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Spheniscidae

(Family)

Overview

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A Family in the Kingdom Animalia.

Photos

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Taxonomy

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The Family Spheniscidae is a member of the Superfamily Procellarioidea. Here is the complete "parentage" of Spheniscidae:

The Family Spheniscidae is further organized into finer groupings including:

Genera

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Anthropornis

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Aptenodytes

The genus Aptenodytes (from the Ancient Greek a/a 'without' pteno-/pt???- 'feather' or 'wing' and dytes/d?t?? 'diver') contains two extant species of penguins collectively known as "the great penguins".[] [more]

Archaeospheniscus

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Dege

Delphinornis

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Eudyptes

The term crested penguin is the name given to several species of penguin of the genus Eudyptes.[] The exact number varies between four and seven depending on the authority, and a Chatham Islands species may have become extinct in the 19th century. All are black and white penguins with yellow crests and red bills and eyes, and are found on subantarctic islands in the worlds southern oceans. All lay two eggs but raise only one young per breeding season; the first egg laid is substantially smaller than the second. [more]

Eudyptula

The genus Eudyptula ("good little diver") contains two species of penguin. It is found in southern Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. [more]

Marambiornis

Megadyptes

Megadyptes ("large diver") is a genus of penguin which consists of two species, Megadyptes antipodes (Yellow-eyed Penguin) and the extinct Megadyptes waitaha (Waitaha Penguin). [more]

Mesetaornis

Palaeeudyptes

Palaeospheniscus

Paraspheniscus

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Pseudaptenodytes

The extinct penguin genus Pseudaptenodytes contains the type species P. macraei; smaller bones have been assigned to P. minor, although it is not certain whether they are really from a different species or simply of younger individuals; both taxa are known by an insufficient selection of bones. The fossils of Pseudaptenodytes have been found in deposits in Victoria (Australia) which are of Late Miocene or Early Pliocene age. [more]

Pseudospheniscus

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Pygoscelis

The genus Pygoscelis ("rump-legged") contains three living species of penguins collectively known as "The Brush-Tailed Penguins".[] Their appearance - black above, white below - is the stereotypical image of penguins, and so what most people think of when they think of penguins.[citation needed] [more]

Speniscus

Spheniscidae

Spheniscus

The banded penguins are the penguins of the Spheniscus ("wedge-shaped") genus.[] There are four living species of penguins known as banded penguins, and all have similar coloration. They are sometimes also known as "Jack-ass penguins" due to their loud locator calls sounding similar to a donkey braying. Common traits include a band of black that runs around their bodies bordering their black dorsal coloring, black beaks with a small vertical white band, distinct spots on their bellies, and a small patch of unfeathered or thinly feathered skin around their eyes that can be either white or pink. All members of this genus lay their eggs and raise their young in burrows. [more]

Tereingaornis

More info about the Genus Tereingaornis may be found here.

Bibliography

Sources

Last Revised: October 03, 2013
2013/10/03 20:36:15