerly been a North American X-15 pilot whose flights had taken him above 50mi in altitude, formally qualifying him as an astronaut before his first flight in space on STS-2.

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