PRE 1800's
1799Electric Battery
1800Jacquard Loom
1802Steam Locomotive
1803John Dalton introduce atomic theory into chemistry
1806Carbon Paper
1807Steam Ship
  • Rise of the Luddites
  • Frankenstein Mary Shelley
  • Charlotte Bronte born
1820'SPopulationGreat Britain XX.X milU.S. 9.6 mil.
1824Daguerrotype Photography
1830'SPopulationGreat Britain 13.9 milU.S. 12.8 mil.
1837Queen Victoria takes the throne
1838Small Electric Motors
First Telegraph
1839First Opium War begins
British Army in Afghanistan
1840'SPopulationGreat Britain 18.5 milU.S. 17 mil.
  • London Library opened
  • Queen Victoria marries her Albert, her cousin
  • The penny post is introduced
  • Frederick William IV of Prussia takes the throne
  • Botannical Gardens at Kew open
  • Hypnosis discovered
  • The Old Curiosity Shop, Dickens
  • The Murders in the Rue Morgue, Poe
  • Punch begins publication in London
  • John Tyler, US President
  • Robert Peel, Prime Minister
  • Queen Victoria Gives birth to Edward
  • New Zealand becomes a British colony
  • Doppler effect
  • The Masque of the Red Death, Poe
  • The polka becomes popular
  • The Chartist Riots
  • Queen Victoria makes her first railroad journey
  • Thames Tunnel completed
  • Royal Archeaological Society founded
  • A Christmas Carol, Dickens
  • The Flying Dutchman Wagner
  • Siamese twins Chang and Eng marry sisters
  • Morse Telegraph
  • YMCA founded in England
  • Hydrolic crane
  • English Channel submarine cable
  • The Raven, Poe
  • Tannhauser, Wagner
Anglo-Sikh War
  • James Polk, US President
  • Texas, Florida become states
  • Ether used as anaesthetic
  • Electric arc lighting used in the Opera in Paris
  • U. S. Mexican War begins
  • Iowa becomes state
  • Evaporated milk
  • Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte
  • Jane Erye, Charlotte Bronte
  • Mormons found Salt Lake City
  • Lord Kelvin determines absolute zero
  • safety matches
  • First appendectomy
Second Sikh War
  • European revolutions
  • Wisconsin becomse state
  • Queen's College for Women founded in London
  • Wisconsin becomes a state
  • Marx and Engels issue "Communist Manifesto"
  • Dostoevsky sentenced to Siberia until 1858
  • Zachary Taylor becomes US president
  • Disreali becomes head of Conservative Party, England
  • Gold discovered in Australia and California
  • Livingstone crosses Kalahari Desert
  • Bedford College for Women, London
1850'SPopulationGreat Britain 21 milU.S. 23 mil.
1850Telegraph cable under English channel
  • The Elevator
  • Foucault's Pendulum
  • Bunsen burner
  • Royal Meteorological Society, London
  • Sonnets from the Portuguese, E. B. Browning
  • The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne
  • Lohengren, Wagner
  • Jenny Lind, the Swedish nightingale, tours America
Taiping Rebellion
  • The Great Exhibition of London (Crystal Palace)
  • California becomes state
  • Millard Filmore, US President
  • Opthalmoscope
  • Sewing machine, Singer
  • Moby Dick, Melville
  • Rigoletto, Verdi
  • Plaster bandages
  • Bleak House, Dickens
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin, Stowe
Second Burmese War
  • Livingstone explores Zambizi
  • Wells Fargo founded
  • Samuel Colt
  • Hypodermic syringe
  • Chloroform used on Queen Victoria
  • Telegraph system in India
  • Railroad across the Alps
Crimean War begins
  • Franklin Pierce, US President
  • Napoleon III marries Eugenie
  • REconstruction begins at Balmoral Castle
  • Boolean Logic
  • Laryngoscope
  • The Charge of the Light Brigade, Tennyson
  • Republican Party founded in US
  • Working Men's College, London
  • Printing telegraph
  • rayon
  • Cunard steamer crosses Atlantic
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca, Burton
  • Nicholas i dies; succeeded by Alexander II
  • Livingstone discovers Victoria Falls
  • paris World Fair
  • Florence Nightingale begins hospital reforms
  • Cocaine
  • aniline dye
  • Neanderthal skull found
  • Bessemer converter
  • Madame Bovary, Flaubert
Anglo-Chinese War
  • Big Ben is cast
  • Otis Elevator
  • Pasteur explains fermentation
  • Victoria and Albert Museum, London
  • Indian Mutiny
  • James Buchanan, US President
  • Fenians founded
  • Refrigeration
  • Origin of Species Charles Darwin
1860'SPopulationGreat Britain 23 milU.S. 32 mil.
1861U. S. Civil War beginsPrince Albert dies
1864Red Cross established
1870'SPopulationGreat Britain 26 milU.S. 39 mil.
1876Phonograph - Thomas Edison
1879Zulu WarSomerville and Lady Margaret Colleges (for women) founded at Oxford
1880'SPopulationGreat Britain XX milU.S. XX mil.
1886Statue of Liberty completed
1887Heinrich Hertz discovers photoelectric effect
Michelson and Morley are unable to detect ether drift
Eiffel Tower begins construction
1889Nellie Bly travels around the world
1890'SPopulationGreat Britain XX milU.S. XX mil.
1891Motion Pictures
1893First Solar Cells
1894Time Machine H. G. Wells
1895Marconi's Wireless Telegraph
1897Diesel Engine
Joseph Thomson discovers the electron
Dracula Bram Stoker
  • Telegraphone
  • Marie and Pierre Curie isolate radium and polonium
War of the Worlds H. G. Wells
1899Boer War begins
  • Electric Typewriter
  • Marconi sends a radio signal across the Atlantic
Queen Victoria dies
1906Photoelectric scanning facsimile
1909Einstein promulgates the Theory of Relativity