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Yet again, Madhya Pradesh tops in cases of feticide

Ashish Gaur, TNN Jul 3, 2012, 02.39AM IST

INDORE: If the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) report is to be believed, the state has yet again achieved the dubious distinction of being the feticide capital of the country, that too with a higher number this year. Ironically, the state holds the record even after campaigns like "save girl child". However, the infanticide cases have shown a minor improvement as compared to last year.

The data collected by the NCRB from the state show that out of the 132 cases of feticide reported in the country in 2011, Madhya Pradesh tops with 38 cases in the country with a rise of 20 cases as compared to last year. In 2010, a total of 111 feticide cases were reported in the country, out of which 18 were from the state. Indicating a rise of 18.9 per cent in these cases Madhya Pradesh ranks first (38) followed by Chhattisgarh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh with 21, 15, 13 and 12 cases respectively.

These five states together account for 75 per cent of such cases reported in the country. The report, this year, shows more dismal picture of the society as such a crime has surpassed the last three years figures.

Actual feticide figures could be higher: Experts

In 2009, the cases of feticide reported in the country were 123, which declined in 2010 with 111 cases being reported but again in 2011 the cases in the country along with Madhya Pradesh have seen a rise. Though the yearly report has been indicating a fluctuating trend of feticide in the country, health activists believe that the figure does not present the real picture. The actual figure is high.

"NCRB figures under-report crime. The crime rate has increased. Recently, a few centres were penalized for non-maintenance of records," said Mukesh Sinha executive director of Madhya Pradesh Voluntary Health Association. According to the annual survey - Sample Registration Survey, conducted by the United Nations Population Fund , it is estimated that more than 6 lakh girl child in the country are aborted due to sex selection. The figure in MP is around 17,000. According to the census 2011, the state has lost 20 points in the child sex ratio since 2001. The girl count in state has come down from 932 girls per 1,000 boys in 2001 to 912 in a decade. Experts fear that if trend continues in the years to come then 2021 could show these figures below 900 posing a serious problem similar to Haryana in the state. The NCRB report also reveals that the state holds first rank with Uttar Pradesh in infanticide cases with both reporting 13 cases each out of total 63 in 2011. Last year, state was second in infanticide cases (20) next only to Uttar Pradesh (31). Both the states had accounted for 51 cases out of 100 reported at the national level. The cases of infanticides in the country have shown downward trend. In 2010, the number went up to 100 cases from 63 in 2009, which are again 63 in 2011.