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Harsha Bhogle

In Haryana, Gurgaon tops literacy rate but has worst sex ratio

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The 2011 Census has brought both good and bad news for Gurgaon. The fast developing city, according to census figures, has the highest literacy rate and the worst sex ratio in the state.

The data shows that Gurgaon has a literacy rate of 84.7 per cent, followed by Panchkula at 81.9 per cent and Ambala at 81.7 per cent, but the sex ratio remains a dismal 854 women to 1,000 men.

Gurgaon also topped the state in female literacy rate at 78 per cent.

Gurgaon was overtaken in sex ratio by districts such as Rohtak, Jhajjar and Panipat, which had been trailing in the 2001 Census.

A comparison with the previous census shows that Gurgaon's sex ratio, 10 years ago, stood at 850 — Rohtak and Jhajjar had 847 and Panipat was 829.

But in a decade, the other three districts registered a significant increase in sex-ratio, — Panipat's sex ratio reached 864 (an increase of 35 points), Rohtak jumped to 867 and Jhajjar reached 862.

Faridabad's sex ratio was 826 in 2001. This figure rose to 873 in the 2011 Census.

Gurgaon also recorded 73.1 per cent growth in population in the past one decade, hinting at largescale migration. Mewat district recorded 38.7 per cent decadal growth of population and Faridabad followed with 32.5 per cent.

As far as towns' population is concerned, Gurgaon town area figures second with 8,86,519 people while Faridabad has the maximum population of 14,14,050 among the towns in Haryana.

The Scheduled Caste population in Gurgaon showed a decline in the past one decade. While the percentage of SC population in Gurgaon was 14.8 per cent in 2001 Census, it dipped to 13.1 per cent in 2011.

In terms of literacy rate, Gurgaon showed an increase from 78.5 per cent to 84.7 per cent. While Mewat, which has the lowest literacy rate in Haryana at 54.1 per cent, also showed an increase of 10.7 per cent as compared to 2001 Census. Faridabad recorded a literacy rate of 81.7 per cent.

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