GAZETTEER OF NORTH EAST WIND AND WATERMILLS.
The North East
Mills Group, NEMG.
The North East Mills Group is a small
non-profit making society aimed at preserving what remains of our wind
and water mill heritage in the North East of England. Members
come from a wide variety of backgrounds from professionals to complete
The Group works actively to protect our remaining mills
and through a variety of publications seeks to record the history of
wind and water power in the region. Northumbrian Mills is
a quarterly magazine published by the Group and includes news and
smaller items of research. Over the past few years other
publications have covered horizontal water-wheeled mills in more
detail and a booklet on windmills has been produced as a simple guide
to the subject as well as a brief study of mills in South Tyneside and
The Group covers the Counties of Northumberland and
Durham, including Tyne & Wear and Cleveland areas.
Mill near Hartlepool. Drawing by John Buxton from a photograph
Watermills in the North East of England.
Before coal, wind and
water power were the main source of the region's power.
Windmills along the coast ground corn while elsewhere water was put to
good use providing power for corn milling, paper making, sword making,
farm machinery, textile making, the lead industry and even pumping
water out of the regions coal and lead mines.
Mills would once have
been a common sight. Today few of these mills remain but a
handful have been carefully restored to illustrate this once vital
part of day to day life.
Horncliffe Mill (North Northumberland)
Tomorrow's History and A Gazetteer of
North East Mills.
The Group was keen to produce a full listing
of wind and watermill sites for the North East of England. With
the help of Tomorrow's History we have compiled and enlarged a
database of known sites as a starting point, we have used data from a
variety of sources including an ongoing public appeal for information.
This data base forms a gazetteer of mills in the North East of England
which will be available from a newly created NEMG website
(under development at the time of writing) which the Group hopes to
take forward by publishing a printed version during 2002.
have been assisting in filling in gaps by studying lists and adding or
correcting entries; sending in record sheets for known mills and
helping fill in gaps in the information held. The result of the
project is the production of a listing of all known mills.
hard the Group tries to compile an accurate and complete list there
will be errors and omissions. One of the main results from the
project, we hope, will be a means by which readers of the list will
pass to the NEMG details about errors or missing mills.
The project will continue as more data is added to the mills database
and other research brings to light omissions or errors.
North East Mills Group Publications:
Northumberland Mills with
Horizontal Waterwheels. 2001. 24 pages. 2.25 British
Pounds including postage and packaging.
Windmills and How they Work.
2001. 16 pages. 1.25 British Pounds including postage and
Contact the North East Mills Group:
NEMG Secretary, c/o North East Civic Trust, Blackfriars, Monk Street,
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE1 4XN, England. Telephone: 0191 232
9279 (within the United Kingdom), +44 191 232 9279 (outside the United